Table 1-72: Annual Highway Congestion Cost

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Urban area Population group Annual congestion cost per auto commuter (2011 dollars) Annual congestion cost (2011 dollars- millions)
Value Rank Value Rank
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Akron, OH Medium 699 710 705 692 658 632 695 709 786 501 522 506 484 483 37 44 54 58 64 68 68 68 66 82 72 79 85 85 211 216 218 218 211 208 236 242 269 225 232 223 209 209 55 56 59 60 62 65 64 67 65 73 67 71 76 76
Albany-Schenectady, NY Medium 426 455 530 575 614 692 811 870 1029 890 683 726 681 682 72 75 70 70 68 64 59 58 49 32 50 41 47 48 108 117 138 151 164 191 230 253 308 359 289 308 293 293 74 75 72 71 71 67 65 65 59 56 60 58 60 60
Albuquerque, NM Medium 766 816 764 751 697 753 875 992 1064 870 751 700 653 658 23 28 44 52 61 61 53 46 45 34 43 48 54 53 231 244 229 228 211 231 269 308 333 361 306 296 286 288 51 50 57 58 62 60 59 55 56 54 58 60 62 62
Allentown-Bethlehem, PA-NJ Medium 731 663 725 732 737 726 797 855 833 702 642 668 654 656 30 49 52 55 56 62 61 60 63 56 52 49 53 54 226 208 232 236 239 238 264 284 276 304 279 294 291 292 52 57 55 56 55 58 61 59 62 61 62 61 61 61
Anchorage, AK Small 458 462 492 565 586 572 594 601 662 554 413 367 363 367 68 73 78 71 70 75 78 81 83 75 89 95 93 93 72 73 80 92 99 97 104 104 118 122 82 76 77 78 81 83 85 85 85 87 86 91 91 90 95 95 96 96
Atlanta, GA Very large 1,212 1,228 1,393 1,455 1,521 1,593 1,690 1,865 1,888 1,276 1,122 1,092 1,106 1,120 3 4 3 4 4 4 4 3 4 5 7 7 7 7 1,901 1,987 2,305 2,457 2,601 2,752 2,949 3,289 3,370 3,190 2,939 2,949 3,095 3,135 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 9 11 9 9 9
Austin, TX Medium 745 853 923 1,025 1,060 1,200 1,347 1,587 1,564 1,063 974 925 902 930 28 22 22 18 18 14 8 6 7 13 13 19 22 18 301 354 395 456 487 562 648 786 796 801 764 758 786 810 41 41 40 38 39 34 33 31 31 31 33 33 34 33
Bakersfield, CA Medium 103 107 114 120 147 164 208 241 237 182 259 320 295 298 101 101 101 101 101 101 101 101 101 101 101 98 98 98 22 23 25 28 34 41 52 64 66 66 97 122 116 117 100 100 100 100 99 99 99 97 97 97 91 88 91 91
Baltimore, MD Large 610 636 743 822 997 1,064 1,120 1,208 1,257 934 828 861 904 908 54 55 47 43 21 21 23 28 26 26 32 26 21 22 639 668 794 898 1,112 1,211 1,290 1,409 1,483 1,530 1,369 1,459 1,550 1,557 23 23 21 20 16 16 16 16 16 16 17 15 16 16
Baton Rouge, LA Medium 773 933 979 1,027 1,037 1,198 1,307 1,405 1,370 988 1,071 1,064 1,047 1,052 21 16 17 17 19 15 10 13 17 20 10 8 9 9 146 182 196 208 213 250 278 306 344 360 399 408 422 424 64 60 63 63 61 56 56 56 54 55 50 52 53 53
Beaumont, TX Small 309 368 421 465 556 595 656 704 721 556 532 496 529 531 87 89 83 80 75 72 72 70 73 74 71 81 77 76 34 41 47 52 64 69 77 84 86 89 88 84 91 91 95 95 94 95 91 92 92 93 93 93 92 94 93 93
Birmingham, AL Medium 776 808 885 905 927 973 1,047 1,092 1,120 821 727 799 771 773 20 29 25 30 33 33 31 34 36 43 45 34 40 42 244 255 282 297 313 341 378 405 426 442 404 464 457 458 48 49 49 49 49 50 48 48 49 49 49 47 49 49
Boise, ID Small 309 344 376 448 435 457 462 506 551 415 320 370 329 334 87 90 90 85 88 88 90 91 92 92 96 93 95 95 34 39 44 54 55 60 63 72 81 84 63 76 73 74 95 97 96 93 96 95 95 95 94 94 98 95 97 97
