Table 2-23: Truck Occupant Safety Data

Table 2-23: Truck Occupant Safety Data

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  1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2001 2002 2003
Fatalities, total 5,817 8,748 7,666 9,306 10,216 12,280 (R) 12,431 12,963 13,167
Light 4,856 7,486 6,689 8,601 9,568 11,526 (R) 11,723 12,274 12,444
Large 961 1,262 977 705 648 754 (R) 708 689 723
Injured personsE, total N N N 546,966 752,840 917,398 889,951 905,580 915,941
Light N N N 505,144 722,496 886,566 860,527 879,338 889,048
Large N N N 41,822 30,344 30,832 29,424 26,242 26,893
CrashesE, totala N N N 2,459,908 3,039,159 3,539,797 3,560,956 3,592,130 3,671,952
Light N N N 2,152,486 2,749,596 3,207,738 3,254,027 3,280,313 3,357,107
Large N N N 371,801 362,883 437,861 409,352 416,477 436,115
Vehicle-miles (millions)                  
Light 204,274 295,475 388,778 555,659 749,971 942,853 (R) 978,080 1,016,360 U
Large 81,330 108,491 123,504 146,242 178,156 205,520 (R) 209,032 214,530 U
Rates per 100 million vehicle-miles                  
Fatalities                  
Light 2.4 2.5 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 U
Large 1.2 1.2 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 U
Injured personsE                  
Light N N N 91 96 94 88 87 U
Large N N N 29 17 15 14 12 U
CrashesE                  
Light N N N 387 367 340 (R) 333 323 U
Large N N N 254 204 213 (R) 196 194 U

KEY: E = estimated; N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Crashes often involve more than one type of truck (light or large), hence "total truck crashes" is smaller than the sum of the components.

b The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) typically revises its most recent annual estimates the following year. The data here remain unrevised from the date of publication, but may be revised in the future.

NOTES

Large trucks - trucks over 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, including single-unit trucks and truck tractors. Light trucks - trucks of 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating or less, including pickups, vans, truck-based station wagons, and utility vehicles. The injury and crash data in this table are from the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA) General Estimates System (GES). The data from GES, which began operation in 1988, are obtained from a nationally representative probability sample selected from all police-reported crashes. The GES sample includes only crashes where a police accident report was completed and the crash resulted in property damage, injury, or death. The resulting figures do not take into account crashes that were not reported to the police or that did not result in property damage.

Vehicle-miles in this table and in table 2-19 are taken from NHTSA revised data and are not based exclusively on USDOT, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) data, as they have been in earlier reports. The change was made to reflect the different vehicle classification schemes used by FHWA and NHTSA. Thus, vehicle-miles for passenger cars and light and large trucks in table 2-19 and this table should not be compared with vehicle-miles in Chapter 1, which are taken directly from FHWA.

SOURCES

Fatalities, injuries, vehicle-miles, fatality and injury rates:

1975-2002: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts 2002, DOT HS 809 620 (Washington, DC: January 2004), tables 8, 9, Internet site http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/nrd-30/NCSA/TSFAnn/TSF2002Final.pdf as of Oct. 13, 2004 and personal communication, Nov. 17, 2004.

2003: Ibid., Traffic Safety Facts 2003: Overview, DOT HS 809 767 (Washington, DC: 2004), table 1, Internet site http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/nrd-30/NCSA/TSF2003/809767 as of Oct. 13, 2004 and personal communication Nov. 17, 2004.

Crashes:

Ibid., National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Fatality Analysis Reporting System Database and General Estimates System Database, personal communication, Nov. 17, 2004.

Crash rates:

Calculated by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics.