Table 1-69: Annual Person-Hours of Highway Traffic Delay Per Auto Commuter

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Urban area Population group (R) 1982 (R) 1985 (R) 1990 (R) 1991 (R) 1992 (R) 1993 (R) 1994 (R) 1995 (R) 1996 (R) 1997 (R) 1998 (R) 1999 (R) 2000 (R) 2001 (R) 2002 (R) 2003 (R) 2004 (R) 2005 (R) 2006 (R) 2007 (R) 2008 (R) 2009 (R) 2010 (R) 2011 2012 2013 2014 Percent changea
Short-term 2009-2014 Long-term 1982-2014
Percent Rank Percent Rank
Akron, OH Medium 5 7 16 18 21 24 25 26 27 26 26 26 26 26 26 27 27 28 28 28 27 25 25 25 26 26 27 8 33 440 13
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Medium 7 10 17 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 26 27 29 31 32 36 37 40 41 41 41 40 40 40 41 42 42 5 52 500 10
Albuquerque, NM Medium 15 17 21 22 24 26 28 29 31 35 37 39 39 39 40 39 39 39 38 38 38 36 35 36 37 37 36 0 80 140 79
Allentown-Bethlehem, PA-NJ Medium 11 12 17 17 20 22 25 28 31 33 33 33 34 33 33 31 31 32 31 31 30 29 30 30 30 30 30 3 61 173 64
Anchorage, AK Small 9 12 19 21 22 23 25 26 27 27 28 31 32 33 33 34 35 35 36 36 37 33 34 36 36 35 37 12 14 311 27
Atlanta, GA Very large 22 25 33 35 39 43 45 47 48 49 51 52 52 53 54 54 55 55 55 55 54 51 50 51 51 52 52 2 79 136 84
Austin, TX Large 16 19 24 25 26 28 29 31 34 36 38 40 42 44 45 47 49 50 52 51 50 46 46 47 49 51 52 13 9 225 45
Bakersfield, CA Medium 1 2 3 4 4 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 8 8 10 12 13 13 15 16 14 15 16 16 16 19 36 1 1800 1
Baltimore, MD Large 16 21 30 31 32 32 33 35 35 36 38 41 41 44 44 45 46 46 47 47 44 43 44 44 45 45 47 9 24 194 57
Baton Rouge, LA Medium 13 17 22 22 23 24 25 26 27 29 30 31 31 32 33 34 34 37 40 41 43 42 44 44 44 46 47 12 17 262 37
Beaumont, TX Small 7 7 8 10 11 13 15 16 16 19 20 22 23 25 27 29 31 32 33 33 29 30 31 31 31 33 34 13 7 386 19
Birmingham, AL Medium 8 11 14 14 15 18 21 23 25 27 30 32 33 32 32 33 33 33 34 34 35 32 33 33 34 34 34 6 44 325 24
Boise, ID Small 5 9 16 16 16 17 17 18 20 21 23 26 28 31 32 32 34 36 37 38 36 33 32 32 32 34 37 12 14 640 5
Boston, MA-NH-RI Very large 31 36 44 44 44 45 47 48 51 55 57 58 61 62 63 64 64 64 64 64 61 59 61 62 63 63 64 8 29 106 89
Boulder, CO Small 8 11 17 19 20 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 32 33 34 34 35 36 36 37 34 35 35 35 35 35 3 65 338 22
Bridgeport-Stamford, CT-NY Medium 16 21 27 28 30 32 34 35 37 39 41 42 43 45 46 48 49 49 49 50 51 47 47 47 48 49 49 4 58 206 53
Brownsville, TX Small 2 3 5 4 4 5 5 6 7 7 8 9 12 12 13 15 18 19 20 21 23 21 22 22 22 22 21 0 80 950 2
Buffalo, NY Medium 10 13 18 19 19 20 22 22 23 25 28 32 33 34 35 35 36 36 36 37 36 37 37 38 38 39 40 8 32 300 31
Cape Coral, FL Medium 10 12 17 19 19 20 21 23 23 25 25 27 29 30 31 31 32 33 34 37 38 34 34 33 32 31 30 -12 100 200 54
Charleston-North Charleston, SC Medium 15 19 25 26 28 29 31 32 33 34 34 36 37 37 37 39 39 40 41 43 44 43 42 42 42 41 41 -5 94 173 63
