Table A: Social and Economic Characteristics of the United States

Table A: Social and Economic Characteristics of the United States

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  1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
TOTAL U.S. resident population a (thousands) 226,546 237,924 248,791 266,278 269,394 272,647 275,854 279,040 (R) 282,217 (R) 285,226 (R) 288,126 (R) 290,796 (R) 293,638 296,507 299,398
Population by Age (thousands)                              
Under 18 63,754 62,623 63,949 69,465 70,226 70,917 71,428 71,947 (R) 72,366 (R) 72,635 (R) 72,906 (R) 73,085 (R) 73,295 73,534 73,736
18-24 years 30,022 28,902 26,961 25,482 25,275 25,479 26,059 26,685 (R) 27,319 (R) 27,999 (R) 28,484 (R) 28,889 (R) 29,236 29,333 29,455
25-34 37,082 41,696 43,174 45,052 41,809 41,345 40,757 40,178 (R) 39,852 (R) 39,702 (R) 39,768 (R) 39,830 (R) 40,006 40,145 40,416
35-44 25,634 31,691 37,444 42,711 43,552 44,229 44,748 45,077 (R) 45,187 (R) 45,139 (R) 44,803 (R) 44,387 (R) 44,097 43,866 43,667
45-54 22,800 22,460 25,062 31,480 32,800 34,178 35,232 36,578 (R) 37,998 (R) 39,378 (R) 39,981 (R) 40,809 (R) 41,619 42,487 43,278
55-64 21,703 22,135 21,116 21,320 21,590 22,099 23,011 23,778 (R) 24,417 (R) 25,041 (R) 26,590 (R) 27,838 (R) 29,076 30,355 31,587
65 and over 25,550 28,415 31,084 33,769 34,143 34,402 34,619 34,798 (R) 35,078 (R) 35,333 (R) 35,594 (R) 35,958 (R) 36,309 36,787 37,260
Population by Sex a (thousands)                              
Male 110,053 115,730 121,284 130,215 131,807 133,474 135,130 136,803 138,056 (R) 140,079 (R) 141,592 (R) 142,938 (R) 144,467 145,974 147,512
Female 116,493 122,194 127,507 136,063 137,587 139,173 140,724 142,237 143,368 (R) 145,147 (R) 146,534 (R) 147,858 (R) 149,171 150,534 151,886
Population in Metropolitan areas bh (Thousands) 177,000 U 198,000 210,000 212,000 214,000 216,000 U 232,580 236,095 238,737 241,514 244,096 246,639 249,228
Large (over 1 million) 119,000 U 139,000 147,000 149,000 151,000 153,000 U 149,246 151,771 153,520 156,252 157,898 159,511 161,046
Medium (250,000-999,999) 41,000 U 41,000 44,000 44,000 43,000 43,000 U 55,791 57,033 57,671 57,232 58,131 59,036 60,302
Small (less than 250,000) 17,000 U 18,000 19,000 19,000 20,000 20,000 U 27,543 27,291 27,547 28,031 28,067 28,092 27,880
Population in Micropolitan areas b (Thousands) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 29,478 29,629 29,787 29,687 29,835 29,986 30,211
Population in Rural / Urbanc areas (thousands)                              
Rural 59,495 U 61,656 U U U U U 59,061 U U U U U U
Urban 167,051 U 187,053 U U U U U 222,361 U U U U U U
Population in Regions a (millions)                              
Northeast 49136.0 49900.0 50828.3 52,278.4 52,513.3 52,745.4 53,022.8 53,343.8 (R) 53,667.6 (R) 53,910.1 (R) 54,128.8 (R) 54,327.4 (R) 54,458.7 (R) 54,504.7 54,590.2
South 75372.0 81400.0 85455.8 93,249.2 94,717.2 96,245.1 97,722.3 99,164.5 (R) 100,568.0 (R) 100,869.1 (R) 103,188.4 (R) 104,431.8 (R) 105,867.0 (R) 107,384.9 108,894.6
Midwest 58868.0 58800.0 59669.3 62,473.3 62,944.7 63,345.0 63,715.9 64,100.1 (R) 64,496.6 (R) 64,820.7 (R) 65,094.8 (R) 65,347.3 (R) 65,626.8 (R) 65,853.8 66,128.5
West 43173.3 47800.0 52837.5 58,277.6 59,219.1 60,311.5 61,393.0 62,431.9 (R) 63,462.0 (R) 61,512.2 (R) 65,476.0 (R) 66,341.2 (R) 67,239.1 (R) 68,152.4 69,141.6
