Table 4-16: Transit Industry Electric Power and Primary Energy Consumptiona and Travel

Table 4-16: Transit Industry Electric Power and Primary Energy Consumptiona and Travel

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 (P) 2003
Number of vehicles (thousands) 65 62 61 62 75 94 93 96 102 107 116 116 122 126 124 129 131 134 135 139
Vehicle-miles traveled (millions) 2,143 2,008 1,883 2,176 2,287 2,791 3,242 3,306 3,355 3,435 3,468 3,550 3,650 3,746 3,794 3,972 4,081 4,196 4,277 4,375
Electric power consumed (million kWh) 2,908 2,584 2,561 2,646 2,446 4,216 4,837 4,853 4,716 4,865 5,081 5,068 5,007 4,988 5,073 5,237 5,510 5,610 5,649 5,643
Primary energy consumed (thousand gallons)                                        
Diesel 208,100 248,400 270,600 365,060 431,400 608,738 651,030 665,158 684,944 678,511 678,226 678,286 692,714 716,952 739,621 763,369 786,025 744,663 724,535 749,379
Gasoline and other nondiesel fuelsb 191,900 124,200 68,200 7,576 11,400 45,704 33,906 34,467 37,179 45,672 60,003 60,730 61,213 59,463 52,615 48,694 48,284 45,873 (R) 51,150 47,049
Compressed natural gas N N N N N N N N 1,009 1,579 4,835 10,740 15,092 23,906 37,268 44,398 54,794 66,215 81,051 100,074

KEY: kWh = kilowatt hour; N = data do not exist; P = preliminary; R = revised.

a Prior to 1984, excludes commuter rail, automated guideway, urban ferryboat, demand responsive vehicles, and most rural and smaller systems.

b 1992 to 2003 data include propane, liquid petroleum gas, liquefied natural gas, kerosene, and all other nondiesel fuels except compressed natural gas. 1960 to 1991 data include propane. Series not continuous between 1991 and 1992.

SOURCE

American Public Transportation Association, 2005 Public Transportation Fact Book (Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables 19, 25, 34, 35, 36 and similar tables in earlier editions.