Table 1-62: U.S. Hazardous Materials Shipments by Transportation Mode, 2012

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Transportation mode Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment
($ billion) Percent (millions) Percent (billions) Percent
TOTAL all modes 2,334.4 100.0 2,580.2 100.0 307.5 100.0 114
Single modes, total 2,304.7 98.7 2,552.9 98.9 275.6 89.6 68
Trucka 1466.0 62.8 1531.4 59.4 96.6 31.4 56
For-hire 870.9 37.3 882.3 34.2 62.0 20.2 150
Privateb 595.1 25.5 649.1 25.2 34.5 11.2 33
Rail 79.2 3.4 111.0 4.3 84.9 27.6 808
Water 217.8 9.3 283.6 11.0 54.9 17.9 212
Air 4.4 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 1,120
Pipelinec 537.3 23.0 626.7 24.3 S S S
Multiple modes, total 29.7 1.3 27.3 1.1 31.9 10.4 654
Parcel, U.S. Postal Service or Courier 10.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 650
Other 19.4 0.8 27.0 1.1 31.7 11.5
Unknown and other modes, total

KEY: – = less than 1 unit of measure or equal to zero; S = data are not published because of high sampling variability or other reasons.

a Truck as a single mode includes shipments that went by private truck only, for-hire truck only, or a combination of both.

b Private truck refers to a truck operated by a temporary or permanent employee of an establishment or the buyer/receiver of the shipment.

c Excludes most shipments of crude oil. See previous table for the estimated amount of crude oil and petroleum products transported in the United States.

NOTE

Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

SOURCE

U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, 2012 Commodity Flow Survey, Hazardous Materials (Washington, DC: December 2009), table CF0700H01, available at http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/searchresults.xhtml?ref... of Dec. 9, 2014.