Table 1-37: U.S. Air Carrier Aircraft Departures, Enplaned Revenue Passengers, and Enplaned Revenue Tons

Excel | CSV

  1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
AIRCRAFT DEPARTURES
Total performeda 4,555,516 5,156,848 5,505,659 6,641,681 6,545,000 6,606,609 7,193,841 7,513,232 8,030,530 8,204,674 8,095,888 8,248,269 8,605,486 8,929,559 8,548,932 8,052,756 8,585,736 9,444,234 9,859,941 9,512,017 10,842,368 10,307,025 9,646,132 9,596,396 9,577,700 9,345,013
Total scheduled 4,530,535 5,204,564 5,591,596 6,758,571 7,024,412 6,703,670 7,058,097 7,359,093 7,920,467 8,064,653 7,907,554 8,094,020 8,432,940 8688776 8340180 7981190 8479414 9193220 9,722,715 9,429,017 10,533,325 9,975,967 9,324,192 9,241,790 9,160,580 8,836,158
Large hubs
Performed 2,437,958 2,887,239 3,439,446 4,167,868 4,114,950 4,078,211 4,480,575 4,756,589 5,162,534 5,257,541 5,266,560 5,416,158 5,645,179 5,851,801 5,177,758 4,918,940 5,336,246 5,591,234 5,842,793 5,660,186 6,095,332 5,742,452 5,478,849 5,493,422 5,833,721 5,858,101
Scheduled 2,409,874 2,905,923 3,487,660 4,237,466 4,312,032 4,144,325 4,443,937 4,713,178 5,147,875 5,243,646 5,219,161 5,405,728 5,570,419 5,720,435 5,092,030 4,867,648 5,326,856 5,486,529 5,806,009 5,654,357 6,238,895 5,866,511 5,588,496 5,592,055 5,901,900 5,843,654
Medium hubs
Performed 902,652 1,048,726 1,185,008 1,394,833 1,256,306 1,301,977 1,310,322 1,471,377 1,439,639 1,425,280 1,430,537 1,429,730 1,499,243 1,574,986 1,893,805 1,791,778 1,703,127 2,046,105 2,184,522 2,076,849 2,236,012 2,208,796 1,886,160 1,824,436 1,577,931 1,355,055
Scheduled 899,543 1,058,438 1,201,540 1,417,762 1,352,515 1,312,257 1,268,316 1,398,144 1,387,833 1,356,162 1,352,944 1,345,197 1,404,482 1,507,991 1,812,161 1,784,913 1,671,068 2,007,421 2,153,826 2,062,423 2,213,263 2,181,478 1,866,885 1,803,246 1,553,606 1,323,519
Small hubs
Performed 640,589 598,559 514,176 669,450 689,518 771,529 841,685 710,569 738,231 754,914 695,841 714,920 746,625 779,518 864,722 788,758 884,306 1,088,691 1,091,838 1,095,346 1,130,616 1,057,948 1,074,315 1,057,046 961,892 955,833
Scheduled 644,133 608,738 524,048 679,103 858,429 783,305 794,279 685,421 711,947 722,170 660,685 674,812 770,092 759,208 856,112 809,246 855,679 1,025,145 1,064,124 1,078,363 1,134,183 1,055,628 1,073,434 1,051,455 950,117 929,548
Nonhubs
Performed 574,317 622,324 367,029 409,530 484,226 454,892 561,259 574,697 690,126 766,939 702,950 687,461 714,439 723,254 612,647 553,280 662,057 718,204 740,788 679,636 1,380,408 1,297,829 1,206,808 1,221,492 1,204,156 1,176,024
Scheduled 576,985 631,465 378,348 424,240 501,436 463,783 551,565 562,350 672,812 742,675 674,764 668,283 687,947 701,142 579,877 519,383 625,811 674,125 698,756 633,874 946,984 872,350 795,377 795,034 754,957 739,437
ENPLANED REVENUE PASSENGERSb 196,782,144 281,408,852 363,341,497 438,544,001 428,319,248 447,625,988 468,313,029 508,458,194 526,055,483 558,183,741 568,615,687 588,335,318 610,628,716 639,753,899 595,364,778 575,058,533 593,132,200 652,413,250 690,135,672 690,765,508 718,735,471 690,249,540 656,995,166 670,370,501 681,353,394 685,102,804
Large hubs 133,975,900 197,679,376 264,507,144 317,595,099 313,375,097 319,582,090 340,048,661 372,731,005 392,601,890 417,339,694 426,246,423 442,402,443 458,665,099 479,570,342 413,634,333 401,696,877 424,621,015 447,500,697 473,367,070 475,207,801 501,735,503 478,700,010 461,019,822 472,909,327 507,724,436 521,568,634
