Table 1-46a: U.S. Ton-Miles of Freight

Table 1-46a: U.S. Ton-Miles of Freight

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(Millions)

  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
TOTAL U.S. ton-miles of freight (millions) U 1,854,034 2,206,713 2,284,706 2,988,522 2,949,410 3,314,677 3,348,634 3,418,086 3,438,542 3,614,823 3,769,036 3,823,723 3,805,437 3,832,237 3,907,225 3,907,042 (R) 3,930,328 (R) 3,973,661 4,027,015 U U U U U
Air carrier, domestic, all servicesa 553 1,353 2,709 3,470 4,528 5,156 9,064 8,860 9,820 10,675 11,803 12,520 12,861 13,601 13,840 14,202 14,983 (R) 13,069 (R) 13,370 15,231 16,451 (R) 15,745 15,361 15,141 13,774
Intercity truckb 285,000 359,000 412,000 454,000 555,000 610,000 854,000 874,000 896,000 936,000 996,000 1,042,000 1,071,000 1,119,000 1,149,000 1,186,000 1,203,000 1,224,000 1,255,000 1,264,000 U U U U U
Class I rail 572,309 697,878 764,809 754,252 918,958 876,984 1,033,969 1,038,875 1,066,781 1,109,309 1,200,701 1,305,688 1,355,975 1,348,926 1,376,802 1,433,461 1,465,960 1,495,472 1,507,011 1,551,438 1,662,598 1,696,425 1,771,897 1,770,545 1,777,236
Domestic water transportationc,d U 489,803 596,195 565,984 921,836 892,970 833,544 848,399 856,685 789,658 814,919 807,728 764,687 707,410 672,795 655,862 645,799 621,686 612,081 606,146 621,170 591,277 561,629 553,151 520,521
Coastwise U 302,546 359,784 315,846 631,149 610,977 479,134 502,133 502,311 448,404 457,601 440,345 408,086 349,843 314,864 292,730 283,872 274,559 263,688 278,919 279,857 263,464 227,155 228,052 207,877
Lakewise U 75,918 79,416 68,517 61,747 48,184 60,930 55,339 55,785 56,438 58,263 59,704 58,335 62,166 61,654 57,045 57,879 50,854 53,653 47,539 55,733 51,924 53,105 51,893 50,263
Internal U 109,701 155,816 180,399 227,343 232,708 292,393 289,959 297,639 283,894 297,762 306,329 296,791 294,023 294,896 304,724 302,558 294,861 293,410 278,352 284,096 274,367 279,778 271,617 260,960
Intraport U 1,638 1,179 1,222 1,596 1,102 1,087 968 950 922 1,293 1,350 1,475 1,378 1,381 1,362 1,490 1,413 1,329 1,336 1,484 1,521 1,591 1,589 1,421
Oil pipelined 229,000 306,000 431,000 507,000 588,200 564,300 584,100 578,500 588,800 592,900 591,400 601,100 619,200 616,500 619,800 617,700 577,300 576,100 586,200 590,200 599,600 607,500 581,300 557,700 U

KEY: R = revised; U = data are unavailable.

a Includes freight, express, and mail revenue ton-miles as reported on U.S. DOT Form 41.

b The methodology was changed in 1990 for intercity trucks. Therefore figures prior to 1990 are not comparable to those after 1990.

c Excludes intraterritorial traffic, for which ton-miles were not compiled.

d The large increase between1975 and 1980 was a result of a new Alaska pipeline and consequent water transportation of crude petroleum from Alaskan ports to the mainland United States for refining.

NOTE

Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

SOURCES

Air carrier, domestic, all services:

1960-65: Civil Aeronautics Board, Handbook of Airline Statistics, 1969 (Washington, DC: 1970).

1970-80: Ibid., Air Carrier Traffic Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), p. 2, line 3.

1985-2008: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Air Carrier Traffic Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), p. 3, line 3.

Intercity truck:

1960-2003: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 2007 (Washington, DC: 2007), p. 40.

Class I rail:

Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: Annual Issue), p. 27.

Domestic water transportation:

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce of the U.S. (New Orleans, LA: Annual Issues), part 5, section 1, table 1-4, and similar tables in earlier editions available at http://www.iwr.usace.army.mil/ndc/wcsc/wcsc.htm as of March 17, 2010.

Oil pipeline:

1960-70: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), p. 44.

1975: Association of Oil Pipe Lines, Shifts in Petroleum Transportation (Washington, DC: Annual Issue), table 4.

1980-2007: Ibid., Shifts in Petroleum Transportation (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 1.