Table 2-1: Transportation Fatalities by Mode

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 (P) 2013
TOTAL fatalities U U U U U U 47,483 44,477 42,163 42,962 43,722 44,694 44,929 44,580 44,081 44,169 44,463 45,020 45,292 45,121 45,028 45,641 45,061 43,347 39,542 35,978 35,034 34,568 35,699 34,509
Air, total 1,286 1,290 1,456 1,473 1,382 1,595 866 1,039 988 811 1,057 963 1,093 724 670 683 764 1,166 616 699 637 603 774 540 568 548 476 489 449 429
U.S. air carriera 499 261 146 124 1 526 39 62 33 1 239 168 380 8 1 12 92 531 0 22 14 22 50 1 3 52 2 0 0 9
Commuter carrierb N N N 28 37 37 6 99 21 24 25 9 14 46 0 12 5 13 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 6
On-demand air taxic N N N 69 105 76 51 78 68 42 63 52 63 39 45 38 71 60 35 42 64 18 16 43 69 17 17 41 9 27
General aviationd 787 1,029 1,310 1,252 1,239 956 770 800 866 744 730 734 636 631 624 621 596 562 581 633 559 563 706 496 496 479 457 448 440 387
Highway, total 36,399 47,089 52,627 44,525 51,091 43,825 44,599 41,508 39,250 40,150 40,716 41,817 42,063 42,013 41,501 41,717 41,945 42,196 43,005 42,884 42,836 43,510 42,708 41,259 37,423 33,883 32,999 32,479 33,782 32,719
Passenger car occupants N N N 25,929 27,449 23,212 24,092 22,385 21,387 21,566 21,997 22,423 22,505 22,199 21,194 20,862 20,699 20,320 20,569 19,725 19,192 18,512 17,925 16,614 14,646 13,135 12,491 12,014 12,361 11,977
Motorcyclists 790 1,650 2,280 3,189 5,144 4,564 3,244 2,806 2,395 2,449 2,320 2,227 2,161 2,116 2,294 2,483 2,897 3,197 3,270 3,714 4,028 4,576 4,837 5,174 5,312 4,469 4,518 4,630 4,986 4,668
Truck occupantse, light N N N 4,856 7,486 6,689 8,601 8,391 8,098 8,511 8,904 9,568 9,932 10,249 10,705 11,265 11,526 11,723 12,274 12,546 12,674 13,037 12,761 12,458 10,816 10,312 9,782 9,302 9,418 9,155
Truck occupantse, large N N N 961 1,262 977 705 661 585 605 670 648 621 723 742 759 754 708 689 726 766 804 805 805 682 499 530 640 697 691
Bus occupants N N N 53 46 57 32 31 28 18 18 33 21 18 38 59 22 34 45 41 42 58 27 36 67 26 44 55 39 48
Pedestrians 7,210 7,990 8,950 7,516 8,070 6,808 6,482 5,801 5,549 5,649 5,489 5,584 5,449 5,321 5,228 4,939 4,763 4,901 4,851 4,774 4,675 4,892 4,795 4,699 4,414 4,109 4,302 4,457 4,818 4,735
Pedalcyclists 490 690 760 1,003 965 890 859 843 723 816 802 833 765 814 760 754 693 732 665 629 727 786 772 701 718 628 623 682 734 743
Otherf 27,909 36,759 40,637 1,018 669 628 584 590 485 536 516 501 609 573 540 596 591 581 642 729 732 845 786 772 768 705 709 699 729 702
Railroad, totalg N N N N 1,417 1,036 1,297 1,194 1,170 1,279 1,226 1,146 1,039 1,063 1,008 932 937 971 951 865 891 884 903 851 804 695 734 691 677 706
Train accidents N N N N 29 8 10 19 6 67 12 14 25 17 4 9 10 6 15 4 13 33 6 9 27 4 8 6 9 11