Charlotte, NC-SC Large 14 18 26 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 38 39 41 42 43 44 45 47 47 42 42 42 42 43 43 2 72 207 51
Chicago, IL-IN Very large 31 34 40 42 43 44 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 54 57 58 58 59 57 55 55 57 57 59 61 11 20 97 93
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN Large 10 13 26 27 28 30 32 34 35 36 37 38 38 39 38 38 38 39 39 39 39 36 37 39 40 40 41 14 6 310 29
Cleveland, OH Large 6 9 21 23 25 29 32 34 35 36 36 35 35 34 33 32 34 34 34 35 35 34 36 37 37 38 38 12 18 533 7
Colorado Springs, CO Medium 7 9 20 21 23 25 25 28 30 31 33 34 34 34 34 35 36 36 35 36 35 35 34 34 34 33 35 0 80 400 15
Columbia, SC Medium 7 12 18 18 20 21 21 21 22 24 23 27 29 30 31 32 34 35 38 41 41 39 38 38 38 38 38 -3 92 443 11
Columbus, OH Large 17 20 27 28 30 32 34 34 35 36 36 37 38 40 40 40 41 41 41 40 40 38 38 38 40 40 41 8 34 141 78
Corpus Christi, TX Small 10 13 17 17 18 17 18 18 19 21 23 23 24 24 24 24 24 24 25 26 26 27 27 27 29 31 31 15 4 210 50
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Very large 36 38 40 41 42 43 43 45 45 45 46 47 47 47 46 48 49 51 53 53 50 47 47 49 51 52 53 13 13 47 98
Dayton, OH Medium 9 12 17 18 19 19 20 20 22 23 24 24 25 25 26 26 25 24 25 25 25 23 24 24 24 24 25 9 26 178 62
Denver-Aurora, CO Large 17 21 23 23 24 26 29 31 34 37 40 42 44 45 48 48 50 52 51 50 49 47 47 46 48 49 49 4 58 188 60
Detroit, MI Very large 33 37 43 45 46 47 48 49 49 51 51 52 52 53 54 53 53 54 54 55 53 47 48 50 51 52 52 11 21 58 96
El Paso, TX-NM Medium 9 11 20 22 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 32 32 33 34 37 37 37 37 37 36 35 34 33 34 33 33 -6 98 267 36
Eugene, OR Small 8 10 18 20 22 23 23 25 26 27 28 30 30 30 31 31 32 33 33 33 35 31 31 32 32 33 33 6 43 313 26
Fresno, CA Medium 10 11 14 15 15 16 15 16 17 17 18 20 20 21 22 22 23 23 23 23 22 21 21 22 21 22 23 10 23 130 86
Grand Rapids, MI Medium 8 12 19 22 24 27 27 28 29 31 33 34 35 35 34 35 35 36 36 38 39 36 36 38 38 40 39 8 30 388 18
Greensboro, NC Small 5 5 11 13 16 18 21 22 22 23 25 25 26 27 29 29 30 30 30 31 31 30 30 31 31 31 32 7 41 540 6
Hartford, CT Medium 9 12 20 22 25 25 27 29 29 30 32 33 34 36 36 37 38 40 42 44 46 45 45 44 44 44 45 0 80 400 15
Honolulu, HI Medium 21 24 31 32 34 35 35 38 39 41 41 43 44 44 45 46 48 51 52 52 52 50 51 50 50 50 50 0 80 138 82
Houston, TX Very large 42 46 40 40 40 40 40 41 41 42 42 42 43 46 47 49 49 52 53 53 52 51 51 54 58 61 61 20 3 45 99
Indianapolis, IN Large 18 22 28 28 29 32 33 35 36 38 39 39 41 41 42 43 43 43 44 44 45 43 43 43 43 44 43 0 80 139 81
Indio-Cathedral City-Palm Springs, CA Small 6 7 8 7 7 7 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 6 7 9 10 9 6 7 6 6 6 6 6 -14 101 0 101
Jackson, MS Small 7 7 8 11 12 14 15 17 18 21 21 23 26 29 31 33 35 36 37 37 37 35 37 37 37 38 38 9 27 443 11
Jacksonville, FL Large 14 18 25 26 27 28 29 30 33 34 35 37 37 38 39 40 41 43 43 43 40 38 38 36 37 37 38 0 80 171 65
Kansas City, MO-KS Large 11 14 26 27 28 28 29 30 30 31 33 34 34 35 35 35 37 37 37 37 38 37 37 38 38 38 39 5 51 255 39