Boston, MA-NH-RI Very large 927 962 1,091 1,154 1,258 1,335 1,534 1,654 1,683 1,199 1,198 1,141 1,140 1,147 11 14 11 10 6 7 5 5 5 6 5 6 6 6 1,641 1,700 1,942 2,074 2,279 2,436 2,833 3,108 3,225 3,114 2,976 2,898 2,904 2,922 9 10 9 10 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 10 11 11
Boulder, CO Small 712 754 823 871 834 852 922 969 1,097 725 611 439 430 436 33 37 35 35 42 47 46 50 40 53 58 89 90 88 49 52 56 59 58 61 65 70 81 71 59 44 44 45 89 90 92 92 93 94 94 96 94 95 101 101 101 101
Bridgeport-Stamford, CT-NY Medium 884 993 1,114 1,177 1,250 1,280 1,268 1,426 1,577 1,163 967 864 895 902 14 11 10 8 7 9 13 10 6 8 14 24 24 24 316 361 411 446 490 508 510 582 652 687 586 546 562 566 39 39 39 40 38 40 41 40 38 35 39 40 42 42
Brownsville, TX Small 207 218 281 311 326 375 382 446 455 351 449 502 557 565 96 99 95 95 94 95 95 95 95 97 86 80 72 72 17 17 23 27 28 32 34 40 42 45 62 72 84 85 101 101 101 101 101 101 101 101 101 101 99 97 95 95
Buffalo, NY Large 455 530 649 674 711 883 879 980 1,100 817 656 703 719 718 69 66 62 60 60 40 51 48 38 44 51 47 43 43 247 290 359 373 389 481 474 521 582 560 450 479 474 474 47 46 43 42 43 42 44 42 41 44 46 46 47 47
Cape Coral, FL Small 649 657 659 742 766 819 856 921 1,105 834 627 648 634 645 46 50 60 54 53 54 54 53 37 40 56 54 56 56 94 100 103 125 136 156 171 194 249 261 203 211 216 220 76 77 78 76 76 74 73 72 69 65 71 75 72 71
Charleston-North Charleston, SC Medium 580 607 636 654 683 764 817 831 954 716 591 661 634 647 55 61 66 63 62 57 58 61 58 54 61 51 56 55 122 129 140 145 153 174 189 194 225 233 200 233 235 240 68 70 71 73 73 72 72 72 73 72 72 67 68 68
Charlotte, NC-SC Large 525 589 727 769 865 904 1,039 1,093 1,195 925 907 907 883 898 61 62 51 50 39 36 32 33 30 28 20 20 25 25 187 219 285 316 372 403 470 499 555 601 611 628 642 653 58 55 48 47 46 45 45 45 42 40 37 38 37 37
Chicago, IL-IN Very large 857 879 932 970 1,145 1,214 1,338 1,496 1,522 1,165 1,073 1,165 1,150 1,153 16 21 21 23 13 12 9 8 8 7 9 5 5 5 3,131 3,219 3,422 3,583 4,265 4,556 5,062 5,697 5,810 5,786 5,459 6,200 6,198 6,214 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN Large 1,006 991 1,126 1,091 1,137 1,218 1,229 1,298 1,323 1,030 831 747 812 814 8 12 9 13 14 11 16 17 21 17 31 38 33 33 754 767 890 884 940 1,030 1,041 1,107 1,146 1,185 956 865 944 947 17 21 19 21 20 19 21 22 22 22 24 28 27 27
Cleveland, OH Large 611 664 685 610 586 590 707 694 720 516 641 632 644 642 52 48 56 68 70 73 66 73 74 80 53 56 55 57 523 571 590 527 505 509 611 599 618 594 776 747 739 736 28 28 29 33 34 39 36 39 39 42 31 35 36 36
Colorado Springs, CO Medium 519 635 777 832 828 824 785 1,052 1,039 711 517 523 522 530 62 56 41 41 44 53 63 38 48 55 73 74 78 78 114 144 186 201 203 204 194 266 270 255 194 205 202 205 71 68 65 64 64 66 71 61 64 67 75 77 77 77
Columbia, SC Small 319 371 439 466 489 535 568 599 762 695 621 660 658 663 86 86 82 79 81 80 81 83 70 61 57 52 52 52 69 81 97 105 111 123 132 141 181 222 197 215 223 225 82 81 80 81 83 81 80 81 80 74 74 74 69 69
Columbus, OH Large 772 782 795 835 858 925 1,080 1,133 1,149 797 887 817 838 847 22 33 39 40 40 35 30 31 33 48 24 31 29 29 392 408 420 457 477 526 616 647 660 650 784 720 745 753 32 35 38 37 40 38 35 36 37 38 30 36 35 35
Corpus Christi, TX Small 204 245 252 303 293 313 338 373 322 301 284 293 284 287 97 95 96 96 96 97 97 97 100 99 100 101 100 100 33 40 41 50 49 52 57 64 54 65 61 68 66 67 97 96 97 97 97 97 98 97 99 98 100 98 99 99
