Table 2-33c: Transit and Grade-Crossing Injuries by Rail Transit Mode

Table 2-33c: Transit and Grade-Crossing Injuries by Rail Transit Mode

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  1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
All transit rail, total 14,931 14,650 15,760 13,812 12,697 13,969 13,655 6,846 6,294 6,735
Transit only 14,736 14,466 15,634 13,754 12,538 13,846 13,581 6,738 6,177 6,582
Grade crossing 195 184 126 58 159 123 74 108 117 153
Light rail, total 1,319 1,604 1,087 1,076 1,271 1,338 1,201 557 539 633
Transit only N N N N N 1,227 1,147 481 471 519
Grade crossing N N N N N 111 54 76 68 114
Heavy rail, total 11,238 11,093 12,285 11,059 9,665 10,848 10,641 4,806 4,158 4,738
Transit only N N N N N 10,847 10,634 4,801 4,158 4,738
Grade crossing N N N N N 1 7 5 0 0
Commuter rail, total 2,374 1,953 2,388 1,677 1,761 1,783 1,813 1,483 1,597 1,364
Transit only N N N N N 1,772 1,800 1,456 1,548 1,325
Grade crossing N N N N N 11 13 27 49 39

KEY: N = data do not exist

NOTES

Light rail and heavy rail grade crossings are regulated by the Federal Transit Administration. The Federal Transit Adminstration defines two types of grade crossings: (1) At grade, mixed, and cross traffic crossings, meaning railway right-of-way over which other traffic moving in the same direction or other cross directions may pass. This includes city street right-of-way; (2) At grade with cross traffic crossings, meaning railway right-of-way over which no other traffic may pass, except to cross at grade-level crossings. This can include median strip rights-of-way with grade level crossings at intersecting streets.

Commuter rail grade crossings are regulated by the Federal Railroad Administration. The Federal Railroad Administration defines a grade crossing as a location where a public highway, road, street, or private roadway, including associated sidewalks and pathways, crosses one or more railroad tracks at grade.

Data thresholds changed for certain elements beginning with 2002. The extreme drop in the incidents, injuries, collisions, and not otherwise classifieds (personal casualties) for 2002 is due to the change of the incident thresholds, specifically the definition of injuries, in the NTD. The injury definition was changed for the 2002 revision of the NTD to coincide with other USDOT modes. Only incidents involving immediate medical treatment away from the scene now qualify as reportable injuries. Previously, any reported incident/injury was reported to NTD. It was felt that this resulted in the collection of claims-based as opposed to safety-based data.

SOURCES

U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis Annual Report, (Washington, DC: Annual issues), Internet site http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov/ as of Apr. 5, 2006 and personal communications June 8, 2005 and Apr. 5, 2006.