Table 4-5: Fuel Consumption by Mode of Transportation in Physical Units

Table 4-5: Fuel Consumption by Mode of Transportation in Physical Units

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2001
Air                    
Certificated carriersa                    
Jet fuel (million gallons) 1,954 3,889 7,857 7,558 8,519 10,115 (R) 12,323 (R) 12,672 14,845 14,017
General aviationb                    
Aviation gasoline (million gallons) 242 292 551 412 520 421 353 287 (R) 333 (R) 275
Jet fuel (million gallons) N 56 208 453 766 691 663 560 (R) 972 (R) 953
Highway                    
Gasoline, diesel and other fuels (million gallons)                    
Passenger car and motorcycle 41,171 49,723 67,879 74,253 70,186 71,700 69,759 68,268 73,275 (R) 73,752
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle N e 12,313 19,081 23,796 27,363 35,611 45,605 52,939 (R) 53,522
Single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more truck N 13,848 3,968 5,420 6,923 7,399 8,357 9,216 9,563 (R) 9,667
Combination truck N 6,658 7,348 9,177 13,037 14,005 16,133 19,777 25,666 (R) 25,512
Bus 827 875 820 1,053 1,018 834 895 968 1,112 (R) 1,026
Transitc                    
Electricity (million kWh) 2,908 2,584 2,561 2,646 2,446 4,216 4,837 5,068 5,510 5,610
Motor fuel (million gallons)                    
Diesel 208 248 271 365 431 609 651 678 786 745
Gasoline and other nondiesel fuelsd 192 124 68 8 11 46 34 61 48 46
Compressed natural gas N N N N N N N 11 55 66
Rail, Class I (in freight service)                    
Distillate / diesel fuel (million gallons) 3,463 3,592 3,545 3,657 3,904 3,110 3,115 3,480 3,700 3,710
Amtrak                    
Electricity (million kWh) N N N 180 254 295 330 304 350 377
Distillate / diesel fuel (million gallons) N N N 63 64 65 82 66 76 75
Water                    
Residual fuel oil (million gallons) 3,952 3,093 3,774 4,060 8,952 4,590 6,326 5,886 6,410 5,409
Distillate / diesel fuel oil (million gallons) 787 652 819 1,098 1,478 1,699 2,065 2,339 2,261 2,044
Gasoline (million gallons) N N 598 730 1,052 1,053 1,300 1,060 1,124 994
Pipeline                    
Natural gas (million cubic feet) 347,075 500,524 722,166 582,963 634,622 503,766 659,816 700,335 642,210 (R) 624,964

KEY: kWh = kilowatt-hour; N = data do not exist; P = preliminary; R = revised; U = data are unavailable.

a Domestic operations only.

b Includes fuel used in air taxi operations, but not commuter operations. Data for 1996 are estimated using new information on nonrespondents and are therefore not comparable to earlier years. See the accuracy statement in the appendix for more detailed information.

c Prior to 1984, excludes commuter rail, automated guideway, ferryboat, demand responsive vehicles, and most rural and small systems.

d Gasoline and all other nondiesel fuels such as liquefied natural gas, methanol, and propane, except compressed natural gas.

e Included in single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more truck category.

SOURCES

Air:

Certificated air carriers:

1960-2003: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Internet site http://www.bts.gov/oai/fuel/fuelyearly.html as of Dec. 23, 2004.

General aviation:

1960-70: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, FAA Statistical Handbook of Aviation - 1972 edition (Washington, DC: 1973), table 9.12.

1975-93: Ibid., General Aviation and Air Taxi Activity Survey (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table 5.1, and similar tables in earlier editions.

1994-2003: Ibid., FAA Aerospace Forecasts Fiscal Years 2004-2015 (Washington, DC: Mar. 2004), table 34 and similar tables in earlier editions.

Highway:

1960-94: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics, Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A. (Revised data obtained from Internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/ohimstat.htm as of August 2001).

1995-2003: Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1.

Transit:

Electricity / motor fuel / compressed natural gas:

1960-2002: American Public Transportation Association, 2004 Public Transportation Fact Book (Washington, DC: March 2004), tables 33, 34, 35, and similar tables in earlier editions.

Rail:

1960-2003: Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: 2004), p. 40.

Amtrak:

1975-2001: Amtrak, Energy Management Department, personal communication.

Water:

Residual and distillate / diesel fuel oil:

1960-80: American Petroleum Institute, Basic Petroleum Data Book (Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables 10, 10a, 12, and 12a.

1985-2003: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales (Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables 2, 4, and similar tables in earlier editions.

Gasoline:

1970-2003: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table MF-24 and similar tables in earlier editions.

Pipeline:

1960-2003: U.S. Department of Energy, Natural Gas Annual 2003, DOE/EIA-0131(03) (Washington, DC: Dec. 2004), table 15 and similar tables in earlier editions.