Table 1-69: Annual Person-Hours of Highway Traffic Delay Per Auto Commuter

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Urban area Population group (R) 1982 (R) 1985 (R) 1990 (R) 1991 (R) 1992 (R) 1993 (R) 1994 (R) 1995 (R) 1996 (R) 1997 (R) 1998 (R) 1999 (R) 2000 (R) 2001 (R) 2002 (R) 2003 (R) 2004 (R) 2005 (R) 2006 (R) 2007 (R) 2008 (R) 2009 (R) 2010 2011 Percent changea
Short-term 2006-2011 Long-term 1982-2011
Percent Rank Percent Rank
Akron, OH Medium 5 6 14 15 18 22 28 23 29 34 35 35 34 32 31 28 29 29 31 25 25 25 23 23 -26 87 360 38
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Medium 5 7 13 15 15 15 16 18 18 20 22 24 25 27 27 31 35 35 40 44 31 33 31 31 -23 79 520 18
Albuquerque, NM Medium 10 14 21 21 24 26 28 31 35 37 38 39 35 33 31 32 36 38 39 40 33 30 29 29 -26 86 190 68
Allentown-Bethlehem, PA-NJ Medium 10 11 15 16 19 23 26 27 31 34 35 31 33 33 33 31 33 33 31 33 30 30 30 30 -3 27 200 65
Anchorage, AK Small 19 23 22 20 23 22 22 22 22 22 24 24 24 26 28 26 26 25 26 26 19 17 17 17 -35 97 -11 99
Atlanta, GA Very large 15 20 27 30 35 40 44 47 50 54 57 57 61 62 64 66 66 68 67 60 53 52 50 51 -24 83 240 60
Austin, TX Large 10 17 19 21 19 21 21 30 34 37 35 39 40 44 45 49 53 58 56 52 46 44 43 44 -21 76 340 42
Bakersfield, CA Medium 1 1 2 2 2 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 6 6 7 8 7 7 11 13 12 12 71 1 1100 2
Baltimore, MD Large 9 14 27 27 26 27 27 28 29 30 29 29 32 35 42 44 44 45 45 44 38 39 41 41 -9 40 356 41
Baton Rouge, LA Medium 10 15 20 21 20 24 27 30 30 30 30 36 36 37 37 42 43 43 41 39 43 43 42 42 2 16 320 45
Beaumont, TX Small 6 7 7 8 9 10 10 11 12 12 16 18 20 22 26 27 28 29 28 28 26 24 25 25 -11 45 317 46
Birmingham, AL Medium 9 12 14 16 17 19 25 26 27 30 36 38 39 39 39 40 41 40 40 39 34 36 35 35 -13 52 289 53
Boise, ID Small 2 3 7 7 8 8 7 8 11 13 15 16 17 19 19 19 19 20 21 20 15 17 16 16 -24 81 700 9
Boston, MA-NH-RI Very large 15 20 33 33 38 38 39 39 40 44 45 46 49 50 55 57 63 64 63 58 56 54 53 53 -16 64 253 57
Boulder, CO Small 13 16 20 22 26 30 30 35 35 39 38 39 41 42 39 39 41 41 45 38 32 22 22 22 -51 101 69 95
Bridgeport-Stamford, CT-NY Medium 13 19 25 25 30 29 32 35 34 39 44 47 51 52 54 54 52 54 58 58 45 41 42 42 -28 91 223 63
Brownsville, TX Small 2 3 5 5 5 5 7 7 8 8 10 10 13 13 13 15 15 16 16 16 21 23 25 25 56 3 1,150 1
Buffalo, NY Large 8 10 16 16 16 17 17 19 19 21 23 27 31 31 33 41 39 41 45 41 31 33 33 33 -27 88 313 47
Cape Coral, FL Small 10 12 15 18 21 27 31 35 37 35 32 31 29 33 33 35 35 36 41 40 29 29 29 30 -27 89 200 65
Charleston-North Charleston, SC Medium 12 16 22 24 26 26 27 27 26 27 29 29 29 29 31 33 34 33 36 35 28 32 29 30 -17 66 150 74
Charlotte, NC-SC Large 8 13 17 17 19 17 17 16 19 22 24 27 30 31 35 36 39 39 41 42 41 41 39 40 -2 24 400 31
Chicago, IL-IN Very large 13 19 28 28 29 29 29 33 37 37 39 39 39 41 47 49 52 55 53 54 48 53 51 51 -4 31 292 51
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN Large 7 11 25 26 30 33 42 40 42 49 49 47 51 49 49 53 51 49 49 49 37 33 37 37 -24 84 429 28
Cleveland, OH Large 5 5 12 14 16 19 22 26 30 33 30 31 31 28 26 25 30 26 26 26 31 31 31 31 19 6 520 18
Colorado Springs, CO Medium 5 6 8 8 11 12 15 17 17 22 27 32 37 39 39 37 35 44 41 36 26 26 26 26 -37 98 420 29
Columbia, SC Small 5 8 12 12 14 13 14 14 15 17 17 18 20 21 21 24 24 24 29 33 29 30 30 30 3 15 500 20
Columbus, OH Large 4 7 18 18 20 24 26 29 33 35 35 35 33 35 35 37 42 42 40 37 42 37 40 40 0 17 900 3
Corpus Christi, TX Small 7 8 8 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 11 12 12 14 14 14 15 15 12 15 14 14 14 14 17 7 100 89
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Very large 7 12 19 21 23 25 26 29 29 29 32 38 39 40 42 44 48 50 52 48 46 45 44 45 -13 58 543 16
Dayton, OH Medium 12 15 24 24 26 27 26 31 29 32 31 34 32 27 27 26 29 26 26 22 26 26 24 24 -8 36 100 89
Denver-Aurora, CO Large 11 13 14 17 19 23 25 29 32 34 37 41 42 42 42 42 45 48 47 44 43 42 44 45 -4 32 309 48
Detroit, MI Very large 17 19 34 35 39 41 39 39 40 41 41 44 44 47 50 51 51 50 51 50 44 39 40 40 -22 78 135 83
El Paso, TX-NM Medium 4 6 10 12 16 16 21 18 16 18 21 25 30 33 33 34 40 42 42 39 37 31 31 32 -24 81 700 9
Eugene, OR Small 8 8 11 11 11 11 10 11 11 15 16 19 24 19 21 23 21 23 21 19 16 15 13 13 -38 99 63 97
Fresno, CA Medium 8 8 13 11 13 13 13 13 14 15 18 20 21 18 18 18 17 18 18 18 14 16 15 15 -17 66 88 92
Grand Rapids, MI Medium 5 8 11 11 15 20 19 18 19 19 23 24 23 23 21 23 24 24 24 23 21 24 24 24 0 17 380 33
Greensboro, NC Small 5 5 8 10 15 18 18 20 30 32 35 38 40 45 47 45 33 32 28 27 23 25 27 27 -4 30 440 24
Hartford, CT Medium 7 9 15 15 23 19 22 23 25 29 34 36 38 36 36 36 39 39 45 44 35 35 38 38 -16 63 443 23
Honolulu, HI Medium 19 23 35 35 39 39 38 41 39 35 37 37 34 35 34 38 39 43 43 46 42 42 45 45 5 12 137 81
Houston, TX Very large 22 30 28 26 24 25 28 28 30 35 36 38 40 43 44 43 47 49 49 47 55 50 51 52 6 11 136 82
Indianapolis, IN Large 17 20 27 30 36 46 52 54 56 59 52 51 52 52 54 54 54 51 49 47 42 42 41 41 -16 65 141 78
Indio-Cathedral City-Palm Springs, CA Medium 23 22 24 24 23 22 21 20 19 20 19 17 16 15 14 17 18 21 22 20 15 15 15 15 -32 95 -35 101
Jackson, MS Small 4 5 5 8 8 8 10 12 12 14 14 16 16 20 21 21 25 26 30 30 25 25 25 25 -17 66 525 17
Jacksonville, FL Large 12 17 24 24 29 30 31 33 34 33 32 31 31 30 34 37 38 37 37 38 33 31 30 30 -19 73 150 74
Kansas City, MO-KS Large 5 9 19 17 20 29 30 29 34 36 36 42 38 37 36 37 33 35 36 31 26 24 27 27 -25 85 440 24