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Very Large 671 794 878 915 968 1,023 1,168 1,293 1,414 975 977 941 938 957 43 31 27 28 27 27 21 18 14 22 12 18 15 15 1,252 1,524 1,731 1,839 2,004 2,176 2,557 2,908 3,248 3,313 3,382 3,388 3,509 3,578 12 12 11 11 11 11 10 10 9 8 5 6 6 6
Dayton, OH Medium 611 675 672 595 567 549 672 643 658 454 538 521 505 507 52 47 58 69 74 77 70 77 84 88 70 75 80 81 236 268 270 241 232 226 279 266 273 245 285 275 264 265 50 48 51 55 57 62 55 61 63 69 61 63 64 64
Denver-Aurora, CO Large 766 849 950 970 943 991 1,092 1,240 1,244 882 899 865 921 937 23 23 20 23 31 30 29 24 28 33 21 23 18 16 743 836 960 1,041 1,014 1,076 1,195 1,373 1,404 1,428 1,465 1,454 1,584 1,612 18 17 17 17 18 18 17 17 17 17 16 16 15 15
Detroit, MI Very large 851 898 962 1,041 1,108 1,179 1,221 1,271 1,378 1,034 942 829 860 859 17 19 18 14 15 16 18 21 16 16 17 29 27 27 1,735 1,832 1,962 2,128 2,267 2,417 2,502 2,590 2,795 2,845 2,530 2,267 2,289 2,287 7 8 8 9 10 10 11 11 11 11 12 12 12 12
El Paso, TX-NM Medium 403 510 641 699 723 760 918 1,006 1,078 786 767 668 674 688 77 68 64 57 58 60 48 44 44 50 39 49 49 46 137 178 225 246 257 271 331 365 394 386 370 328 346 353 67 61 58 54 53 54 51 50 50 52 53 56 56 56
Eugene, OR Small 292 389 497 407 428 473 476 553 510 380 351 299 283 284 91 84 76 89 89 87 88 88 94 95 93 100 101 101 36 47 61 52 56 63 63 73 69 68 64 56 51 51 94 93 89 95 95 93 95 94 96 96 97 100 100 100
Fresno, CA Medium 396 439 500 453 451 448 455 498 522 407 303 369 335 337 78 77 75 82 85 89 93 92 93 93 97 94 94 94 113 126 146 133 138 139 144 160 175 183 143 180 163 164 72 72 69 75 75 76 79 78 81 78 82 80 82 82
Grand Rapids, MI Medium 448 471 482 488 477 497 555 579 607 448 459 494 498 501 70 72 79 78 83 84 83 86 87 89 84 82 82 83 118 127 134 140 140 149 168 178 188 185 200 222 214 215 69 71 73 74 74 75 74 74 77 77 72 72 73 73
Greensboro, NC Small 735 832 912 1,041 1,101 1,077 832 820 777 552 484 510 583 588 29 24 23 14 16 19 56 62 69 76 80 78 66 66 98 114 127 151 162 164 129 129 124 121 114 124 145 146 75 76 76 71 72 73 81 82 88 91 87 87 83 83
Hartford, CT Medium 645 715 803 783 800 810 922 983 1,154 867 733 724 780 781 47 42 37 48 50 55 46 47 32 37 44 42 38 39 277 311 350 344 354 360 412 443 522 529 444 444 478 479 44 43 44 45 47 47 46 47 45 46 47 50 46 46
Honolulu, HI Medium 749 741 741 779 748 859 932 1,091 1,130 907 873 888 920 928 27 39 48 49 55 46 44 35 35 29 26 21 19 20 238 233 233 248 238 273 297 348 361 403 391 404 423 427 49 52 54 53 56 53 54 52 52 51 51 53 52 52
Houston, TX Very large 701 763 853 939 969 978 1,102 1,236 1,297 936 1,148 1,039 1,071 1,090 36 35 30 26 26 32 28 25 23 25 6 9 8 8 1,126 1,258 1,445 1,649 1,742 1,774 2,008 2,267 2,384 2,453 3,009 2,851 3,065 3,120 13 13 13 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 9 11 10 10
Indianapolis, IN Large 1,149 1,131 1,224 1,253 1,317 1,346 1,389 1,415 1,416 1,024 953 945 922 930 6 6 5 7 5 6 7 11 13 19 16 17 17 18 559 554 600 620 658 678 707 740 762 775 760 775 810 817 26 29 28 27 27 31 31 33 32 33 34 32 31 32
Indio-Cathedral City-Palm Springs, CA Medium 388 371 347 342 325 411 449 549 600 440 326 335 328 331 79 86 93 94 95 94 94 89 88 90 95 96 96 96 66 70 72 75 75 103 120 159 188 178 134 139 137 138 83 86 87 87 90 84 84 79 77 81 84 86 86 86
