Table 2-17: Motor Vehicle Safety Data

Table 2-17: Motor Vehicle Safety Data

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Fatalities 36,399 47,089 52,627 44,525 51,091 43,825 44,599 41,508 39,250 40,150 40,716 41,817 42,065 42,013 41,501 41,717 41,945 42,196 43,005 42,884 (R) 42,836 43,443
Injured personsE N N N N N N 3,230,666 3,096,870 3,069,603 3,149,164 3,265,928 3,465,279 3,483,319 3,347,614 3,192,035 3,236,238 3,188,750 3,032,672 2,926,000 2,889,000 2,788,000 2,699,000
CrashesE N N N N N N 6,471,202 6,117,359 6,000,310 6,105,915 6,495,988 6,699,415 6,769,583 6,624,149 6,334,573 6,279,036 6,393,624 6,322,896 6,316,000 6,328,000 6,181,000 6,159,000
Vehicle-miles (millions) 718,763 887,811 1,109,724 1,327,664 1,527,295 1,774,827 2,144,362 2,172,050 2,247,151 2,296,378 2,357,588 2,422,696 2,485,848 2,561,695 2,631,522 2,691,056 2,746,925 2,797,287 2,855,508 2,890,450 (R) 2,964,788 2,989,807
Rates per 100 million vehicle-miles                                            
Fatalities 5.1 5.3 4.7 3.4 3.3 2.5 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 (R) 1.4 1.5
Injured personsE N N N N N N 151 143 137 137 139 143 140 131 121 120 116 108 102 100 (R) 94 90
CrashesE N N N N N N 302 282 267 266 276 277 272 259 241 233 233 226 221 219 (R) 208 206

KEY: E = estimated; N = data do not exist; R = revised.

SOURCES

Fatalities:

1960-70: Estimated by U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration from data supplied by U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics, and individual state accident reports (adjusted to 30-day deaths). Fatalities data prior to 1975 have been adjusted to reflect the Fatality Analysis Reporting System's definition of a fatal crash as one that involves a motor vehicle on a trafficway, which results in the death of a vehicle occupant or a nonmotorist within 30 days of the crash.

1975-2005: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts 2005, DOT HS 809 919 (Washington, DC: December 2006), table 2.

Injured persons:

1990-2001: Ibid., Traffic Safety Facts 2002, DOT HS 809 620 (Washington, DC: January 2004), table 2.

2002-05: Ibid., Traffic Safety Facts 2005, DOT HS 809 919 (Washington, DC: December 2006), table 2.

Crashes:

1990-2005: Ibid., Traffic Safety Facts 2005, DOT HS 809 919 (Washington, DC: December 2006), table 1.

Vehicle-miles:

1960-65: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A.

1970-2005: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics 2005 (Washington, DC: 2006), table VM1, and similar tables in earlier editions.

Fatality, injury, and crash rates:

Calculated by U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics.