Table 1-58: Freight Activity in the United States: 1993, 1997, 2002, 2007 and 2012

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Mode of transportation Value (billion $) Tons (millions) Ton-milesc (billions)
1993 1997 2002 2007 2012 Percent change (2002-2012)d 1993 1997 2002 2007 2012 Percent change (2002-2012)d 1993 1997 2002 2007 2012 Percent change (2002-2012)d
TOTAL all modes 5,846 6,944 8,397 11,685 13,852 65.0 9,688 11,090 11,668 12,543 11,299 -3.2 2,421 2,661 3,138 3,345 2,970 -5.4
Single modes, total 4,941 5,720 7,049 9,539 11,900 68.8 8,922 10,437 11,087 11,698 10,906 -1.6 2,137 2,383 2,868 2,894 2,697 -5.9
Trucka 4,403 4,982 6,235 8,336 10,132 62.5 6,386 7,701 7,843 8,779 8,060 2.8 870 1,024 1,256 1,342 1,248 -0.7
For-hire truck 2,625 2,901 3,757 4,956 6,505 73.1 2,808 3,403 3,657 4,075 4,299 17.5 629 741 960 1,056 1,051 9.5
Private truck 1,756 2,037 2,445 3,380 3,628 48.4 3,544 4,137 4,150 4,704 3,761 -9.4 236 269 291 286 197 -32.4
Rail 247 320 311 436 473 52.2 1,544 1,550 1,874 1,861 1,629 -13.1 943 1,023 1,262 1,344 1,211 -4.0
Water 62 76 89 115 302 237.6 505 563 681 404 576 -15.4 272 262 283 157 193 -31.8
Shallow draft 41 54 57 91 219 281.0 362 415 459 343 425 -7.4 164 189 212 117 119 -43.9
Great Lakes S 2 1 S 0 -49.7 33 38 38 18 31 -17.4 12 13 14 7 11 -20.6
Deep draft 20 20 31 23 60 92.9 110 110 185 43 73 -60.5 95 59 57 33 22 -61.4
Air (includes truck and air) 139 229 265 252 451 70.1 3 4 4 4 5 28.9 4 6 6 5 6 -0.4
Pipelineb 90 113 149 400 543 263.9 484 618 685 651 636 -7.2 S S S S S S
Multiple modes, total 663 946 1,079 1,867 1,951 80.8 226 217 217 574 357 64.8 191 205 226 417 272 20.4
Parcel, U.S. Postal Service or courier 563 856 988 1,562 1,688 70.9 19 24 26 34 28 11.7 13 18 19 28 23 19.5
Truck and rail 83 76 70 187 225 221.5 41 54 43 226 214 397.4 38 56 46 197 170 272.4
Truck and water 9 8 14 58 29 102.2 68 33 23 146 57 143.4 41 35 32 98 49 49.8
Rail and water 4 2 3 14 8 139.6 79 79 105 55 56 -47.1 70 78 115 47 29 -74.6
Other multiple modes 3 4 4 45 1 -82.5 19 26 20 114 2 -87.6 S 19 14 46 2 -86.6
Other / unknown modes, total 242 279 269 279 1 -99.6 541 437 365 272 37 -89.9 93 73 44 34 0 -99.4

KEY: S = data are not published because of high sampling variability or other reasons.

a Truck as a single mode includes shipments that went by private truck only, for-hire truck only, or a combination of both.

b 1993 and 1997 data exclude most shipments of crude oil. 2002 and 2007 data exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

c Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.

d Percent change has been revised in conjuction with 2012 data.

NOTES

Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Coverage for the 2002 and 2007 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1997 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and other survey improvements. The 2007 estimates are derived using an improved methodology of estimation.

SOURCES

1993 and 1997: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, 1997 Commodity Flow Survey: United States (Washington, DC: December 1999), table 1b.

2002: U.S Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey: United States (Washington, DC: December 2004), table 1a.

2007: U.S Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, 2007 Commodity Flow Survey: United States, Final Release (Washington, DC: December 2009), table 1, available at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/ as of December 28, 2009.

2012: U.S Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, 2012 Commodity Flow Survey: United States, Final Release (Washington, DC: December 2014), table 1, available at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/ as of Dec. 9, 2014.