|Ban on hand-held devices||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Ban on texting||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Ban on hand-held devices||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||10|
|Ban on texting||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||31|
NOTES: While nine states have universal bans on hand-held devices and texting, many other states have partial bans on either or both that restrict use for novice drivers or bus drivers. In Iowa and Virginia, secondary enforcement is applied to texting while driving. In Maryland, secondary enforcement is applied to using hand-held devices while driving. Delaware's bans, while passed in 2010, are in effect as of Jan. 2, 2011.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, State Laws on Distracted Driving, available at http://www.distraction.gov/state-laws/ as of Mar. 18, 2011.