Table 1-41: Principal Means of Transportation to Work (Thousands)

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  1989 1993 1997 1999 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All workers 106,630 100.0 103,741 100.0 116,469 100.0 118,041 100.0 119,896 100.0 128,618 100.0 129,142 100.0 130,831 100.0 133,091 100.0 138,266 100.0 139,260 100.0 143,996 100.0 138,592 100.0 136,941 100.0 138,270 100.0 140,863 100.0
Automobile, total 93,943 88.1 91,301 88.0 101,908 87.5 103,467 87.7 105,450 88.0 112,941 87.8 113,900 88.2 114,819 87.8 116,659 87.7 119,898 86.7 120,442 86.5 124,177 86.2 119,393 86.1 118,124 86.3 119,027 86.1 121,136 86.0
Drives self 81,322 76.3 79,449 76.6 90,207 77.5 92,363 78.2 93,819 78.3 99,575 77.4 100,417 77.8 101,635 77.7 102,458 77.0 105,046 76.0 105,955 76.1 108,776 75.5 105,476 76.1 104,858 76.6 105,639 76.4 107,460 76.3
Carpool, total 12,621 11.8 11,852 11.4 11,701 10.0 11,104 9.4 11,631 9.7 13,367 10.4 13,483 10.4 13,183 10.1 14,200 10.7 14,852 10.7 14,488 10.4 15,402 10.7 13,917 10.0 13,266 9.7 13,388 9.7 13,676 9.7
2-person 9,708 9.1 9,105 8.8 9,294 8.0 8,705 7.4 9,012 7.5 NA NA NA NA 10,328 7.9 10,981 8.3 11,408 8.3 11,139 8.0 11,846 8.2 10,813 7.8 10,294 7.5 10,382 7.5 10,548 7.5
3-person 1,748 1.6 1,684 1.6 1,526 1.3 1,454 1.2 1,642 1.4 NA NA NA NA 1,702 1.3 1,911 1.4 1,992 1.4 1,963 1.4 2,088 1.5 1,822 1.3 1,733 1.3 1,759 1.3 1,830 1.3
4+ persona 1,165 1.1 1,063 1.0 881 0.8 945 0.8 977 0.8 NA NA NA NA 1,154 0.9 1,308 1.0 1,451 1.0 1,385 1.0 1,467 1.0 1,282 0.9 1,239 0.9 1,246 0.9 1,298 0.9
Public transportationb 4,880 4.6 4,740 4.6 5,337 4.6 5,779 4.9 5,602 4.7 6,202 4.8 6,072 4.7 5,978 4.6 6,202 4.7 6,684 4.8 6,801 4.9 7,210 5.0 6,922 5.0 6,769 4.9 6,956 5.0 7,053 5.0
Taxicab 152 0.1 117 0.1 139 0.1 144 0.1 133 0.1 183 0.1 159 0.1 154 0.1 176 0.1 178 0.1 179 0.1 167 0.1 157 0.1 151 0.1 165 0.1 162 0.1
Bicyclec NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 465 0.4 483 0.4 490 0.4 535 0.4 623 0.5 665 0.5 786 0.5 766 0.6 731 0.5 778 0.6 865 0.6
Motorcycle 795 0.7 744 0.7 738 0.6 749 0.6 846 0.7 139 0.1 148 0.1 192 0.1 248 0.2 272 0.2 284 0.2 397 0.3 294 0.2 267 0.2 288 0.2 325 0.2
Walks only 3,634 3.4 3,227 3.1 3,869 3.3 3,627 3.1 3,405 2.8 3,184 2.5 2,934 2.3 3,116 2.4 3,291 2.5 3,952 2.9 3,954 2.8 4,061 2.8 3,966 2.9 3,797 2.8 3,888 2.8 3,969 2.8
Other meansd 491 0.5 474 0.5 867 0.7 987 0.8 1,052 0.9 1,056 0.8 927 0.7 1,060 0.8 1,184 0.9 1,247 0.9 1,258 0.9 1,301 0.9 1,176 0.8 1,178 0.9 1,175 0.8 1,209 0.9
Works at home 2,736 2.6 3,137 3.0 3,611 3.1 3,288 2.8 3,409 2.8 4,448 3.5 4,518 3.5 5,023 3.8 4,796 3.6 5,411 3.9 5,677 4.1 5,897 4.1 5,918 4.3 5,924 4.3 5,994 4.3 6,144 4.4

KEY: NA = not applicable.

a From 2004 onward, the Carpool categories are 2-person and 3+ person; 4+ person is the sum of 4-person, 5-6 persons, and 7+ persons from the source data.

bPublic transportation refers to bus, streetcar, subway, railroad, and elevated trains for years 1989-2001, and includes ferryboats from 2002-12.

c From 1989 to 2001, Bicycle data are included under Motorcycle.

dOther means include ferryboats, surface trains, and van service and other means not classified for years 1989-2001, and excludes ferryboats from 2002-12.

NOTES

Principal means of transportation to work refers to the mode of travel used to get from home to work most frequently. If more than one means of transportation was used each day, those surveyed were asked to specify the one used for the longest distance during the trip from home to work.

Component values may not add to totals due to rounding.

SOURCES

1989-2001:U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, American Housing Survey for the United States: 2005 (Washington, DC: 2006), table 2-24 and similar tables in earlier editions, available at http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/ahs.html as of Oct. 12, 2006.

2002-12: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, table B08301 and similar tables from previous editions, available at http://www.census.gov/acs/www/index.html as of Apr. 18, 2014.