Number of Immigrants admitted d 524,295 568,149 1,535,872 720,177 915,560 797,847 653,206 644,787 841,002 1,058,902 1,059,356 703,542 957,883 1,122,257 1,266,129
Total area e (square miles) 3,618,770 U 3,717,796 U U U U U 3,794,083 U U U U U U
Gross domestic product (chained $ 2005 billions) f 5,946.6 7,670.9 8,977.7 10,134.8 10,327.0 10,498.7 10,615.3 10,768.8 11,003.5 11,267.5 11,464.2 11,708.2 12,044.6 12,433.9 12,826.5
Government, total 509.7 736.2 906.9 1,103.1 1,131.7 1,157.3 1,185.4 1,222.3 1,262.6 1,310.5 1,371.2 1,434.8 1,502.0 1,568.7 1,642.0
Private industry, total 5,398.1 6,915.3 8,072.4 9,074.5 9,224.0 9,366.9 9,426.4 9,540.6 9,726.4 9,924.7 10,072.9 10,254.5 10,540.8 10,861.5 11,169.3
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 155.0 131.8 153.9 151.4 169.0 149.0 141.1 125.0 116.5 124.2 114.8 128.1 149.2 128.8 124.3
Mining 87.9 98.1 76.5 60.7 76.7 78.3 63.7 70.9 105.1 108.6 104.0 141.2 167.2 225.7 247.3
Utilities 126.5 196.4 185.4 212.0 210.5 215.9 219.0 214.6 207.4 233.1 229.1 227.4 234.9 249.5 279.8
Construction 172.9 231.3 284.3 329.3 340.3 358.5 381.9 405.0 431.7 464.2 486.4 510.8 553.7 607.9 670.3
Manufacturing 1,209.1 1,369.6 1,542.4 1,604.3 1,588.8 1,585.1 1,560.0 1,527.4 1,493.0 1,486.8 1,458.7 1,449.5 1,442.1 1,483.9 1,505.7
Wholesale trade 543.8 621.1 695.4 740.0 725.7 697.6 652.2 659.5 678.3 650.4 652.9 661.6 699.0 723.7 749.4
Retail trade 638.5 769.2 824.8 872.5 846.8 825.3 818.8 821.3 819.1 799.5 814.2 818.3 824.4 812.7 807.8
Transportation and warehousing 249.9 298.3 313.8 324.4 320.8 331.2 345.3 347.9 348.0 351.8 353.1 359.7 358.9 358.5 366.2
Information 370.6 527.9 574.1 616.3 629.0 635.5 632.1 626.9 624.4 624.5 619.2 608.9 591.4 570.5 558.7
Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing 924.3 1,344.9 1,678.5 1,983.2 2,054.0 2,125.4 2,162.1 2,191.7 2,235.5 2,295.4 2,366.1 2,422.1 2,493.8 2,549.0 2,604.7
Professional and business services 515.2 724.2 886.1 1,076.3 1,106.6 1,149.3 1,189.6 1,231.3 1,278.6 1,315.4 1,343.5 1,351.8 1,392.0 1,453.2 1,504.0
Educational services, health care, and social assistance 246.6 370.9 524.4 673.3 692.8 713.6 742.7 769.8 800.9 845.8 877.9 901.6 932.9 961.5 987.4
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accomodation, and food services 174.5 222.3 281.1 325.6 333.7 351.5 358.7 370.8 383.5 398.8 413.6 419.6 433.1 448.4 465.4
Other services, except government 84.3 121.3 151.4 181.8 190.2 199.2 207.6 217.7 229.5 246.0 256.4 264.2 272.3 288.1 302.0
Total civilian labor force (thousands) 106,940 115,461 125,840 132,304 133,943 136,297 137,673 139,368 142,583 143,734 144,863 146,510 147,401 149,320 151,428
Participation rate of men (percent) 77.4 76.3 76.4 75.0 74.9 75.0 74.9 74.7 74.8 74.4 74.1 73.5 73.3 73.3 73.5
Participation rate of women (percent) 51.5 54.5 57.5 58.9 59.3 59.8 59.8 60.0 59.9 59.8 59.6 59.5 59.2 59.3 59.4
Number of households (thousands) 80,776 86,789 93,347 98,990 99,627 101,018 102,528 103,874 104,705 108,209 109,297 111,278 112,000 113,343 114,384
Average size of households 2.76 2.69 2.63 2.65 2.65 2.64 2.62 2.61 2.62 2.58 2.58 2.57 2.57 2.57 2.57
Median household income g (constant $ 2005) U 50,291 53,942 57,159 58,384 60,265 62,023 62,493 62,697 62,779 63,344 64,132 64,186 64,457 64,771
Average household expenditures g (constant $ 2005) U 40,643 41,095 41,039 41,874 42,228 42,503 43,345 43,130 43,576 44,141 43,326 44,850 46,409 46,862

