Transit Profile

Transit Profile

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FINANCIAL

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 (P) 2004
Passenger operating revenues1, total ($ millions) 1,407 1,707 6,510 16,053 17,968 18,241 19,151 19,515 21,062 22,220 24,243 25,288 26,632 (R) 28,021 29,718
Operating revenues, total 1,407 1,707 2,805 6,786 9,027 9,613 10,345 10,854 11,654 11,930 12,963 12,471 13,251 (R) 14,215 1,473,438
Passenger fares, total 1,335 1,639 2,556 5,891 6,756 6,801 7,416 7,546 7,970 8,282 8,746 8,891 8,649 (R) 9,149 9,775
Motor bus N N N 2,967 3,250 3,287 3,515 3,558 3,991 4,175 4,376 4,357 4,106 4,270 4,547
Heavy rail N N N 1,741 1,976 2,018 2,322 2,351 2,297 2,323 2,483 2,533 2,493 2,654 2,903
Light rail N N N 83 135 127 144 139 150 164 181 204 226 229 233
Trolley bus N N N 46 55 54 55 57 55 60 60 60 59 54 55
Demand responsive N N N 41 171 146 157 170 142 159 172 182 194 244 254
Ferryboata N N N 56 41 60 54 51 41 48 60 71 78 99 111
Commuter rail N N N 952 1,083 1,078 1,146 1,178 1,255 1,309 1,375 1,439 1,447 1,552 1,615
Otherb N N N 6 46 31 24 43 38 46 41 47 46 47 57
Other operating revenue 72 68 248 895 2,271 2,812 2,928 3,308 3,685 3,648 4,217 3,580 4,602 (R) 5,065 4,960
Operating assistancec, total N N 3,705 9,267 8,941 8,628 8,807 8,661 9,408 10,290 11,280 12,817 13,382 (R) 13,807 14,983
State and local N N 2,611 8,297 8,026 7,811 8,210 8,014 8,656 9,418 10,286 11,688 12,063 (R) 12,190 12,898
Federal N N 1,093 970 916 817 596 647 751 872 994 1,130 1,319 (R) 1,616 2,086
Operating expenses2, total ($ millions) 1,377 1,996 6,711 15,742 17,920 17,849 18,341 18,936 19,739 20,512 22,646 23,517 24,834 (R) 26,852 28,506
Motor bus N N N 8,903 10,144 10,321 10,575 10,944 11,429 11,714 12,966 13,335 14,066 15,240 16,022
Heavy rail N N N 3,825 3,786 3,523 3,402 3,474 3,530 3,693 3,931 4,180 4,268 4,446 4,734
Light rail N N N 237 413 376 442 473 500 546 606 682 778 815 887
Trolley bus N N N 109 133 139 135 140 147 167 178 172 187 183 185
Demand responsive N N N 518 943 1,000 1,187 1,285 1,405 1,419 1,805 1,754 1,949 2,363 2,524
Ferryboata N N N 171 200 210 183 221 214 238 268 324 354 355 358
Commuter rail N N N 1,939 2,228 2,211 2,294 2,278 2,361 2,575 2,685 2,861 3,003 3,179 3,442
Otherb N N N 41 73 69 124 122 153 160 206 208 229 (R) 270 353
Average passenger revenue per passenger-mile3, all modes ($) N N N 0.14 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.19 0.20
Motor bus N N N 0.14 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.18 0.20 0.20 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.20 0.21
Heavy rail N N N 0.15 0.19 0.19 0.20 0.19 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.20 0.20
Light rail N N N 0.14 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.13 0.13 0.14 0.13 0.14 0.16 0.16 0.15
Trolley bus N N N 0.24 0.29 0.29 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.32 0.31 0.32 0.32 0.30 0.32
Demand responsive N N N 0.09 0.30 0.24 0.24 0.23 0.19 0.20 0.20 0.21 0.23 0.26 0.26
Ferryboata N N N 0.20 0.16 0.23 0.21 0.17 0.14 0.16 0.18 0.22 0.23 0.25 0.28
Commuter rail N N N 0.13 0.14 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.16 0.17
Otherb N N N 0.05 0.20 0.11 0.07 0.12 0.09 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.11
Average passenger fare, per unlinked trip4, all modes ($) 0.14 0.22 0.30 0.67 0.85 0.87 0.93 0.89 0.91 0.90 0.93 0.92 0.89 0.97 1.02
Motor bus N N N 0.52 0.62 0.66 0.70 0.70 0.74 0.74 0.77 0.74 0.70 0.72 0.75
Heavy rail N N N 0.74 0.90 0.99 1.08 0.97 0.96 0.92 0.94 0.93 0.93 1.00 1.06
Light rail N N N 0.47 0.66 0.50 0.55 0.53 0.54 0.56 0.57 0.61 0.67 0.68 0.67
Trolley bus N N N 0.36 0.47 0.45 0.47 0.47 0.47 0.50 0.49 0.50 0.46 0.49 0.52
Demand responsive N N N 0.60 2.04 2.26 2.21 1.83 1.49 1.59 1.64 1.73 1.87 2.14 2.17
Ferryboata N N N 1.11 0.87 1.31 1.12 0.99 0.80 0.91 1.13 1.32 1.36 1.50 1.69
Commuter rail N N N 2.90 3.19 3.13 3.24 3.30 3.29 3.31 3.32 3.44 3.49 3.79 3.90
Otherb N N N 0.90 1.28 1.57 1.33 0.66 1.02 0.76 0.66 0.75 0.77 0.91 1.04