Knoxville, TN Medium 10 12 30 30 33 35 38 42 51 51 49 49 45 44 44 44 42 40 37 38 38 37 37 37 0 17 270 56
Lancaster-Palmdale, CA Medium 18 18 15 19 18 15 14 11 11 10 10 10 11 12 14 15 15 16 17 16 15 17 15 15 -12 49 -17 100
Laredo, TX Small 2 3 3 5 5 5 5 8 9 11 11 11 11 12 12 14 12 12 15 19 20 19 19 19 27 4 850 5
Las Vegas, NV Large 8 11 23 27 27 30 33 36 36 36 36 37 37 37 41 44 47 50 50 51 42 50 44 44 -12 51 450 21
Little Rock, AR Small 5 5 8 9 9 11 12 13 14 14 17 20 18 21 17 20 26 25 26 30 24 26 26 26 0 17 420 29
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA Very large 37 43 76 72 71 66 64 66 68 69 69 72 72 75 76 75 78 78 79 75 57 60 61 61 -23 80 65 96
Louisville, KY-IN Large 14 14 15 20 24 27 29 29 32 35 36 38 38 33 36 38 39 38 36 33 32 33 35 35 -3 26 150 74
Madison, WI Small 8 8 10 8 8 10 10 10 10 8 10 10 10 12 12 12 13 12 12 12 15 18 20 20 67 2 150 74
McAllen, TX Medium 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 12 12 12 20 23 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 23 27 27 28 4 14 600 14
Memphis, TN-MS-AR Large 8 8 20 21 23 26 30 33 33 34 36 36 39 41 41 46 46 46 46 41 34 39 38 38 -17 69 375 34
Miami, FL Very large 12 15 27 27 29 29 30 32 32 34 35 40 46 49 51 54 54 55 54 51 43 47 46 47 -13 54 292 52
Milwaukee, WI Large 9 13 23 24 27 30 28 31 29 29 31 33 33 31 31 32 32 32 29 29 28 26 28 28 -3 29 211 64
Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN Large 4 7 15 15 17 21 24 25 26 32 34 35 36 40 37 37 37 40 37 36 37 32 34 34 -8 37 750 8
Nashville-Davidson, TN Large 23 23 34 33 30 32 41 44 44 48 42 45 48 49 53 57 57 57 54 52 44 46 46 47 -13 54 104 88
New Haven, CT Medium 9 14 18 19 23 25 25 28 25 31 38 43 43 46 46 45 40 43 43 41 35 36 35 35 -19 71 289 53
New Orleans, LA Large 13 17 17 18 17 17 19 19 17 19 20 21 20 19 19 20 20 21 24 23 22 24 28 28 17 7 115 85
New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT Very large 11 13 25 23 23 24 27 29 32 35 36 39 38 38 40 46 51 55 54 66 57 58 59 59 9 10 436 27
Oklahoma City, OK Medium 8 11 14 17 17 20 19 27 30 34 34 39 36 42 44 39 39 36 42 47 41 39 37 38 -10 43 375 34
Omaha, NE-IA Medium 3 5 9 9 11 11 12 12 14 14 16 16 18 19 20 20 20 20 23 22 24 23 24 24 4 13 700 9
Orlando, FL Large 13 20 36 41 41 40 41 43 45 49 52 54 55 57 55 54 51 51 51 50 43 48 44 45 -12 49 246 58
Oxnard-Ventura, CA Medium 3 5 9 9 11 12 15 16 19 16 18 20 22 24 26 26 28 31 30 33 24 26 26 26 -13 57 767 7
Pensacola, FL-AL Small 4 4 10 8 11 12 12 15 17 19 18 18 19 19 21 23 24 25 28 28 22 23 22 22 -21 76 450 21
Philadelphia, PA-NJ-DE-MD Very large 14 17 23 24 26 24 26 27 27 31 34 35 36 40 43 46 47 48 48 52 47 49 48 48 0 17 243 59
Phoenix, AZ Very large 24 23 26 26 27 27 27 25 28 29 30 32 34 37 36 37 38 43 40 40 37 36 35 35 -13 52 46 98
