Table 1-10: U.S. Oil and Gas Pipeline Mileage

Table 1-10: U.S. Oil and Gas Pipeline Mileage

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Oil pipeline, total 190,944 210,867 218,671 225,889 218,393 213,605 208,752 203,828 196,545 193,980 190,350 181,912 177,535 179,873 178,648 177,463 176,996 159,889 161,670 159,512 (R) 169,346 167,788
Crude linesa 141,085 149,424 146,275 145,679 129,831 117,812 118,805 115,860 110,651 107,246 103,277 97,029 92,610 91,523 87,663 86,369 85,480 U U U U U
Product lines 49,859 61,443 72,396 80,210 88,562 95,793 89,947 87,968 85,894 86,734 87,073 84,883 84,925 88,350 90,985 91,094 91,516 U U U U U
Gas pipelineb, total 630,900 767,500 913,300 979,300 1,051,800 1,118,900 1,189,200 1,218,200 1,216,100 1,277,200 1,288,400 1,277,600 1,323,600 1,331,800 1,351,200 1,340,300 1,369,300 1,373,500 1,411,400 1,424,200 1,462,300 1,437,500
Distribution mains 391,400 494,500 594,800 648,200 701,800 753,400 864,600 891,400 892,000 951,800 955,600 949,800 1,001,800 1,003,100 1,022,100 1,007,500 1,045,600 1,066,300 1,079,600 1,097,900 1,139,800 1,117,800
Transmission pipelinesc 183,700 211,300 252,200 262,600 266,500 271,200 292,200 294,100 291,500 293,300 301,500 296,900 292,200 294,000 300,100 301,000 296,600 287,100 309,500 304,000 298,900 296,400
Gathering linesd 55,800 61,700 66,300 68,500 83,500 94,300 32,400 32,700 32,600 32,100 31,300 30,900 29,600 34,700 29,000 31,800 27,100 20,100 22,300 22,300 23,700 23,300

KEY: R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Includes trunk and gathering lines.

b Excludes service pipe. Data are not adjusted to common diameter equivalent. Mileage as of the end of each year.

c After 1975, includes 5,000-6,200 miles of underground storage pipe.

d Before 1990, data include field line mileage.

NOTE

Mileage data reported in Gas Facts, prior to 1990, was taken from the American Gas Association's member survey, the Uniform Statistical Report, supplemented with estimates for companies that did not participate. Gas Facts mileage data is now based on information reported to the U.S. Department of Transportation on Form 7100.

Total gas pipeline in 2004 do not adds to total due to source roundings.

SOURCES

Oil pipeline:

1960-2000: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 2002 (Washington, DC: 2002), p. 58.

2001-05: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Pipeline Statistics, Internet site http://ops.dot.gov/stats.htm as of Jan. 23, 2007.

Gas pipeline:

1960-2005: American Gas Association, Gas Facts (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table 5-1 and similar tables in earlier editions.