(BAC) in Highway Crashes
|Fatalities in alcohol-related crashes||23,167||22,587||20,159||18,290||17,908||17,308||17,732||17,749||16,711||16,673||16,572||17,380||17,400||17,524||17,013|
|Percent of total||52.9||50.6||48.6||46.6||44.6||42.5||42.4||42.2||38.5||40.2||39.7||41.4||41.2||40.7||39.9|
|BAC = 0.00|
|Percent of total||47.1||49.4||51.4||53.4||55.4||57.5||57.6||57.8||61.5||59.8||60.3||58.6||58.8||59.3||60.1|
|BAC = 0.01 - 0.07|
|Percent of total||7.0||6.7||6.2||6.2||5.9||5.7||6.0||5.9||8.3||5.9||5.6||6.0||6.0||5.7||5.6|
|BAC = 0.08+|
|Percent of total||45.8||44.0||42.4||40.4||38.7||36.8||36.4||36.3||30.3||34.2||34.2||35.5||35.2||35.1||34.3|
KEY: BAC = blood alcohol concentration.
aThe National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) typically revises its most recent annual estimates the following year. The data here remain unrevised from the date of publication, but may be revised in the future.
BAC values have been assigned by U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) when alcohol test results are unknown. Alcohol-related crashes pertain to the BAC of the driver and nonoccupants struck by motor vehicles. For some years, numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.
In 2001, NHTSA adopted a new method to estimate missing blood alcohol concentration (BAC) test result data. This new method, multiple imputation, is being used by NHTSA's National Center for Statistics and Analysis (NCSA) to improve the scope of alcohol involvement statistics by the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). As a result of the methodology change, BAC 0.08 breakouts, which coincide with many state laws, can now be determined. Thus, NHTSA's general reporting categories have been modified to reflect this and are now BAC 0.00, BAC 0.01-0.07, and BAC 0.08+.
1985-2002: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts 2002, DOT HS 809 620 (Washington, DC: 2004), table 13.
2003: Ibid., Traffic Safety Fact Sheet 2003: Alcohol, DOT 809 761 (Washington, DC: 2004), Internet site http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot/departments/nrd-30/ncsa/Availlnf.html as of Sept. 21, 2004 and personal communication Nov. 17, 2004.