Table A: Social and Economic Characteristics of the United States

Table A: Social and Economic Characteristics of the United States

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  1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
TOTAL U.S. resident population a (thousands) 226,546 237,924 248,791 (R) 266,278 (R) 269,394 (R) 272,647 (R) 275,854 (R) 279,040 281,422 (R) 285,094 (R) 287,974 290,810
Population by Age (thousands)                        
Under 18 63,754 62,623 63,949 (R) 69,465 (R) 70,226 (R) 70,917 (R) 71,428 (R) 71,947 72,294 (R) 72,604 (R) 72,847 73,043
18-24 years 30,022 28,902 26,961 (R) 25,482 (R) 25,275 (R) 25,479 (R) 26,059 (R) 26,685 27,143 (R) 27,919 (R) 28,461 28,900
25-34 37,082 41,696 43,174 (R) 45,052 (R) 41,809 (R) 41,345 (R) 40,757 (R) 40,178 39,891 (R) 39,683 (R) 39,715 39,873
35-44 25,634 31,691 37,444 (R) 42,711 (R) 43,552 (R) 44,229 (R) 44,748 (R) 45,077 45,149 (R) 45,050 (R) 44,748 44,371
45-54 22,800 22,460 25,062 (R) 31,480 (R) 32,800 (R) 34,178 (R) 35,232 (R) 36,578 37,678 (R) 39,200 (R) 40,029 40,804
55-64 21,703 22,135 21,116 (R) 21,320 (R) 21,590 (R) 22,099 (R) 23,011 (R) 23,778 24,274 (R) 25,300 (R) 26,569 27,900
65 and over 25,550 28,415 (R) 31,084 (R) 33,769 (R) 34,143 (R) 34,402 (R) 34,619 (R) 34,798 34,992 (R) 35,338 (R) 35,608 35,919
Population by Sex a (thousands)                        
Male 110,053 (R) 115,730 121,284 (R) 130,215 (R) 131,807 (R) 133,474 (R) 135,130 (R) 136,803 138,054 (R) 140,009 (R) 141,533 143,037
Female 116,493 (R) 122,194 127,507 (R) 136,063 (R) 137,587 (R) 139,173 (R) 140,724 (R) 142,237 143,368 (R) 145,085 (R) 146,441 147,773
Population in Metropolitan areas b (millions) 177 U 198 210 212 214 216 U 233 U 239 241
Large (over 1 million) 119 U 139 147 149 151 153 U (R) 149 U 154 156
Medium (250,000-999,999) 41 U 41 44 44 43 43 U (R) 55 U 58 57
Small (less than 250,000) 17 U 18 19 19 20 20 U (R) 28 U 27 28
Population in Micropolitan areas b (millions) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA (R) 29 U 29 30
Population in Rural / Urbanc areas (thousands)                        
Rural 59,495 U 61,656 U U U U U 59,061 U U U
Urban 167,051 U 187,053 U U U U U 222,361 U U U
Population in Regions a (millions)                        
Northeast 49.1 49.9 50.8 (R) 52.3 (R) 52.5 (R) 52.7 (R) 53.0 (R) 53.3 53.6 (R) 53.9 54.2 54.4
South 75.4 81.4 85.5 (R) 93.2 (R) 94.7 (R) 96.2 (R) 97.7 (R) 99.2 100.2 (R) 101.9 103.2 104.5
Midwest 58.9 58.8 59.7 (R) 62.5 (R) 62.9 (R) 63.3 (R) 63.7 (R) 64.1 64.4 (R) 64.8 65.1 65.4
West 43.2 47.8 52.8 (R) 58.3 (R) 59.2 (R) 60.3 (R) 61.4 (R) 62.4 63.2 64.5 65.5 66.5
Number of Immigrants admitted d 530,639 570,009 1,536,483 720,461 915,900 798,378 654,451 646,568 849,807 1,064,318 1,063,732 705,827
Total area e (square miles) 3,618,770 U 3,717,796 U U U U U 3,794,083 U U U
Gross domestic product(chained $ 2000 billions) f U U U U U U 9,066.9 9,470.3 9,817.0 9,890.7 1,074.8 10,381.3
Government, total U U U U U U 1,165.7 1,178.7 1,202.7 1,212.2 1,230.4 1,247.3
Private industry, total U U U U U U 7,896.0 8,285.5 8,614.3 8,692.5 8,851.6 9,123.0
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting U U U U U U 84.6 87.4 98.0 91.8 98.1 103.5
Mining U U U U U U 123.4 126.6 121.3 114.9 112.4 104.6
Utilities U U U U U U 171.3 179.2 189.3 180.0 190.7 202.0
Construction U U U U U U 423.2 433.3 435.9 436.6 425.1 424.1
Manufacturing U U U U U U 1,286.2 1,342.1 1,426.2 1,346.9 1,378.2 1,440.0
Wholesale trade U U U U U U 564.7 594.1 591.7 633.1 643.0 631.0
Retail trade U U U U U U 598.8 633.9 662.4 708.6 746.4 788.4
Transportation and warehousing U U U U U U 275.8 287.4 301.6 293.6 299.1 314.2
Information U U U U U U 377.0 437.5 458.3 476.8 475.5 502.4
Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing U U U U U U 1,741.7 1,834.3 1,931.0 2,005.4 2,033.3 2,098.6
Professional and business services U U U U U U 1,049.3 1,105.5 1,140.8 1,133.4 1,147.9 1,188.0
Educational services, health care, and social assistance U U U U U U 648.6 660.1 678.4 700.1 726.6 746.8
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accomodation, and food services U U U U U U 327.2 339.0 350.1 347.6 354.1 360.9
Other services, except government U U U U U U 233.4 229.7 229.1 225.3 223.4 224.5
Total civilian labor force (thousands) 106,940 115,461 125,840 132,304 133,943 136,297 137,673 139,368 (R) 142,583 (R) 143,734 144,863 146,510
Participation rate of men (percent) 77.4 76.3 76.4 75.0 74.9 75.0 74.9 74.7 74.8 74.4 74.1 73.5
Participation rate of women (percent) 51.5 54.5 57.5 58.9 59.3 59.8 59.8 60.0 59.9 59.8 59.6 59.5
Number of households (thousands) 80,776 86,789 93,347 98,990 99,627 101,018 102,528 103,874 104,705 108,209 109,297 111,278
Average size of households 2.76 2.69 2.63 2.65 2.65 2.64 2.62 2.61 2.62 2.58 2.58 2.57
Median household income g,h (constant $ 2003) 37,447 38,510 40,865 40,845 41,431 42,294 43,825 44,922 44,853 43,882 43,381 43,318
Average household expenditures h (constant $ 2003) U 37,444 37,865 37,807 38,568 38,904 39,153 39,922 38,045 39,518 40,667 40,817

