Table 4-6: Energy Consumption by Mode of Transportation

Table 4-6: Energy Consumption by Mode of Transportation

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(Trillion Btu)

  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Air                                                  
Certificated carriersa                                                  
Jet fuel 264 525 1,061 1,020 1,150 1,366 (R) 1,649 (R) 1,534 (R) 1,566 (R) 1,615 (R) 1,688 (R) 1,730 (R) 1,780 (R) 1,844 (R) 1,796 (R) 1,956 2,007 1,872 1,744 1,766 1,902 1,887 1,849 1,847 1,710
General aviationb,f                                                  
Aviation gasoline 29 35 66 50 63 51 42 43 38 32 (R) 32 (R) 35 (R) 35 35 37 42 40 (R) 34 (R) 33 33 33 (R) 35 (R) 34 (R) 33 30
Jet fuel U 8 28 61 103 93 90 78 67 61 (R) 63 (R) 76 82 87 110 131 131 (R) 124 (R) 127 126 166 (R) 206 (R) 222 (R) 201 230
Highway                                                  
Gasoline, diesel and other fuels                                                  
Passenger car and motorcycle 5,146 6,215 8,485 9,282 8,773 8,963 8,720 8,063 8,203 8,406 8,510 8,534 8,677 8,762 8,988 9,187 9,159 9,219 9,458 9,456 9,451 9,701 (R) 9,404 (R) 9,327 8,969
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle U U 1,539 2,385 2,975 3,420 4,451 4,777 5,116 5,356 5,514 5,701 5,919 6,173 6,308 6,607 6,617 6,690 6,903 7,595 7,927 7,359 7,586 (R) 7,730 7,650
Single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more truckc U 1,921 550 752 960 1,026 1,159 1,133 1,142 1,177 1,253 1,278 1,305 1,328 946 1,300 1,326 1,341 1,290 1,110 1,120 1,188 1,232 (R) 1,255 1,236
Combination truck U 923 1,019 1,273 1,808 1,942 2,238 2,331 2,388 2,462 2,587 2,743 2,801 2,816 3,489 3,403 3,560 3,538 3,673 3,303 3,355 3,840 (R) 3,898 (R) 3,959 3,719
Bus 115 121 114 146 141 116 124 120 122 129 134 134 137 142 144 159 154 142 139 134 189 155 (R) 159 (R) 159 154
Transitd                                                  
Electricity 10 9 9 9 8 14 17 17 16 17 17 17 17 17 17 18 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 (P) 22 U
Motor fuel                                                  
Diesel 29 34 38 51 60 84 90 92 95 94 94 94 96 99 103 106 109 103 100 99 101 101 102 (P) 99 U
Gasoline and other nondiesel fuelse 24 16 9 1 1 6 4 4 5 6 8 8 8 7 7 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 9 (P) 18 U
Compressed natural gas U U U U U U U U 0 1 1 1 2 3 5 6 8 9 11 14 16 17 20 (P) 19 U
Rail, Class I (in freight service)                                                  
Distillate / diesel fuel (R) 482 (R) 519 (R) 528 (R) 518 (R) 549 (R) 436 (R) 435 403 417 428 462 (R) 486 496 496 (R) 502 (R) 520 (R) 516 (R) 517 (R) 520 (R) 534 (R) 566 571 585 567 542
Amtrak                                                  
Electricity U U U (R) 1 (R) 1 (R) 1 (R) 1 (R) 1 (R) 1 (R) 1 (R) 1 (R) 1 (R) 1 (R) 1 (R) 1 (R) 2 (R) 2 (R) 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Distillate / diesel fuel U U U (R) 9 (R) 9 (R) 9 (R) 11 (R) 11 (R) 11 (R) 11 (R) 10 (R) 10 (R) 10 (R) 10 (R) 11 (R) 11 (R) 13 (R) 13 12 10 10 9 9 9 9
Water                                                  
Residual fuel oil 592 463 565 608 1,340 687 947 1,014 983 791 806 881 853 750 841 874 960 810 726 580 702 775 861 947 758
Distillate / diesel fuel oil 109 90 114 152 205 236 286 284 308 299 304 324 345 357 360 336 314 284 288 307 297 278 264 267 165
Gasoline U U 75 91 132 132 163 214 165 109 109 133 124 123 120 137 141 124 135 138 (R) 129 (R) 158 155 153 142
Pipeline                                                  
Natural gas 358 516 745 601 654 519 680 620 606 644 707 722 734 775 655 665 662 644 688 610 584 602 602 (R) 641 668