Pittsburgh, PA Large 23 25 41 41 39 39 39 45 45 44 43 46 44 46 48 46 48 46 43 44 39 41 39 39 -9 42 70 94
Portland, OR-WA Large 13 13 23 25 29 32 32 35 40 40 41 43 45 45 43 46 47 49 48 48 42 42 43 44 -8 39 238 61
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh, NY Medium 12 15 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 20 20 20 20 20 22 25 25 25 27 25 22 27 25 25 -7 35 108 87
Providence, RI-MA Large 3 5 11 11 13 14 14 16 19 21 25 28 30 33 38 41 41 41 38 41 32 30 30 30 -21 75 900 3
Provo, UT Small 9 9 12 14 14 14 16 16 16 18 18 19 19 21 21 23 23 25 25 25 23 25 25 25 0 17 178 70
Raleigh-Durham, NC Large 5 8 15 15 14 16 18 19 20 23 21 23 23 24 26 25 27 28 26 28 23 23 23 23 -12 47 360 38
Richmond, VA Medium 6 7 12 13 16 16 20 23 26 23 22 22 19 20 20 22 24 24 24 24 23 27 29 29 21 5 383 32
Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Large 4 6 18 21 21 22 18 21 22 22 25 27 29 29 31 35 39 45 46 44 36 36 37 38 -17 69 850 5
Rochester, NY Medium 6 9 17 17 17 17 19 22 22 24 22 26 26 24 24 26 28 28 30 32 28 26 28 28 -7 33 367 36
Sacramento, CA Large 11 15 34 33 30 29 32 32 35 32 32 33 34 35 37 38 42 44 44 43 32 30 32 32 -27 90 191 67
Salem, OR Small 5 7 16 18 22 26 27 28 27 28 30 34 37 44 46 39 38 39 45 44 27 29 27 27 -40 100 440 24
Salt Lake City, UT Large 7 9 14 18 20 24 27 28 27 26 25 26 30 31 33 34 30 27 26 27 26 31 30 30 15 9 329 44
San Antonio, TX Large 5 10 10 10 11 11 12 17 21 24 27 31 37 37 37 37 40 41 39 39 35 37 37 38 -3 25 660 12
San Diego, CA Very large 8 12 24 22 25 23 22 23 25 26 27 32 34 38 41 40 44 44 43 41 39 36 37 37 -14 61 363 37
San Francisco-Oakland, CA Very large 24 46 68 62 62 62 58 63 65 60 64 65 72 71 76 78 82 89 89 86 60 60 60 61 -31 94 154 72
San Jose, CA Large 18 31 48 45 41 37 40 45 44 42 45 51 55 57 56 58 54 56 59 57 40 36 38 39 -34 96 117 84
San Juan, PR Large 4 6 12 12 13 14 17 17 17 18 18 20 23 23 25 29 31 30 30 29 26 29 29 29 -3 28 625 13
Sarasota-Bradenton, FL Medium 12 17 16 17 16 18 18 17 19 21 21 25 25 25 25 26 26 26 29 26 17 22 21 21 -28 91 75 93
Seattle, WA Very Large 11 19 44 46 48 52 52 53 53 56 56 56 53 51 49 52 52 55 54 53 51 47 47 48 -11 46 336 43
Spokane, WA Small 9 11 17 21 24 34 34 26 27 30 30 33 31 29 29 27 26 24 26 27 26 23 23 23 -12 47 156 71
Springfield, MA-CT Medium 14 16 19 20 23 23 23 23 23 23 26 28 28 26 28 26 28 30 31 30 26 30 28 28 -10 44 100 89
St. Louis, MO-IL Large 11 14 17 17 20 27 35 41 42 43 43 45 45 41 41 38 38 39 36 33 34 32 31 31 -14 60 182 69
Stockton, CA Small 3 4 8 7 7 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 11 11 11 12 13 14 14 12 12 12 12 -14 62 300 49
Tampa-St. Petersburg, FL Large 16 17 23 26 26 27 28 30 30 28 30 31 31 34 38 39 40 39 41 41 40 39 38 38 -7 34 138 80
