Table 1-56: U.S. Hazardous Materials Shipments by Transportation Mode, 2002

Table 1-56: U.S. Hazardous Materials Shipments by Transportation Mode, 2002

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Transportation mode Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment
($ billion) Percent (millions) Percent (billions) Percent
TOTAL all modes 660.2 100.0 2,191.5 100.0 326.7 100.0 136
Single modes, total 644.5 97.6 2,158.5 98.5 311.9 95.5 105
Trucka 419.6 63.6 1,159.5 52.9 110.2 33.7 86
For-hire 189.8 28.8 449.5 20.5 65.1 19.9 285
Privateb 226.7 34.3 702.2 32.0 44.1 13.5 38
Rail 31.3 4.7 109.4 5.0 72.1 22.1 695
Water 46.9 7.1 228.2 10.4 70.6 21.6 S
Air 1.6 0.2 0.1 0.1 2,080
Pipelinec 145.0 22.0 661.4 30.2 S S S
Multiple modes, total 9.6 1.5 18.7 0.9 12.5 3.8 849
Parcel, U.S. Postal Service or Courier 4.3 0.6 0.2 - 0.1 - 837
Other 5.4 0.8 18.5 0.8 12.4 3.8 1,371
Unknown and other modes, total 6.1 0.9 14.2 0.6 2.3 0.7 57

KEY: - = less than 1 unit of measure or equal to zero; S = data are not published because of high sampling variability or other reasons.

a Truck as a single mode includes shipments that went by private truck only, for-hire truck only, or a combination of both.

b Private truck refers to a truck operated by a temporary or permanent employee of an establishment or the buyer/receiver of the shipment.

c Excludes most shipments of crude oil. See previous table for the estimated amount of crude oil and petroleum products transported in the United States.

NOTE

Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

SOURCE

U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, 2002 Economic Census, Transportation, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Hazardous Materials (Washington, DC: December 2004), table 1a.