Table 1-37M: U.S. Passenger-Kilometers

Table 1-37M: U.S. Passenger-Kilometers

(Millions)

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2,004 2005
Air, total 53,750 92,740 189,166 237,217 352,556 466,929 577,550 563,568 588,318 598,885 640,839 667,376 718,817 745,307 766,630 808,626 855,091 808,544 776,202 812,974 897,841 939,357
Air carrier, certificated, domestic, all services 50,049 85,659 174,520 218,871 328,898 447,134 556,629 544,095 570,937 582,953 625,068 649,995 699,505 725,190 745,548 785,934 830,629 782,956 776,202 812,974 897,841 939,357
General aviationa 3,701 7,081 14,645 18,347 23,657 19,795 20,921 19,473 17,381 15,933 15,772 17,381 19,312 20,117 21,082 22,692 24,462 25,589 U U U U
Highway, totalb 2,047,212 2,502,912 3,286,284 3,870,399 4,270,411 4,848,878 5,731,210 5,794,157 5,950,903 6,064,114 6,175,877 6,225,055 6,386,498 6,581,197 6,760,267 6,927,051 7,065,142 7,473,462 7,510,870 7,599,112 (R) 7,796,390 7,860,933
Passenger carb,c 1,842,173 2,244,718 2,817,796 3,144,925 3,237,982 3,370,965 3,671,543 3,540,975 3,553,795 3,561,931 3,620,609 3,680,388 3,761,146 3,844,827 3,965,147 4,015,104 4,094,907 4,114,257 4,217,107 4,251,702 (R) 4,322,420 4,297,182
Motorcycleb,c g g 5,274 9,965 19,725 19,009 19,995 18,759 19,226 19,609 19,940 17,344 17,561 17,846 18,203 18,736 18,533 18,926 19,523 19,574 (R) 20,688 22,011
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehiclec h h 363,090 584,622 838,104 1,107,376 1,608,947 1,797,569 1,933,896 2,016,283 2,042,728 2,021,571 2,089,410 2,176,919 2,221,791 2,305,586 2,361,976 2,701,852 2,695,316 2,745,707 (R) 2,865,873 2,956,346
Truck, single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more 158,602 207,234 43,583 55,693 64,073 73,130 83,527 85,131 86,702 91,366 98,627 100,914 103,114 107,654 109,469 113,143 113,459 137,581 122,094 125,138 (R) 126,239 127,418
Truck, combination 46,436 50,960 56,543 75,195 110,527 125,630 151,827 155,535 160,146 165,949 175,309 185,800 191,349 200,499 206,574 213,051 217,294 259,376 223,276 225,566 (R) 229,122 231,202
Busd N N N N N 152,767 195,371 196,189 197,138 208,977 218,663 219,038 223,918 233,451 239,081 261,430 258,974 241,469 233,554 231,425 (R) 232,048 226,773
Transit, totale N N N N 64,139 63,699 66,213 65,505 64,762 63,382 63,706 64,065 66,591 68,138 71,017 73,800 76,711 78,971 77,770 77,092 78,975 U
Motor busd N N N N 35,068 34,055 33,766 33,941 32,728 32,584 30,307 30,285 30,732 31,550 32,766 34,126 34,184 35,441 35,150 34,218 34,403 U
Light rail N N N N 613 563 919 1,065 1,128 1,135 1,341 1,384 1,540 1,666 1,815 1,941 2,182 2,313 2,305 2,375 2,536 U
Heavy rail N N N N 16,991 16,781 18,467 16,943 17,280 16,465 17,168 16,993 18,556 19,402 19,769 20,764 22,280 22,817 21,988 21,897 23,101 U
Trolley bus N N N N 352 492 311 314 320 303 301 301 296 304 293 299 309 301 303 283 278 U
Commuter rail 6,754 6,643 7,390 7,263 10,486 10,515 11,397 11,819 11,780 11,169 12,868 13,267 13,440 12,936 14,008 14,108 15,131 15,366 15,295 15,384 15,641 U
Demand responsived N N N N N 586 694 731 797 904 929 977 1,056 1,213 1,183 1,308 1,350 1,376 1,373 1,497 1,548 U
Ferry boat N N N N i i 460 454 436 418 418 418 426 473 473 499 531 523 535 634 633 U
Other N N N N 628 707 200 238 293 404 373 439 546 594 710 755 744 834 821 805 835 U
Rail                                            
Intercity / Amtrakf 27,462 21,340 9,944 6,326 7,247 7,765 9,748 10,095 9,803 9,976 9,529 8,924 8,127 8,314 8,536 8,578 8,848 8,946 8,800 9,141 8,869 8,660

