Bus Profile

Bus Profile

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FINANCIAL

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Expenditures ($ thousands)                          
School bus1 486,000 1,219,000 3,833,000 8,031,000 7,847,000 9,889,000 9,082,000 10,353,000 10,326,000 10,340,000 12,104,000 12,624,000 U
Operating revenues ($ thousands)                          
Intercity bus, Class I 2 463,100 721,700 1,397,378 943,268 1,161,479 1,189,235 985,537 1,080,083 1,074,582 1,326,909 1,133,822 1,117,526 1,070,204
Operating expenses ($ thousands)                          
Intercity bus, Class I 2 405,400 639,000 1,318,372 1,026,213 1,289,834 1,253,537 941,014 1,022,680 1,016,208 1,313,900 1,078,386 1,080,186 1,045,515

INVENTORY

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Number of operating companies                          
Intercity bus, Class I 2 143 71 61 31 26 24 20 22 20 18 15 15 12
Number of vehicles, all buses3 272,129 377,562 528,789 626,987 670,423 685,503 694,781 697,548 715,540 728,777 746,125 749,548 760,717
Number of employees4                          
Intercity and rural bus 40,500 43,400 37,900 26,100 23,600 23,800 23,800 22,200 24,400 23,800 24,700 25,100 22,890
School bus N N 79,900 111,200 125,900 131,100 132,200 136,500 141,000 146,100 146,700 147,700 174,440

PERFORMANCE

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Vehicle-miles, all buses (millions)5 4,346 4,544 6,059 5,726 6,409 6,420 6,538 6,842 7,007 7,662 7,590 (R) 7,077 6,849
Rural highway, total 2,332 2,549 3,035 3,444 3,730 3,854 3,933 4,109 4,251 4,667 4,489 (R) 4,165 3,946
Interstate rural N 339 533 567 683 711 742 794 834 971 978 (R) 951 941
Other arterial rural N 944 991 995 1,154 1,171 1,186 1,243 1,282 1,375 1,270 (R) 1,133 1,104
Other rural N 1,266 1,511 1,882 1,893 1,972 2,005 2,072 2,135 2,321 2,241 (R) 2,081 1,901
Urban highwaya, total 2,014 1,995 3,024 2,283 2,679 2,566 2,605 2,733 2,756 2,995 3,101 (R) 2,912 2,903
Interstate urban N 277 560 455 627 580 598 647 663 752 791 (R) 775 802
Other urban N 1,718 2,464 1,828 2,052 1,986 2,007 2,086 2,093 2,243 2,310 (R) 2,137 2,101
Passenger-miles (millions), all buses5 N N N 121,398 135,871 136,104 138,613 145,060 148,558 162,445 160,919 (R) 150,042 145,208
Number of revenue passengers (thousands)                          
Intercity bus, total1 366,000 401,000 370,000 334,000 343,200 366,500 347,900 350,600 357,600 358,900 364,600 356,900 U
Average miles traveled per vehicle, all buses5 15,970 12,035 11,458 9,133 9,560 9,365 9,386 9,809 9,793 10,515 10,173 (R) 9,442 9,003
Fuel consumed (million gallons), all buses5 827 820 1,018 895 964 968 985 1,027 1,040 1,148 1,112 (R) 1,026 993
Average fuel consumption per vehicle (gallons), all buses5 3,039 2,172 1,925 1,427 1,438 1,412 1,414 1,472 1,454 1,576 1,490 (R) 1,369 1,306
Average miles traveled per gallon of fuel consumed, all buses5 5.3 5.5 6.0 6.4 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.9
Average revenue per passenger-mile (cents) (intercity)1 2.71 3.60 7.26 11.55 11.61 12.19 12.30 12.56 12.75 12.76 12.79 12.91 U

SAFETY

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Number of fatalities6                          
School bus-related N N 150 115 (R) 107 123 136 131 128 167 147 141 127
School bus occupants N N 9 11 (R) 4 13 10 (R) 10 6 10 (R) 21 18 3
Other vehicle                          
Occupants N N 88 64 64 72 101 (R) 97 91 127 (R) 99 95 98
Nonoccupants N N 53 40 (R) 39 38 25 24 31 30 (R) 27 (R) 28 26
Occupant fatalities, all buses6 N N 46 32 21 33 21 18 38 59 22 34 45
School buses N N 14 13 2 12 10 8 6 8 16 16 2
Cross country buses N N 23 2 7 6 3 5 13 32 3 3 20
Transit buses N N 6 3 6 1 5 3 2 6 1 4 6
Other and unknown N N 3 14 6 14 3 2 17 13 2 11 17
Fatalities in vehicular accidentsb, all buses7 N N 390 340 286 311 367 339 329 374 355 330 343
Occupant fatality rate                          
Per 90 million vehicle-miles, all buses5, 6 N N 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.7
Per 9,000 registered vehicles, all buses3, 6 N N 0.9 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.6
Vehicle involvement rate (fatal crashes)                          
Per 90 million vehicle-miles, all buses5, 7 N N 6.4 5.9 4.5 4.8 5.6 5.0 4.7 (R) 4.9 (R) 4.7 (R) 4.7 5.0
Per 9,000 registered vehicles, all buses3, 7 N N 7.4 5.4 4.3 4.5 5.3 4.9 4.6 (R) 5.1 (R) 4.8 (R) 4.4 4.5

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Urban consists of travel on all roads and streets in urban places of 5,000 or greater population.

b Includes all fatalities that occurred in an accident in which a bus was involved.

NOTE

See transit profile for transit bus data.

SOURCES

Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.

1 Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation In America, 19th edition (Washington, DC: 2002), p. 40, 46, and 48.

2 1960-95: Interstate Commerce Commission, Annual Report of the ICC (Washington, DC: Annual issues), Appendix F, tables 1 and 6. 1996-2002: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Selected Earnings Data, Class I Motor Carriers of Passengers (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

3 U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table MV-10.

4 1960-99: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment, Hours and Earnings, SIC codes 413 and 415, Internet site www.bls.gov as of June 17, 2004. 2000-02: Ibid., NAICS codes 485200 and 485400, Internet site www.bls.gov as of June 17, 2004.

5 1960-95: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics, Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A. 1996-2002: Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1.

6 1980-98: Ibid., National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Safety Facts 1998, DOT HS 808 983 (Washington, DC: October 1999), tables 74 and 93. 1999-2002: Ibid., Traffic Safety Facts 2002, DOT HS 809 615 (Washington, DC: December 2003).

7 Ibid., Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Query, Internet site, http://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov as of June 2004.