Table 2-3: Transportation Accidentsa by Mode

Table 2-3: Transportation Accidentsa by Mode

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Air                                        
U.S. air carrierb 90 83 55 37 19 21 24 26 18 23 23 36 37 49 50 51 56 (R) 46 41 54
Commuter carrierc N N N 48 38 18 15 23 23 16 10 12 11 16 8 13 12 7 (R) 7 2
On-demand air taxid N N N 152 171 157 107 88 76 69 85 75 90 82 77 (R) 74 80 72 (R) 60 75
General aviatione 4,793 5,196 4,712 3,995 3,590 2,739 2,242 2,197 2,111 2,064 2,022 2,056 1,908 1,845 1,904 (R) 1,905 1,837 1,726 (R) 1,715 1,741
Highway, total crashesa N N N N N N 6,471,000 6,117,000 6,000,000 6,106,000 6,496,000 6,699,000 6,770,000 6,624,000 6,335,000 6,279,000 6,394,000 6,323,000 (R) 6,316,000 6,328,000
Passenger car N N N N N N 5,561,000 5,178,000 5,042,000 5,040,000 5,401,000 5,594,000 5,599,000 5,423,000 5,146,000 4,916,000 4,926,000 4,832,000 U U
Motorcycle N N N N N N 103,000 105,000 72,000 75,000 69,000 66,000 66,000 61,000 54,000 57,000 69,000 73,000 U U
Truckf, light N N N N N N 2,152,000 2,200,000 2,191,000 2,407,000 2,574,000 2,750,000 2,881,000 2,901,000 2,867,000 3,080,000 3,208,000 3,254,000 U U
Truckf, large N N N N N N 372,000 319,000 363,000 383,000 445,000 363,000 378,000 421,000 392,000 452,000 438,000 409,000 U U
Bus N N N N N N 60,000 56,000 50,000 51,000 56,000 59,000 57,000 53,000 53,000 63,000 56,000 54,000 U U
Rail                                        
Highway-rail grade crossingg,h 3,195 3,820 3,559 12,076 10,612 6,919 5,715 5,388 4,910 4,892 4,979 4,633 4,257 3,865 3,508 3,489 3,502 3,237 (R) 3,077 2,929
Railroadg,i N N 8,095 8,041 8,205 3,275 2,879 2,658 2,359 2,611 2,504 2,459 2,443 2,397 2,575 2,768 2,983 3,023 (R) 2,738 2,958
Transit j N N N N N N 58,002 46,467 36,380 30,559 29,972 25,683 25,166 24,924 23,937 23,310 24,261 (R) 23,891 13,968 U
Waterborne                                        
Vessel-related N N 2,582 3,310 4,624 3,439 3,613 2,222 3,238 3,412 3,970 4,298 4,264 4,207 4,397 4,086 3,887 3,937 (R) 3,619 (P) 3,090
Recreational boating 2,738 3,752 3,803 6,308 5,513 6,237 6,411 6,573 6,048 6,335 6,906 8,019 8,026 8,047 8,061 7,931 7,740 6,419 5,705 3,888
Pipeline                                        
Hazardous liquid pipeline N N 351 254 246 183 180 216 212 229 245 188 194 171 153 (R) 167 (R) 146 (R) 130 (R) 144 128
Gas pipeline N N 1,077 1,338 1,524 334 198 233 177 216 222 161 187 175 236 172 234 (R) 211 (R) 184 241

KEY: N = data do not exist; P = preliminary; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a The U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration uses the term "crash" instead of accident in its highway safety data. Highway crashes often involve more than one motor vehicle, hence "total highway crashes" is smaller than the sum of the components. Estimates of highway crashes are rounded to the nearest thousand in the source document.

b Carriers operating under 14 CFR 121, all scheduled and nonscheduled service. Since Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 121 includes only aircraft with 10 or more seats formerly operated under 14 CFR 135. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent years' data.

c All scheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135. Since Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 121 includes only aircraft with 10 or more seats formerly operated under 14 CFR 135. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent years' data.

d Nonscheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135.

e All operations other than those operating under 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135.

f Large trucks are defined as trucks over 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, including single-unit trucks and truck tractors. Light trucks are defined as trucks of 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating or less, including pickups, vans, truck-based station wagons, and utility vehicles.

g Includes Amtrak.

h Includes both accidents and incidents. Data not comparable after 1970 due to change in reporting system. Most highway-rail grade crossing accidents are counted under highway.

i Train accidents only.

j Accident figures include collisions with vehicles, objects, and people, derailments / vehicles going off the road. Accident figures do not include fires and personal casualties. The drop in the number of accidents in 2002 is due largely to a change in definitions by the Federal Transit Administration, particularly the definition of injuries. Only injuries requiring immediate medical treatment away from the scene now qualify as reportable. Previously, any injury was reportable.