INVENTORY

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 (P) 2004
Number of systemsd, 5, total 1,286 1,096 1,055 5,078 5,973 5,973 5,973 5,975 6,000 6,000 6,000 6,000 6,000 5,804 6,429
Motor bus 1,236 1,075 1,022 2,685 2,250 2,250 2,250 2,250 2,262 2,262 2,262 2,264 2,264 1,982 1,500
Heavy rail 31 15 11 12 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
Light rail ~ ~ 9 17 22 22 22 22 23 24 25 26 27 27 29
Trolley bus 19 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 4
Demand responsive N N N 3,193 5,214 5,214 5,214 5,214 5,254 5,252 5,252 5,251 5,251 5,346 5,960
Ferryboata N N 16 27 25 25 25 25 28 30 33 42 42 46 47
Commuter rail N N 18 14 16 16 16 18 18 20 19 21 20 21 21
Otherb N N 5 35 69 69 69 70 72 81 81 82 82 86 85
Number of vehicles 6, total 65,292 61,298 75,388 (R) 93,430 (R) 116,416 (R) 116,341 (R) 122,750 (R) 126,473 (R) 124,048 (R) 128,937 (R) 131,241 (R) 134,789 (R) 135,107 (R) 138,290 143,822
Motor bus 49,600 49,700 59,411 58,714 68,123 67,107 71,678 72,770 72,142 74,228 75,013 76,075 76,190 77,328 81,033
Heavy rail 9,010 9,286 9,641 (R) 10,567 (R) 10,282 (R) 10,166 (R) 10,243 (R) 10,228 (R) 10,296 (R) 10,362 (R) 10,311 10,718 (R) 10,849 10,754 10,858
Light rail 2,856 1,262 1,013 (R) 910 (R) 1,051 (R) 1,048 (R) 1,114 (R) 1,078 (R) 1,076 (R) 1,180 (R) 1,327 (R) 1,371 (R) 1,448 1,482 1,622
Trolley bus 3,826 1,050 823 (R) 610 (R) 643 (R) 695 (R) 675 (R) 655 (R) 646 (R) 657 (R) 652 600 (R) 616 672 597
Demand responsive N N N 16,471 28,729 29,352 30,804 32,509 29,646 31,884 33,080 34,661 34,699 35,954 37,078
Ferryboata N N N 108 110 110 109 134 113 112 119 125 125 131 160
Commuter raile N N 4,500 (R) 4,982 5,126 5,164 5,240 5,426 5,536 5,550 5,498 5,572 5,724 5,959 6,228
Otherb N N N (R) 1,068 (R) 2,352 2,699 (R) 2,887 (R) 3,673 (R) 4,593 (R) 4,964 (R) 5,241 (R) 5,667 (R) 5,456 (R) 6,010 6,246
Number of employeesf, 7, total 156,400 138,040 189,300 262,176 294,087 300,491 314,944 320,759 327,752 337,885 347,841 357,266 360,722 (R) 337,982 345,871
Motor bus 121,300 101,598 N 162,189 174,373 181,973 190,152 196,861 198,644 204,179 211,095 214,674 214,825 205,478 212,122
Heavy rail 35,100 36,442 N 46,102 51,062 45,644 45,793 45,935 45,163 46,311 47,087 47,865 48,464 48,327 47,211
Light rail + + N 4,066 5,140 4,935 5,728 5,940 6,024 6,058 6,572 7,021 7,598 7,619 8,184
Trolley bus + + N 1,925 1,848 1,871 2,084 2,037 2,053 2,140 2,223 2,008 2,027 1,964 1,928
Demand responsive N N N 22,740 35,450 39,882 44,667 44,029 48,406 51,186 52,021 55,846 56,746 42,935 43,642
Ferryboata N N N 2,813 2,764 2,697 2,830 3,166 3,894 4,024 2,682 4,731 5,336 5,434 5,862
Commuter rail N N N 21,443 22,596 22,320 22,604 21,651 22,488 22,896 23,518 23,851 24,391 24,813 25,296
Otherb N N N 898 854 1,169 1,086 1,140 1,080 1,091 2,643 1,270 1,335 1,453 1,626

PERFORMANCE

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 (P) 2004
Vehicle-miles8, total (millions) 2,143 1,883 2,287 3,242 3,468 3,550 3,650 3,746 3,794 3,972 4,081 4,196 4,277 (R) 4,363 4,471
Motor bus 1,576 1,409 1,677 2,130 2,162 2,184 2,221 2,245 2,175 2,276 2,315 2,377 2,411 2,421 2,471
Heavy rail 391 407 385 537 532 537 543 558 566 578 595 608 621 630 642
Light rail 75 34 18 24 34 35 38 41 44 49 53 54 61 64 67
Trolley bus 101 33 13 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 15 13 14 14 13
Demand responsive N N N 306 464 507 548 585 671 718 759 789 803 864 890
Ferryboata N N 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4
Commuter rail N N 179 213 231 238 242 251 260 266 271 277 284 286 295
Otherb N N 13 16 30 34 42 49 63 69 71 75 80 (R) 81 88
Unlinked passenger trips9, total (millions) N 7,332 8,567 8,799 7,949 7,763 7,948 8,374 8,750 9,168 9,363 9,653 9,623 (R) 9,434 9,575
Motor bus N 5,034 5,837 5,677 4,871 4,848 4,887 5,013 5,399 5,648 5,678 5,849 5,868 5,692 5,731
Heavy rail N 1,881 2,108 2,346 2,169 2,033 2,157 2,430 2,393 2,521 2,632 2,728 2,688 2,667 2,748
Light rail N 124 133 175 284 251 261 262 276 292 320 336 337 338 350
Trolley bus N 182 142 126 118 119 117 121 117 120 122 119 116 109 106
Demand responsive N N N 68 88 88 93 99 95 100 105 105 103 111 114
Ferryboata N N 63 50 47 47 48 51 52 53 53 54 57 66 65
Commuter rail N N 280 328 339 344 352 357 381 396 413 419 414 410 414
Otherb N N 4 29 33 33 33 41 37 38 40 43 40 (R) 43 47
Passenger-miles10, total (millions) N N 39,854 41,143 39,585 39,808 41,378 42,339 44,128 45,857 47,666 49,070 48,324 (R) 47,903 49,073
Motor bus N N 21,790 20,981 18,832 18,818 19,096 19,604 20,360 21,205 21,241 22,022 21,841 21,262 21,377
Heavy rail N N 10,558 11,475 10,668 10,559 11,530 12,056 12,284 12,902 13,844 14,178 13,663 13,606 14,354
Light rail N N 381 571 833 860 957 1,035 1,128 1,206 1,356 1,437 1,432 1,476 1,576
Trolley bus N N 219 193 187 187 184 189 182 186 192 187 188 176 173
Demand responsive N N N 431 577 607 656 754 735 813 839 855 853 930 962
Ferryboata N N N 286 260 260 256 294 294 310 330 325 333 394 393
Commuter rail N N 6,516 7,082 7,996 8,244 8,351 8,038 8,704 8,766 9,402 9,548 9,504 9,559 9,719
Otherb N N 390 124 232 273 348 369 441 469 462 518 510 (R) 499 518
Average trip length11, all modes (miles) N N N N 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
Motor bus N N N N 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
Heavy rail N N N N 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
Light rail N N N N 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5
Trolley bus N N N N 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Demand responsive N N N N 7 8 9 10 8 8 8 8 8 8 9
Ferryboata N N N N 6 6 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
Commuter rail N N N N 24 24 24 23 23 22 23 23 23 23 24
Vanpool N N N N 32 35 34 33 36 34 35 33 37 33 31
Otherg N N N N 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Average vehicle speed12, all modes (miles per hour) N N N N 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
Motor bus N N N N 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
