Natural Gas Pipeline Profile

Natural Gas Pipeline Profile

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FINANCIAL ($ millions)

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Transmission pipeline companies1                                
Total operating revenues 3,190 5,928 41,604 21,756 13,841 12,092 12,050 10,339 9,450 9,555 10,404 10,257 10,096 10,892 11,313 16,547
Total operating expensesa 2,698 5,088 39,709 19,484 11,333 9,534 9,603 7,862 6,875 6,897 7,856 7,296 7,369 7,822 8,284 10,336
Operation and maintenance 2,095 4,203 36,480 17,058 8,389 6,680 6,802 5,381 4,260 4,148 5,172 4,198 4,294 4,341 4,503 6,624
Operation expenses 2,031 4,094 36,075 16,429 7,811 6,121 6,314 4,975 3,909 3,823 4,880 3,850 3,971 3,997 4,130 6,077
Maintenance expenses 64 109 405 629 578 558 488 406 351 325 292 347 322 344 373 548
Taxes (federal, state, local)b 319 376 1,991 1,245 1,757 1,582 1,643 1,531 1,560 1,645 1,570 1,859 1,773 2,088 2,302 2,861
Federal taxes 223 202 1,327 768 1,172 1,048 1,085 1,076 1,035 1,109 1,029 1,249 1,243 1,603 1,701 2,048
State and local taxes 96 174 664 477 585 534 558 455 525 536 541 610 530 485 601 813
Distribution pipeline companies2                                
Total operating revenues N N 14,013 18,750 20,911 19,421 30,407 30,864 28,182 28,135 34,696 39,179 31,210 38,199 (R) 40,410 48,957
Total operating expensesa N N 13,263 17,125 19,025 17,402 27,917 27,445 25,668 24,564 32,103 36,450 28,266 35,113 (R) 37,330 44,800
Operation and maintenance N N 11,791 14,544 15,868 14,170 23,301 23,155 21,396 20,226 27,093 31,486 23,655 29,994 (R) 32,149 40,099
Operation expenses N N 11,539 14,020 15,279 13,575 22,433 22,388 20,710 18,270 26,271 30,776 22,902 29,236 (R) 31,355 39,236
Maintenance expenses N N 252 524 589 596 868 767 687 1,956 821 710 753 757 (R) 794 862
Taxes (federal, state, local)b N N 1,136 1,625 1,931 1,888 2,668 2,415 2,524 2,355 2,916 2,908 2,437 2,914 (R) 2,901 3,222
Federal taxes N N 351 580 703 720 1,041 849 1,250 883 1,033 1,216 891 1,108 (R) 1,096 1,075
State and local taxes N N 785 1,045 1,228 1,168 1,627 1,566 1,274 1,472 1,883 1,692 1,546 1,806 (R) 1,805 2,147
Investor-owned, total industryc, 3                                
Total operating revenues N N 85,918 66,027 63,446 58,435 63,600 62,660 57,548 59,142 72,075 79,276 68,594 75,567 (R) 80,331 102,062
Total operating expensesa N N 81,789 60,137 56,789 50,594 56,695 55,422 51,075 51,331 64,961 71,011 59,839 66,623 (R) 71,699 89,334
Operation and maintenance N N 74,508 51,628 45,953 40,041 45,785 44,851 41,360 41,415 54,630 58,908 48,675 55,067 (R) 59,952 77,710
Operation expenses N N 73,288 49,718 43,879 37,998 43,742 43,258 39,971 38,752 53,138 57,184 47,037 53,477 (R) 58,277 75,725
Maintenance expenses N N 1,220 1,910 2,074 2,043 2,043 1,593 1,390 2,664 1,492 1,722 1,637 1,590 (R) 1,675 1,985
Taxes (federal, state, local)b N N 4,847 4,957 6,603 5,981 6,362 6,384 5,293 5,605 6,106 7,201 5,870 6,493 (R) 6,420 7,421
Federal taxes N N 2,327 2,038 3,112 2,511 2,932 3,066 2,631 2,626 2,690 3,133 2,624 3,315 (R) 3,188 3,643
State and local taxes N N 2,520 2,919 3,491 3,470 3,430 3,318 2,662 2,979 3,416 4,068 3,246 3,178 (R) 3,232 3,778

