Table 2-38: Railroad Passenger Safety Data

Table 2-38: Railroad Passenger Safety Data

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  1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 (R) 2008 (P) 2009
Passenger fatalitiesa 3 8 3 58 5 0 12 6 4 14 4 3 7 3 3 16 2 5 24 3
Injured persons 473 382 411 559 497 573 513 601 535 481 658 746 877 727 703 (R) 957 (R) 935 (R) 1,510 1,297 1,096
Train-miles, passenger trains (millions) 72 74 74 75 75 76 77 78 78 82 84 88 90 89 89 90 92 95 98 103
Fatalities per 100 million passenger train-miles 4.2 10.8 4.1 77.3 6.7 0.0 (R) 15.6 7.7 5.1 17.0 4.7 3.4 7.8 3.4 3.4 17.8 2.2 5.2 24.5 2.9
Injuries per 100 million passenger train-miles 656.9 516.2 555.4 745.3 662.7 753.9 666.2 770.2 682.5 583.6 780.7 850.1 979.1 813.3 787.0 (R) 1,064.5 (R) 1,016.8 (R) 1,583.7 1,322.8 1,064.9

KEY: P = preliminary; R = revised.

a There were three major train accidents that account for the increase number of deaths in 1993, 2005 and 2008. In 1993 a barge struck a rail bridge in Alabama causing an Amtrak train to derail into the waterway below leading to 42 passenger deaths. In 2005, a Southern California Regional Rail Authority train struck a jeep at a non-grade crossing location, derailed and struck a UPRR locomotive, which caused the train to strike another Southern California Regional Rail Authority train. The total passenger fatalities from both trains were 10. In 2008, a Southern California Regional Rail Authority train ran a red signal and collided head-on with a Union Pacific RR Co. freight, which lead to 24 passenger deaths.

NOTES

A Train-mile is the movement of a train (which can consist of many cars) the distance of 1 mile. A Train-mile differs from a vehicle-mile, which is the movement of 1 car (vehicle) the distance of 1 mile. A 10-car (vehicle) train traveling 1 mile would be measured as 1 Train-mile and 10 vehicle-miles. Caution should be used when comparing Train-miles to vehicle miles.

Passenger fatalities and Injured persons include passengers on trains only.

SOURCES

Fatalities and injuries:

1990-97: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety, Railroad Safety Statistics Annual Report (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 1-2, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/Publications.aspx as of Sept. 8, 2010.

1998-2009: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety, Railroad Safety Statistics 2009 Preliminary Annual Report (Washington, DC: Reporting month of May 2010), table 1-2, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/Prelim.aspx as of Sept. 8, 2010.

Train-miles, passenger trains:

1990-96: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics calculations (sum of all commuter rail train-miles reported to USDOT, Federal Transit Administration, plus Amtrak train-miles).

1997-2007: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety, Railroad Safety Statistics Annual Report (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 2-4, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/Publications.aspx as of Sept. 8, 2010.

2008: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety, Railroad Safety Statistics 2008 Preliminary Annual Report (Washington, DC: Reporting month of December 2009), table 2-4, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/Prelim.aspx as of Sept. 8, 2010.

2009: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety, Railroad Safety Statistics 2009 Preliminary Annual Report (Washington, DC: Reporting month of May 2010), table 2-4, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/Prelim.aspx as of Sept. 8, 2010.