Jackson, MS Small 292 328 366 453 506 514 621 712 857 694 597 591 588 594 91 92 91 82 80 81 75 67 61 62 60 65 64 64 65 75 84 105 118 122 149 173 210 215 180 184 181 183 84 82 83 81 80 82 77 75 74 76 77 79 79 79
Jacksonville, FL Medium 641 639 662 661 766 851 931 955 996 807 715 656 629 635 48 54 59 62 53 48 45 52 52 46 47 53 58 58 291 293 310 318 375 426 485 511 546 597 530 494 482 486 42 45 45 46 44 44 43 43 43 41 42 45 45 45
Kansas City, MO-KS Large 750 886 858 865 832 881 799 894 973 657 563 528 580 584 26 20 28 37 43 42 60 57 54 64 65 73 68 68 515 616 609 616 613 660 599 669 739 677 602 578 636 640 29 26 27 28 30 32 39 35 34 36 38 39 38 38
Knoxville, TN Medium 995 1,020 1,002 992 975 1,011 1,028 1,008 956 791 795 775 786 792 10 10 14 20 23 29 33 41 57 49 36 36 36 36 196 206 213 217 217 230 239 243 241 268 273 273 285 287 56 58 60 61 60 61 63 66 71 64 63 64 63 63
Lancaster-Palmdale, CA Medium 196 199 221 246 284 322 341 370 412 311 297 333 316 317 99 100 100 100 98 96 96 98 97 98 98 97 97 97 46 48 56 64 76 89 97 107 123 125 122 142 136 136 90 92 92 91 89 90 90 90 89 88 86 84 87 87
Laredo, TX Small 222 245 245 270 256 302 280 290 325 395 435 401 409 418 95 95 97 98 100 98 100 100 99 94 88 92 91 91 24 27 29 33 32 39 38 41 47 59 65 66 69 71 99 99 99 99 100 100 100 100 100 100 96 99 98 98
Las Vegas, NV Large 761 818 858 886 947 1,057 1,196 1,310 1,384 1,070 919 1,039 899 906 25 27 28 33 30 22 19 16 15 12 19 9 23 23 420 474 530 556 603 683 779 866 922 990 866 1,018 924 931 30 30 30 31 32 30 30 29 28 28 28 24 29 29
Little Rock, AR Small 337 394 381 457 365 443 586 584 674 578 481 539 539 545 85 83 88 81 93 90 80 85 81 70 81 71 74 74 52 61 60 74 60 74 104 111 132 161 145 170 169 171 88 89 90 88 92 91 86 89 87 83 81 81 80 81
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA Very large 1,373 1,482 1,562 1,675 1,706 1,726 1,884 1,999 2,124 1,533 1,216 1,256 1,290 1,300 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 4 2 2 2 7,815 8,470 8,952 9,643 9,862 10,015 10,990 11,691 12,474 12,365 9,839 10,370 10,699 10,785 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 2
Louisville, KY-IN Large 728 777 827 752 835 872 959 961 962 699 693 715 770 776 31 34 34 51 41 43 38 51 55 60 49 45 41 40 328 355 381 351 397 430 489 504 517 509 503 542 580 584 37 40 42 43 42 43 42 44 46 47 45 41 41 41
Madison, WI Small 190 221 237 259 270 290 323 313 347 249 334 413 431 436 100 98 99 99 99 100 99 99 98 100 94 90 89 88 30 37 40 44 47 50 59 57 64 62 84 109 118 119 98 98 98 98 98 98 97 99 98 99 94 91 88 88
McAllen, TX Medium 262 410 520 634 641 676 721 744 782 623 543 595 586 599 94 81 72 66 67 67 65 66 68 66 69 63 65 63 43 67 91 115 120 139 158 172 196 216 206 230 239 245 92 87 82 79 79 76 75 76 75 75 70 69 67 67
Memphis, TN-MS-AR Large 705 718 837 897 922 1,039 1,107 1,145 1,217 863 759 847 828 833 35 41 33 31 34 23 25 30 29 38 41 27 30 31 367 376 440 473 491 558 602 629 671 632 562 647 632 636 36 37 37 36 37 35 37 38 36 39 40 37 39 39
Miami, FL Very Large 685 796 957 1,034 1,097 1,171 1,242 1,334 1,369 1,030 876 977 977 993 40 30 19 16 17 17 14 15 18 17 25 15 13 13 1,564 1,856 2,352 2,593 2,770 3,014 3,302 3,590 3,691 3,755 3,197 3,655 3,687 3,749 10 7 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 6 7 4 5 5
