Table 1-59: Value, Tons, and Ton-Miles of Freight Shipments within the United States by Domestic Establishments, 2012(a)

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SCTG   Value ($billions) Percent Tons (millions) Percent Ton-milesc (billions) Percent Value per ton ($) Average miles per shipment
1 Live animals and live fish 6.4 0.05 2.2 0.02 1.5 0.05 2,856.5 565
2 Cereal grains 130.1 0.94 479.1 4.24 184.9 6.23 271.7 202
3 Other agricultural products 197.8 1.43 219.0 1.94 107.4 3.62 903.2 505
4 Animal feed and products of animal origin (NEC) 118.7 0.86 238.5 2.11 59.7 2.01 497.5 706
5 Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations 277.3 2.00 98.4 0.87 48.5 1.63 2,817.2 247
6 Grain, alcohol and tobacco products 143.1 1.03 120.0 1.06 50.7 1.71 1,192.6 403
7 Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils d 584.5 4.22 527.4 4.67 201.4 6.78 1,108.3 450
8 Alcoholic beverages e 178.0 1.29 99.3 0.88 35.2 1.18 1,793.5 81
9 Tobacco products 67.4 0.49 2.9 0.03 0.7 0.02 23,088.4 830
10 Monumental or building stone 4.2 0.03 11.4 0.10 1.6 0.05 371.4 135
11 Natural sands 7.8 0.06 438.1 3.88 38.8 1.31 17.8 51
12 Gravel and crushed stone 17.5 0.13 1,538.5 13.62 82.2 2.77 11.4 30
13 Nonmetallic minerals (NEC) 16.7 0.12 272.3 2.41 52.1 1.75 61.4 223
14 Metallic ores and concentrates 29.1 0.21 94.8 0.84 48.2 1.62 306.7 397
15 Coal 41.2 0.30 1,047.9 9.27 663.7 22.35 39.3 87
17 Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel f 1,158.9 8.37 1,244.1 11.01 97.4 3.28 931.6 46
18 Fuel oils g 706.5 5.10 843.3 7.46 59.3 2.00 837.8 31
19 Coal and petroleum products (NEC) 388.1 2.80 528.1 4.67 99.6 3.35 734.9 98
20 Basic chemicals 316.8 2.29 343.0 3.04 143.2 4.82 923.6 662
21 Pharmaceutical products 814.7 5.88 16.2 0.14 7.8 0.26 50,299.6 656
22 Fertilizers 84.2 0.61 193.9 1.72 61.7 2.08 434.3 142
23 Chemical products and preparations (NEC) 351.1 2.53 105.7 0.94 47.0 1.58 3,323.4 667
24 Plastics and rubber 549.1 3.96 182.9 1.62 100.6 3.39 3,002.1 696
25 Logs and other wood in the rough 4.5 0.03 35.1 0.31 3.9 0.13 128.9 184
26 Wood products 144.1 1.04 297.4 2.63 82.3 2.77 484.6 299
27 Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard 123.9 0.89 123.3 1.09 69.1 2.33 1,004.8 261
28 Paper or paperboard articles 126.3 0.91 76.5 0.68 26.7 0.90 1,649.9 634
29 Printed products 159.6 1.15 38.8 0.34 14.9 0.50 4,113.0 506
30 Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather 465.8 3.36 39.8 0.35 25.5 0.86 11,688.5 1,064
31 Nonmetallic mineral products 180.5 1.30 793.0 7.02 93.6 3.15 227.6 414
32 Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes 457.3 3.30 304.7 2.70 109.9 3.70 1,501.0 320
33 Articles of base metal 352.1 2.54 100.8 0.89 42.0 1.41 3,495.0 530
34 Machinery 753.1 5.44 74.7 0.66 37.0 1.24 10,088.3 438
35 Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment 1,031.9 7.45 46.2 0.41 28.4 0.96 22,330.7 838
36 Motorized and other vehicles (including parts) 1,038.3 7.50 130.1 1.15 64.8 2.18 7,983.0 479
37 Transportation equipment (NEC) 280.4 2.02 7.5 0.07 4.3 0.15 37,315.8 844
38 Precision instruments and apparatus 351.9 2.54 7.3 0.06 5.3 0.18 48,165.1 954
39 Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings, and illuminated signs 152.3 1.10 26.6 0.24 15.0 0.51 5,717.9 766
40 Miscellaneous manufactured products 517.1 3.73 74.1 0.66 31.2 1.05 6,975.3 1,042
41 Waste and scrap 107.0 0.77 241.2 2.13 66.7 2.24 443.6 183
43 Mixed freight 1,377.4 9.94 374.1 3.31 75.3 2.53 3,682.1 413
99 Commodity unknown 0.4 0.00 1.3 0.01 0.2 0.01 276.3 112
  All commodities b 13,852.1 99.72 11,299.4 101.24 2,969.5 100.66 1,225.9 630

KEY: NEC = not elsewhere classified; SCTG = Standard Classification of Transportation Goods; S = data are not published because of high sampling variability or other reasons; U = data are not available.

a All data have been revised using data from the final release of the 2012 Commodity Flow Survey.

b Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

c Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.

d Prior to the 2012 CFS, oils and fats treated for use as biodiesel were included in Commodity Code 07. In the 2012 CFS, oils and fats treated for use as biodiesel moved to Commodity Code 18.

e Prior to the 2012 CFS, alcohols intended for use as fuel such as ethanol, although not specifically identified, were included in Commodity Code 08. In the 2012 CFS, ethanol moved to Commodity Code 17.

f Prior to the 2012 CFS, fuel alcohols such as ethanol were included in Commodity Code 08, although not specifically identified. Also, kerosene was included in Commodity Code 19. In the 2012 CFS, ethanol, fuel alcohols and kerosene moved to Commodity Code 17.

g Prior to the 2012 CFS, biodiesel, although not specifically identified, was included in Commodity Code 07. In the 2012 CFS, biodiesel moved to Commodity Code 18.

NOTE

Details may not add to totals due to rounding or missing numbers that do not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

SOURCE

U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, 2012 Commodity Flow Survey: United States, Final Release (Washington, DC: December 2014), CF1200A06, available at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/ as of Dec. 9, 2014.