Knoxville, TN Medium 12 13 22 23 25 26 29 31 33 34 34 36 36 35 36 36 35 35 35 36 36 33 34 34 34 34 35 6 47 192 59
Lancaster-Palmdale, CA Small 8 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 11 13 15 15 15 17 16 15 18 16 16 16 16 17 -6 97 113 88
Laredo, TX Small 2 2 3 4 4 4 5 7 8 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 12 14 17 19 17 17 17 18 18 18 6 48 800 3
Las Vegas, NV Large 13 17 30 32 34 36 37 39 39 40 41 43 43 44 46 48 50 51 51 52 52 49 46 45 45 45 46 -6 99 254 41
Little Rock, AR Small 6 8 11 12 12 14 16 17 18 20 23 25 27 30 32 32 33 33 34 36 38 38 38 37 37 37 38 0 80 533 7
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA Very large 50 58 64 65 65 66 68 70 72 73 74 75 75 76 77 78 81 81 84 82 83 78 78 78 79 79 80 3 69 60 95
Louisville, KY-IN Large 17 19 26 29 31 32 33 35 36 37 39 40 41 43 43 43 43 44 44 43 45 42 44 44 44 43 43 2 72 153 75
Madison, WI Small 15 17 17 17 17 17 19 19 20 21 21 23 23 25 26 27 28 30 32 34 36 35 36 35 35 36 36 3 66 140 79
McAllen, TX Medium 8 10 13 16 17 18 20 20 20 22 25 29 29 29 29 30 30 31 31 31 30 29 29 29 29 29 30 3 61 275 35
Memphis, TN-MS-AR Large 10 12 25 25 27 29 31 32 33 34 37 39 40 40 41 41 42 43 43 43 44 42 42 42 42 42 43 2 72 330 23
Miami, FL Very large 26 29 32 32 34 35 37 38 39 43 45 46 49 50 52 51 52 52 52 52 53 49 49 50 50 51 52 6 46 100 91
Milwaukee, WI Large 13 17 26 27 28 29 30 32 34 34 34 33 33 34 34 35 35 36 36 37 37 36 37 37 37 37 38 6 50 192 58
Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN Large 12 17 24 27 30 33 36 38 41 43 45 46 48 48 49 49 50 50 49 49 48 44 45 46 46 46 47 7 39 292 33
Nashville-Davidson, TN Large 19 22 26 28 29 30 31 34 36 37 40 41 43 44 45 45 48 48 48 47 46 41 42 44 45 45 45 10 22 137 83
New Haven, CT Medium 10 15 22 24 25 28 30 31 32 33 36 37 38 39 40 40 41 41 41 42 42 39 39 39 39 39 40 3 69 300 31
New Orleans, LA Medium 17 20 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 30 31 31 32 32 33 34 35 33 34 38 42 43 45 45 45 45 45 5 55 165 71
New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT Very large 32 36 43 44 45 47 49 52 54 57 58 61 62 63 66 69 71 72 73 73 72 71 72 72 73 73 74 4 60 131 85
Oklahoma City, OK Large 12 15 19 20 22 26 27 28 31 33 35 37 40 42 44 44 46 46 46 47 48 46 45 46 47 47 49 7 42 308 30
Omaha, NE-IA Medium 9 11 15 16 18 19 20 20 22 22 23 25 26 27 28 28 29 29 29 29 31 31 31 31 32 32 32 3 63 256 38
Orlando, FL Large 15 20 30 31 32 32 33 35 36 37 39 42 43 45 47 48 48 49 50 50 50 46 45 45 45 44 46 0 80 207 52
Oxnard-Ventura, CA Small 3 5 8 9 10 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 20 21 23 23 23 25 27 25 22 22 22 23 23 23 23 5 56 667 4
Pensacola, FL-AL Small 9 13 17 18 20 22 24 25 28 31 32 33 34 34 36 37 39 39 41 41 40 38 38 39 38 38 38 0 80 322 25
Philadelphia, PA-NJ-DE-MD Very large 19 23 30 30 32 33 34 35 36 37 39 39 41 43 46 47 48 49 49 48 47 46 47 47 47 47 48 4 57 153 76