KEY: Btu = British thermal unit, P = preliminary, R = revised, U = data are unavailable.

a Domestic operations only.

b Includes fuel used in air taxi operations, but not commuter operations.

c1965 data includes other 2-axle 4-tire vehicles.

d Prior to 1984, excludes commuter rail, automated guideway, ferryboat, demand responsive vehicles, and most rural and smaller systems.

eGasoline and all other nondiesel fuels such as liquefied natural gas, methanol, and propane, except compressed natural gas.

f The values for energy consumption by general aviation in 2008 are estimated values.

NOTES

The following conversion rates were used:

Jet fuel = 135,000 Btu/gallon.

Compressed natural gas = 138,700 Btu/gallon.

Aviation gasoline = 120,200 Btu/gallon.

Distillate fuel = 138,700 Btu/gallon.

Automotive gasoline = 125,000 Btu/gallon.

Residual fuel = 149,700 Btu/gallon.

Diesel motor fuel = 138,700 Btu/gallon.

Natural gas = 1,031 Btu/ft3.

Electricity 1kWh = 3,412 Btu, negating electrical system losses. To include approximate electrical system losses, multiply this conversion factor by 3.

SOURCES

Air:

Certificated air carriers:

U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Fuel Cost and Consumption, available at http://www.bts.gov/programs/airline_information as of Jan. 6, 2010.

General aviation:

1960-70: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, FAA Statistical Handbook of Aviation - 1972 edition (Washington, DC: 1973), table 9.12.

1975-93: Ibid., General Aviation and Air Taxi Activity Survey (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table 5.1, and similar tables in earlier editions.

1994-2008: Ibid., FAA Aerospace Forecasts FY 2010-2030 (Washington, DC: March 2010), table 30 and similar tables in earlier editions, available at http://www.faa.gov/data_research/aviation/ as of Mar. 24, 2010.

Highway:

1960-94: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics, Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A, available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohpi/hss/hsspubs.cfm as of Sep. 28, 2009.

1995-2008: Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1, available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohpi/hss/hsspubs.cfm as of Mar. 05, 2010.

Transit:

Electricity / motor fuel / compressed natural gas:

American Public Transportation Association, Public Transportation Fact Book, Appendix A: Historical Tables (Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables 29, 30, 31 and similar tables in earlier editions, available at http://apta.com/resources/statistics/Pages/transitstats.aspx as of Sep. 28, 2009.

Rail:

Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

Amtrak:

1975-2008: Amtrak, Energy Management Department, personal communication.

Water:

Residual and distillate / diesel fuel oil:

1960-80: American Petroleum Institute, Basic Petroleum Data Book (Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables 10, 10a, 12, and 12a.

1985-2008: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales (Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables 1, 2, and similar tables in earlier editions, available at http://www.eia.doe.gov/oil_gas/petroleum/data_publications/fuel_oil_and_... as of Jan. 7, 2010.

Gasoline:

1970-2008: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), Table MF-24 and similar tables in earlier editions, available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohpi/hss/hsspubs.cfm as of Feb. 17, 2010.

Pipeline:

U.S. Department of Energy, Natural Gas Annual, DOE/EIA-0131(04) (Washington, DC: Annual issues), Table 15 and similar tables in earlier editions, available at http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/dnav/ng/ng_pub_publist.asp as of Jan. 6, 2010.