Toledo, OH-MI Medium 4 4 9 9 11 13 20 28 30 33 35 39 41 39 39 37 41 37 37 35 22 26 26 26 -30 93 550 15
Tucson, AZ Medium 18 20 21 20 20 20 20 20 21 26 28 28 31 33 34 39 41 46 44 41 34 38 38 38 -14 59 111 86
Tulsa, OK Medium 7 12 16 16 16 16 16 18 21 23 25 25 26 28 30 30 28 28 32 30 28 32 32 32 0 17 357 40
Virginia Beach, VA Large 18 24 30 28 28 29 35 40 45 48 52 54 47 53 54 53 52 52 53 50 44 40 43 43 -19 72 139 79
Washington, DC-VA-MD Very large 18 32 47 51 59 60 61 62 65 63 59 62 65 68 69 73 74 74 73 79 65 64 66 67 -8 38 272 55
Wichita, KS Medium 6 9 11 11 12 15 16 16 15 19 19 19 19 18 18 19 20 19 22 22 20 20 20 20 -9 41 233 62
Winston-Salem, NC Small 5 8 7 8 11 9 8 11 11 12 16 17 17 20 22 24 22 26 25 24 20 21 20 20 -20 74 300 49
Worcester, MA Small 13 15 18 20 22 26 29 33 35 35 38 38 40 40 40 37 38 40 38 40 38 37 33 33 -13 56 154 73
439 Urban area average 439 Areas 15 21 32 32 32 33 34 35 36 38 38 39 39 40 41 41 43 43 43 42 38 38 38 38 -12 NA 153 NA
101 Urban area average 101 Areas 19 25 38 37 38 39 40 41 43 44 44 46 46 47 48 49 50 52 51 49 43 43 43 43 -15 NA 126 NA
Very large area average Very large 24 32 49 47 49 48 48 49 51 52 52 54 55 55 57 59 61 64 63 60 52 53 53 52 -16 NA 118 NA
Large area average Large 12 19 29 29 30 32 35 37 38 39 39 41 39 41 42 43 43 44 43 41 37 37 38 37 -13 NA 218 NA
Medium area average Medium 9 14 20 20 22 23 25 26 27 29 30 32 30 32 32 32 33 33 34 33 29 30 30 29 -13 NA 213 NA
Small area average Small 7 11 14 15 17 19 19 20 21 22 22 24 22 25 26 25 25 26 27 27 23 24 23 23 -15 NA 238 NA

KEY: NA = not applicable; R = revised.

Very large urban areas – 3 million and over population.

Large urban areas – 1 million to less than 3 million population.

Medium urban areas – 500,000 to less than 1 million population.

Small urban areas – less than 500,000 population.

a Percent changes were calculated using the numbers in this table and were not obtained from the source. Rank is based on the calculated percent change with the highest number corresponding to a rank of 1.

NOTES

The urban areas included are those containing over 500,000 people and several smaller places mostly chosen by previous sponsors of the Texas Transportation Institute study on mobility.

Methodology and data sources have been changed in 2010 and were applied retroactively to past years; these figures are not comparable to those in past editions of NTS. Population group is based on 2010 population.

SOURCE

Texas Transportation Institute, Congestion Data for Your City, Excel spreadsheet of the base statistics for the 101 urban areas and population group summary statistics (College Station, TX: 2012), available at http://mobility.tamu.edu as of Feb. 6, 2013.