Table 2-42: Railroad Passenger Safety Data

Table 2-42: Railroad Passenger Safety Data

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  1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (P) 2010
Passenger fatalitiesa 3 8 3 58 5 0 12 6 4 14 4 3 7 3 3 16 2 5 24 3 3
Injured persons 473 382 411 559 497 573 513 601 535 481 658 746 877 727 703 957 935 (R) 1,517 (R) 1,322 (R) 1,169 1,278
Train-miles, passenger trains (millions) 72 74 74 75 75 76 77 78 78 82 84 88 90 89 89 90 92 95 98 103 104
Fatalities per 100 million passenger train-miles 4.2 10.8 4.1 77.3 6.7 0.0 15.6 7.7 5.1 17.0 4.7 3.4 7.8 3.4 3.4 17.8 2.2 5.2 24.5 2.9 2.9
Injuries per 100 million passenger train-miles 656.9 516.2 555.4 745.3 662.7 753.9 666.2 770.2 682.5 583.6 780.7 850.1 979.1 813.3 787.0 1,064.5 1,016.8 (R) 1,591.0 (R) 1,348.3 (R) 1,135.6 1,226.5

KEY: R = revised.

a Three major train accidents accounted for the increase in the number of deaths in 1993, 2005 and 2008. Two major train accidents accounted for the increase in the number of injuries in 2007. In 1993 a barge struck a rail bridge in Alabama causing an Amtrak train to derail into the waterway below leading to 42 passenger deaths. In 2005, a Southern California Regional Rail Authority train struck a jeep at a non-grade crossing location, derailed and struck a UPRR locomotive, which caused the train to strike another Southern California Regional Rail Authority train. The total passenger fatalities from both trains were 10. In 2008, a Southern California Regional Rail Authority train ran a red signal and collided head-on with a Union Pacific RR Co. freight, which lead to 24 passenger deaths.

NOTES

A Train-mile is the movement of a train (which can consist of many cars) the distance of 1 mile. A Train-mile differs from a vehicle-mile, which is the movement of 1 car (vehicle) the distance of 1 mile. A 10-car (vehicle) train traveling 1 mile would be measured as 1 Train-mile and 10 vehicle-miles. Caution should be used when comparing Train-miles to vehicle miles.

Passenger fatalities and Injured persons include passengers on trains only.

SOURCES

Fatalities and injuries:

1990-96: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety, Railroad Safety Statistics Annual Report (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 1-2, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/Publications.aspx as of Sept. 8, 2010.

1997-98: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety, Railroad Safety Statistics 2008 Annual Report (Washington, DC), table 1-2, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/Publications.aspx as of June 10, 2011.

1999-2010: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety, Railroad Safety Statistics 2009 Preliminary Annual Report (Washington, DC: Reporting month of February 2011), table 1-2, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/Prelim.aspx as of June 10, 2011.

Train-miles, passenger trains:

1990-96: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics calculations (sum of all commuter rail train-miles reported to USDOT, Federal Transit Administration, plus Amtrak train-miles).

1997: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety, Railroad Safety Statistics 2007 Annual Report (Washington, DC), table 2-4, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/Publications.aspx as of Sept. 8, 2010.

1998-2008: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety, Railroad Safety Statistics Annual Report (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 2-4, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/Publications.aspx as of June 10, 2011.

2009: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety, Railroad Safety Statistics 2009 Preliminary Annual Report (Washington, DC: Reporting month of December 2010), table 2-4, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/Prelim.aspx as of June 10, 2011.

2010: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety, Railroad Safety Statistics 2009 Preliminary Annual Report (Washington, DC: Reporting month of February 2011), table 2-4, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/Prelim.aspx as of June 10, 2011.