Heavy rail N N N N 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 20 20 21 20
Light rail N N N N 14 14 14 16 16 15 15 15 15 16 16
Trolley bus N N N N 8 8 8 8 8 7 7 7 7 7 8
Demand responsive N N N N 14 15 15 15 17 15 15 15 15 15 14
Ferryboata N N N N 8 6 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 9 8
Commuter rail N N N N 34 34 33 34 32 33 29 32 32 32 32
Vanpool N N N N 33 35 37 36 37 38 31 39 38 33 38
Otherg N N N N 6 6 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 7 6
Energy consumption, diesel13, total (million gallons) 208 271 431 651 678 678 693 717 740 763 786 745 725 (R) 713 731
Motor bus N N N 563 565 564 578 598 607 618 635 587 559 (R) 539 550
Heavy rail NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Light rail NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Trolley bus NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Demand responsive N N N 15 30 29 31 32 38 43 48 55 62 (R) 70 73
Ferryboata N N N 20 21 22 22 24 25 29 32 30 31 32 35
Commuter rail N N N 53 62 63 62 63 69 73 71 72 73 72 72
Otherb N N N < 1 < 1 < 1 < 1 < 1 < 1 < 1 < 1 < 1 < 1 < 1 < 1
Energy consumption, other14, total (million gallons) 192 69 11 34 65 71 76 83 90 93 103 112 132 (R) 146 165
Gasoline and other nondiesel fuelsh 192 68 11 33 60 61 61 59 53 49 48 46 51 46 53
Compressed natural gas U U U U 5 11 15 24 37 44 55 66 81 100 112
Energy consumption, electric power15, total (million kWh) 2,908 2,561 2,446 4,837 5,081 5,068 5,007 4,988 5,073 5,237 5,510 5,610 5,649 5,643 5,825
Motor bus NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Heavy rail N N N 3,284 3,431 3,401 3,332 3,253 3,280 3,385 3,549 3,646 3,683 3,632 3,684
Light rail N N N 239 282 288 321 361 381 416 463 487 510 507 553
Trolley bus N N N 69 103 100 69 78 74 75 77 74 73 69 68
Demand responsive NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Ferryboata NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Commuter rail N N N 1,226 1,244 1,253 1,255 1,270 1,299 1,322 1,370 1,354 1,334 1,383 1,449
Otherb N N N 19 21 26 30 26 39 39 51 49 49 51 72

SAFETYk

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 (P) 2004
Fatalities, all modes16 N N N 339 320 274 264 275 286 299 295 267 280 234 248
Transit highway-rail grade crossing fatalitiesl, 17 N N N N N 17 7 12 26 21 (R) 20 (R) 13 (R) 24 (R) 21 29
Other transit fatalities N N N N N 257 257 263 260 278 (R) 275 (R) 254 (R) 256 (R) 213 219
Injured persons, all modesi, 16 N N N 54,556 58,193 57,196 55,288 56,132 55,990 55,325 56,697 53,945 19,260 18,235 18,982
Transit highway-rail grade crossing injuriesl, 17 N N N N N 195 184 126 58 159 (R) 123 (R) 74 (R) 108 (R) 117 153
Other transit injuries N N N N N 57,001 55,104 56,006 55,932 55,166 (R) 56,574 (R) 53,871 (R) 19,152 (R) 18,118 18,829
Incidents, all modes16 N N N 90,163 70,693 62,471 59,392 61,561 60,094 58,703 59,898 58,149 30,331 19,797 20,939
Transit highway-rail grade crossing incidentsl, 17 N N N N N 127 134 119 106 140 (R) 148 (R) 101 (R) 398 (R) 276 311
Other transit incidents N N N N N 62,344 59,258 61,442 59,988 58,563 (R) 59,750 (R) 58,048 (R) 29,933 (R) 19,521 20,628
Major incidentsj N N N N N N N N N N N N 2,282 1,913 2,515

