Table 4-2: U.S. Consumption of Energy from Primary Sources by Sector

Table 4-2: U.S. Consumption of Energy from Primary Sources by Sector

(Quadrillion Btu)

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Energy consumption, total 43.80 52.68 66.43 72.00 78.29 76.42 84.61 84.52 85.87 (R) 87.58 89.25 91.22 94.22 94.73 95.15 96.77 (R) 98.91 96.32 (R) 98.24 98.25
Transportation 10.56 12.40 16.06 18.21 19.66 20.02 22.47 22.07 22.41 22.83 23.45 23.91 24.46 24.75 (R) 25.30 (R) 26.05 (R) 26.65 (R) 26.21 (R) 26.63 26.82
Transportation as percent of total energy consumption 24.1 23.5 24.2 25.3 25.1 (R) 26.2 (R) 26.6 (R) 26.1 (R) 26.1 (R) 26.1 26.3 (R) 26.2 26.0 26.1 (R) 26.6 (R) 26.9 (R) 26.9 (R) 27.2 (R) 27.1 27.3
Industrial 16.26 19.24 21.92 21.45 22.67 19.54 21.24 20.90 21.81 (R) 21.74 22.38 22.64 23.36 23.61 23.07 (R) 22.83 (R) 22.74 (R) 21.82 (R) 22.06 21.68
Industrial as percent of total energy consumption 37.1 36.5 33.0 (R) 29.8 (R) 29.0 (R) 25.6 (R) 25.1 (R) 24.7 25.4 (R) 24.8 (R) 25.1 (R) 24.8 (R) 24.8 (R) 24.9 (R) 24.2 (R) 23.6 (R) 23.0 (R) 22.7 (R) 22.5 22.1
Residential and commercial 8.75 10.00 12.14 12.03 11.60 10.70 (R) 10.27 (R) 10.55 (R) 10.78 (R) 11.01 10.88 11.05 11.77 11.34 (R) 10.42 (R) 10.79 (R) 11.34 (R) 10.98 (R) 11.10 11.42
Residential and commercial as percent of total energy consumption 20.0 19.0 18.3 16.7 14.8 (R) 14.0 12.1 12.5 12.6 12.6 12.2 12.1 12.5 12.0 (R) 10.9 (R) 11.2 11.5 (R) 11.4 (R) 11.3 11.6
Energy input at electric utilities 8.19 11.01 16.27 20.31 24.36 26.16 30.65 31.00 30.87 32.01 32.55 33.62 34.63 35.02 36.36 37.10 (R) 38.18 (R) 37.32 (R) 38.44 38.33
Energy input at electric utilities as percent of total energy consumption 18.7 20.9 24.5 (R) 28.2 (R) 31.1 (R) 34.2 36.2 36.7 (R) 36.0 (R) 36.5 (R) 36.5 (R) 36.9 (R) 36.7 (R) 37.0 (R) 38.2 (R) 38.3 38.6 (R) 38.7 (R) 39.1 39.0
Percentage of primary demand met by petroleum                                        
Transportation 96.0 95.7 95.3 96.7 96.7 97.4 97.0 97.2 97.3 97.2 97.0 97.0 97.0 (R) 96.8 97.4 97.4 97.5 (R) 97.5 (R) 97.4 97.5
Industrial 35.4 35.3 35.5 38.0 (R) 42.0 (R) 39.9 (R) 39.1 (R) 38.5 (R) 39.5 (R) 38.6 (R) 39.3 (R) 37.8 (R) 38.5 (R) 39.0 (R) 39.1 (R) 40.7 (R) 39.8 (R) 42.3 (R) 41.9 43.4
Residential and commercial 39.8 38.6 35.4 31.6 26.2 23.6 21.2 (R) 20.4 (R) 19.7 (R) 19.4 (R) 19.1 (R) 18.7 (R) 19.0 (R) 19.0 (R) 19.0 (R) 19.4 (R) 19.7 (R) 20.8 (R) 20.3 20.2
Electric utilities 6.7 6.7 13.0 (R) 15.6 (R) 10.8 (R) 4.2 (R) 4.2 (R) 3.9 (R) 3.2 (R) 3.5 (R) 3.3 (R) 2.2 (R) 2.4 (R) 2.6 (R) 3.6 (R) 3.3 (R) 3.0 (R) 3.4 (R) 2.5 3.1

a Discontinuity in data between earlier years and 1990 is due to attempts to include sector consumption of renewable energy beginning in that year.

KEY: Btu = British thermal unit; R = revised.

NOTES

The data for residential, commercial, and industrial sectors include only fossil fuels consumed directly. Most renewable fuels are not included. The data for the transportation sector includes only fossil and renewable fuels consumed directly. The data for electric utilities includes all fuels (fossil, nuclear, geothermal, hydro, and other renewables) used by electric utilities. Due to a lack of consistent monthly historical data, some renewable energy resources are not included in this table. The totals in table 4-4 are the best numbers for total U.S. energy consumption from all sources.

The April 2003 Monthly Energy Review included extensive revisions to historical data. These revisions are most noticeable in the electricity, natural gas, coal, renewable energy, and total energy consumption data.

Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

SOURCES

1960-70: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review 1990, DOE/EIA-0394(90) (Washington, DC: May 1991), table 4.

1975-2003: Ibid., Monthly Energy Review, DOE/EIA-0035(2004/05) (Washington, DC: June 2004), tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, and 2.6.