NOTES

The motor vehicle crash data in this table come from the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administrations' General Estimates System (GES), which began operation in 1988. GES data are obtained from a nationally representative probability sample selected from all police-reported crashes. The GES sample includes only crashes where a police accident report was completed and the crash resulted in property damage, injury, or death. The resulting figures do not take into account crashes that were not reported to the police or did not result in property damage.

SOURCES

Air:

Air carrier:

1960: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1967 (Washington, DC: December 1968).

1965-70: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1975, NTSB/ARC-77/1 (Washington, DC: January 1977).

1975: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1983, NTSB/ARC-87/01 (Washington, DC: February 1987), table 18.

1980: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1981, NTSB/ARC-85/01 (Washington, DC: February 1985), tables 2 and 16.

1985-1998: Ibid., Internet site www.ntsb.gov/aviation as of June 27, 2003, table 5 and personal communication, July 3, 2003.

1999-2003: Ibid., personal communication, Sep. 30, 2004.

Commuter air carrier:

1975-80: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1980, NTSB/ARC-83/01 (Washington, DC: January 1983), tables 26 and 40.

1985-1998: Ibid., Internet site www.ntsb.gov/aviation as of June 27, 2003, table 8 and personal communication, July 3, 2003.

1999-2003: Ibid., personal communication, Sep. 30, 2004.

On-demand air taxi:

1975-80: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1981, NTSB/ARC-85/01 (Washington, DC: February 1985), table 61.

1985-1998: Ibid., Internet site www.ntsb.gov/aviation as of June 27, 2003, table 9 and personal communication, July 3, 2003.

1999-2003: Ibid., personal communication, Sep. 30, 2004.

General aviation:

1960-70: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: General Aviation, Calendar Year 1970, NTSB/ARG-74/1 (Washington, DC: April 1974), table 117.

1975-80: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: General Aviation, Calendar Year 1985, NTSB/ARG-87/03 (Washington, DC: October 1987), table 21.

1985-1998: Ibid., Internet site www.ntsb.gov/aviation as of June 27, 2003, table 10 and personal communication, July 3, 2003.

1999-2003: Ibid., personal communication, Sep. 30, 2004.

Highway:

1990-2002: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts 2002, DOT HS 809 620 (Washington, DC: 2004), table 38.

2003: Ibid., Traffic Safety Facts 2003: Overview, DOT HS 809 767 (Washington, DC: 2004).

Rail:

Highway-rail grade crossings:

1960-70: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Policy and Program Development, Rail-Highway Grade-Crossing Accidents (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

1975-80: Ibid., Office of Policy and Program Development, personal communication.

1985-90: Ibid., Rail-Highway Crossing Accident/Incident and Inventory Bulletin (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table S.

1991-1999: Ibid., Interim Railroad Safety Statistics Annual Report 2002 (Washington, DC: August 2003), table 1-1.

2000-2003: Ibid., Internet site http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/officeofsafety/Default.asp as of Sep. 10, 2004.

Railroad:

1970-90: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Policy and Program Development, Accident/Incident Bulletin (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table 4.

1991-1999: Ibid., Interim Railroad Safety Statistics Annual Report 2002 (Washington, DC: August 2003), table 1-1.

2000-2003: Ibid., Internet site http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/officeofsafety/Default.asp as of Sep. 10, 2004.

Transit:

1990-1992: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Safety Management Information Statistics 2000 (Washington, DC: 2000), pp. 51-54 and personal communication, July 28, 2003.

1993-2002: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis Annual Report (Washington, DC: 2004) Internet site http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov/data/SAMIS.asp as of Sep. 10, 2004.

Water:

Vessel-related:

1970-91: U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Investigations and Analysis, Compliance Analysis Division, personal communication, Apr. 13, 1999.

1992-2003: Ibid., Data Administration Division (G-MRI-1), personal communication, May 28, 2003 and Oct. 13, 2004.

Recreational boating:

1960-2001: Ibid., Office of Boating Safety, Boating Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

2002-03: Ibid., Boating Statistics 2002: Executive Summary (Washington, DC: 2003), Internet site http://www.uscgboating.org/statistics as of Nov. 20, 2003 and personal communication, Nov. 17, 2004.

Hazardous liquid and gas pipeline:

1970-1985: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Accident and Incident Summary Statistics by Year, Internet site http://ops.dot.gov as of Nov. 18, 2003.

1990-2003: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Accident and Incident Summary Statistics by Year, Internet site http://ops.dot.gov as of Sep. 13, 2004.