|Rates per 100 million vehicle-miles|
KEY: E = estimates; N = data do not exist.
a Bus includes school, transit, and intercity buses.
The injury and crash data in this table are from the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA) General Estimates System (GES). The data from GES, which began operation in 1988, are obtained from a nationally representative probability sample selected from all police-reported crashes. The GES sample includes only crashes where a police accident report was completed and the crash resulted in property damage, injury, or death. The resulting figures do not take into account crashes that were not reported to the police or that did not result in property damage.
Fatalities and injuries:
1975-2003: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts 2003, Final Edition, DOT HS 809 775 (Washington, DC: January 2005), tables 4, 51, Internet site http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/nrd-30/NCSA/TSFAnn/TSF2003Final.pdf as of Apr. 1, 2005 and personal communication, Oct. 13, 2004.
1975-94: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A.
1995-2003: Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1.
1990-2003: Ibid., General Estimates System Database, personal communication, Dec. 28, 2004.