Table A: Social and Economic Characteristics of the United States

Table A: Social and Economic Characteristics of the United States

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  (R) 1980 (R) 1985 (R) 1990 (R) 1995 (R) 1996 (R) 1997 (R) 1998 (R) 1999 (R) 2000 (R) 2001 (R) 2002 (R) 2003 (R) 2004 (R) 2005 (R) 2006 2007 2008 2009
TOTAL U.S. resident populationa (thousands) 227,225 237,924 249,464 262,803 265,229 267,784 270,248 272,691 282,172 285,082 287,804 290,326 293,046 295,753 298,593 301,580 304,375 307,007
Population by Age (thousands)                                    
Under 18 63,683 62,624 64,177 68,555 69,109 69,603 69,903 70,199 72,385 72,736 73,049 73,258 73,493 73,749 74,010 74,340 74,430 74,548
18-24 years 30,103 28,902 26,835 25,112 24,843 24,980 25,476 26,011 27,317 28,001 28,489 28,912 29,286 29,405 29,541 29,734 30,090 30,412
25-34 37,429 41,697 43,148 40,730 40,246 39,559 38,743 37,936 39,826 39,584 39,546 39,523 39,632 39,713 39,944 40,371 40,958 41,566
35-44 25,805 31,691 37,777 42,555 43,365 44,014 44,498 44,813 45,169 45,065 44,664 44,187 43,839 43,544 43,279 42,851 42,241 41,530
45-54 22,743 22,459 25,194 31,100 32,358 33,625 34,575 35,802 37,989 39,343 39,917 40,717 41,501 42,342 43,104 43,749 44,234 44,592
55-64 21,754 22,135 21,093 21,132 21,353 21,816 22,666 23,389 24,413 25,031 26,568 27,806 29,033 30,296 31,510 32,668 33,623 34,787
65 and over 25,707 28,416 31,241 33,619 33,957 34,185 34,385 34,540 35,074 35,320 35,571 35,923 36,263 36,704 37,206 37,867 38,800 39,571
Population by Sexa (thousands)                                    
Male 110,399 115,730 121,626 128,294 129,504 130,783 132,030 133,277 138,459 139,999 141,414 142,677 144,138 145,561 147,061 148,612 150,074 151,449
Female 116,826 122,194 127,838 134,510 135,724 137,001 138,218 139,414 143,713 145,083 146,390 147,649 148,908 150,192 151,533 152,968 154,301 155,557
Population in Metropolitan areasb,c (thousands) 177,000 U 198,000 210,000 212,000 214,000 216,417 218,607 233,791 236,676 239,295 241,702 244,265 246,815 249,394 252,181 254,813 257,355
Large (over 1 million) 119,000 U 139,000 147,000 149,000 151,000 153,143 155,905 149,757 151,843 154,596 156,164 157,802 159,424 159,921 163,742 166,565 168,350
Medium (250,000-999,999) 41,000 U 41,000 44,000 44,000 43,000 43,366 42,680 56,190 57,034 56,643 56,979 58,123 58,780 61,057 60,481 60,034 61,063
Small (less than 250,000) 17,000 U 18,000 19,000 19,000 20,000 19,908 20,022 27,843 27,799 28,055 28,559 28,341 28,611 28,416 27,958 28,214 27,942
Population in Micropolitan areasb (thousands) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 29,189 29,261 29,374 29,488 29,634 29,784 30,010 30,186 30,339 30,450
Population in Rural / Urband areas (thousands)                                    
Rural 59,495 U 61,656 U U U U U 59,061 U U U U U U U U U
Urban 167,051 U 187,053 U U U U U 222,361 U U U U U U U U U
Population in Regionsa (thousands)                                    
Northeast 49,183.0 49,869.0 50,875.6 51,443.9 51,520.3 51,591.3 51,685.7 51,830.0 53,667.5 53,930.0 54,167.7 54,364.5 54,514.3 54,598.2 54,710.0 54,879.4 55,060.2 55,283.7
South 75,721.0 81,409.0 85,731.7 91,777.7 92,947.2 94,176.8 95,348.8 96,468.5 100,559.9 101,868.6 103,185.0 104,431.6 105,874.0 107,411.0 108,930.8 110,573.4 112,021.0 113,317.9
Midwest 58,901.2 58,820.0 59,765.4 61,991.9 62,371.5 62,675.5 62,950.5 63,242.3 64,494.0 64,815.4 65,074.7 65,319.0 65,587.7 65,806.4 66,082.1 66,359.2 66,595.6 66,836.9
West 43,419.4 47,827.0 53,091.6 57,589.7 58,389.6 59,340.0 60,263.0 61,150.1 63,450.6 64,467.5 65,376.4 66,211.3 67,069.7 67,937.5 68,870.3 69,767.9 70,698.0 71,568.1