Highway-rail grade crossing N N N N 833 582 698 608 579 626 615 579 488 461 431 402 425 421 357 334 371 359 369 339 290 248 261 250 230 231
Other incidents N N N N 555 446 589 567 585 586 599 553 526 585 573 521 502 544 579 527 507 492 528 503 487 443 465 435 438 464
Transit, totalh N N N N N N 339 300 273 281 320 274 264 275 286 299 295 267 182 202 177 149 162 188 172 226 221 228 264 266
Passenger/Occupant N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N 47 51 33 48 20 26 30 48 49 36 67 60
Employee/Worker N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N 5 8 8 7 9 9 8 11 6 3 5 10
Other N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N 130 143 136 94 133 153 134 167 166 189 192 196
Water, totali N N 2,016 2,039 1,847 1,377 1,051 1,010 1,032 1,026 992 1,016 906 989 1,033 928 888 828 890 844 815 829 883 842 854 865 821 904 765 642
Passengerj N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N 48 52 55 52 91 79 65 62 87 96 84 57
Freight k N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N 48 39 37 33 37 42 34 30 22 18 14 8
Industrial/Other l N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N 44 50 47 47 45 36 46 37 40 32 16 17
Recreational boatingm 739 1,360 1,418 1,466 1,360 1,116 865 924 816 800 784 829 709 821 815 734 701 681 750 703 676 697 710 685 709 736 672 758 651 560
Vessel-relatedn N N 178 243 206 131 85 30 97 105 77 53 55 48 69 58 53 53 N N N N N N N N N N N N
Not related to vessel casualtieso N N 420 330 281 130 101 56 119 121 131 134 142 120 149 136 134 94 N N N N N N N N N N N N
Pipeline, total N N 30 15 19 33 9 14 15 17 22 21 53 10 21 22 38 7 12 12 23 16 19 16 8 13 19 12 10 9
Hazardous liquid pipeline N N 4 7 4 5 3 0 5 0 1 3 5 0 2 4 1 0 1 0 5 2 0 4 2 4 1 1 3 1
Gas pipeline N N 26 8 15 28 6 14 10 17 21 18 48 10 19 18 37 7 11 12 18 14 19 12 6 9 18 11 7 8
Other counts, redundant with above                                                            
Railroad, trespasser deaths not at highway-rail crossing N N N N 457 391 543 524 533 523 529 494 471 533 536 479 463 511 540 498 472 458 511 470 457 416 440 405 413 432
Railroad, killed at public crossing with motor vehicle N N N 786 708 480 568 497 466 517 501 455 377 378 325 309 306 315 271 249 256 258 267 227 199 161 136 139 134 140
Passenger rail N N N 40 52 79 202 178 175 292 196 211 176 227 196 188 220 242 226 182 201 202 180 216 229 214 215 194 200 198
Freight rail N N N (R) 1,520 1,365 (R) 957 1,095 (R) 1,016 (R) 995 (R) 987 (R) 1,030 (R) 935 (R) 863 (R) 837 (R) 812 (R) 745 717 729 725 683 690 682 723 635 575 481 519 497 478 509
Transit, non-rail N N N N N N 110 91 99 85 110 88 112 116 113 103 98 100 93 136 95 92 121 122 88 91 100 96 114 122
Transit, rail N N N N N N 229 209 174 196 210 186 152 159 173 196 197 167 89 66 81 54 41 65 84 134 120 132 150 144

