Table 2-23: Truck Occupant Safety Data

Table 2-23: Truck Occupant Safety Data

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  1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Fatalities, total 5,817 8,748 7,666 9,306 9,052 8,683 9,116 9,574 10,216 10,553 10,972 11,447 12,024 12,280 12,431 12,963 13,167 13,363
Light 4,856 7,486 6,689 8,601 8,391 8,098 8,511 8,904 9,568 9,932 10,249 10,705 11,265 11,526 11,723 12,274 12,444 12,602
Large 961 1,262 977 705 661 585 605 670 648 621 723 742 759 754 708 689 723 761
Injured personsE, total N N N 546,966 590,632 578,435 632,976 661,619 752,840 794,238 785,733 791,273 879,757 917,398 889,951 905,580 915,941 927,458
Light N N N 505,144 562,601 544,657 600,874 631,411 722,496 761,478 754,820 762,506 846,865 886,566 860,527 879,338 889,048 900,171
Large N N N 41,822 28,031 33,778 32,102 30,208 30,344 32,760 30,913 28,767 32,892 30,832 29,424 26,242 26,893 27,287
CrashesE, totala N N N 2,459,908 2,460,561 2,488,936 2,722,506 2,937,998 3,039,159 3,175,497 3,225,320 3,167,967 3,425,409 3,545,611 3,566,858 3,592,127 (R) 3,781,495 3,769,034
Light N N N 2,152,486 2,200,134 2,191,171 2,407,212 2,573,701 2,749,596 2,880,782 2,900,896 2,866,729 3,079,617 3,207,738 3,254,105 3,272,326 (R) 3,345,367 3,369,938
Large N N N 371,801 318,637 362,807 383,220 444,697 362,883 378,335 421,377 391,807 452,444 437,861 409,355 416,437 (R) 436,128 399,096
Vehicle-miles (millions)                                    
Light 204,274 295,475 388,778 555,659 595,924 642,397 675,353 711,515 749,971 787,255 824,896 861,951 903,314 (R) 942,611 (R) 976,096 (R) 1,012,648 (R) 1,043,936 1,095,685
Large 81,330 108,491 123,504 146,242 149,543 153,384 159,888 170,216 178,156 182,971 191,477 196,380 202,688 205,520 209,032 214,603 (R) 217,917 226,505
Rates per 100 million vehicle-miles                                    
Fatalities                                    
Light 2.4 2.5 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 (R) 1.2 (R) 1.2 (R) 1.2 (R) 1.2 1.2
Large 1.2 1.2 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 (R) 0.3 0.3
Injured personsE                                    
Light N N N 91 94 85 89 89 96 97 92 88 94 (R) 94 (R) 88 (R) 87 (R) 85 82
Large N N N 29 19 22 20 18 17 18 16 15 16 15 14 12 (R) 12 12
CrashesE                                    
Light N N N 387 369 341 356 362 367 366 352 333 341 (R) 340 (R) 333 (R) 323 (R) 320 308
Large N N N 254 213 237 240 261 204 207 220 200 223 213 196 194 (R) 200 176

KEY: E = estimated; N = data do not exist; R = revised.

a Crashes often involve more than one type of truck (light or large), hence "total truck crashes" is smaller than the sum of the components.

NOTES

Large trucks - trucks over 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, including single-unit trucks and truck tractors. Light trucks - trucks of 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating or less, including pickups, vans, truck-based station wagons, and utility vehicles. The injury and crash data in this table are from the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA) General Estimates System (GES). The data from GES, which began operation in 1988, are obtained from a nationally representative probability sample selected from all police-reported crashes. The GES sample includes only crashes where a police accident report was completed and the crash resulted in property damage, injury, or death. The resulting figures do not take into account crashes that were not reported to the police or that did not result in property damage.

Vehicle-miles in this table and in table 2-19 are taken from NHTSA revised data and are not based exclusively on USDOT, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) data, as they have been in earlier reports. The change was made to reflect the different vehicle classification schemes used by FHWA and NHTSA. Thus, vehicle-miles for passenger cars and light and large trucks in table 2-19 and this table should not be compared with vehicle-miles in Chapter 1, which are taken directly from FHWA.

SOURCES

Fatalities, injuries, fatality and injury rates:

1975-2004: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts 2004, Final Edition, DOT HS 809 919 (Washington, DC), tables 8, 9, Internet site http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/nrd-30/NCSA/TSFAnn/TSF2004Final.pdf as of Apr. 1, 2006 and personal communication, May 25 2006.

Vehicle-miles:

1975-2004: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts 2004, Final Edition, DOT HS 809 919 (Washington, DC), tables 8, 9, Internet site http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/nrd-30/NCSA/TSFAnn/TSF2004Final.pdf as of Apr. 1, 2006.

Crashes:

Ibid., National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Fatality Analysis Reporting System Database and General Estimates System Database, personal communication, May 25, 2006.

Crash rates:

Calculated by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics.