Table 1-69: Annual Person-Hours of Highway Traffic Delay Per Auto Commuter

Table 1-69: Annual Person-Hours of Highway Traffic Delay Per Auto Commuter

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Urban area Population group 1982 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Percent changea
Short-term 2005-2010 Long-term 1982-2010
Percent Rank Percent Rank
Akron, OH Medium 3 4 9 10 12 14 18 15 19 22 23 23 22 21 20 18 19 19 20 16 16 16 15 -21 84 400 30
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Medium 3 4 7 8 8 8 9 10 10 11 12 13 14 15 15 17 19 19 22 24 17 18 17 -11 50 467 22
Albuquerque, NM Medium 9 12 18 18 21 23 24 27 30 32 33 34 30 29 27 28 31 33 34 35 29 26 25 -19 80 178 68
Allentown-Bethlehem, PA-NJ Medium 7 8 11 12 14 17 19 20 23 25 26 23 24 24 24 23 24 24 23 24 22 22 22 -8 44 214 64
Anchorage, AK Small 16 19 18 17 19 18 18 18 18 18 20 20 20 22 23 22 22 21 22 22 16 14 14 -36 98 -13 99
Atlanta, GA Very large 13 17 23 26 30 34 38 40 43 46 49 49 52 53 55 56 56 58 57 51 45 44 43 -23 89 231 62
Austin, TX Large 9 15 17 19 17 19 19 27 30 33 31 35 36 39 40 44 47 52 50 46 41 39 38 -19 79 322 47
Bakersfield, CA Medium 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 5 6 7 6 6 9 11 10 67 1 900 4
Baltimore, MD Large 11 18 35 35 33 34 34 36 37 38 37 37 41 44 53 56 56 57 57 56 48 50 52 -7 39 373 38
Baton Rouge, LA Medium 9 13 17 18 17 21 23 26 26 26 26 31 31 32 32 36 37 37 35 34 37 37 36 -3 31 300 49
Beaumont, TX Small 5 6 6 7 8 9 9 10 11 11 14 16 18 19 23 24 25 26 25 25 23 21 22 -12 55 340 43
Birmingham, AL Medium 7 9 11 12 13 15 19 20 21 23 28 29 30 30 30 31 32 31 31 30 26 28 27 -16 66 286 52
Boise, ID Small 2 4 8 9 10 10 9 10 13 16 18 19 20 23 23 23 23 24 25 24 18 21 19 -17 70 850 5
Boston, MA-NH-RI Very large 13 18 29 29 34 34 35 35 36 39 40 41 44 45 49 51 56 57 56 52 50 48 47 -16 67 262 56
Boulder, CO Small 9 11 14 15 18 21 21 24 24 27 26 27 28 29 27 27 28 28 31 26 22 15 15 -46 101 67 95
Bridgeport-Stamford, CT-NY Medium 11 16 22 22 26 25 28 30 29 34 38 41 44 45 47 47 45 47 50 50 39 35 36 -20 81 227 63
Brownsville, TX Small 1 2 3 3 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 8 8 8 9 9 10 10 10 13 14 15 67 1 1,400 1
Buffalo, NY Large 4 5 8 8 8 9 9 10 10 11 12 14 16 16 17 21 20 21 23 21 16 17 17 -15 65 325 46
Cape Coral, FL Small 8 9 12 14 16 21 24 27 29 27 25 24 23 26 26 27 27 28 32 31 23 23 23 -15 64 188 66
Charleston-North Charleston, SC Medium 10 14 19 20 22 22 23 23 22 23 25 25 25 25 26 28 29 28 31 30 24 27 25 -14 62 150 74
Charlotte, NC-SC Large 5 8 11 11 12 11 11 10 12 14 15 17 19 20 22 23 25 25 26 27 26 26 25 0 16 400 30
Chicago, IL-IN Very large 18 27 39 39 41 41 41 46 52 52 55 55 55 57 66 68 72 77 74 (R) 75 (R) 67 (R) 74 71 -1 29 294 51
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN Large 4 6 14 15 17 19 24 23 24 28 28 27 29 28 28 30 29 28 28 (R) 28 21 19 21 -28 95 425 27
Cleveland, OH Large 3 3 8 9 10 12 14 17 19 21 19 20 20 18 17 16 19 17 17 (R) 17 20 (R) 20 20 5 14 567 14
Colorado Springs, CO Medium 6 7 10 10 13 15 18 21 21 27 33 39 45 47 47 45 42 53 50 44 31 31 31 -26 92 417 29
Columbia, SC Small 4 7 10 10 12 11 12 12 13 14 14 15 17 18 18 20 20 20 24 28 24 25 25 25 6 525 18
Columbus, OH Large 2 3 8 8 9 11 12 13 15 16 16 16 15 16 16 17 19 19 18 17 19 17 18 -5 35 800 8
Corpus Christi, TX Small 5 6 6 (R) 6 7 7 7 7 7 (R) 7 8 (R) 8 9 (R) 9 10 10 (R) 10 11 (R) 11 (R) 9 (R) 11 10 10 0 16 100 88
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Very large 7 12 19 21 23 26 27 30 30 30 33 39 40 41 43 45 49 51 53 (R) 49 (R) 47 (R) 46 45 -8 43 543 16
Dayton, OH Medium 7 9 14 14 15 16 15 18 17 19 18 20 19 16 16 15 17 15 15 13 15 15 14 -18 72 100 88
Denver-Aurora, CO Large 12 14 16 19 21 26 28 32 36 38 41 45 47 47 46 47 50 53 52 49 48 (R) 46 49 -2 30 308 48
Detroit, MI Very large 14 16 28 29 32 34 32 32 33 34 34 36 36 39 41 42 42 41 42 (R) 41 (R) 36 (R) 32 33 -21 85 136 81
El Paso, TX-NM Medium 3 4 7 8 11 11 14 12 11 12 14 17 20 22 22 23 27 28 28 26 25 21 21 -22 88 600 11
Eugene, OR Small 5 5 7 7 7 7 6 7 7 9 10 12 15 12 13 14 13 14 13 12 10 9 8 -38 100 60 97
Fresno, CA Medium 7 7 11 10 11 11 11 11 12 13 16 17 18 16 16 16 15 16 16 16 12 14 13 -13 59 86 92
Grand Rapids, MI Medium 4 6 9 9 12 16 15 14 15 15 18 19 18 18 17 18 19 19 19 18 17 19 19 0 16 375 36
Greensboro, NC Small 3 3 5 6 9 11 11 12 18 19 21 23 24 27 28 27 20 19 17 16 14 15 16 -20 81 433 26
Hartford, CT Medium 5 6 10 10 16 13 15 16 17 20 23 25 26 25 25 25 27 27 31 30 24 24 26 -4 33 420 28
Honolulu, HI Medium 14 17 26 26 29 29 28 30 29 26 27 27 25 26 25 28 29 32 32 34 31 31 33 14 10 136 81
Houston, TX Very large 24 34 31 29 27 28 31 31 34 39 40 42 45 48 49 48 52 55 55 (R) 52 (R) 61 (R) 56 57 10 12 138 80
Indianapolis, IN Large 10 12 16 18 21 27 31 32 33 35 31 30 31 31 32 32 32 30 29 28 25 25 24 -25 91 140 78
Indio-Cathedral City-Palm Springs, CA Medium 22 21 23 23 22 21 20 19 18 19 18 16 15 14 13 16 17 20 21 19 14 14 14 -18 72 -36 101
Jackson, MS Small 3 4 4 6 6 6 8 9 9 11 11 12 12 15 16 16 19 20 23 23 19 19 19 0 16 533 17
Jacksonville, FL Large 10 14 20 20 24 25 26 28 29 28 27 26 26 25 29 31 32 31 31 32 28 26 25 -22 86 150 74
Kansas City, MO-KS Large 4 8 16 15 17 25 26 25 29 31 31 36 33 32 31 32 28 30 31 27 22 21 23 -18 74 475 21
Knoxville, TN Medium 6 7 17 17 19 20 22 24 29 29 28 28 26 25 25 25 24 23 21 22 22 21 21 -13 56 250 57
Lancaster-Palmdale, CA Medium 19 19 16 20 19 16 15 12 12 11 11 11 12 13 15 16 16 17 18 17 16 18 16 0 16 -16 100
Laredo, TX Small (R) 1 (R) 2 (R) 2 (R) 3 (R) 3 (R) 3 (R) 3 (R) 5 (R) 6 (R) 7 (R) 7 (R) 7 (R) 7 (R) 8 (R) 8 (R) 9 (R) 8 (R) 8 (R) 10 (R) 12 (R) 13 (R) 12 12 50 3 1,100 2
Las Vegas, NV Large 5 7 15 17 17 19 21 23 23 23 23 24 24 24 26 28 30 32 32 33 27 32 28 -7 38 460 23
Little Rock, AR Small 5 5 7 8 8 10 11 12 13 13 16 19 17 20 16 19 24 23 24 28 22 24 24 0 16 380 34
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA Very large 39 46 80 76 75 70 68 70 72 73 73 76 76 79 80 79 82 82 84 79 60 63 64 -22 87 64 96
Louisville, KY-IN Large 9 9 10 13 16 18 19 19 21 23 24 25 25 22 24 25 26 25 24 22 21 22 23 -12 53 156 73
Madison, WI Small 5 5 6 5 5 6 6 6 6 5 6 6 6 7 7 7 8 7 7 7 9 11 12 50 3 140 78
McAllen, TX Medium 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 3 3 3 5 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 6 7 7 0 16 600 11
Memphis, TN-MS-AR Large 5 5 12 13 14 16 18 20 20 21 22 22 24 25 25 28 28 28 28 25 21 24 23 -18 74 360 39
Miami, FL Very large 10 12 22 22 24 24 25 26 26 28 29 33 38 40 42 44 44 45 44 (R) 42 35 39 38 -14 60 280 53
Milwaukee, WI Large 9 13 22 23 26 29 27 30 28 28 30 32 32 30 30 31 31 31 28 (R) 28 27 25 27 -13 58 200 65
Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN Large 6 10 20 20 23 28 32 34 35 43 45 47 48 53 49 49 50 54 50 48 50 43 45 -10 48 650 9
Nashville-Davidson, TN Large 17 17 26 25 23 24 31 33 33 36 32 34 36 37 40 43 43 43 41 39 33 35 35 -19 77 106 86
New Haven, CT Medium 7 11 14 15 18 20 20 22 20 25 30 34 34 37 37 36 32 34 34 33 28 29 28 -13 56 300 49
New Orleans, LA Large 17 22 22 23 22 22 24 24 22 24 25 26 25 24 24 25 25 26 31 29 28 31 35 40 5 106 86
New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT Very large 10 12 23 21 21 22 25 27 29 32 33 36 35 35 37 42 47 51 50 (R) 61 (R) 52 (R) 53 54 15 9 440 25
Oklahoma City, OK Medium 5 7 9 11 11 13 12 17 19 22 22 25 23 27 28 25 25 23 27 30 26 25 24 -4 34 380 34
Omaha, NE-IA Medium 3 4 8 8 10 10 11 11 12 12 14 14 16 17 18 18 18 18 20 19 21 20 21 17 8 600 11
Orlando, FL Large 11 17 31 35 35 34 35 37 39 42 45 46 47 49 47 46 44 44 44 43 37 41 38 -14 60 245 59
Oxnard-Ventura, CA Medium 2 4 7 7 8 9 11 12 14 12 13 15 16 18 19 19 21 23 22 24 18 19 19 -10 47 850 5
Pensacola, FL-AL Small 3 3 8 7 9 10 10 12 14 16 15 15 16 16 17 19 20 21 23 23 18 19 18 -10 48 500 19
Philadelphia, PA-NJ-DE-MD Very large 12 15 20 21 23 21 23 24 24 27 30 31 32 35 38 40 41 42 42 (R) 46 (R) 41 (R) 43 42 2 15 250 57
Phoenix, AZ Very large 24 23 26 26 27 27 27 25 28 29 30 32 34 37 36 37 38 44 41 41 37 36 35 -8 41 46 98
Pittsburgh, PA Large 18 20 33 33 31 31 31 36 36 35 34 37 35 37 38 37 38 37 34 35 31 33 31 -18 76 72 94
Portland, OR-WA Large 11 11 20 21 25 27 27 30 34 34 35 37 38 38 37 39 40 42 41 (R) 41 36 36 37 -8 40 236 60
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh, NY Medium 5 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 9 10 10 10 11 10 9 11 10 0 16 100 88
Providence, RI-MA Large 2 3 7 7 8 9 9 10 12 13 16 18 19 21 24 26 26 26 24 26 20 19 19 -27 94 850 5
Provo, UT Small 5 5 7 8 8 8 9 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 13 14 14 14 13 14 14 8 13 180 67
Raleigh-Durham, NC Large 5 9 17 17 16 18 20 21 22 25 23 25 26 27 29 28 30 31 29 31 25 25 25 -17 68 400 30
Richmond, VA Medium 4 5 8 9 11 11 14 16 18 16 15 15 13 14 14 15 17 17 17 17 16 19 20 18 7 400 30
Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Large 3 5 15 17 17 18 15 17 18 18 21 22 24 24 26 29 32 37 38 36 30 30 31 -3 32 933 3
Rochester, NY Medium 3 4 8 8 8 8 9 10 10 11 10 12 12 11 11 12 13 13 14 15 13 12 13 0 16 333 45
Sacramento, CA Large 9 12 27 26 24 23 25 25 28 25 25 26 27 28 29 30 33 35 35 (R) 34 (R) 25 24 25 -24 90 178 68
Salem, OR Small 4 6 13 15 18 21 22 23 22 23 25 28 30 36 38 32 31 32 37 36 22 24 22 -29 97 450 24
Salt Lake City, UT Medium 6 8 13 16 18 22 25 26 25 24 23 24 27 28 30 31 27 25 24 25 24 28 27 0 16 350 40
San Antonio, TX Large 4 8 8 8 9 9 10 14 17 19 22 25 30 30 30 30 32 33 31 31 28 30 30 -6 37 650 9
San Diego, CA Very large 8 12 25 23 26 24 23 24 26 27 28 33 35 39 43 42 46 46 45 43 41 37 38 -17 70 375 36
San Francisco-Oakland, CA Very large 20 38 56 51 51 51 48 52 54 50 53 54 60 59 63 65 68 74 74 71 50 (R) 50 50 -26 93 150 74
San Jose, CA Large 17 30 46 43 39 36 38 43 42 40 43 49 53 55 54 56 52 54 57 55 38 35 37 -29 96 118 84
San Juan, PR Large 5 7 14 14 15 16 19 20 20 21 21 23 26 27 29 33 36 34 34 33 30 33 33 -8 44 560 15
Sarasota-Bradenton, FL Medium 9 13 12 13 12 14 14 13 15 16 16 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 22 20 13 17 16 -20 81 78 93
Seattle, WA Very Large 10 18 41 43 45 48 48 49 49 52 52 52 49 47 46 48 48 51 50 49 47 44 44 -8 44 340 43
Spokane, WA Small 6 8 12 15 17 24 24 18 19 21 21 23 22 20 20 19 18 17 18 19 18 16 16 -11 52 167 71
Springfield, MA-CT Medium 9 10 12 13 15 15 15 15 15 15 17 18 18 17 18 17 18 19 20 19 17 19 18 0 16 100 88
St. Louis, MO-IL Large 11 14 16 16 19 26 34 40 41 42 42 44 44 40 40 37 37 38 35 32 33 31 30 -19 78 173 70
Stockton, CA Small 2 3 6 5 5 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 9 10 11 11 9 9 9 0 16 350 40
Tampa-St. Petersburg, FL Large 14 15 20 23 23 24 25 26 26 25 26 27 27 30 33 34 35 34 36 36 35 34 33 -6 36 136 81
Toledo, OH-MI Medium 2 2 4 4 5 6 9 13 14 15 16 18 19 18 18 17 19 17 17 16 10 12 12 -37 99 500 19
Tucson, AZ Medium 11 12 13 12 12 12 12 12 13 16 17 17 19 20 21 24 25 28 27 25 21 23 23 -8 42 109 85
Tulsa, OK Medium 4 7 9 9 9 9 9 10 12 13 14 14 15 16 17 17 16 16 18 17 16 18 18 13 11 350 40
Virginia Beach, VA Large 14 19 24 22 22 23 28 32 36 38 41 43 37 42 43 42 41 41 42 40 35 32 34 -17 69 143 77
Washington, DC-VA-MD Very large 20 36 53 57 66 67 69 70 73 71 66 70 73 76 78 82 83 83 82 (R) 89 (R) 73 (R) 72 74 -11 51 270 55
Wichita, KS Medium 6 9 11 11 12 15 16 16 15 19 19 19 19 18 18 19 20 19 22 22 20 20 20 0 16 233 61
Winston-Salem, NC Small 4 6 5 6 8 7 6 8 8 9 12 13 13 15 17 18 17 20 19 18 15 16 15 -12 54 275 54
Worcester, MA Small 7 8 10 11 12 14 16 18 19 19 21 21 22 22 22 20 21 22 21 22 21 20 18 -14 63 157 72
439 Urban area average 439 Areas 14 19 29 29 29 30 31 32 33 34 34 35 35 36 37 37 39 39 39 38 34 34 34 -13 NA 143 NA
101 Urban area average 101 Areas 14 19 30 30 31 31 32 34 35 36 37 39 40 41 43 44 45 46 46 (R) 46 (R) 40 (R) 40 40 (R) -12 NA (R) 180 NA
Very large area average Very large 19 26 41 40 41 41 41 43 45 46 47 49 50 52 54 55 58 60 60 (R) 59 (R) 51 (R) 52 52 (R) -11 NA (R) 167 NA
Large area average Large 9 13 20 21 21 23 25 27 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 36 37 36 35 (R) 31 31 31 (R) -13 NA (R) 237 NA
Medium area average Medium 7 8 12 12 14 15 16 17 17 19 20 21 22 22 23 23 23 24 25 24 21 (R) 21 21 (R) -9 NA (R) 222 NA
Small area average Small 5 6 9 9 11 12 12 13 (R) 15 15 16 17 17 18 19 19 19 20 20 21 18 18 18 (R) -8 NA (R) 243 NA

KEY: NA = not applicable; R = revised.

Very large urban areas 3 million and over population.

Large urban areas 1 million to less than 3 million population.

Medium urban areas 500,000 to less than 1 million population.

Small urban areas less than 500,000 population.

a Percent changes were calculated using the numbers in this table and were not obtained from the source. Rank is based on the calculated percent change with the highest number corresponding to a rank of 1.

NOTES

The urban areas included are those containing over 500,000 people and several smaller places mostly chosen by previous sponsors of the Texas Transportation Institute study on mobility.

Methodology and data sources have been changed in 2010 and were applied retroactively to past years; these figures are not comparable to those in past editions of NTS. Population group is based on 2010 population.

SOURCE

Texas Transportation Institute, Congestion Data for Your City, Excel spreadsheet of the base statistics for the 101 urban areas and population group summary statistics (College Station, TX: 2011), available at http://mobility.tamu.edu as of Oct. 17, 2011.