KEY: N = data do not exist; P = preliminary; R = revised; U = data are unavailable.

a All services operating under 14 CFR 121 (Scheduled air carriers). Since Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 121 include aircraft with 10 or more seats that formerly operated under 14 CFR 135. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent data. In 2001, other than the persons aboard the aircraft who were killed, fatalities resulting from the September 11 terrorist acts are excluded. U.S. air carrier figure does not include 12 persons killed aboard a commuter aircraft when it and a US Air airliner collided.

b All scheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135 (Commuter air carriers). Before Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 135 applied to aircraft with 30 or fewer seats. Since Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 135 includes only aircraft with fewer than 10 seats. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent data. Commuter air carrier figure does not include 22 persons killed aboard a US Air airliner when it and a commuter aircraft collided.

c Nonscheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135 (On-demand air taxis).

d All operations other than those operating under 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135.

eLight trucks are defined as trucks of 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating or less, including pickups, vans, truck-based station wagons, and utility vehicles. Large trucks are defined as trucks over 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, including single-unit trucks and truck tractors.

f Includes occupants of other vehicle types, other nonmotorists, and unknown. For 1960-70, the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration did not break out fatality data to the same level of detail as in later years, so fatalities for those years also include occupants of passenger cars, trucks, and buses.

g Includes Amtrak. Fatalities include those resulting from train accidents, highway-rail crossing incidents, and other incidents. Railroad fatality data for 1975 and before is not comparable with later years due to a change in the reporting system.

h Includes transit employee, contract worker, passenger, revenue facility occupant, and other fatalities for all modes reported in the National Transit Database.

i Passenger, freight, and industrial/other include only closed cases where vessels were involved in a marine casualty as of April 6, 2015. Open cases by fiscal year not included above: CY 2002 = 0, CY 2003 = 5, CY 2004 = 5, CY 2005 = 8, CY 2006 = 4, CY 2007 = 7, CY 2008 = 19, CY 2009 = 38, CY 2010 = 36, CY 2011 = 120, CY 2012 = 644, CY 2013 = 727, and CY 2014 = 742.

j Passenger includes passenger ships, research ships, and schools ships and include only closed cases where vessels were involved in a marine casualty as of April 6, 2015. Open cases by fiscal year not included above: CY 2002 = 0, CY 2003 = 5, CY 2004 = 5, CY 2005 = 8, CY 2006 = 4, CY 2007 = 7, CY 2008 = 19, CY 2009 = 38, CY 2010 = 36, CY 2011 = 120, CY 2012 = 644, CY 2013 = 727, and CY 2014 = 742.

k Freight includes barges, bulk carriers, general dry cargo ships, refrigerated cargo ships, roll-on/roll-off ships, tank ships, and towing ships and include only closed cases where vessels were involved in a marine casualty as of April 6, 2015. Open cases by fiscal year not included above: CY 2002 = 0, CY 2003 = 5, CY 2004 = 5, CY 2005 = 8, CY 2006 = 4, CY 2007 = 7, CY 2008 = 19, CY 2009 = 38, CY 2010 = 36, CY 2011 = 120, CY 2012 = 644, CY 2013 = 727, and CY 2014 = 742.

l Industrial/other includes fishing vessels, miscellaneous vessels, and offshore include only closed cases where vessels were involved in a marine casualty as of April 6, 2015. Open cases by fiscal year not included above: CY 2002 = 0, CY 2003 = 5, CY 2004 = 5, CY 2005 = 8, CY 2006 = 4, CY 2007 = 7, CY 2008 = 19, CY 2009 = 38, CY 2010 = 36, CY 2011 = 120, CY 2012 = 644, CY 2013 = 727, and CY 2014 = 742.

m Recreational includes airboats, canoes, kayaks, motorboats, pontoon, rowboats, and sailboats. Data are based on information provided by the States, the District of Columbia and the five U.S. Territories to the Coast Guard Boating Accident Report Database (BARD) system, which is subject to some under- or delayed reporting.

n Vessel-related casualties include those involving damage to vessels such as collisions or groundings. Fatalities not related to vessel casualties include deaths from falling overboard or from accidents involving onboard equipment.

o1992-97 data come from the Marine Safety Management Information System. Between 1998 and 2001, the U.S. Coast Guard phased in a new computer system to track safety data, the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System. During that period, data come from combining entries in the Marine Safety Management Information System with entries in the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System. Data for prior years come from other sources and may not be directly comparable.

