Table 4-47: Estimated National Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds

Table 4-47: Estimated National Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds

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(Million short tons)

  1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 (R) 2006 (R) 2007 (R) 2008 (R) 2009 (R) 2010 2011
Total all sources 34.66 30.77 31.11 27.40 24.11 23.58 23.07 22.73 22.57 22.04 20.87 19.53 18.78 18.27 17.51 17.11 21.17 20.48 19.79 18.42 17.64 16.85 16.07 14.76 13.44 12.13
Highway vehicles 16.91 15.39 13.87 12.35 9.39 8.86 8.33 7.80 7.28 6.75 6.22 5.99 5.86 5.68 5.33 4.95 4.92 4.65 4.38 4.11 3.93 3.74 3.56 3.35 3.15 2.94
Off-Highway 1.62 1.92 2.19 2.44 2.66 2.71 2.75 2.80 2.85 2.89 2.93 2.75 2.67 2.68 2.64 2.62 3.06 2.99 2.93 2.87 2.78 2.69 2.60 1.95 1.31 0.67
Fuel combustion 0.72 0.66 1.05 1.57 1.01 1.08 1.12 0.99 0.99 1.07 1.12 1.12 1.12 1.14 1.18 1.19 1.72 1.41 1.09 0.77 0.69 0.62 0.55 0.46 0.38 0.29
Industrial processesa 12.33 11.10 12.10 9.50 9.01 9.18 9.37 9.53 9.69 9.71 8.14 8.34 7.88 7.48 7.21 7.40 7.10 7.06 7.03 6.99 6.86 6.73 6.60 5.85 5.11 4.37
Waste disposal and recycling 1.98 0.98 0.76 0.98 0.99 1.00 1.01 1.05 1.05 1.07 0.51 0.52 0.54 0.49 0.42 0.42 0.40 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.33 0.27 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Miscellaneous 1.10 0.72 1.13 0.57 1.06 0.76 0.49 0.56 0.72 0.55 1.94 0.82 0.72 0.79 0.73 0.53 3.97 3.97 3.97 3.29 3.05 2.81 2.57 2.94 3.32 3.69

KEY: R = revised.

a Industrial processes consists of chemical and allied product manufacturing, metals processing, petroleum and related industries, and other industrial processes; and solvent utilization, storage, and transport.

NOTE

Details may not add up to totals due to rounding in the source.

SOURCE

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Clearinghouse for Inventories and Emissions Factors (CHIEF), Current Emission Trends Summaries, available at http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/trends/index.html as of Nov. 15, 2011.