KEY: NA = not applicable; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Estimates as of July 1 except 1980, 1990, and 2000, which are as of April 1.

b New metropolitan area definitions were published by the Office of Budget and Management (OMB) in 2003. These definitions were applied to population data by the Census Bureau beginning with the data from the 2000 Census. A new term, core based statistical areas (CBSAs), collectively refers to metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas. A metropolitan statistical area is defined as having at least one urbanized area of 50,000 or more inhabitants. A micropolitan statistical area is defined as having at least one urban cluster of more than 10,000 but less than 50,000 inhabitants.

c As of April 1 of year indicated. The Census Bureau only tabulates urban / rural numbers for the decennial census years.

d Fiscal year ending September 30.

e The Census Bureau calculates square mileage comprising land and water area for the decennial census years. Data for 1980 comprises land and inland water. Data for 1990 comprises land, Great Lakes, inland water, and coastal water. Data for 2000 comprises land, Great Lakes, inland water, territorial water, and coastal water.

f Sums of chained-dollar estimates do not add to national totals because the chain-type indices used to derive them are based on weights of more than one period.

g Households as of March of following year.

h Converted to constant 2003 dollars using the CPI-U-RS price index.

SOURCES

U.S. resident population:

1980: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 2004-2005 (Washington, DC: 2004), table 11, Internet site http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract-04.html as of Feb. 2, 2005.

1985: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 15.

1990-2000: Ibid., National Intercensal Estimates of the United States Resident Population by Age and Sex (Washington, DC: 2004), Internet site http://www.census.gov/popest/archives/EST90INTERCENSAL/US-EST90INT-datasets.html as of Feb. 2, 2005.

2001-03: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2004-2005 (Washington, DC: 2004), table 11, Internet site http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract-04.html as of Feb. 2, 2005.

Age:

1980: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2004-2005 (Washington, DC: 2004), table 11, Internet site http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract-04.html as of Feb. 2, 2005.

1985: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 12.

1990-2003: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2004-2005 (Washington, DC: 2004), table 11, Internet site http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract-04.html as of Feb. 2, 2005.

