Table 2-20: Occupant and Nonmotorist Fatalities in Crashes by Number of Vehicles and Alcohol Involvement (AI)

Table 2-20: Occupant and Nonmotorist Fatalities in Crashes by Number of Vehicles and Alcohol Involvement (AI)

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  1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal Al Fatal Al
TOTAL fatalities 43,825 23,167 44,599 22,587 41,508 20,159 39,250 18,290 40,150 17,908 40,716 17,308 41,817 17,732 42,065 17,749 42,013 16,711 41,501 16,673 41,717 16,572 41,945 17,380 42,196 17,400 43,005 17,524 42,884 (R)17,105 42,836 16,694 43,510 (R)16,885 (R)42,708 (R)17,738 41,059 17,036
AI as a percent of total fatalities   53   51   49   47   45   43   42   42   40   40   40   41   41   41   40   39   39   (R)42   41
Motorist fatalities, TOTAL 36,043 19,271 37,134 18,953 34,740 16,917 32,880 15,301 33,574 14,857 34,318 14,437 35,291 14,796 35,695 14,830 35,725 14,051 35,382 13,896 35,875 13,958 36,348 14,834 36,440 14,708 37,375 14,954 (R)37,341 (R)14,544 (R)37,304 (R)14,196 (R)37,646 14,370 36,956 14,959 35,555 14,386
Single-vehicle crashes 17,130 10,882 18,159 11,162 17,280 10,208 15,958 9,045 15,932 8,761 15,997 8,330 16,732 8,868 16,723 8,781 16,529 8,244 16,666 8,417 17,075 8,516 17,471 8,964 17,753 8,973 18,600 9,238 18,175 (R)8,957 18,288 8,808 18,806 9,016 18,890 9,376 18,402 9,188
Two-vehicle crashes 16,467 7,296 16,262 6,676 15,025 5,821 14,449 5,341 15,161 5,205 15,664 5,219 15,744 5,017 15,935 5,084 16,218 4,904 15,742 4,638 15,726 4,562 15,758 4,854 15,618 4,739 15,628 4,744 15,795 (R)4,652 15,737 4,492 15,649 4,449 15,070 4,622 14,293 4,288
More than two-vehicle crashes 2,446 1,093 2,713 1,115 2,435 888 2,473 916 2,481 891 2,657 888 2,815 911 3,037 965 2,978 904 2,974 841 3,074 880 3,119 1,016 3,069 996 3,147 972 3,162 (R)935 3,117 896 3,139 905 2,996 961 2,860 911
Nonmotorist fatalities, TOTAL 7,782 3,897 7,465 3,636 6,768 3,241 6,370 2,989 6,576 3,051 6,398 2,871 6,526 2,936 6,368 2,919 6,288 2,660 6,119 2,777 5,842 2,613 5,597 2,546 5,756 2,693 5,630 2,571 (R)5,543 (R)2,562 (R)5,532 2,499 (R)5,864 2,516 5,752 2,779 5,504 2,650
Pedestrians fatalities, total 6,808 3,575 6,482 3,264 5,801 2,891 5,549 2,721 5,649 2,735 5,489 2,578 5,584 2,607 5,449 2,593 5,321 2,350 5,228 2,463 4,939 2,314 4,763 2,254 4,901 2,371 4,851 2,292 4,749 (R)2,283 4,641 2,211 4,881 2,180 4,795 2,401 4,654 2,307
Pedestrians, single-vehicle crashes 6,342 3,278 5,990 2,966 5,302 2,588 5,099 2,454 5,180 2,464 5,027 2,308 5,110 2,364 5,024 2,358 4,876 2,112 4,801 2,228 4,516 2,074 4,340 2,015 4,480 2,123 4,445 2,069 4,292 (R)2,036 4,207 1,976 4,443 1,946 4,332 2,138 4,264 2,088
Pedestrians, multiple-vehicle crashes 466 297 492 298 499 303 450 267 469 271 462 270 474 243 425 235 445 239 427 235 423 240 423 239 421 248 406 223 457 (R)247 434 234 438 234 463 263 390 219
Pedalcyclists fatalities, total 890 284 859 315 843 305 723 228 816 279 802 262 833 290 765 265 814 252 760 268 754 270 693 246 732 283 665 243 622 (R)235 725 249 784 282 772 311 698 288
Pedalcyclists, single-vehicle crashes 864 271 832 301 815 296 690 211 792 264 781 252 807 279 739 253 788 244 736 259 718 253 668 236 709 271 628 229 589 (R)218 697 237 755 268 732 292 670 276
Pedalcyclists, multiple-vehicle crashes 26 13 27 14 28 9 33 17 24 15 21 10 26 11 26 12 26 8 24 9 36 17 25 10 23 12 37 14 33 (R)18 28 11 29 14 40 19 28 12
Others / unknown 84 38 124 57 124 45 98 39 111 37 107 31 109 39 154 61 153 58 131 47 149 29 141 46 123 39 114 36 140 (R)44 128 39 184 54 185 67 152 55

KEY: AI = Alcohol involvement; Fatal = fatalities; R = revised.

NOTES

Alcohol involvement pertains to any driver, pedestrian, or pedalcyclist involved in the accident. Alcohol results are determined from positive blood alcohol concentration tests and police-reported alcohol involvement and are adjusted by the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

In 2001, NHTSA adopted a new method to estimate missing blood alcohol concentration (BAC) test result data. This new method, multiple imputation, is being used by NHTSA's National Center for Statistics and Analysis (NCSA) to improve the scope of alcohol involvement statistics by the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). As a result of the methodology change, alcohol involvement fatalities have undergone a complete revision.

The sum of individual categories may not add to totals because NCSA generates a separate estimate for each category of fatalities, including total fatalities.

SOURCES

U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Database, personal communication, December 2008.

Total motorist fatalities, and total nonmotorist fatalities for 2003-2005:

U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts 2007, Final Edition (Washington, DC), table 4, available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/ as March 2009.