Table 1-66: Annual Highway Congestion Cost

Table 1-66: Annual Highway Congestion Cost

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Population group Urban area Annual congestion cost per peak traveler (2005 dollars) Annual congestion cost (2005 Dollars millions)
1998 Value 1999 Value 2000 Value 2001 Value 2002 Value 2003 Value 2004 Value 2005 Value 1998 Rank 1999 Rank 2000 Rank 2001 Rank 2002 Rank 2003 Rank 2004 Rank 2005 Rank 1998 Value 1999 Value 2000 Value 2001 Value 2002 Value 2003 Value 2004 Value 2005 Value 1998 Rank 1999 Rank 2000 Rank 2001 Rank 2002 Rank 2003 Rank 2004 Rank 2005 Rank
Medium Akron, OH 208 209 206 197 186 176 192 185 69 71 74 73 75 78 78 80 57 59 60 59 57 56 64 62 66 68 68 69 73 73 72 75
Medium Albany-Schenectady, NY 152 161 183 197 210 241 290 300 76 77 75 73 71 71 68 68 39 42 49 53 58 67 83 86 72 73 72 72 71 70 69 68
Medium Albuquerque, NM 536 567 495 484 446 476 551 640 26 27 35 41 44 44 40 36 153 164 144 144 134 147 171 200 47 48 49 51 53 53 51 50
Medium Allentown-Bethlehem, PA-NJ 387 347 367 369 364 355 386 408 43 52 50 53 52 54 53 55 113 105 114 117 118 117 129 137 53 58 56 56 57 59 62 61
Small Anchorage, AK 152 152 153 174 179 171 176 176 76 78 79 76 76 79 80 82 19 20 20 24 25 25 27 27 78 79 80 80 79 81 80 81
Very large Atlanta, GA 1196 1175 1217 1215 1197 1138 1166 1177 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1609 1682 1860 1978 2102 2181 2373 2581 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 6
Medium Austin, TX 546 618 662 735 709 739 785 909 22 18 18 14 17 19 22 13 200 235 263 309 311 334 360 422 38 36 33 31 33 35 36 31
Small Bakersfield, CA 131 134 130 136 165 181 226 259 79 81 82 83 80 77 74 72 25 27 27 29 37 43 56 66 77 77 77 77 75 75 76 73
Large Baltimore, MD 506 521 562 622 733 780 821 881 30 31 28 21 14 12 16 19 549 576 637 727 905 983 1043 1126 20 20 20 19 16 16 16 17
Small Beaumont, TX 107 126 135 147 177 168 188 202 82 82 81 82 77 80 79 78 12 14 15 17 21 21 23 25 83 82 82 82 82 83 82 82
Medium Birmingham, AL 446 461 476 499 518 552 597 625 37 40 38 39 39 36 37 37 148 157 165 175 186 202 220 234 49 49 48 48 47 47 47 47
Very large Boston, MA-NH-RI 544 563 601 638 698 729 836 895 23 28 21 20 21 20 15 17 1033 1071 1153 1242 1372 1443 1667 1820 13 13 12 12 12 12 13 12
Small Boulder, CO 235 247 255 267 253 248 266 277 67 68 66 68 70 69 71 70 13 14 14 15 14 15 16 17 82 82 84 84 84 84 84 84
Medium Bridgeport-Stamford, CT-NY 415 463 492 517 543 537 522 592 41 39 36 35 36 39 41 40 163 186 204 222 245 248 243 280 44 44 43 42 42 45 44 43
Small Brownsville, TX 75 86 101 115 118 127 134 138 85 85 85 85 85 85 85 85 5 7 8 10 10 11 12 13 85 85 85 85 85 85 85 85
Large Buffalo, NY 125 144 166 171 176 209 201 208 81 79 78 77 78 73 76 77 59 70 83 87 90 111 108 112 64 66 66 66 66 63 64 65
Small Cape Coral, FL 359 361 335 375 383 403 417 438 46 47 55 52 51 49 49 51 51 54 53 64 70 80 88 98 69 69 70 68 67 67 67 67
Small Charleston-North Charleston, SC 433 455 469 469 490 533 571 572 39 41 39 43 41 40 38 41 94 101 109 113 120 135 147 147 58 60 59 59 56 56 55 59
Medium Charlotte, NC-SC 507 568 670 704 767 780 859 875 29 25 16 17 12 12 12 20 161 189 239 266 316 335 389 409 45 41 35 34 31 34 32 32
Very large Chicago, IL-IN 581 585 584 602 704 745 818 906 17 22 24 23 18 18 18 15 2275 2341 2391 2522 3019 3221 3562 3968 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
Large Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN 443 430 463 444 458 481 482 502 38 42 40 44 43 43 46 45 324 331 370 371 395 433 436 459 28 29 28 30 29 28 30 30
Large Cleveland, OH 242 259 252 222 210 208 247 240 65 66 68 72 71 74 72 75 217 237 234 210 202 203 243 236 34 35 36 46 46 46 44 46