Sex:

1980: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2004-2005 (Washington, DC: 2004), table 11, Internet site http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract-04.html as of Feb. 2, 2005.

1985: Ibid., Historical Annual Time Series of State Population Estimates and Demographic Components of Change 1980 to 1990, by Single Year of Age and Sex (Washington, DC: 2004), Internet site http://www.census.gov/popest/archives/1980s/80s_st_age_sex.html as of Feb. 2, 2005.

1990-2000: Ibid., National Intercensal Estimates of the United States Resident Population by Age and Sex (Washington, DC: 2004), Internet site http://www.census.gov/popest/archives/EST90INTERCENSAL/US-EST90INT-datasets.html as of Feb. 2, 2005.

2001-03: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 11, Internet site http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract-04.html as of Feb. 2, 2005.

Metropolitan areas:

1980, 1990-98: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 32.

2000: Ibid., Census 2000 PHC-T-29 (Washington, DC: 2003), table 1a.

2002-03: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2004-2005, Appendix 2 (Washington, DC: 2004), table A .

Micropolitan areas:

2000-03: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2004--2005, Appendix 2 (Washington, DC: 2004), table B .

Rural / urban:

1980-1990: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 37.

2000: Ibid., Census 2000: Summary File 2 (SF 2), Internet site http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2001/sumfile2.html as of June 18, 2003.

Regions:

1980: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2004-2005 (Washington, DC: 2004), table 17, Internet site http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract-04.html as of Feb. 2, 2005.

1985: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 1995 (Washington, DC: 1996), table 27.

1990-2000: Ibid., Time Series of Intercensal Estimates (Washington DC: 2004), http://www.census.gov/popest/archives/2000s/vintage_2001/CO-EST2001-12/ as of Feb. 2, 2005.

2001-03: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2004-2005 (Washington, DC: 2004), table 17, Internet site http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract-04.html as of Feb. 2, 2005.

Immigrants:

1980-85: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 1990 (Washington, DC: 1990), table 6.

1990-96: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), table 6.

1997: U.S. Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Office of Policy and Planning, Statistics Branch, Annual Report, Legal Immigration, Fiscal Year 2000, No. 6, January 2002, Internet site http://www.bcis.gov/graphics/shared/aboutus/statistics/IMM2000AR.pdf as of June 18, 2003.

1998-2001: U.S. Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Office of Policy and Planning, Statistics Branch, Annual Report, Legal Immigration, Fiscal Year 2001,Internet site http://www.bcis.gov/graphics/shared/aboutus/statistics/IMM2001.pdf as of June 18, 2003.

2002-03: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, 2003 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics (Washington, DC: 2004), Internet site http://uscis.gov/graphics/shared/aboutus/statistics/Yearbook2003.pdf as of Dec. 8, 2004.

Total area:

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 2002 (Washington, DC:2003), table 1.

Gross domestic product:

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Industry Economic Accounts, Annual Industry Accounts, Internet site http://www.bea.gov/bea/dn2/home/annual_industry.htm as of Dec. 20, 2004.

Civilian labor force:

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 2003 (Washington, DC: 2004), table 587.

2003: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2004-2005 (Washington, DC: 2004), table 569.

Participation rates:

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Table 2, Employment Status of the Civilian Noninstitutional Population 16 years and Over by Sex, 1971 to Date, Internet site http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat2.pdf as of Dec. 8, 2004.

Number of households:

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, Table HH-1, Households by Type: 1940 to Present, Internet site http://www.census.gov/population/socdemo/hh-fam/tabHH-1.pdf as of Dec. 8, 2004.

Average size of households:

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, Table HH-6, Average Population Per Household and Family: 1940 to Present, Internet site http://www.census.gov/population/socdemo/hh-fam/tabHH-6.pdf as Dec. 8, 2004.

Median household income:

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, Table A-1, Households by Total Money Income, Race, and Hispanic Origin of Householder: 1967-2002, Internet site http://www.census.gov/hhes/income/histinc/h05.html as of Feb. 20, 2004.

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, Table H-5, Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder--Households by Median and Mean Income: 1967 to 2003, Internet site http://www.census.gov/hhes/income/histinc/h05.html as of Dec. 8, 2004.

Average household expenditures:

U.S Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Average Annual Expenditures and Characteristics of All Consumer Units, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 2000-2003, Internet site http://www.bls.gov/cex/2003/standard/multiyr.pdf as of Dec. 8, 2004.