Milwaukee, WI Large 578 630 682 651 658 680 722 754 726 576 572 535 583 585 56 59 57 64 64 66 64 65 71 71 62 72 66 67 373 418 462 454 472 491 523 547 529 573 561 530 597 599 35 34 35 39 41 41 40 41 44 43 41 42 40 40
Minneapolis - St. Paul, MN Large 664 710 774 864 800 825 876 995 975 701 753 642 688 695 45 44 43 38 50 52 52 45 53 58 42 55 45 45 738 806 886 1,006 936 979 1,045 1,202 1,200 1,222 1,330 1,162 1,248 1,260 19 19 20 18 21 20 20 18 20 20 19 19 19 19
Nashville-Davidson, TN Large 866 940 1,072 1,120 1,237 1,357 1,438 1,518 1,493 1,114 959 1,003 1,020 1,034 15 15 12 12 9 5 6 7 11 11 15 14 11 11 325 372 443 483 565 648 705 766 761 776 685 754 790 801 38 38 36 35 33 33 32 32 33 32 36 34 33 34
New Haven, CT Medium 706 823 881 977 980 988 902 1,008 1,053 808 712 741 718 717 34 25 26 22 22 31 49 41 46 45 48 40 44 44 189 223 245 277 282 288 267 304 320 332 294 312 304 304 57 54 53 51 51 52 60 57 57 59 59 57 59 59
New Orleans, LA Large 432 459 460 452 461 494 507 558 708 510 490 548 620 629 71 74 81 84 84 85 87 87 76 81 77 70 59 59 261 277 277 275 276 293 298 324 353 358 360 417 435 441 45 47 50 52 52 51 53 54 53 57 54 51 51 51
New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT Very large 722 819 852 866 910 1,067 1,229 1,415 1,445 1,382 1,232 1,240 1,275 1,281 32 26 31 36 35 20 16 11 12 4 3 3 3 3 5,491 6,281 6,708 6,863 7,294 8,697 10,109 11,736 12,132 12,203 11,036 11,384 11,778 11,837 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 1
Oklahoma City, OK Medium 672 792 749 881 931 867 881 870 1,044 905 836 819 791 803 42 32 45 34 32 45 50 58 47 30 30 30 34 34 257 307 294 351 375 354 368 375 456 543 506 519 535 543 46 44 46 43 44 49 49 49 48 45 44 43 43 43
Omaha, NE-IA Medium 285 304 356 391 418 425 461 487 564 424 505 459 489 494 93 94 92 92 90 92 92 93 89 91 75 87 84 84 88 95 113 124 133 137 148 157 184 182 221 203 217 219 79 78 77 77 77 78 78 80 79 79 68 78 71 72
Orlando, FL Large 1,044 1,084 1,188 1,273 1,220 1,213 1,235 1,283 1,355 1,037 931 1,016 969 984 7 7 7 5 10 13 15 19 19 15 18 13 14 14 611 646 736 819 804 819 853 913 974 1,013 918 1,029 1,016 1,031 24 25 23 23 25 26 27 28 27 25 26 23 23 23
Oxnard-Ventura, CA Medium 346 436 463 535 569 601 684 781 786 661 500 520 538 543 84 79 80 74 73 70 69 64 66 63 76 76 75 75 93 119 129 154 169 183 217 256 264 304 238 257 263 265 77 74 75 69 69 70 67 63 67 61 66 65 65 64
Pensacola, FL-AL Small 348 371 402 406 447 505 545 602 698 569 458 479 459 463 83 86 85 90 86 82 85 80 77 73 85 85 86 86 57 62 69 71 81 93 103 115 136 143 113 117 118 119 87 88 88 90 88 88 89 87 84 85 88 90 88 88
Philadelphia, PA-NJ-DE-MD Very large 686 726 777 896 972 1,036 1,109 1,224 1,269 1,061 983 1,024 1,015 1,018 39 40 41 32 24 24 24 26 25 14 11 11 12 12 1,642 1,766 1,923 2,253 2,482 2,688 2,886 3,186 3,309 3,395 3,171 3,373 3,377 3,387 8 9 10 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 8 7 7 7
Phoenix, AZ Very large 667 742 818 917 873 927 996 1,216 1,195 905 844 833 826 837 44 38 36 27 37 34 35 27 30 30 28 28 31 30 758 893 1,031 1,184 1,148 1,241 1,389 1,772 1,784 1,887 1,829 1,875 1,944 1,969 15 16 15 14 15 15 15 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