INVENTORY

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Pipeline mileage, total4 630,950 913,267 1,051,774 1,189,200 1,288,400 1,277,600 1,323,600 1,331,800 1,351,200 1,340,300 1,369,300 1,373,500 1,411,381 1,424,177 1,462,349 1,457,438
Transmission 183,700 252,200 266,500 292,200 301,500 296,900 292,200 294,000 300,100 301,000 296,600 287,100 309,503 303,999 298,851 296,377
Distribution 391,400 594,800 701,800 864,600 955,600 949,800 1,001,800 1,003,100 1,022,100 1,007,500 1,045,600 1,066,300 1,079,565 1,097,870 1,139,756 1,117,784
Field and gathering 55,800 66,300 83,500 32,400 31,300 30,900 29,600 34,700 29,000 31,800 27,100 20,100 22,313 22,308 23,742 23,297
Number of employees5                                
Gas utility industry totals 206,400 211,700 215,400 204,200 187,200 179,000 179,000 154,600 154,200 143,600 135,600 135,000 140,000 129,000 130,000 131,000
Investor-owned companiesd, total N N 202,700 192,100 175,700 168,900 163,400 145,400 142,400 133,100 125,100 123,000 123,000 114,000 111,000 119,000
Transmission pipeline companies 31,400 32,400 45,200 37,400 31,000 28,000 32,300 27,500 28,400 29,400 26,400 26,000 26,000 25,000 25,000 25,000
Distribution pipeline companies N N 52,100 64,700 62,400 61,600 79,700 75,000 71,300 71,400 69,500 53,000 55,000 51,000 51,000 51,000
Integrated pipeline companies N N 53,200 39,900 39,400 36,400 12,700 12,300 12,000 6,200 6,000 5,000 6,000 5,000 4,000 4,000
Combination pipeline companies N N 52,200 50,100 42,900 42,900 38,700 30,600 30,700 26,100 23,200 39,000 36,000 33,000 31,000 39,000
Number of interstate natural gas pipeline companiese, 6 87 89 91 132 79 92 84 101 97 U U U U U U U

PERFORMANCE (million cubic ft.)7

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Marketed production, total 12,771,038 21,920,642 20,179,724 18,593,792 19,709,525 19,506,474 19,812,241 19,866,093 19,961,348 19,804,848 20,197,511 20,570,295 19,884,780 19,974,360 (R) 19,517,491 18,950,734
Delivered to consumers, total 10,382,681 19,018,462 18,216,233 16,818,882 18,898,635 19,660,161 20,005,508 20,781,554 20,437,798 20,680,843 21,539,964 20,495,108 21,227,012 20,562,727 (R) 20,724,883 20,544,907
Consumed, total 11,966,537 21,139,386 19,877,293 18,715,090 20,707,717 21,580,665 21,966,616 22,736,203 22,245,956 22,405,151 23,333,121 22,238,624 23,007,014 22,276,502 (R) 22,388,975 22,241,202
Gas used as a pipeline fuel, total 347,075 722,166 634,622 659,816 685,362 700,335 711,446 751,470 635,477 645,319 642,210 624,964 666,920 591,492 (R) 566,187 584,779

SAFETY8

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Fatalities N 26 15 6 21 18 48 10 19 18 37 7 11 12 18 14
Injured persons N 233 177 69 113 53 114 72 75 88 77 51 49 (R) 66 44 45
Incidents N 1,077 1,524 198 222 161 187 175 236 172 234 211 (R) 184 (R) 239 (R) 299 351

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Does not add due to omission of line from source table for depreciation and other noncash expenses.

b Figures obtained by addition / subtraction and may not appear directly in data source.

c Industry total includes integrated and combination company totals in addition to distribution and transmission company totals.

d Number of employees in investor-owned companies is the sum of employees in distribution, transmission, integrated and combination companies.

e Beginning in 1991 the number of interstate natural gas pipeline companies is calculated using the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's FASTR database, which contains a listing by year of pipeline companies that are regulated and, therefore, required to pay tariff duties to the federal government. Data for the years prior to 1991 were collected from the Energy Information Administration's discontinued publication Statistics of Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Companies. Data from the two sources may not be comparable.

NOTES

Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Gas utility industry totals include employees of privately owned companies.

SOURCES

1 1960-70: American Gas Association, Gas Facts, 1979 (Arlington, VA: 1980), table 134. 1980-2005: Ibid., Gas Facts, 2006 (Washington, DC: 2007), table 11-2 and similar tables in earlier editions.

2 1980: American Gas Association, Gas Facts, 1979 (Arlington, VA: 1980), table 134. 1990-2005: Ibid., Gas Facts, 2006 (Washington, DC: 2007), table 11-1 and similar tables in earlier editions.

3 1980-2005: American Gas Association, Gas Facts, 2006 (Washington, DC: 2007), tables 11-1, 11-2, 11-3, and 11-4 and similar tables in earlier editions.

4 1960-70: American Gas Association, Gas Facts, 1979 (Arlington, VA: 1980), table 44. 1980-2005: Ibid., Gas Facts, 2006 (Washington, DC: 2007), tables 5-1, 5-3, and similar tables in earlier editions.

5 1960-80: American Gas Association, Gas Facts, 1979 (Arlington, VA: 1980), table 153. 1990-2005: Ibid., Gas Facts, 2006 (Washington, DC: 2007), table 13-2, and similar tables in earlier editions.

6 1960-90: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Statistics of Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Companies (Washington, DC: Annual issues), preface. 1991-98: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, FERC Automated System for Tariff Retrieval (FASTR database), Internet website http://www.ferc.gov/industries/gas/gen-info/fastr/index.asp as of Feb. 18, 2004.

7 1960-95: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Natural Gas Annual, 1998 (Washington, DC: October 1999), table 98. 1996-2004: Ibid., Natural Gas Annual, 2004 (Washington, DC: 2005), table 1, Internet website http://www.eia.doe.gov/oil_gas/natural_gas/data_publications/natural_gas_annual/nga.html as of Sept. 26, 2007.

8 U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Internet website http://ops.dot.gov/stats.htm as of Sept. 26, 2007.