Small Colorado Springs, CO 272 329 384 408 402 393 372 492 60 57 47 46 47 50 56 46 58 73 92 100 102 101 97 132 65 64 63 64 64 65 65 62
Small Columbia, SC 182 209 239 251 260 280 294 304 71 71 70 70 69 65 67 67 37 43 51 55 59 65 69 73 73 72 71 70 69 71 71 71
Large Columbus, OH 469 469 461 481 488 518 599 620 36 37 42 42 42 41 36 38 252 262 266 290 306 337 393 408 31 32 32 32 34 33 31 33
Small Corpus Christi, TX 105 125 125 149 142 154 167 183 83 83 84 81 83 82 83 81 17 20 20 25 24 27 30 33 79 79 80 79 80 79 77 77
Very Large Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 548 632 668 678 701 754 874 1046 21 16 17 18 20 16 11 6 1149 1386 1500 1582 1711 1897 2281 2747 9 9 9 10 10 9 6 4
Medium Dayton, OH 327 357 345 303 287 275 332 313 51 48 52 62 64 66 60 64 115 130 128 116 112 109 133 127 52 51 52 58 60 64 60 63
Large Denver-Aurora, CO 647 702 747 750 711 728 791 909 10 11 10 12 16 21 20 13 643 726 812 886 863 915 1006 1176 17 17 17 17 18 17 17 16
Very large Detroit, MI 790 821 832 891 936 976 995 1010 6 6 6 6 4 4 5 8 1512 1600 1654 1807 1933 2058 2121 2174 6 6 7 6 6 7 9 10
Medium El Paso, TX-NM 168 216 263 301 306 317 387 433 73 70 65 63 61 61 52 53 54 72 89 103 108 114 141 159 68 65 64 63 63 61 58 55
Small Eugene, OR 141 187 227 184 191 208 207 246 78 74 71 75 74 74 75 74 16 21 25 22 24 27 27 33 81 78 78 81 80 79 80 77
Medium Fresno, CA 354 392 404 364 360 352 355 381 48 44 45 54 54 56 57 56 97 110 116 106 112 113 116 127 57 55 55 62 60 62 63 63
Medium Grand Rapids, MI 360 374 373 376 364 375 414 427 45 46 48 51 52 52 50 54 93 100 104 110 111 117 132 138 59 62 60 60 62 59 61 60
Medium Hartford, CT 252 277 296 286 290 290 327 344 64 63 62 64 63 64 61 61 108 122 132 131 134 136 155 166 54 52 51 53 53 55 53 53
Medium Honolulu, HI 335 328 316 330 313 355 383 434 50 58 57 56 59 54 54 52 118 116 114 121 117 133 144 166 51 54 56 55 59 57 57 53
Very large Houston, TX 607 675 685 782 830 841 890 1012 14 13 14 11 9 9 8 7 1122 1288 1351 1610 1759 1809 1935 2225 11 10 10 9 9 10 10 9
Large Indianapolis, IN 778 756 781 793 818 830 857 836 7 9 8 9 10 10 13 22 398 395 415 431 455 469 487 478 23 25 25 26 26 26 28 28
Medium Jacksonville, FL 527 522 519 513 588 646 714 699 28 30 33 36 29 28 27 34 224 227 232 239 282 320 373 376 33 38 39 39 36 36 35 36
Large Kansas City, MO-KS 295 345 316 315 300 313 281 309 57 53 57 60 62 62 70 65 205 246 234 238 238 256 231 256 37 33 36 40 43 42 46 44
Small Laredo, TX 128 141 151 169 159 199 195 213 80 80 80 78 81 76 77 76 11 13 15 17 16 22 22 24 84 84 82 82 83 82 83 83
Large Las Vegas, NV 534 568 556 559 589 624 681 720 27 25 29 32 27 29 30 30 304 344 365 385 422 463 510 543 29 28 29 28 28 27 26 26
Small Little Rock, AR 192 221 207 242 193 229 301 305 70 69 73 71 73 72 65 66 31 36 36 42 35 42 60 62 75 75 75 75 76 76 75 75
Very large Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA 1053 1122 1101 1176 1181 1171 1270 1374 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 6388 6928 6935 7521 7717 7831 8564 9324 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Medium Louisville, KY-IN 634 671 678 612 675 711 799 804 12 15 15 22 22 23 19 25 266 288 297 276 313 340 388 395 30 31 31 33 32 32 33 35
Medium Memphis, TN-MS-AR 356 357 392 417 422 468 508 564 47 48 46 45 45 45 43 42 174 178 199 217 225 255 282 317 41 45 44 44 45 44 41 40
Very Large Miami, FL 552 632 688 735 768 806 847 903 19 16 13 14 11 11 14 16 1283 1527 1785 1979 2121 2305 2517 2730 8 8 5 4 4 4 4 5
Large Milwaukee, WI 307 334 340 324 319 327 344 354 55 55 53 57 58 59 59 59 207 232 244 241 246 256 271 282 36 37 34 38 41 42 42 42