Number of Immigrants admittede 524,295 568,149 1,535,872 720,177 915,560 797,847 653,206 644,787 841,002 1,058,902 1,059,356 703,542 957,883 1,122,257 1,266,129 1,052,415 1,107,126 1,130,818
Total areaf (square miles) 3,618,770 U 3,717,796 U U U U U 3,794,083 U U U U U U U U U
Gross domestic product (chained $ 2005 billions)g 5,839.0 6,849.3 8,033.9 9,093.7 9,433.9 9,854.3 10,283.5 10,779.9 11,226.0 11,347.1 11,553.0 11,840.6 12,263.8 12,638.4 12,976.2 13,254.1 13,312.1 12,987.4
Government, total U U U U U U 1,461.8 1,479.4 1,507.1 1,519.8 1,549.3 1,564.8 1,576.3 1,585.9 1,593.2 1,614.1 1,647.1 1,677.6
Private industry, total U U U U U U 8,885.9 9,354.9 9,785.6 9,911.3 10,079.1 10,315.7 10,713.8 11,052.5 11,385.5 11,633.4 11,619.6 11,313.9
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting U U U U U U 88.8 92.8 103.7 100.2 104.3 115.2 122.7 127.1 128.1 120.8 132.3 138.4
Mining U U U U U U 285.9 264.8 232.5 262.7 265.9 231.3 229.3 192.0 207.6 198.3 199.0 206.3
Utilities U U U U U U 195.6 215.5 222.9 193.2 200.4 207.6 215.8 205.7 207.1 214.3 221.2 228.1
Construction U U U U U U 601.6 634.4 655.0 640.2 617.9 619.4 619.9 611.7 593.8 570.9 551.8 497.2
Manufacturing U U U U U U 1245.8 1312.7 1396.5 1332.1 1365.3 1404.8 1517.9 1568.0 1636.6 1709.8 1647.4 1550.6
Wholesale trade U U U U U U 537.9 566.3 606.0 636.4 642.4 681.2 717.8 725.3 747.5 766.5 761.9 754.2
Retail trade U U U U U U 703.0 723.3 751.4 774.9 800.4 818.5 818.8 838.8 854.2 867.7 822.6 785.7
Transportation and warehousing U U U U U U 288.2 298.3 318.2 306.8 302.6 317.9 346.8 369.7 386.1 397.7 388.0 377.1
Information U U U U U U 363.3 412.6 396.9 426.4 473.7 485.8 549.5 592.6 598.3 633.9 642.6 653.0
Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing U U U U U U 1991.5 2122.1 2261.9 2399.4 2394.4 2429.9 2465.5 2606.5 2716.2 2775.5 2821.1 2752.0
Professional and business services U U U U U U 1158.4 1209.7 1269.8 1300.8 1310.5 1346.9 1393.1 1461.8 1511.0 1551.3 1574.6 1526.9
Educational services, health care, and social assistance U U U U U U 784.5 805.4 824.2 845.0 880.4 909.4 937.3 953.4 985.2 1005.3 1037.5 1051.7
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accomodation, and food services U U U U U U 400.8 425.5 442.8 436.0 444.0 454.1 472.5 481.6 496.1 503.1 496.5 481.3
Other services, except government U U U U U U 338.4 341.3 346.6 310.4 320.1 314.9 317.3 318.5 318.8 325.9 325.0 310.3
Total civilian labor force (thousands) 106,940 115,461 125,840 132,304 133,943 136,297 137,673 139,368 142,583 143,734 144,863 146,510 147,401 149,320 151,428 153,124 154,287 154,142
Participation rate of men (percent) 77.4 76.3 76.4 75.0 74.9 75.0 74.9 74.7 74.8 74.4 74.1 73.5 73.3 73.3 73.5 73.2 73.0 72.0
Participation rate of women (percent) 51.5 54.5 57.5 58.9 59.3 59.8 59.8 60.0 59.9 59.8 59.6 59.5 59.2 59.3 59.4 59.3 59.5 59.2
Number of households (thousands) 80,776 86,789 93,347 98,990 99,627 101,018 102,528 103,874 104,705 108,209 109,297 111,278 112,000 113,343 114,384 116,011 116,783 117,181
Average size of households 2.76 2.69 2.63 2.65 2.65 2.64 2.62 2.61 2.62 2.58 2.58 2.57 2.57 2.57 2.57 2.56 2.56 2.57
Median household incomeh (constant $ 2005) 39,949 40,865 43,357 43,343 43,974 44,879 46,510 47,681 47,602 46,564 46,021 45,980 45,820 46,326 46,671 47,297 45,610 45,305
Mean household incomeh (constant $ 2005) 47,512 50,291 54,159 57,159 58,384 60,265 62,023 64,132 64,771 64,186 62,779 62,697 62,493 63,344 64,457 63,657 62,040 61,869
Average household expendituresh (constant $ 2005) U 40,643 41,095 41,039 41,874 42,228 42,503 43,345 43,130 43,576 44,141 43,326 44,850 46,409 46,862 46,736 45,776 44,659

