Table 4-4: U.S. Energy Consumption by the Transportation Sector

Table 4-4: U.S. Energy Consumption by the Transportation Sector

(Quadrillion Btu)

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Energy consumption (all sectors) 45.12 54.02 67.86 (R) 72.00 (R) 78.29 (R) 76.42 (R) 84.60 (R) 91.22 (R) 94.22 (R) 94.73 (R) 95.15 96.77 (R) 98.90 (R) 96.32 (R) 98.24 98.24
Total transportation 10.60 12.43 16.10 18.24 19.70 20.07 (R) 22.53 (R) 23.96 (R) 24.51 (R) 24.81 (R) 25.36 (R) 26.11 (R) 26.70 (R) 26.27 (R) 26.69 26.87
Transportation as percent of total energy consumption 23.5 23.0 23.7 25.3 25.2 26.3 (R) 26.6 (R) 26.3 (R) 26.0 (R) 26.2 (R) 26.7 (R) 27.0 (R) 27.0 (R) 27.3 (R) 27.2 27.4
Total primary consumptiona 10.56 12.40 16.06 18.21 19.66 20.02 (R) 22.47 (R) 23.90 (R) 24.46 (R) 24.75 (R) 25.30 (R) 26.05 (R) 26.64 (R) 26.21 (R) 26.63 26.82
Coal 0.074 0.017 0.007 0.001 d d d d d d d d d d d d
in million short tons 3.0 0.7 0.3 <0.05 d d d d d d d d d d d d
Natural gasb 0.36 0.52 0.75 (R) 0.59 0.65 0.52 0.68 0.72 (R) 0.74 0.78 (R) 0.67 (R) 0.68 0.67 (R) 0.66 (R) 0.70 0.67
in trillion cubic feet 0.35 0.50 0.72 0.58 (R) 0.63 0.50 0.66 0.70 (R) 0.72 0.76 0.64 (R) 0.66 0.65 (R) 0.64 (R) 0.68 0.65
Petroleum productsc 10.13 11.87 15.31 17.61 19.01 19.50 (R) 21.79 (R) 23.18 (R) 23.72 (R) 23.97 (R) 24.64 (R) 25.37 (R) 25.97 (R) 25.56 (R) 25.93 26.15
in million barrels 1,879 2,203 2,839 3,267 3,494 3,597 4,003 4,278 4,376 4,426 4,549 4,683 4,789 (E) 4,804 U U
Electricity 0.010 0.010 0.011 0.010 0.011 0.014 0.016 0.017 0.017 0.017 0.017 0.017 0.018 (R) 0.019 0.018 0.018
Electrical system energy 0.026 0.024 0.026 (R) 0.024 0.027 0.033 0.037 (R) 0.039 (R) 0.038 (R) 0.038 (R) 0.038 (R) 0.040 (R) 0.042 (R) 0.042 (R) 0.040 0.040

KEY: Btu = British thermal unit; E = estimated; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Sum of coal, natural gas, and petroleum categories.

b Consumed in the operation of pipelines, primarily in compressors, and small amounts consumed as vehicle fuel.

c Includes most nonutility use of fossil fuels to produce electricity and small amounts (about 0.1 quadrillion Btu per year since 1990) of renewable energy in the form of ethanol blended into motor gasoline.

d From 1980, small amounts of coal consumed for transportation are included in industrial sector consumption.

NOTES

Energy consumption (all sectors) differs from totals in table 4-2 for 1990 and subsequent years.

Table 4-2 includes primary energy consumption only.

SOURCES

Energy consumption (all sectors), total transportation consumption and total primary consumption:

1960-70: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review 2000, DOE/EIA-0384 (2000) (Washington DC: August 2001) table 2.1a.

1975-2003: Ibid., Monthly Energy Review (Washington DC: December 2004), table 2.1.

Coal:

Btu:

1960-70: Ibid., Annual Energy Review 2000, DOE/EIA-0384 (2000) (Washington DC: August 2001) table 2.1e.

1975-2003: Ibid., Monthly Energy Review (Washington DC: December 2004), table 2.5.

Short tons:

1960-70: Ibid., Annual Energy Review 2000, DOE/EIA-0384 (2000) (Washington DC: August 2001) table 7.3.

1975-2003: Ibid., Monthly Energy Review (Washington DC: December 2004), table 6.2.

Natural gas:

Btu:

1960-70: Ibid., Annual Energy Review 2000, DOE/EIA-0384 (2000) (Washington DC: August 2001) table 2.1e.

1975-2003: Ibid., Monthly Energy Review (Washington DC: December 2004), table 2.5.

Cubic feet:

1960-70: Ibid., Annual Energy Review 2000, DOE/EIA-0384 (2000) (Washington DC: August 2001) table 6.5.

1975-2003: Ibid., Monthly Energy Review (Washington DC: December 2004), table 4.4.

Petroleum products:

Btu:

1960-70: Ibid., Annual Energy Review 2000, DOE/EIA-0384 (2000) (Washington DC: August 2001) table 2.1e.

1975-2003: Ibid., Monthly Energy Review (Washington DC: December 2004), table 2.5.

Barrels:

1960-1970: Ibid., Annual Energy Review 2001, DOE/EIA-0384 (2001) (Washington DC: November 2002) table 5.12c. (barrels/day x 365 or 366 for leap years).

1975-2003: Ibid., Annual Energy Review 2003, DOE/EIA-0384 (2003) (Washington DC: September 2004), table 5.13c.

Electricity and electrical system energy losses:

1960-70: Ibid., Annual Energy Review 2000, DOE/EIA-0384 (2000) (Washington DC: August 2001) table 2.1e.

1975-2003: Ibid., Monthly Energy Review (Washington DC: December 2004), table 2.5.