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a All operations other than those operating under 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135.

b In July 1997, FHWA published revised passenger-kilometer data for the highway modes for a number of years. The major change reflected the reassignment of some vehicles from the passenger car category to the other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle category. Passenger-kilometers for passenger car, motorcycle, and other 2-axle 4-tire vehicles were derived by multiplying vehicle-kilometers for these vehicles by average vehicle occupancy rates, provided by the Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey (1977, 1983, and 1995) and the National Household Travel Survey (2001).

c U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), provides data separately for passenger car and motorcycle in its annual Highway Statistics series. However, the 1995 summary report provides updated data for passenger car and motorcycle combined. Passenger car figures in this table were computed by U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics by subtracting the most current motorcycle figures from the aggregate passenger car and motorcycle figures.

d Motor bus and demand responsive figures are also included in the bus figure for highway.

e Prior to 1985, excludes demand responsive and most rural and smaller systems funded via Sections 18 and 16(b)2, Federal Transit Act. The series is not continuous between 1980 and 1985. Transit rail modes are measured in car-kilometers. Car-kilometers measure individual vehicle-kilometers in a train. A 10-car train traveling 1 kilometer would equal 1 train-kilometer and 10 car-kilometers.

f Amtrak began operations in 1971. Does not include contract commuter passengers.

g Included in passenger car.

h Included in other single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more truck.

i Ferryboat included in other.

NOTE

Air carrier passenger-kilometers are computed by summing the products of the aircraft-kilometers flown on each interairport segment multiplied by the number of passengers carried on that segment. Highway passenger-kilometers from 1960 to 1994 are calculated by multiplying vehicle-kilometers of travel as cited by FHWA by the average number of occupants for each vehicle type. Average vehicle occupancy rates are based on various sources, such as the National Household Travel Survey, conducted by the Federal Highway Administration, and the Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey, conducted by the Bureau of the Census. Transit passenger-kilometers are the cumulative sum of the distances ridden by each passenger. Rail passenger-kilometers represent the movement of 1 passenger for 1 kilometer.

Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

SOURCES

Air:

Air carrier, domestic, all services:

1960: Civil Aeronautics Board, Handbook of Airline Statistics, 1969 (Washington, DC: 1970), part III, table 2.

1965-70: Ibid., Handbook of Airline Statistics, 1973 (Washington, DC: 1974), part III, table 2.

1975-80: Ibid., Air Carrier Traffic Statistics (Washington, DC: 1976, 1981), p. 4 (December 1976) and p. 2 (December 1981).

1985-2005: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Air Carrier Traffic Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual December issues), page 3, line1.

General aviation:

1960-2001: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 2002 (Washington, DC: 2002), pp. 45-46.

Highway:

Passenger car and motorcycle:

1960-94: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, Internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/summary95/index.html as of July 28, 2000, table VM-201A.

1995-2005: Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1, and Internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohpi/hss/index.htm.

Motorcycle:

1970-80: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1985 (Washington, DC: 1986), table VM-201A.

1985-2005: Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1, and Internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohpi/hss/index.htm.

Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle:

1970-94: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, Internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/summary95/index.html as of July 28, 2000, table VM-201A.

1995-2005: Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1, and Internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohpi/hss/index.htm.

Single-unit 2-axle 6-tires or more truck, combination truck, and bus:

1960-94: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, Internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/summary95/index.html as of July 28, 2000, table VM-201A.

1995-2005: Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1, and Internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohpi/hss/index.htm.

Transit:

Ferryboat:

1992: American Public Transit Association, personal communication, July 19, 2000.

1996-99: American Public Transit Association, personal communication, Aug. 13, 2001.

2000-04: Ibid., 2005 Public Transportation Fact Book (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table 76 and similar tables in earlier editions.

All other data:

1960-2004: American Public Transportation Association, Public Transportation Fact Book (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table 10 and similar tables in earlier editions.

Rail, Intercity / Amtrak:

1960-80: Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

1985: Amtrak, Amtrak FY95 Annual Report Statistical Appendix (Washington, DC: 1996), p. 4.

1990-2002: Ibid., Amtrak Annual Report Statistical Appendix (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

2003-04: American Association of Railroads, Railroad Facts 2005 (Washington, DC: 2006), p. 77.