Pittsburgh, PA Large 811 923 904 980 1,010 1,031 1,107 1,122 1,096 870 792 864 825 826 19 17 24 21 20 26 25 32 41 34 37 24 32 32 676 767 750 811 833 852 914 927 904 957 884 976 1,006 1,007 22 21 22 24 24 24 24 27 29 29 27 25 24 24
Portland, OR-WA Large 832 908 984 1,001 971 1,036 1,128 1,241 1,288 958 890 885 925 937 18 18 16 19 25 24 22 23 24 24 23 22 16 16 587 656 728 762 751 828 919 1,027 1,094 1,113 1,054 1,071 1,115 1,130 25 24 24 26 26 25 23 24 24 23 22 21 21 21
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh, NY Medium 370 395 420 435 480 505 564 600 670 496 489 564 530 531 82 82 84 87 82 82 82 82 82 83 78 66 76 76 80 88 95 102 117 129 151 168 192 182 182 216 212 212 80 80 81 83 81 79 76 77 76 79 76 73 74 74
Providence, RI-MA Large 482 575 640 728 801 893 959 1,007 960 804 635 605 611 611 66 63 65 56 49 39 38 43 56 47 55 62 61 62 288 350 388 443 493 553 602 632 602 668 527 507 503 503 43 42 41 41 36 36 37 37 40 37 43 44 44 44
Provo, UT Small 294 326 338 387 396 441 464 520 557 462 436 480 504 514 90 93 94 93 92 91 89 90 91 86 87 84 81 80 63 71 75 87 90 103 110 124 134 141 134 151 169 172 85 84 86 86 86 84 85 85 86 87 84 82 80 80
Raleigh-Durham, NC Large 417 454 514 543 585 585 644 699 697 575 488 484 492 502 74 76 73 73 72 74 74 71 78 72 79 83 83 82 146 165 197 219 251 268 308 349 362 404 355 373 388 396 64 66 62 59 54 55 52 51 51 50 55 54 55 55
Richmond, VA Medium 412 420 392 417 436 483 552 585 621 480 472 551 577 581 75 80 87 88 87 86 84 84 86 85 82 69 69 69 161 167 164 184 201 234 270 285 305 311 311 366 395 398 62 65 68 66 65 59 58 58 60 60 57 55 54 54
Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Large 513 560 649 674 727 843 981 1,190 1,257 933 809 797 842 854 63 64 62 60 57 50 37 29 26 27 35 35 28 28 377 422 504 543 616 738 898 1,098 1,185 1,209 1,079 1,069 1,136 1,152 34 33 33 32 29 27 25 23 21 21 21 22 20 20
Rochester, NY Medium 418 499 532 518 538 599 652 707 796 653 601 562 589 590 73 69 69 75 77 71 73 69 65 65 59 67 63 65 139 169 182 182 192 219 244 271 314 341 314 294 309 309 66 64 66 67 67 64 62 60 58 58 56 61 58 58
Sacramento, CA Large 621 656 740 796 796 868 995 1,087 1,145 848 641 630 662 669 51 51 49 46 52 44 36 36 34 39 53 58 51 50 415 449 520 576 612 705 830 932 1,004 998 768 787 826 834 31 31 31 29 31 29 28 26 26 27 32 30 30 30
Salem, OR Small 573 652 730 910 962 844 841 897 1,084 869 570 612 575 580 58 52 50 29 28 49 55 56 42 36 63 61 70 70 61 71 83 108 116 101 104 114 136 143 98 105 100 101 86 84 84 80 82 86 86 88 84 85 90 92 92 92
Salt Lake City, UT Large 486 537 632 677 720 762 700 664 682 546 548 632 610 620 65 65 67 59 59 59 67 75 80 78 68 56 62 61 219 243 288 316 337 359 334 326 337 365 375 446 442 449 53 51 47 47 48 48 50 53 55 53 52 49 50 50
San Antonio, TX Large 527 635 781 796 810 841 947 1,018 1,004 753 719 749 772 787 60 56 40 46 47 51 42 40 51 52 46 37 39 38 315 382 477 487 504 543 628 684 692 732 733 781 810 825 40 36 34 34 35 37 34 34 35 34 35 31 31 31
San Diego, CA Very large 530 633 712 815 899 901 1,018 1,086 1,099 824 825 724 766 774 59 58 53 45 36 38 34 37 39 41 33 42 42 41 690 836 954 1,108 1,241 1,262 1,445 1,552 1,584 1,594 1,629 1,453 1,520 1,537 21 17 18 15 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 17 17 17
