Table 1-55: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Transported in the United States by Mode

Table 1-55: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Transported in the United States by Mode

(billions)

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  1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent
Crude oil, total 331.5 100.0 753.0 100.0 786.2 100.0 628.2 100.0 586.0 100.0 543.2 100.0 486.9 100.0 454.1 100.0 423.0 100.0 376.0 100.0 376.6 100.0 384.0 100.0
Pipelinesa 288.0 86.9 362.6 48.2 334.4 42.5 334.8 53.3 335.9 57.3 338.3 62.3 337.4 69.3 334.1 73.6 321.1 75.9 283.4 75.4 277.0 73.6 286.6 74.7
Water carriers 40.6 12.2 (c) 387.4 51.4 449.2 57.2 291.2 46.4 247.7 42.3 202.4 37.3 147.3 30.3 117.9 26.0 100.0 23.6 91.0 24.2 98.1 26.0 95.7 24.9
Motor carriersb 1.4 0.4 2.5 0.3 1.8 0.2 1.5 0.2 1.7 0.3 1.7 0.3 1.7 0.3 1.6 0.3 1.4 0.3 1.2 0.3 1.1 0.3 1.2 0.3
Railroads 1.5 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.1
Refined petroleum products, total 515.2 100.0 492.3 100.0 409.3 100.0 448.6 100.0 458.9 100.0 479.0 100.0 469.6 100.0 475.7 100.0 489.9 100.0 497.3 100.0 493.2 100.0 480.6 100.0
Pipelinesa 219.0 42.5 225.6 45.8 229.9 56.2 249.3 55.6 265.2 57.8 280.9 58.6 279.1 59.4 285.7 60.1 296.6 60.5 293.9 59.1 299.1 60.6 299.6 62.3
Water carriers 257.4 50.0 230.4 46.8 141.2 34.5 157.8 35.2 153.2 33.4 154.1 32.2 148.3 31.6 147.1 30.9 147.5 30.1 153.4 30.8 145.9 29.6 131.9 27.4
Motor carriersb 26.2 5.1 24.3 5.0 26.9 6.6 28.2 6.3 24.6 5.3 28.0 5.9 26.0 5.5 26.7 5.6 27.6 5.6 30.1 6.1 29.7 6.0 29.4 6.1
Railroads 12.6 2.4 12.0 2.4 11.3 2.7 13.3 2.9 15.9 3.5 16.0 3.3 16.2 3.5 16.2 3.4 18.2 3.7 19.9 4.0 18.5 3.8 19.7 4.1
Combined crude and petroleum products, total 846.7 100.0 1,245.3 100.0 1,195.5 100.0 1,076.8 100.0 1,044.9 100.0 1,022.2 100.0 956.5 100.0 929.8 100.0 912.9 100.0 873.3 100.0 869.8 100.0 864.6 100.0
Pipelinesa 507.0 59.9 588.2 47.2 564.3 47.2 584.1 54.2 601.1 57.5 619.2 60.6 616.5 64.5 619.8 66.7 617.7 67.7 577.3 66.1 576.1 66.2 586.2 67.8
Water carriers 298.0 35.2 (c) 617.8 49.6 590.4 49.4 449.0 41.7 400.9 38.4 356.5 34.9 295.6 30.9 265.0 28.5 247.5 27.1 244.4 28.0 244.0 28.1 227.6 26.3
Motor carriersb 27.6 3.3 26.8 2.2 28.7 2.4 29.7 2.8 26.3 2.5 29.7 2.9 27.7 2.9 28.3 3.0 29.0 3.2 31.3 3.6 30.8 3.5 30.6 3.5
Railroads 14.1 1.7 12.5 1.0 12.1 1.0 14.0 1.3 16.6 1.6 16.8 1.6 16.7 1.8 16.7 1.8 18.7 2.1 20.3 2.3 18.9 2.2 20.2 2.3

a The amount carried by pipeline is based on ton-miles of crude and petroleum products transported through federally regulated pipelines (84%), plus estimated ton-miles of crude and petroleum products transported through nonfederally regulated pipelines (16%).

b The amount carried by motor carriers is estimated.

c Reflects the entrance between 1975 and 1980 of the Alaska pipeline, moving crude petroleum for water transportation to U.S. refineries.

NOTE

Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

SOURCES

1975: Association of Oil Pipe Lines, Shifts in Petroleum Transportation (Washington, DC), table 6.

1980-2002: Ibid., (Annual issues), tables 1, 2, and 3.