Large Minneapolis - St. Paul, MN 636 674 654 723 661 671 706 790 11 14 19 16 23 26 28 26 744 818 814 929 868 906 965 1100 16 16 16 16 17 18 18 18
Medium Nashville-Davidson, TN 480 518 556 579 633 686 719 751 34 33 29 27 24 25 26 28 179 206 234 258 302 346 375 404 39 39 36 35 35 31 34 34
Medium New Haven, CT 258 298 310 338 339 337 308 343 63 61 61 55 56 58 64 62 67 79 84 96 98 99 93 104 63 63 65 65 65 66 66 66
Large New Orleans, LA 319 335 316 309 309 319 322 345 53 54 57 61 60 60 63 60 175 187 180 179 181 189 192 208 40 43 47 47 48 48 49 49
Very large New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT 541 607 563 567 589 660 784 888 24 20 27 30 27 27 23 18 3847 4424 4269 4399 4691 5397 6470 7383 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Large Oklahoma City, OK 306 356 329 384 402 370 380 371 56 50 56 47 47 53 55 57 120 144 136 163 175 165 171 171 50 50 50 49 49 50 51 52
Medium Omaha, NE-IA 312 331 351 379 402 412 428 442 54 56 51 50 47 47 48 50 93 102 113 125 135 141 148 153 59 59 58 54 52 54 54 57
Large Orlando, FL 917 940 976 1038 981 961 970 983 3 3 3 3 3 5 7 9 518 549 603 675 665 677 703 738 22 22 21 21 21 21 22 22
Medium Oxnard-Ventura, CA 338 356 432 509 540 553 629 727 49 50 44 38 37 35 34 29 92 117 123 148 161 170 197 229 61 53 53 50 50 49 48 48
Small Pensacola, FL-AL 286 302 315 316 344 382 409 445 58 60 60 58 55 51 51 49 42 46 49 52 59 68 76 83 71 71 72 73 69 69 70 69
Very large Philadelphia, PA-NJ-DE-MD 474 492 482 547 582 616 653 711 35 36 37 33 31 30 32 31 1142 1230 1258 1485 1643 1776 1901 2077 10 11 11 11 11 11 11 11
Very large Phoenix, AZ 633 700 706 787 743 774 821 981 13 12 12 10 13 14 16 10 770 917 983 1143 1116 1204 1342 1687 15 15 15 14 14 14 14 14
Large Pittsburgh, PA 241 269 251 267 269 267 284 285 66 64 69 68 67 67 69 69 213 242 232 252 259 265 284 285 35 34 39 36 38 41 40 41
Large Portland, OR-WA 551 594 597 602 576 605 647 704 20 21 22 23 32 32 33 33 381 428 447 472 466 514 562 625 24 23 23 24 25 25 25 25
Large Providence, RI-MA 262 309 336 380 414 455 486 507 62 59 54 48 46 46 45 44 158 191 211 242 270 303 328 344 46 40 42 37 37 37 37 38
Medium Raleigh-Durham, NC 431 465 510 534 585 578 628 671 40 38 34 34 30 33 35 35 150 169 197 222 254 270 308 347 48 47 45 42 40 40 38 37
Medium Richmond, VA 279 282 255 269 279 305 346 362 59 62 66 67 66 63 58 58 104 109 104 117 129 150 172 181 55 56 60 56 55 51 50 51
Large Riverside-San Bernardino, CA 537 580 566 583 622 694 886 961 25 24 26 26 25 24 9 12 379 428 438 475 542 636 837 955 25 23 24 23 23 22 20 20
Medium Rochester, NY 104 123 127 126 125 146 170 176 84 84 83 84 84 84 82 82 33 40 43 44 44 52 61 64 74 74 74 74 74 74 74 74
Large Sacramento, CA 505 532 548 584 576 616 704 755 31 29 31 25 32 30 29 27 346 379 407 454 483 557 653 729 27 27 26 25 24 24 23 23
Small Salem, OR 180 203 221 273 285 246 244 257 72 73 72 66 65 70 73 73 17 20 23 30 33 29 30 31 79 79 79 76 77 77 77 79
Medium Salt Lake City, UT 376 413 462 492 521 548 497 475 44 43 41 40 38 37 44 47 169 189 215 237 256 273 254 250 42 41 41 41 39 39 43 45
Large San Antonio, TX 400 493 594 563 561 564 661 706 42 35 23 31 35 34 31 32 249 313 388 375 387 410 493 530 32 30 27 29 30 30 27 27
Large San Diego, CA 599 707 727 825 899 864 1057 1065 15 10 11 8 6 8 3 5 803 978 1038 1213 1366 1354 1669 1708 14 14 14 13 13 13 12 13
Very large San Francisco-Oakland, CA 792 829 849 847 876 915 994 1121 5 5 5 7 8 6 6 3 1523 1622 1688 1716 1838 1947 2126 2414 5 5 6 8 8 8 8 7
Large San Jose, CA 718 836 856 910 884 912 883 973 9 4 4 4 7 7 10 11 597 715 747 806 796 834 812 899 18 18 18 18 19 20 21 21
