Table 2-31: Transit Safety and Property Damage Data

Table 2-31: Transit Safety and Property Damage Data

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  1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002e 2003 2004 2005
Fatalitiesa 339 300 273 281 320 274 264 275 286 299 295 267 280 234 248 236
Injuriesa 54,556 52,125 55,089 52,668 58,193 57,196 55,288 56,132 55,990 55,325 56,697 53,945 19,260 18,235 18,982 18,131
Accidentsb 58,002 46,467 36,380 30,559 29,972 25,683 25,166 24,924 23,937 23,310 24,261 23,891 13,968 7,793 (R) 7,842 8,151
Incidentsa,b (includes accidents) 90,163 83,139 73,531 64,986 70,693 62,471 59,392 61,561 60,094 58,703 59,898 58,149 30,331 19,797 20,939 21,016
Vehicle-miles (millions) 2,490 2,478 2,510 2,535 2,581 2,620 2,605 2,702 2,833 2,927 3,002 3,090 3,084 3,071 3,139 3,098
Rates per 100 million vehicle-milesc                                
Fatalities (all reportable incidents) 13.6 12.1 10.9 11.1 12.4 10.5 10.1 10.2 10.1 10.2 9.8 8.6 9.1 7.6 7.9 7.6
Injuries (all reportable incidents) 2,191 2,103 2,195 2,077 2,254 2,183 2,122 2,078 1,976 1,890 1,889 1,746 624 594 605 585
Accidents 2,329 1,875 1,450 1,205 1,161 980 966 922 845 796 808 773 453 254 250 263
Property damaged (current $ millions) 38.0 37.5 37.5 44.9 38.4 46.3 57.6 55.5 61.5 55.3 58.9 73.1 32.2 59.2 43.4 71.7

KEY: R = revised.

a Totals do not include data for cable car, inclined plane, jitney, and ferry boat. These data appear in the footnotes for table 2-33.

b Accidents include collisions with other vehicles, objects, and people (except suicides), and derailments/buses going off the road. Incidents include accidents plus personal casualties (inside vehicles, inside stations, and boarding and alighting vehicle) and fires.

c Fatality and injury rates are based on total incidents including accidents and were calculated by dividing the number of fatalities, injuries, and incidents in this table by the number of vehicle miles.

d Total does not include property damage for cable car, inclined plane, jitney, and ferry boat, which were: 1990-$335,000; 1991-$410,000; 1992-$288,000; 1993-$221,000; 1994-$322,000; 1995-$3,263,000; 1996-$157,000; 1997-$67,000; 1998-$24,000; 1999-$104,000; 2000-$77,000; 2001-$1,605,000; 2002-$254,000; 2003-$15,348,000; 2004-$604,000. The large increase in excluded property damage reported in 2003 is a result of the Staten Island Ferry incident on Oct. 16, 2003 which resulted in $15,000,000 of property damage.

e The drop in the number of incidents, accidents, injuries, and property damage is due largely to a change in definitions by the Federal Transit Administration, particularly the definition of injuries. Only injuries requiring immediate medical treatment away from the scene now qualify as reportable. Previously, any injury was reportable. Commuter rail data are now derived from the Federal Railroad Administration's Rail Accident Incident Reporting System (RAIRS). In addition, in 2002 the threshold for reporting property damage was changed from $1,000 in transit property damage to $7,500 in total property damage.

NOTES

Data are provided only for transit systems that furnished safety data for inclusion in the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis, annual reports.

Transit vehicle-miles in this table differ from those reported in Chapter 1. The American Public Transit Association, which is the source for the vehicle-miles table in Chapter 1, includes all transit systems, while Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis Annual Report covers only directly operated urban transit systems.

Prior to the 2000 edition, Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis Report was entitled Safety Management Information Statistics (SAMIS) annual report.

Analysts for the FTA believe the change in reporting requirements in 2002 may have resulted in unreliable data in that year, particularly for injuries, accidents, and incidents. The reliability of reporting is believed to be much better in 2003 and is expected to improve in the future.

SOURCE

1990 - 2005: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis Report (Cambridge, MA: 2006), Internet site http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov/Data/Samis.asp as of March 7, 2006 and personal communications, Sep. 9, 2004, Apr. 22, 2005, Apr. 24, 2006, and June 8, 2007.