San Francisco-Oakland, CA Very large 1,219 1,283 1,506 1,512 1,618 1,724 1,898 2,176 2,280 1,716 1,254 1,221 1,253 1,266 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 4 4 4 2,353 2,491 2,933 2,965 3,166 3,355 3,675 4,203 4,392 4,396 3,209 3,220 3,245 3,279 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 8 8 8
San Jose, CA Large 889 1,047 1,176 1,263 1,243 1,302 1,272 1,388 1,515 1,132 810 746 790 800 13 9 8 6 8 8 12 14 10 9 34 39 35 35 756 900 1,015 1,089 1,072 1,123 1,097 1,198 1,332 1,342 977 934 958 971 16 15 16 16 17 17 18 19 18 18 23 27 26 26
San Juan, PR Large 384 439 509 561 604 690 792 786 816 597 556 615 619 625 80 77 74 72 69 65 62 63 64 68 67 60 60 60 382 439 514 571 618 712 820 819 861 887 847 960 970 980 33 32 32 30 28 28 29 30 30 30 29 26 25 25
Sarasota-Bradenton, FL Medium 405 472 496 517 538 563 610 638 720 521 361 473 439 444 76 71 77 76 77 76 77 78 74 79 92 86 87 87 113 134 143 153 165 179 203 220 252 242 172 233 220 222 72 69 70 70 70 71 69 71 68 70 79 67 70 70
Seattle, WA Very large 1,183 1,207 1,210 1,175 1,169 1,246 1,292 1,468 1,519 1,119 1,091 1,018 1,034 1,050 4 5 6 9 11 10 11 9 9 10 8 12 10 10 1,479 1,526 1,546 1,534 1,565 1,719 1,824 2,100 2,206 2,256 2,226 2,143 2,208 2,241 11 11 12 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
Spokane, WA Small 624 677 699 648 655 622 621 628 689 594 565 520 515 518 50 46 55 65 66 69 75 79 79 69 64 76 79 79 115 126 131 122 123 125 126 128 140 157 148 142 140 141 70 72 74 78 78 80 82 83 83 84 80 84 85 85
Springfield, MA-CT Medium 460 497 529 512 547 549 589 671 722 551 513 592 574 575 67 70 71 77 76 77 79 74 72 77 74 64 71 71 151 165 177 173 185 187 199 227 248 242 220 251 253 253 63 66 67 68 68 69 70 70 70 70 69 66 66 66
St. Louis, MO-IL Large 906 973 1,041 950 956 904 945 1,030 1,016 701 760 715 685 686 12 13 13 25 29 36 43 39 50 58 40 45 46 47 906 975 1,061 986 1,003 967 1,024 1,138 1,137 1,073 1,184 1,152 1,115 1,116 14 14 14 19 19 21 22 20 23 24 20 20 21 22
Stockton, CA Small 204 225 243 275 292 292 337 407 437 365 291 310 289 293 97 97 98 97 97 99 98 96 96 96 99 99 99 99 37 42 47 53 58 60 71 87 95 103 87 95 89 90 93 94 94 94 93 95 93 92 92 92 93 93 94 94
Tampa-St Petersburg, FL Large 575 613 659 747 814 882 953 973 1,080 823 839 802 781 791 57 60 60 53 45 41 41 49 43 42 29 33 37 37 551 595 658 767 845 928 1,084 1,124 1,272 1,311 1,347 1,321 1,308 1,325 27 27 26 25 23 22 19 21 19 19 18 18 18 18
Toledo, OH-MI Medium 676 758 846 848 813 797 958 903 945 702 469 561 556 555 41 36 32 39 46 56 40 55 59 56 83 68 73 73 183 205 231 233 226 226 271 255 267 260 176 210 202 202 59 59 56 57 58 62 57 64 66 66 78 76 77 78
Tucson, AZ Medium 629 652 749 832 873 1,023 1,105 1,282 1,301 980 872 946 913 921 49 52 45 41 37 27 27 20 22 21 27 16 20 21 213 224 259 289 305 362 393 462 476 471 423 464 462 466 54 53 52 50 50 46 47 46 47 48 48 47 48 48
Tulsa, OK Medium 491 513 591 633 666 712 666 699 836 613 559 622 663 668 64 67 68 67 63 63 71 71 62 67 66 59 50 51 163 171 198 214 225 241 226 241 289 286 271 307 329 331 61 63 61 62 59 57 66 68 61 63 64 59 57 57
Virginia Beach, VA Large 999 1,067 992 1,135 1,159 1,158 1,181 1,265 1,350 972 892 813 875 877 9 8 15 11 12 18 20 22 20 23 22 32 26 26 711 771 728 846 871 872 892 956 1,019 1,006 935 841 930 932 20 20 24 22 22 23 26 25 25 26 25 29 28 28