Medium Sarasota-Bradenton, FL 327 377 368 380 391 405 434 450 51 45 49 48 50 48 47 48 85 101 102 110 118 128 145 156 62 60 62 60 57 58 56 56
Large Seattle, WA 807 812 766 738 724 755 776 866 4 8 9 13 15 15 24 21 1053 1089 1056 1055 1080 1181 1244 1413 12 12 13 15 15 15 15 15
Small Spokane, WA 161 173 171 157 157 147 145 143 74 75 77 80 82 83 84 84 26 29 29 27 28 28 28 28 76 76 76 78 78 78 79 80
Medium Springfield, MA-CT 157 168 174 163 169 165 174 198 75 76 76 79 79 81 81 79 48 52 55 54 58 58 62 71 70 70 69 71 71 72 73 72
Large St. Louis, MO-IL 582 618 628 574 574 543 564 612 16 18 20 29 34 38 39 39 587 634 667 624 638 615 647 711 19 19 19 22 22 23 24 24
Large Tampa-St Petersburg, FL 557 585 584 654 702 749 789 809 18 22 24 19 19 17 21 24 524 567 592 692 766 839 959 1004 21 21 22 20 20 19 19 19
Medium Toledo, OH-MI 230 255 277 275 262 253 301 277 68 67 64 65 68 68 65 70 57 64 71 72 70 71 85 79 66 67 67 67 67 68 68 70
Medium Tucson, AZ 497 508 537 579 613 722 742 830 32 34 32 27 26 22 25 23 166 174 189 213 231 280 292 338 43 46 46 45 44 38 39 39
Medium Tulsa, OK 266 269 295 316 329 346 323 338 61 64 63 58 57 57 62 63 102 107 123 133 141 150 141 149 56 57 53 52 51 51 58 58
Large Virginia Beach, VA 494 521 452 512 516 508 518 550 33 31 43 37 40 42 42 43 361 393 352 412 426 425 438 468 26 26 30 27 27 29 29 29
Very large Washington, DC-VA-MD 761 819 823 892 930 1000 1042 1094 8 7 7 5 5 3 4 4 1440 1585 1596 1783 1927 2100 2210 2331 7 7 8 7 7 6 7 8
NA 437-Area Average 505 541 539 571 592 607 657 707 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 119 129 134 145 157 155 167 179 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
NA 85-Area Average 578 618 622 652 673 698 759 824 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 465 513 533 575 612 653 723 796 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
NA Very Large Area Average 702 749 746 783 812 846 923 1014 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 1868 2049 2106 2273 2431 2596 2880 3205 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
NA Large Area Average 493 532 542 568 576 592 642 683 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 375 417 439 475 498 528 582 628 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
NA Medium Area Average 359 384 401 415 432 451 484 512 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 119 132 141 151 163 175 192 206 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
NA Small Area Average 211 232 244 258 263 276 293 318 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 30 34 37 40 42 46 50 56 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

KEY: NA = not applicable; R = revised.

Very large urban areas - over 3 million population.

Large urban areas - over 1 million and less than 3 million population.

Medium urban areas - over 500,000 and less than 1 million population.

Small urban areas - less than 500,000 population.

NOTES

The urban areas included are those containing over 500,000 people and several smaller places mostly chosen by previous sponsors of the Texas Transportation Institute study on mobility.

The cost of congestion is estimated with a value for each hour of travel time and each gallon of fuel. For a more detailed explanation of the formulas used, see the source document.

Methodology and data sources have been changed in 2007 and applied retroactively to past years, these figures are not comparable to those in past editions of NTS.

SOURCE

Texas Transportation Institute, The 2007 Annual Urban Mobility Report (College Station, TX: 2007), Internet site http://mobility.tamu.edu as of Nov 26, 2007.