Table 2-23: Truck Occupant Safety Data

Table 2-23: Truck Occupant Safety Data

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  1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Fatalities, total 5,817 8,748 7,666 9,306 9,052 8,683 9,116 9,574 10,216 10,553 10,972 11,447 12,024 12,280 12,431 12,963 13,272 13,440 (R) 13,841 13,566 13,215
Light 4,856 7,486 6,689 8,601 8,391 8,098 8,511 8,904 9,568 9,932 10,249 10,705 11,265 11,526 11,723 12,274 12,546 12,674 (R) 13,037 12,761 12,413
Large 961 1,262 977 705 661 585 605 670 648 621 723 742 759 754 708 689 726 766 (R) 804 805 802
Injured persons, total N N N 546,966 590,632 578,435 632,976 661,619 752,840 794,238 785,733 791,273 879,757 917,398 889,951 905,580 915,941 927,458 899,000 880,000 864,000
Light N N N 505,144 562,601 544,657 600,874 631,411 722,496 761,478 754,820 762,506 846,865 886,566 860,527 879,338 889,048 900,171 872,000 857,000 841,000
Large N N N 41,822 28,031 33,778 32,102 30,208 30,344 32,760 30,913 28,767 32,892 30,832 29,424 26,242 26,893 27,287 27,000 23,000 23,000
Trucks involved in crashes, total N N N (R) 2,783,396 (R) 2,809,179 (R) 2,852,683 (R) 3,139,660 (R) 3,411,997 (R) 3,568,059 (R) 3,757,001 (R) 3,834,545 (R) 3,805,318 (R) 4,150,879 (R) 4,307,493 (R) 4,347,654 (R) 4,423,255 (R) 4,516,020 (R) 4,570,388 (R) 4,591,915 4,541,177 4,605,270
Light N N N (R) 2,398,620 (R) 2,478,832 (R) 2,476,648 (R) 2,742,332 (R) 2,951,353 (R) 3,190,587 (R) 3,363,246 (R) 3,396,628 (R) 3,393,363 (R) 3,675,959 (R) 3,850,498 (R) 3,917,831 (R) 3,988,668 (R) 4,059,299 (R) 4,154,486 (R) 4,150,964 4,156,411 4,191,686
Large N N N (R) 384,776 (R) 330,347 (R) 376,035 (R) 397,328 (R) 460,644 (R) 377,472 (R) 393,755 (R) 437,917 (R) 411,955 (R) 474,920 (R) 456,995 (R) 429,823 (R) 434,587 (R) 456,721 (R) 415,902 (R) 440,951 384,766 413,584
Vehicle-miles (millions)                                          
Light 204,274 295,475 388,778 555,659 595,924 642,397 675,353 711,515 749,971 787,255 824,896 861,951 903,314 942,611 976,096 1,012,648 1,043,936 (R) 1,098,807 (R) 1,134,247 1,158,460 1,176,713
Large 81,330 108,491 123,504 146,242 149,543 153,384 159,888 170,216 178,156 182,971 191,477 196,380 202,688 205,520 209,032 214,603 217,917 (R) 220,792 (R) 222,523 222,513 226,963
Rates per 100 million vehicle-miles                                          
Fatalities                                          
Light 2.4 2.5 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1
Large 1.2 1.2 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Injured persons                                          
Light N N N 90.9 94.4 84.8 89.0 88.7 96.3 96.7 91.5 88.5 93.8 94.1 88.2 86.8 85.2 81.9 76.9 74.0 71.5
Large N N N 28.6 18.7 22.0 20.1 17.7 17.0 17.9 16.1 14.6 16.2 15.0 14.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.1 10.3 10.1
Trucks involved in crashes                                          
Light N N N (R) 432 (R) 416 (R) 386 (R) 406 (R) 415 (R) 425 (R) 427 (R) 412 (R) 394 (R) 407 (R) 408 (R) 401 (R) 394 (R) 389 (R) 378 (R) 366 359 356
Large N N N (R) 263 (R) 221 (R) 245 (R) 249 (R) 271 (R) 212 (R) 215 (R) 229 (R) 210 (R) 234 (R) 222 (R) 206 (R) 203 (R) 210 (R) 188 (R) 198 173 182

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised.

NOTES

Large trucks - trucks over 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, including single-unit trucks and truck tractors. Light trucks - trucks of 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating or less, including pickups, vans, truck-based station wagons, and utility vehicles. The injury and crash data in this table are from the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA) General Estimates System (GES). The data from GES, which began operation in 1988, are obtained from a nationally representative probability sample selected from all police-reported crashes. The GES sample includes only crashes where a police accident report was completed and the crash resulted in property damage, injury, or death. The resulting figures do not take into account crashes that were not reported to the police or that did not result in property damage.

Vehicle-miles in this table and in table 2-19 are taken from NHTSA revised data and are not based exclusively on USDOT, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) data, as they have been in earlier reports. The change was made to reflect the different vehicle classification schemes used by FHWA and NHTSA. Thus, vehicle-miles for passenger cars and light and large trucks in table 2-19 and this table should not be compared with vehicle-miles in Chapter 1, which are taken directly from FHWA.

SOURCES

Fatalities, injuries, and vehicle-miles:

1975-2007: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts , Final Edition, (Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables 8 and 9, available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/ as of March 2009.

Trucks involved in crashes:

1975-1985: Ibid., National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Fatality Analysis Reporting System Database and General Estimates System Database, personal communication, May 25, 2006.

1990-2007: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts 2007, Final Edition (Washington, DC), table 3, available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/ as March 2009.