Washington, DC-VA-MD Very large 1,171 1,260 1,385 1,488 1,543 1,657 1,739 1,845 1,895 1,594 1,352 1,328 1,375 1,398 5 3 4 3 3 3 3 4 3 2 1 1 1 1 1,984 2,181 2,407 2,670 2,877 3,139 3,313 3,519 3,630 3,995 3,440 3,502 3,708 3,771 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 5 4 5 4 4
Wichita, KS Medium 375 380 397 392 402 423 462 468 562 461 406 411 404 405 81 85 86 91 91 93 90 94 90 87 91 91 92 92 90 93 99 99 102 109 121 125 154 163 139 148 143 143 78 79 79 84 84 83 83 84 82 82 83 83 84 84
Winston-Salem, NC Small 301 334 381 442 514 538 545 660 648 485 411 441 432 435 89 91 88 86 79 79 85 76 85 84 90 88 88 90 46 52 60 73 86 93 96 119 119 125 111 121 118 119 90 90 90 89 87 88 91 86 90 88 89 89 88 88
Worcester, MA Small 698 713 798 822 805 764 823 914 930 784 786 721 675 677 38 43 38 43 48 57 57 54 60 51 38 44 48 49 166 172 192 200 196 189 206 229 234 252 240 225 212 212 60 62 64 65 66 68 68 69 72 68 65 70 74 74
439 Urban area average 439 Areas 538 574 609 639 662 685 739 802 822 858 782 782 785 818 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 119 131 145 155 166 180 201 224 236 243 222 230 234 243 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
101 Urban area average 101 Areas 650 694 741 767 790 828 895 973 1,006 1,006 903 915 925 922 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 553 607 669 714 757 815 897 990 1,041 1,056 962 988 1,015 1,024 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Very large area average Very large 769 821 877 914 951 1,003 1,097 1,205 1,244 1,241 1,101 1,118 1,132 1,128 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 2,304 2,521 2,774 2,970 3,171 3,416 3,790 4,214 4,402 4,436 3,991 4,102 4,215 4,254 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Large area average Large 575 613 656 673 682 714 759 810 833 833 771 771 782 780 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 466 513 569 604 634 685 743 807 844 861 810 821 848 856 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Medium area average Medium 448 483 510 522 524 543 583 626 668 679 609 634 630 628 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 155 172 187 197 205 219 240 263 289 299 273 288 291 293 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Small area average Small 333 362 391 422 430 437 456 491 535 561 487 502 499 497 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 60 67 74 83 87 92 98 108 121 129 114 120 122 123 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

KEY: NA = not applicable; R = revised.

Very large urban areas - 3 million and over population.

Large urban areas - 1 million to less than 3 million population.

Medium urban areas - 500,000 to less than 1 million population.

Small urban areas - less than 500,000 population.

NOTES

The urban areas included are those containing over 500,000 people and several smaller places mostly chosen by previous sponsors of the Texas Transportation Institute study on mobility. Population group is based on 2010 population.

The cost of congestion is estimated with a value for each hour of travel time and each gallon of fuel. For a more detailed explanation of the formulas used, see the source document.

SOURCE

Texas Transportation Institute, Congestion Data for Your City, Excel spreadsheet of the base statistics for the 101 urban areas and population group summary statistics (College Station, TX: 2012), available at http://mobility.tamu.edu as of Feb. 7, 2013.