Table 1-38: Average Length of Haul, Domestic Freight and Passenger Modes (Miles)

Excel | CSV

  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Freight                                                        
Air carrier U U U U U U U 1,307 1,496 1,478 1,580 1,555 1,441 1,115 1,105 1,055 1,077 720 1,204 1,197 1,241 1,218 1,218 1,220 1,246 1,162 1,157 1,150
Class I rail 461 503 515 541 616 665 726 751 763 794 817 843 842 851 835 835 843 858 853 862 902 893 906 913 919 918 914 917
Coastwise (water) 1,496 1,501 1,509 1,362 1,915 1,972 1,605 1,705 1,762 1,650 1,652 1,652 1,526 1,330 1,261 1,279 1,251 1,228 1,219 1,248 1,269 1,233 1,126 1,108 1,116 1,170 1,169 1,119
Lakewise (water) 522 494 506 530 536 524 553 535 519 514 508 514 508 507 505 501 506 509 529 529 538 540 548 543 556 530 563 558
Internal (water) 282 297 330 358 405 435 470 483 479 467 482 494 477 466 472 488 481 476 483 457 454 440 446 437 443 469 465 486
Intraport (water) U U U 16 17 15 13 13 12 12 16 16 17 15 15 15 16 15 15 15 16 17 17 17 16 24 16 16
Crude (oil pipeline) 325 320 300 U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U
Petroleum products (oil pipeline) 269 335 357 U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U
Passenger                                                        
Air carrier, domestic, scheduled 583 614 678 698 736 758 803 806 806 799 787 791 802 817 812 824 834 845 852 845 862 866 873 872 872 872 878 883
Commuter rail U U U U 23 24 22 23 23 22 24 24 24 23 23 22 23 23 23 23 23 22 23 24 23 24 23 25
Amtraka N N N 236 216 231 273 285 286 280 279 268 256 256 251 248 244 237 234 231 219 215 220 218 215 217 220 213

KEY: N = data do not exist; U = data are unavailable.

a Amtrak began operations in 1971. Data are reported for fiscal years.

NOTES

Average length of haul for freight is calculated by dividing ton-miles by estimates of tonnage from the various data sources. The calculation of average length of haul for passenger trips varies by mode: for air carrier it is calculated by dividing revenue passenger-miles by revenue passenger enplanements; for commuter rail and Amtrak it is calculated by dividing passenger-miles by number of passengers.

Eno Transportation Foundation has discontinued some data series years prior to 1990.

SOURCES

Freight:

Air carrier:

1991-2001: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Air Freight Summary Data (U.S. Carriers), special tabulation, available at http://www.transtats.bts.gov/rtm91_02.htm as of Aug. 18, 2011.

2002: Ibid., TranStats Database, T-100 Market Data, special tabulation, Mar. 18, 2010.

2003-11: Ibid., Air Cargo Summary Data (All U.S. Carriers), special tabulation, available at http://www.transtats.bts.gov/freight.asp as of July 17, 2013.

Class I rail:

Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), pp. 27, 28, 36, and similar pages in previous editions.

Water:

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce of the United States, Part 5 (New Orleans, LA: Annual Issues), section 1, table 1-4, available at http://www.navigationdatacenter.us/wcsc/wcsc.htm as of July 25, 2013.

Oil pipeline:

1960-70: Transportation Policy Associates, Washington, DC, personal communication.

Passenger:

Air carrier:

1960-99: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Air Carrier Traffic Statistics, T-100 Segment Data (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), p. 3 and similar pages in previous issues.

2000-11: Ibid., TranStats Database, T-100 Market Data and T-100 Segment Data, special tabulation, July 25, 2013.

Commuter Rail:

1980-95: American Public Transportation Association, Public Transportation Fact Book, Appendix A: Historical Tables (Washington, DC: April 2011), table 3, available at http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Pages/transitstats.aspx as of Aug. 18, 2011.

1996-2010: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, National Transit Database (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 19 and similar tables in earlier editions, available at http://www.ntdprogram.gov/ntdprogram/data.htm as of July 25, 2013.

Amtrak:

1970-85: Amtrak, personal communication, Jan. 26, 1999.

1990-2002: Amtrak, Amtrak Annual Report (Washington, DC: 2003), Statistical Appendix.

2003-11: Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), p. 77 and similar pages in previous editions.