KEY: NA = not applicable; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Estimates are as of July 1 for each year. The numbers for each sub-category in each year may not add up to the total population due to rounding.

b New metropolitan area definitions were published by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in 2003. These definitions were applied to population data by the Census Bureau beginning with the data from the 2000 Census. A new term, core based statistical areas (CBSAs), collectively refers to metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas. A metropolitan statistical area is defined as having at least one urbanized area of 50,000 or more inhabitants. A micropolitan statistical area is defined as having at least one urban cluster of more than 10,000 but less than 50,000 inhabitants.

c Numbers prior to 1999 are estimated to the nearest million.

d As of April 1 of year indicated. The Census Bureau only tabulates urban / rural numbers for the decennial census years.

e Fiscal year ending September 30.

f The Census Bureau calculates square mileage comprising land and water area for the decennial census years. Data for 1980 comprises land and inland water. Data for 1990 comprises land, Great Lakes, inland water, and coastal water. Data for 2000 comprises land, Great Lakes, inland water, territorial water, and coastal water.

g Sums of chained-dollar estimates for individual industries do not add to national totals because the chain-type indices used to derive them are based on weights of more than one period.

h Converted to constant 2005 dollars by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics using the CPI-U-RS price index.

SOURCES

U.S. resident population, age, sex, region, metropolitan areas, micropolitan areas:

U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, Population Estimates, available at http://www.census.gov/popest/estbygeo.html as of Aug. 27, 2010.

Rural / urban:

1980-90: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 37.

2000-06: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2008 (Washington, DC: 2008), table 29.

Immigrants:

U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, Yearbook of Immigration Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 1, available at http://www.dhs.gov/ximgtn/statistics/ as of Dec. 29, 2009.

Total area:

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 2002 (Washington, DC:2003), table 1.

Gross domestic product:

1980-97: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Economic Accounts, National Income and Product Accounts Table, table 1.1.6, available at http://www.bea.gov/national/index.htm as of Aug. 30, 2010.

1998-2009: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Industry Economic Accounts, Gross-Domestic-Product-by-Industry Accounts, Real Value Added by Industry, available at http://www.bea.gov/industry/index.htm as of Aug. 30, 2010.

Civilian labor force:

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics,Current Population Survey, Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population, available at http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat1.pdf as of Aug. 27, 2010.

Participation rates:

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Table 2, Employment Status of the Civilian Noninstitutional Population 16 years and Over by Sex, 1971 to Date, available at http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat2.pdf as of Aug. 27, 2010.

Number of households and average size of households:

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, Table HH-6, Average Populaton Per Household and Family: 1940 to Present, available at http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/hh-fam.html#ht as of Aug. 27, 2010.

Mean and Median household income:

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, Historical Income Tables, table H-6. Regions--All Races by Median and Mean Income: 1975 to 2009, available at http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/data/historical/index.html as of Oct. 30, 2010.

Average household expenditures:

U.S Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, Average Annual Expenditures, All Consumer Units, available at http://www.bls.gov/data/home.htm as of Oct. 29, 2010.