KEY: ~ = included in heavy rail figure; + = included in motor bus figure; kWh = kilowatt hours; N = data do not exist; NA = not applicable; P = preliminary; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Excludes international, rural, rural interstate, island and urban park ferries.

b Includes cable car, inclined plane, aerial tramway, monorail, vanpool, and automated guideway.

c Beginning in 1992, local operating assistance and other revenue declined by about $500 million due to change in accounting procedures at the New York City Transit Authority. Beginning in 1992, total operating expense declined by about $400 million due to a change in accounting procedures at the New York City Transit Authority.

d The total figure represents the number of transit agencies. It is not the sum of all modes since many agencies operate more than one mode.

e Includes locomotives which make up roughly 10 percent of commuter rail vehicles.

f Based on employee equivalents of 2,080 hours equals one employee; beginning in 1993, based on number of actual employees.

g Includes cable car, inclined plane, aerial tramway, monorail, and automated guideway.

h Liquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, methanol, propane, and other nondiesel fuels, except compressed natural gas.

i Beginning in 2002, the Federal Transit Administration changed the reporting threshold for injuries. Before 2002, essentially all injuries had to be reported to the National Transit Database. Beginning in 2002, only those injuries requiring immediate medical attention away from the scene of the incident are required to be reported.

j In 2002, the Federal Transit Administration defined major incidents as safety and/or security incidents resulting in: a fatality, two or more injuries transported for immediate medical treatment, property damage exceeding $25,000 (all property), main-line derailments, evacuations due to life safety, grade crossing collisions with injury or $7,500 damage, or rail transit vehicle collisions resulting in one or more injuries.

kThese data are for motor bus, commuter rail, heavy rail, light rail, automated guideway, demand response, and vanpool.

l Transit highway-rail grade crossing fatalities, injuries, and incidents are the result of public transit rail mode operations excluding commuter rail. Almost all transit highway-rail crossings are light rail crossings. The heavy rail system in Chicago has 5 crossings. For the most part heavy rail operates on rights-of-way that do not include crossings.

SOURCES

Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.

1 American Public Transit Association, Public Transportation Fact Book 2006, (Washington, DC: 2006), tables 50, 51, 76 and similar tables in earlier years.

2 Ibid., tables 48, 76 and similar tables in earlier years. 2003: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, 2003 National Transit Database, Internet site www.ntdprogram.com.

3 Ibid., tables 10, 48, 76 and similar tables in earlier years.

4 Ibid., table 49 and similar tables in earlier years.

5 Ibid., table 2 and similar tables for prior years.

6 Ibid., tables 18, 76 and similar tables in earlier years.

7 Ibid., tables 23, 76 and similar tables in earlier years.

8 Ibid., tables 12, 76 and similar tables in earlier years.

9 Ibid., tables 7, 76 and similar tables in earlier years.

10 Ibid., tables 10, 76 and similar tables in earlier years.

11 Ibid., table 9 and similar tables in earlier years.

12 Ibid., 12 and similar tables in earlier years.

13 Ibid., table 27 and similar tables in earlier years.

14 Ibid., table 28 and similar tables in earlier years.

15 Ibid., table 26 and similar tables in earlier years.

16 U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis Annual Report (previously Safety Management Information Statistics - SAMIS), Internet site http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov/Data/samis/default.asp Apr. 26, 2006.

17 U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Office of Program Management, personal communication as of Apr. 5, 2006.