Table 4-2: U.S. Consumption of Energy from Primary Sources by Sector

Table 4-2: U.S. Consumption of Energy from Primary Sources by Sector

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(Quadrillion Btu)

  (R) 1960 (R) 1965 (R) 1970 (R) 1975 (R) 1980 (R) 1985 (R) 1990 (R) 1991 (R) 1992 (R) 1993 (R) 1994 (R) 1995 (R) 1996 (R) 1997 (R) 1998 (R) 1999 (R) 2000 (R) 2001 (R) 2002 (R) 2003 (R) 2004 (R) 2005 (R) 2006 (R) 2007 (R) 2008 2009
Energy consumption, total 45.09 54.02 67.84 72.00 78.12 76.49 84.65 84.61 85.96 87.60 89.26 91.17 94.17 94.76 95.18 96.81 98.97 96.32 97.85 98.13 100.31 100.44 99.79 101.53 99.40 94.72
Transportation 10.56 12.40 16.06 18.21 19.66 20.04 22.36 22.06 22.36 22.71 23.31 23.79 24.38 24.69 25.20 25.89 26.49 26.21 26.78 26.92 27.82 28.27 28.75 29.03 27.94 26.94
Transportation as percent of total energy consumption 23.4 23.0 23.7 25.3 25.2 26.2 26.4 26.1 26.0 25.9 26.1 26.1 25.9 26.1 26.5 26.7 26.8 27.2 27.4 27.4 27.7 28.1 28.8 28.6 28.1 28.4
Industrial 16.98 20.12 22.97 21.45 22.61 19.47 21.21 20.85 21.79 21.78 22.42 22.75 23.44 23.72 23.21 22.99 22.87 21.83 21.85 21.54 22.44 21.45 21.56 21.43 20.50 18.92
Industrial as percent of total energy consumption 37.7 37.3 33.9 29.8 28.9 25.5 25.1 24.6 25.3 24.9 25.1 24.9 24.9 25.0 24.4 23.7 23.1 22.7 22.3 21.9 22.4 21.4 21.6 21.1 20.6 20.0
Residential and commercial 9.39 10.48 12.55 12.03 11.53 10.86 10.43 10.66 10.91 11.09 10.97 11.01 11.71 11.30 10.39 10.79 11.40 10.92 11.04 11.46 11.19 10.93 9.89 10.53 10.81 10.57
Residential and commercial as percent of total energy consumption 20.8 19.4 18.5 16.7 14.8 14.2 12.3 12.6 12.7 12.7 12.3 12.1 12.4 11.9 10.9 11.1 11.5 11.3 11.3 11.7 11.2 10.9 9.9 10.4 10.9 11.2
Energy input at electric utilities 8.16 11.01 16.26 20.31 24.33 26.13 30.66 31.02 30.89 32.03 32.56 33.62 34.64 35.04 36.39 37.14 38.21 37.36 38.17 38.22 38.88 39.80 39.59 40.54 40.15 38.30
Energy input at electric utilities as percent of total energy consumption 18.1 20.4 24.0 28.2 31.1 34.2 36.2 36.7 35.9 36.6 36.5 36.9 36.8 37.0 38.2 38.4 38.6 38.8 39.0 38.9 38.8 39.6 39.7 39.9 40.4 40.4
Percentage of primary demand met by petroleum                                                    
Transportation 95.9 95.7 95.3 96.7 96.7 97.2 96.7 96.9 96.9 96.7 96.5 96.5 96.6 96.4 96.9 96.9 97.0 96.9 96.7 96.8 96.8 96.6 96.2 95.6 94.6 94.0
Industrial 33.9 33.7 33.9 38.0 42.1 39.8 39.0 38.3 39.4 38.6 39.2 37.9 38.6 39.2 39.3 40.9 39.9 42.2 42.1 42.9 44.0 45.1 45.5 44.3 41.7 41.9
Residential and commercial 37.2 36.9 34.3 31.6 26.3 24.2 22.6 21.4 20.9 20.1 20.1 19.2 19.1 18.9 19.0 19.8 20.3 20.9 19.4 20.2 20.5 19.9 18.7 17.7 17.0 16.8
Electric utilities 6.8 6.6 13.0 15.6 10.8 4.2 4.2 3.9 3.2 3.5 3.3 2.2 2.4 2.6 3.6 3.3 3.0 3.4 2.5 3.2 3.1 3.1 1.6 1.6 1.2 1.0

a Discontinuity in data between earlier years and 1990 is due to attempts to include sector consumption of renewable energy beginning in that year.

KEY: Btu = British thermal unit; R = revised.

NOTES

The data for Residential, Commercial, and Industrial sectors include only fossil fuels consumed directly. Most renewable fuels are not included. The data for the Transportation sector includes only fossil and renewable fuels consumed directly. The data for Electric utilities includes all fuels (fossil, nuclear, geothermal, hydro, and other renewables) used by electric utilities. Due to a lack of consistent historical data, some renewable energy resources are not included in this table. The totals in table 4-4 are the best numbers for total U.S. energy consumption from all sources.

Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

SOURCES

1960-70: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review, (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), tables 2.1a - 2.1f, available at http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/aer/contents.html as of Sept. 1, 2010 .

1975-2009: Ibid., Monthly Energy Review, (Washington, DC: August 2010), tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 3-8a, 3-8b and 3.8c, available at http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/contents.html as of Sept. 1, 2010.