Medium hubs 36,539,613 51,664,627 65,770,376 80,466,373 72,985,169 80,800,955 79,032,913 88,601,244 85,929,285 89,018,764 90,779,705 91,755,793 96,394,866 102,082,360 124,587,728 119,733,580 109,492,740 135,364,314 143,749,228 142,139,330 139,828,095 137,535,272 122,635,250 122,418,712 103,957,938 90,434,793
Small hubs 19,406,607 23,393,324 24,240,726 30,771,383 31,224,974 36,879,632 37,334,956 34,443,996 33,561,098 37,122,974 36,298,979 37,675,305 38,644,557 40,121,294 42,833,911 40,053,861 43,545,830 51,812,381 53,291,924 55,008,304 55,627,434 52,757,861 53,440,694 53,645,449 48,240,814 51,262,539
Nonhubs 6,860,024 8,671,525 8,823,251 9,711,146 10,734,008 10,363,311 11,896,499 12,681,949 13,963,210 14,702,309 15,290,580 16,501,777 16,924,194 17,979,903 14,308,806 13,574,215 15,472,615 17,735,858 19,727,450 18,410,073 21,544,439 21,256,397 19,899,400 21,397,013 21,430,206 21,836,838
ENPLANED REVENUE TONSc 3,661,061 5,088,313 4,024,470 6,298,824 6,417,504 6,736,309 8,203,090 8,718,082 9,365,017 10,333,298 13,520,228 14,083,769 14,911,847 15,105,527 17,514,685 13,525,489 13,911,441 14,616,794 14,445,548 14,262,852 14,092,403 #REF! 11,666,257 12,424,669 12,284,939 12,144,337
Freight, total 2,764,763 3,562,187 2,601,027 4,732,726 4,854,513 5,053,678 6,383,887 6,802,375 7,204,479 8,047,795 11,163,448 11,784,514 12,067,717 12,770,655 15,805,842 12,674,172 13,069,642 13,870,934 13,795,084 13,673,646 13,543,701 #REF! 11,107,943 11,884,818 11,737,028 11,611,294
Large hubs 2,265,665 3,008,311 2,047,988 3,001,217 2,960,604 3,067,778 3,678,851 4,025,517 4,402,327 4,653,189 5,691,363 6,208,629 5,993,061 6,728,534 6,338,289 4,999,651 5,524,253 5,424,975 5,184,194 5,019,609 5,241,739 4,562,613 3,934,060 4,221,953 4,799,130 4,786,558
Medium hubs 358,044 414,325 469,057 1,446,744 1,507,017 1,633,136 1,857,865 2,022,282 1,950,318 2,169,411 3,855,449 3,897,242 4,382,712 4,445,684 6,871,585 5,750,187 5,264,084 5,042,642 6,239,905 5,239,725 6,386,330 5,815,015 4,769,067 5,172,827 4,543,647 4,490,804
Small hubs 99,133 73,795 48,127 191,358 222,247 267,619 516,199 432,680 541,062 755,232 963,093 1,019,615 1,053,050 936,896 1,405,627 1,056,987 1,015,860 2,052,242 981,639 2,010,442 890,633 722,877 1,793,046 1,955,920 1,892,738 1,934,352
Nonhubs 41,922 65,756 35,855 93,407 164,645 85,145 330,973 321,896 310,772 469,962 653,542 659,028 638,894 659,541 1,190,341 867,347 1,265,445 1,351,075 1,389,346 1,403,870 1,024,999 945,338 611,770 534,118 501,514 399,580
Mail, total 896,298 1,526,125 1,423,443 1,566,098 1,562,991 1,682,632 1,819,203 1,915,706 2,160,538 2,285,503 2,356,781 2,299,255 2,844,130 2,334,872 1,708,843 851,317 841,799 745,860 650,464 589,206 548,702 #REF! 558,315 539,851 547,911 533,042
Large hubs 677,179 1,091,059 1,082,567 1,146,589 1,095,019 1,201,545 1,320,176 1,406,910 1,546,568 1,630,445 1,699,154 1,662,643 2,183,127 1,674,892 1,127,090 642,709 663,406 572,837 492,408 429,955 369,519 436,838 364,223 346,248 365,451 356,425
Medium hubs 151,498 255,929 268,179 292,899 321,041 321,051 324,441 344,200 442,814 466,583 473,577 482,710 502,096 508,356 407,330 162,549 141,315 143,888 136,635 124,151 120,709 155,029 98,011 96,772 86,334 82,082
Small hubs 48,486 148,116 59,917 108,656 126,070 144,918 152,692 136,111 136,008 157,137 138,818 127,748 126,793 109,283 103,227 34,293 27,464 25,202 16,901 18,512 7,842 10,332 51,858 55,544 54,460 52,614
Nonhubs 19,134 31,021 12,781 17,954 20,861 15,117 21,894 28,485 35,149 31,338 45,232 26,154 32,114 42,341 71,196 11,766 9,614 3,933 4,520 16,588 50,632 47,946 44,223 41,286 41,665 41,921

KEY: R = revised.

a Total performed includes scheduled departures performed minus those scheduled departures that did not occur plus unscheduled service.

b The number of persons receiving air transportation from an air carrier for which remuneration is received by the carrier, excluding persons receiving reduced rate charges, such as air carrier employees, infants, and others (except ministers of religion, elderly individuals, and handicapped individuals).

c The number of short tons transported on a flight by an air carrier.

NOTES

Data are for all scheduled and nonscheduled service by large certificated U.S. air carriers at all airports served within the 50 states and the District of Columbia. U.S. territories are not included in the data. Not all scheduled service is actually performed. Moreover, for several years, total performed departures exceed total scheduled departures because nonscheduled departures are included in the totals. Prior to 1993, all scheduled and some nonscheduled enplanements for certificated air carriers were included; no enplanements were included for air carriers offering charter service only. Prior to 1990, freight includes both freight and express shipments, and mail includes priority and nonpriority U.S. mail and foreign mail; beginning in 1990, only aggregate numbers are reported.

Large certificated air carriers operate aircraft with seating capacity of more than 60 seats or a maximum payload capacity of more than 18,000 pounds and hold Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity issued by the U.S. Department of Transportation authorizing the performance of air transportation. Data for commuter, intrastate, air taxi, small-certificated, and foreign-flag air carriers are not included.

Prior to 2000, and/or 2007-2012 air traffic hubs are designated as geographical areas based on the percentage of total passengers enplaned in the area. Under this designation, a hub may have more than one airport in it. (This definition of hub should not be confused with the definition used by the airlines in describing their "hub-and-spoke" route structures.) Individual communities fall into four hub classifications as determined by each community's percentage of total enplaned revenue passengers in all services and all operations of U.S. certificated route carriers within the 50 states and the District of Columbia. For 2000-2006, hub designation is based on passenger boardings at individual airports as designated by the FAA. Classifications are based on the percentage of total enplaned revenue passengers for each year according to the following: one percent or more = large, 0.25 to 0.9999 percent = medium, 0.05 to 0.249 percent = small, less than 0.05 = nonhub.

SOURCES

1975-99: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Airport Activity Statistics of Certified Route Air Carriers (Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables 2, 3, 4, and 5.

2000-12: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Airport Activity Statistics Database (Form 41 Schedule T-3), special tabulation.