KEY: NA = not applicable; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Estimates as of July 1 except 1980, 1990, and 2000, which are as of April 1.

b New metropolitan area definitions were published by the Office of Budget and Management (OMB) in 2003. These definitions were applied to population data by the Census Bureau beginning with the data from the 2000 Census. A new term, core based statistical areas (CBSAs), collectively refers to metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas. A metropolitan statistical area is defined as having at least one urbanized area of 50,000 or more inhabitants. A micropolitan statistical area is defined as having at least one urban cluster of more than 10,000 but less than 50,000 inhabitants.

c As of April 1 of year indicated. The Census Bureau only tabulates urban / rural numbers for the decennial census years.

d Fiscal year ending September 30.

e The Census Bureau calculates square mileage comprising land and water area for the decennial census years. Data for 1980 comprises land and inland water. Data for 1990 comprises land, Great Lakes, inland water, and coastal water. Data for 2000 comprises land, Great Lakes, inland water, territorial water, and coastal water.

f Sums of chained-dollar estimates for individual industries do not add to national totals because the chain-type indices used to derive them are based on weights of more than one period. Values are calculated to 2005 dollars by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics, using Chain-type Price Indexes for Value Added by Industry.

g Converted to constant 2005 dollars by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics using the CPI-U-RS price index.

h Numbers prior to 1999 are estimated to the nearest million.

SOURCES

U.S. resident population:

1980: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 2004-2005 (Washington, DC: 2004), table 11, Internet site http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract.html as of Feb. 2, 2005.

1985: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 15.

1990-99: Ibid., National Intercensal Estimates of the United States Resident Population by Age and Sex (Washington, DC: 2004), Internet site http://www.census.gov/popest/archives/EST90INTERCENSAL/US-EST90INT-datasets.html as of Feb. 2, 2006.

2000-06: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2008 (Washington, DC: 2008), table 7.

Age:

1980: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2004-2005 (Washington, DC: 2004), table 11, Internet site http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract.html as of Feb. 8, 2005.

1985: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 12.

1990-99: Ibid., National Intercensal Estimates of the United States Resident Population by Age and Sex (Washington, DC: 2004), Internet site http://www.census.gov/popest/archives/EST90INTERCENSAL/US-EST90INT-datasets.html as of Feb. 2, 2006.

2000-06: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2008 (Washington, DC: 2008), table 7.

Sex:

1980: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2004-2005 (Washington, DC: 2004), table 11, Internet site http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract-04.html as of Feb. 2, 2005.

1985: Ibid., Historical Annual Time Series of State Population Estimates and Demographic Components of Change 1980 to 1990, by Single Year of Age and Sex (Washington, DC: 2004), Internet site http://www.census.gov/popest/archives/1980s/80s_st_age_sex.html as of Feb. 2, 2005.

1990-99: Ibid., National Intercensal Estimates of the United States Resident Population by Age and Sex (Washington, DC: 2004), Internet site http://www.census.gov/popest/archives/EST90INTERCENSAL/US-EST90INT-datasets.html as of Feb. 2, 2006.

2000-06: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2008 (Washington, DC: 2008), table 7 and similar tables in previous editions.

Metropolitan areas:

1980-90, 1998: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 32.

2000-06: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas, table 1, Internet site: http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/CBSA-est2007-annual.html as of Apr. 9, 2008.

Micropolitan areas:

2000-06: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas, table 1, Internet site: http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/CBSA-est2007-annual.html as of Apr. 9, 2008.

Rural / urban:

1980-90: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 37.

2000-06: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2008 (Washington, DC: 2008), table 29.

Regions:

1985: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 1995 (Washington, DC: 1996), table 27.

1995-99: Ibid., Time Series of Intercensal Estimates (Washington DC: 2004), http://www.census.gov/popest/archives/2000s/vintage_2001/CO-EST2001-12/ as of Feb. 2, 2005.

2000-06: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, National and State Population Estimates, table 1, Internet site http://www.census.gov/popest/states/NST-ann-est.html as of Apr. 9, 2008.

Immigrants:

U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, Yearbook of Immigration Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 1, Internet site http://www.dhs.gov/ximgtn/statistics/ as of Apr. 9, 2008.

Total area:

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 2002 (Washington, DC:2003), table 1.

Gross domestic product:

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Industry Economic Accounts, Annual Industry Accounts, Internet site http://www.bea.gov/industry/gpotables/gpo_list.cfm?anon=66559&registered=0 as of Apr. 10, 2008.

Civilian labor force:

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment and Earnings (Washington, DC: 2006), table 2, Internet site http://www.bls.gov/cps/home.htm as of Feb. 23, 2006.

Participation rates:

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Table 2, Employment Status of the Civilian Noninstitutional Population 16 years and Over by Sex, 1971 to Date, Internet site http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat2.pdf as of Jan. 18, 2006.

Number of households:

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, Table HH-6, Average Populaton Per Household and Family: 1940 to Present, Internet site http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/hh-fam.html#ht as of Apr. 9, 2008.

Average size of households:

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, Table HH-6, Average Populaton Per Household and Family: 1940 to Present, Internet site http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/hh-fam.html#ht as of Apr. 9, 2008.

Median household income:

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Historical Income Tables, Table H-1, Internet site: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/histinc/h01ar.html as of Apr. 10, 2008.

Average household expenditures:

U.S Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, Average Annual Expenditures, All Consumer Units, Internet site http://www.bls.gov/data/home.htm as of Apr. 10 2008.