Phoenix, AZ Very large 36 38 41 41 41 42 42 43 45 45 46 49 49 50 51 52 53 55 56 58 56 50 50 50 51 51 51 2 78 42 100
Pittsburgh, PA Large 11 15 25 27 28 29 31 31 31 31 31 32 33 34 34 34 34 36 36 37 36 34 36 36 37 38 39 15 5 255 39
Portland, OR-WA Large 20 24 28 30 31 33 34 36 38 40 41 42 44 45 46 46 47 47 47 47 46 46 48 50 52 52 52 13 9 160 74
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh, NY Small 11 14 20 21 20 20 20 21 23 23 25 26 26 26 29 31 33 34 35 35 35 33 35 35 36 36 37 12 14 236 44
Providence, RI-MA Large 7 9 17 19 21 24 24 25 27 29 32 35 36 38 39 40 40 40 41 42 42 41 41 42 42 43 43 5 54 514 9
Provo, UT Medium 8 9 12 14 14 14 16 16 15 17 17 18 18 20 20 21 21 22 22 22 22 21 20 20 21 21 21 0 80 163 72
Raleigh-Durham, NC Medium 7 11 20 20 20 21 23 24 24 26 26 27 29 31 32 32 33 33 33 33 33 32 33 33 33 34 34 6 44 386 19
Richmond, VA Large 9 11 16 18 19 20 22 23 23 23 23 23 23 24 25 27 29 30 32 33 34 33 33 33 33 34 34 3 64 278 34
Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Large 19 23 30 32 33 34 36 37 38 40 42 44 46 47 49 52 54 57 59 59 59 55 57 57 57 57 59 7 36 211 49
Rochester, NY Medium 12 16 24 24 25 25 27 29 30 31 31 32 32 32 33 36 38 39 40 42 38 38 38 38 38 38 39 3 68 225 45
Sacramento, CA Large 16 18 26 27 28 29 30 32 32 34 35 36 37 39 40 42 43 44 45 46 44 42 42 42 43 43 43 2 72 169 69
Salem, OR Small 7 9 21 22 24 24 26 26 26 26 28 29 31 33 36 38 39 40 40 40 39 37 35 35 34 35 35 -5 96 400 15
Salt Lake City, UT Large 9 12 15 15 16 17 17 19 21 22 24 25 28 30 32 34 34 34 35 36 35 34 34 35 37 36 37 9 25 311 27
San Antonio, TX Large 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 33 35 37 38 39 40 42 42 42 42 43 43 42 41 39 41 41 42 43 44 13 12 144 77
San Diego, CA Very large 15 19 25 25 26 27 28 30 31 33 33 36 37 38 40 40 41 42 42 42 42 40 40 41 41 41 42 5 52 180 61
San Francisco-Oakland, CA Very large 50 57 62 62 63 65 67 69 70 71 72 72 73 73 72 74 75 77 79 78 77 73 73 73 76 77 78 7 38 56 97
San Jose, CA Large 19 26 37 37 38 38 39 40 41 42 43 46 49 51 52 53 54 56 58 60 60 56 59 64 65 65 67 20 2 253 42
San Juan, PR Large 8 11 17 17 19 19 22 24 24 24 24 27 30 32 34 37 39 39 39 38 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 13 8 438 14
Sarasota-Bradenton, FL Medium 15 17 18 20 19 21 21 21 23 23 25 26 26 26 25 25 25 26 27 27 26 24 25 25 25 26 26 8 30 73 94
Seattle, WA Very large 32 36 43 44 46 47 48 48 50 51 53 54 55 57 58 60 61 62 62 62 62 59 60 61 62 63 63 7 40 97 92
Spokane, WA Small 14 15 22 24 26 27 28 29 30 31 33 34 35 35 37 38 38 39 39 39 39 38 37 37 38 38 38 0 80 171 65
Springfield, MA-CT Medium 14 17 23 24 25 26 28 28 29 30 31 33 33 33 33 34 35 35 36 36 36 35 36 36 37 37 38 9 27 171 65
St. Louis, MO-IL Large 16 19 24 25 27 29 32 33 35 36 37 38 39 40 40 41 42 42 43 44 44 42 42 42 42 42 43 2 72 169 69
Stockton, CA Small 6 7 10 10 10 11 11 12 12 12 12 12 13 13 14 14 16 18 19 19 17 17 17 17 17 18 18 6 48 200 54
Tampa-St. Petersburg, FL Large 20 23 28 31 32 33 33 34 35 35 34 34 36 37 39 40 42 42 44 44 43 40 39 39 40 41 41 3 71 105 90
