Table 1-61: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Transported in the United States by Mode

Table 1-61: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Transported in the United States by Mode

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(billions)

  1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent Ton-miles Percent
Crude oil, total 331.5 100.0 753.0 100.0 786.2 100.0 628.2 100.0 586.0 100.0 543.2 100.0 486.9 100.0 454.1 100.0 423.0 100.0 376.0 100.0 376.6 100.0 384.0 100.0 380.4 100.0 374.1 100.0 (R) 376.3 100.0 366.0 100.0 335.5 100.0 396.4 100.0
Pipelinesa 288.0 86.9 362.6 48.2 334.4 42.5 334.8 53.3 335.9 57.3 338.3 62.3 337.4 69.3 334.1 73.6 321.1 75.9 283.4 75.4 277.0 73.6 286.6 74.6 284.5 74.8 283.7 75.8 293.5 78.0 300.5 82.1 266.6 79.5 330.7 83.4
Water carriersb 40.6 12.2 387.4 51.4 449.2 57.1 291.2 46.4 247.7 42.3 202.4 37.3 147.3 30.3 117.9 26.0 100.0 23.6 91.0 24.2 98.1 26.0 95.7 24.9 94.1 24.7 88.7 23.7 81.1 21.6 63.8 17.4 66.9 19.9 63.2 15.9
Motor carriersc 1.4 0.4 2.5 0.3 1.8 0.2 1.5 0.2 1.7 0.3 1.7 0.3 1.7 0.3 1.6 0.4 1.4 0.3 1.2 0.3 1.1 0.3 1.2 0.3 1.3 0.3 1.2 0.3 1.4 0.4 1.4 0.4 1.6 0.5 1.7 0.4
Railroads 1.5 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.7 0.2
Refined petroleum products, total 515.2 100.0 492.3 100.0 409.3 100.0 448.6 100.0 458.9 100.0 479.0 100.0 469.6 100.0 475.7 100.0 489.9 100.0 497.3 100.0 493.2 100.0 480.6 100.0 502.9 100.0 528.4 100.0 (R) 529.7 100.0 489.4 100.0 499.9 100.0 485.7 100.0
Pipelinesa 219.0 42.5 225.6 45.8 229.9 56.2 249.3 55.6 265.2 57.8 280.9 58.6 279.1 59.4 285.7 60.1 296.6 60.5 293.9 59.1 299.1 60.6 299.6 62.3 305.7 60.8 315.9 59.8 314.0 59.3 280.9 57.4 291.1 58.2 299.2 61.6
Water carriers 257.4 50.0 230.4 46.8 141.2 34.5 157.8 35.2 153.2 33.4 154.1 32.2 148.3 31.6 147.1 30.9 147.5 30.1 153.4 30.8 145.9 29.6 131.9 27.4 146.0 29.0 158.2 29.9 159.4 30.1 149.3 30.5 149.1 29.8 130.8 26.9
Motor carriersc 26.2 5.1 24.3 5.0 26.9 6.6 28.2 6.3 24.6 5.4 28.0 5.8 26.0 5.5 26.7 5.6 27.6 5.6 30.1 6.1 29.7 6.0 29.4 6.1 31.9 6.3 33.2 6.3 33.4 6.3 33.8 6.9 33.5 6.7 33.4 6.9
Railroads 12.6 2.4 12.0 2.4 11.3 2.7 13.3 3.0 15.9 3.5 16.0 3.3 16.2 3.4 16.2 3.4 18.2 3.7 19.9 4.0 18.5 3.8 19.7 4.1 19.3 3.8 21.1 4.0 22.8 4.3 25.4 5.2 26.2 5.2 22.3 4.6
Combined crude and petroleum products, total 846.7 100.0 1,245.3 100.0 1,195.5 100.0 1,076.8 100.0 1,044.9 100.0 1,022.2 100.0 956.5 100.0 929.8 100.0 912.9 100.0 873.3 100.0 869.8 100.0 864.6 100.0 883.3 100.0 902.5 100.0 906.0 100.0 855.4 100.0 835.4 100.0 882.2 100.0
Pipelinesa 507.0 59.9 588.2 47.2 564.3 47.2 584.1 54.2 601.1 57.5 619.2 60.6 616.5 64.5 619.8 66.7 617.7 67.7 577.3 66.1 576.1 66.2 586.2 67.8 590.2 66.8 599.6 66.4 607.5 67.1 581.3 68.0 557.7 66.8 629.9 71.4
Water carriersb 298.0 35.2 617.8 49.6 590.4 49.4 449.0 41.7 400.9 38.4 356.5 34.9 295.6 30.9 265.0 28.5 247.5 27.1 244.4 28.0 244.0 28.1 227.6 26.3 240.1 27.2 246.9 27.4 240.5 26.5 213.1 24.9 216.0 25.9 194.0 22.0
Motor carriersc 27.6 3.3 26.8 2.2 28.7 2.4 29.7 2.8 26.3 2.5 29.7 2.9 27.7 2.9 28.3 3.0 29.0 3.2 31.3 3.6 30.8 3.5 30.6 3.5 33.2 3.8 34.4 3.8 34.8 3.8 35.2 4.1 35.2 4.2 35.1 4.0
Railroads 14.1 1.7 12.5 1.0 12.1 1.0 14.0 1.3 (R) 16.7 1.6 16.8 1.6 16.7 1.7 16.7 1.8 18.7 2.0 20.3 2.3 18.9 2.2 20.2 2.3 19.8 2.2 21.6 2.4 23.2 2.6 25.8 3.0 26.6 3.2 23.0 2.6

a Beginning with 2006 data, Pipeline data were taken from PHMSA F 7000-1-1. Previously, data were extracted from FERC Form No. 6, which included data for federally-regulated pipelines. For 2005, data for federally regulated Pipelines were estimated to include about 90 percent of the total national ton-miles, so the Pipeline statistics for that year were adjusted to include an additional 10 percent of ton-miles. From 1990 through 2004, the federally regulated estimate was 84 percent with a 16 percent addition for other Pipeline ton-miles.

b The large increase in Water carrier Ton-miles between 1975 and 1980 reflects the entrance of the Alaska pipeline, moving crude petroleum for water transportation to U.S. refineries.

c The amount carried by Motor carriers is estimated.

NOTE

Details may not add to totals due to rounding in the source publication.

SOURCES

1975: Association of Oil Pipe Lines, Shifts in Petroleum Transportation (Washington, DC), table 6.

1980-85: Ibid., (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), tables 1, 2, and 3.

1990-2009: Ibid., (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), tables 1, 2, and 3, available at http://www.aopl.org/publications/?fa=reports as of Mar. 23, 2011.