Table 3-19a: Employment in For-Hire Transportation and Selected Transportation-Related Industriesa (Standard Industrial Classification [SIC] basis)

Table 3-19a: Employment in For-Hire Transportation and Selected Transportation-Related Industriesa (Standard Industrial Classification [SIC] basis)

(Thousands)

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SIC   1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
  TOTAL U.S. labor forceb 54,189 60,763 70,880 76,945 90,406 97,387 109,403 108,249 108,601 110,713 114,163 117,191 119,608 122,690 125,865 128,916 131,720 131,922 130,791
  Transportation-related labor force, total 5,160 5,737 6,128 7,834 8,488 9,211 10,093 9,836 9,713 9,858 10,189 10,501 10,215 11,002 11,262 11,523 11,664 11,585 11,343
  For-hire transportation industry, total 2,395 2,683 2,855 2,796 3,128 3,172 3,675 3,661 3,659 3,759 3,920 4,057 4,166 4,264 4,410 4,545 4,645 4,622 4,438
45 Air 191 229 352 363 453 522 968 962 964 988 1,023 1,068 1,107 1,134 1,181 1,227 1,280 1,266 1,161
42 Trucking and warehousing 856 964 1,083 1,108 1,280 1,361 1,395 1,378 1,385 1,444 1,526 1,587 1,637 1,677 1,744 1,810 1,847 1,848 1,826
41 Local and interurban passenger transit 284 269 281 270 265 277 338 354 361 379 404 419 437 452 469 478 476 479 472
413 Intercity and rural bus 41 42 43 40 38 35 26 24 23 22 24 24 24 22 24 24 25 25 23
411 Local and suburban U U U 69 79 92 141 155 162 176 194 203 218 229 236 238 233 236 235
415 School busc N N N 65 80 91 111 115 118 122 126 131 132 137 141 146 147 148 149
412 Taxi 121 110 106 85 53 38 32 32 30 30 31 31 31 31 31 32 32 32 31
  Other local and interurband 123 118 131 11 16 22 28 28 28 29 30 31 33 34 36 38 40 38 35
40 Railroad 885 735 634 548 532 359 279 262 254 248 241 238 231 227 231 235 237 234 229
44 Water N 228 212 194 211 185 177 184 173 168 172 175 174 179 181 186 194 192 190
46 Liquid pipeline 23 20 18 18 21 19 19 19 19 18 17 15 15 14 14 13 14 15 15
492 Gas production and distribution 155 154 161 162 168 175 165 166 163 161 159 154 147 141 137 134 128 126 121
47 Transportation servicese N 85 115 134 198 275 336 336 338 352 378 401 418 441 454 463 470 463 423
  Equipment manufacturing (SIC 37 and SIC 301), total 1,773 1,955 1,949 1,824 1,995 2,054 2,073 1,971 1,911 1,838 1,840 1,870 1,864 1,923 1,973 1,967 1,931 1,835 1,739
372 Aircraft and parts 605 601 644 499 633 616 712 669 612 542 482 451 458 501 525 496 464 461 410
371 Motor vehicles and equipment 724 843 799 792 789 883 812 789 813 837 909 971 967 986 995 1,018 1,017 947 912
374 Railroad equipment 43 56 51 57 71 33 33 30 29 31 35 38 36 34 37 38 36 30 27
373 Ship and boat building and repairing 141 160 172 194 221 187 188 177 170 159 158 160 159 158 167 167 168 161 158
301 Tires and inner tubes 105 102 116 124 115 94 84 81 81 82 79 80 80 78 80 79 79 75 72
  Otherf 155 193 167 157 167 241 244 225 207 188 177 172 165 167 168 168 168 161 161
  Related industries, total 461 522 613 2,498 2,694 3,336 3,672 3,532 3,508 3,612 3,782 3,930 4,086 4,186 4,251 4,368 4,442 4,473 4,479
553 Automotive and home supply stores U U U 212 261 304 337 332 332 340 357 369 380 392 397 404 408 410 406
75 Automotive repair, services, and parking U U U 439 571 730 914 882 881 925 968 1,020 1,080 1,120 1,145 1,196 1,234 1,257 1,263
554 Gasoline service stations 461 522 613 622 561 588 647 626 616 617 634 649 669 676 680 660 652 648 641
161 Highway and street construction U U U U U 264 239 218 215 222 226 228 236 243 257 280 281 289 286
501 Motor vehicles, parts, and supplies U U U 382 434 454 456 448 446 451 471 492 503 513 517 524 517 502 498
551 New and used car dealers U U U 731 745 856 924 879 875 908 963 996 1,031 1,046 1,047 1,080 1,112 1,121 1,130
  Other automotive retailg N N N 112 122 140 155 146 143 148 163 176 187 197 208 223 239 246 256
  Government employment, totalh 532 577 711 716 671 649 673 672 635 650 647 644 99 629 629 643 646 654 686
  U.S. DOTi N N 104 112 112 100 104 108 110 109 103 101 99 98 99 100 100 102 141
  State and local highwayj 532 577 607 604 559 549 569 564 525 541 544 543 (k) N 531 530 543 546 552 545

KEY: N = data do not exist; SIC = Standard Industrial Classification; U = data are not available.

a Annual averages.

b Excludes farm employment.

c Does not include drivers employed by school districts.

d Difference between the total of SIC 41 and the sum of 411, 412, 413, and 415.

e Transportation services are defined as services incidental to transportation, such as forwarding and packing; motor vehicle inspections; and freight broker, tour operator, and travel agency services, etc.

f The difference between the total of SIC 37 and the sum of 371, 372, 373, and 374.

g The difference between the total of SIC 55 and the sum of 551, 553, and 554.

h Not all government agencies are included (e.g., the National Transportation Safety Board).

i U.S. Department of Transportation was created in 1966. Data are for fiscal year and include permanent civilians as well as temporary employees and military.

j Full-time equivalent employment. Data prior to 1986 are not directly comparable to data from later years due to a change in the way full-time equivalent was calculated. Full-time equivalent was not calculated for 1985.

k Due to a change in the reference period, from October to March, the October 1996 Annual Survey of Government Employment and Payroll was not conducted.

NOTE

The employment totals in tables 3-19 and 3-20 differ. Table 3-19 shows employment in transportation and selected transportation-related industries. Table 3-20 shows employment by transportation occupation. Some employees of transportation industries have nontransportation jobs (e.g., a bookkeeper in a trucking firm), and some people with transportation occupations do not work in the transportation industry (e.g., a truck driver for a construction firm). Beginning in January 1999, data are not strictly comparable with data for 1998 and earlier years because of revisions in the population controls used in the household survey.

SOURCES

All data, except as noted:

1960-85: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1909-1994 (Washington, DC: September 1994).

1990-2002: Ibid., Internet site www.bls.gov, database query for individual series as of June 11, 2003.

Government employment:

USDOT:

1970-75: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1976 (Washington, DC: 1976), table 409, and U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard, G-WPM, Office of Military Personnel, personal communication.

1980-85: U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of the Secretary of Transportation, DOT Employment Facts, A Report to Management (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

1990-2003: Ibid., DOT Workforce Demographics (Washington, DC : Annual issues).

State and local highway:

1960-91: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1993 (Washington, DC: 1993), table 500 and similar tables in earlier editions.

1992-2003: Ibid., Internet site http://www.census.gov/pub/govs/www/apesstl.html as of July 24, 2002 and July 6, 2004.