Toledo, OH-MI Medium 12 15 21 22 23 24 26 27 29 30 30 30 31 31 31 32 32 33 34 35 36 34 35 36 37 38 38 12 18 217 47
Tucson, AZ Medium 18 21 29 31 32 32 32 34 35 37 39 41 42 42 43 43 43 46 47 49 51 46 47 46 46 45 47 2 77 161 73
Tulsa, OK Medium 13 16 21 23 25 27 27 28 30 32 33 34 34 35 36 38 39 40 43 44 45 41 41 42 42 43 44 7 35 238 43
Virginia Beach, VA Large 15 17 24 25 26 27 29 32 34 36 37 38 39 40 40 40 41 42 42 42 43 42 43 43 43 44 45 7 37 200 54
Washington, DC-VA-MD Very large 36 45 53 55 59 61 64 65 66 66 68 68 70 72 75 76 78 81 83 84 86 85 85 84 83 82 82 -4 93 128 87
Wichita, KS Medium 13 16 22 24 25 25 26 26 27 28 27 29 29 29 30 31 32 34 36 37 36 31 32 33 34 34 35 13 11 169 68
Winston-Salem, NC Small 6 8 9 9 9 9 10 11 12 14 15 16 17 17 18 18 20 21 22 22 21 20 19 19 19 19 19 -5 95 217 47
Worcester, MA Small 8 13 21 22 23 24 26 27 29 30 31 32 34 35 36 36 37 38 39 40 40 37 37 37 36 37 38 3 67 375 21
471 Urban area average 471 Areas 18 21 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 41 42 42 42 40 40 41 41 42 42 5 NA 133 NA
101 Urban area average 101 Areas 24 28 34 35 36 37 39 40 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 52 52 49 49 50 51 51 52 6 NA 117 NA
Very large area average Very large 35 39 45 46 47 48 49 51 52 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 62 63 63 63 63 60 60 61 62 63 63 5 NA 80 NA
Large area average Large 14 17 25 26 28 29 31 33 34 35 36 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 44 45 44 42 43 43 44 44 45 7 NA 221 NA
Medium area average Medium 12 14 20 21 22 24 25 26 27 29 30 31 32 32 33 34 34 35 36 37 37 35 35 36 36 36 37 6 NA 208 NA
Small area average Small 8 10 14 15 16 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 26 27 28 29 30 30 30 29 29 29 29 30 30 3 NA 275 NA

KEY: NA = not applicable; R = revised.

Very large urban areas – 3 million and over population.

Large urban areas – 1 million to less than 3 million population.

Medium urban areas – 500,000 to less than 1 million population.

Small urban areas – less than 500,000 population.

a Percent changes were calculated using the numbers in this table and were not obtained from the source. Rank is based on the calculated percent change with the highest number corresponding to a rank of 1.

NOTES

The urban areas included are those containing over 500,000 people and several smaller places mostly chosen by previous sponsors of the Texas Transportation Institute study on mobility.

Methodology and data sources have been changed in 2015 and were applied retroactively to past years; these figures are not comparable to those in past editions of NTS. Population group is based on 2014 population.

SOURCE

Texas Transportation Institute, Congestion Data for Your City, Excel spreadsheet of the base statistics for the 101 urban areas and population group summary statistics (College Station, TX: 2015), available at http://mobility.tamu.edu as of Nov 17, 2015.