NOTES

To reduce double counting, the following adjustments are made to Total Fatalities: For Railroad, fatalities involving motor vehicles at public highway-rail grade crossings are excluded because such fatalities are assumed to be included in Highway fatalities. For Transit, non-rail modes, including aerial tramway, motor bus, bus rapid transit, commuter bus, demand response, demand taxi, ferryboat, jitney, publico, trolleybus, and vanpool fatalities are excluded because they are counted as Transit, Water, and Highway fatalities. Other counts, redundant with above help eliminate double counting in the Total Fatalities.

Highway fatalities data prior to 1975 have been adjusted to reflect the Fatality Analysis Reporting System's definition of a fatal crash as one that involves a motor vehicle on a traffic way that results in the death of a vehicle occupant or a nonmotorist within 30 days of the crash.

Water injury data for 2001 and before is not comparable with later year due to a change in the reporting system.

Current version of this table is not comparable with the versions before 2014 because of the categories changing for some modes.

SOURCES

Air:

U.S. Air Carrier:

1960: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1967 (Washington, DC: December 1968).

1965-70: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1975, NTSB/ARC-77/1 (Washington, DC: January 1977).

1975: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1983, NTSB/ARC-87/01 (Washington, DC: February 1987), table 18.

1980: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1981, NTSB/ARC-85/01 (Washington, DC: February 1985), tables 2 and 16.

1985-2013: Ibid., Aviation Accident Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 5, available at http://www.ntsb.gov/data/aviation_stats.html as of March 2015.

Commuter:

1975-80: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1980, NTSB/ARC-83/01 (Washington, DC: January 1983), tables 26 and 40.

1985-2013: Ibid., Aviation Accident Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 8, available at http://www.ntsb.gov/data/aviation_stats.html as of March 2015.

On-demand air taxi:

1975-80: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1981, NTSB/ARC-85/01 (Washington, DC: February 1985), table 61.

1985-2013: Ibid., Aviation Accident Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 9, available at http://www.ntsb.gov/data/aviation_stats.html as of March 2015.

General aviation:

1960-70: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. General Aviation, Calendar Year 1970, NTSB/ARG-74/1 (Washington, DC: April 1974), table 117.

1975-80: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: General Aviation, Calendar Year 1985, NTSB/ARG-87/03 (Washington, DC: October 1987), table 21.

1985-2013: Ibid., Aviation Accident Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 10, available at http://www.ntsb.gov/data/aviation_stats.html as of March 2015.

Highway:

1960-65: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration from data supplied by U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics, and individual state accident reports (adjusted to 30-day deaths).

1970-2013: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Safety Facts (Annual Editions), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/cats/index.aspx as of July 2015.

Rail:

Highway-rail grade crossing:

1975-2013: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis, table 5.11, Hwy/Rail Incidents Summary Tables, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/ as of July 2015.

Railroad:

1960-65: National Safety Council, Accident Facts, 1974 (Washington, DC: 1974).

1970: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Highway-Rail Crossing Accident/Incident and Inventory Bulletin (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 7.

1975-2013: Ibid., U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis, table 1.12, 1.13, 2.07, and 5.14 , available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/ as of April 2015.

Transit:

1990-2001: U.S. Department of Transportation, Volpe Center, Transit Safety and Security Statistics, available at http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov/data/samis.aspx as of March 2015.

2002-13: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, National Transit Database, Safety & Security Time Series Data, available at http://www.ntdprogram.gov/ntdprogram/ as March 2015.

Water:

Passenger, Freight, Industrial/Other:

2002-13: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Data Administration Division, Marine Casualty and Pollution Data for Researchers (April 6, 2015), available at homeport.uscg.gov as of July 2015.

Recreational:

1960-2002: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Boating Safety, Boating Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 31, available at http://www.uscgboating.org as of June 2014.

2003-13: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Recreational Boating Statistics (annual issues), available at www.uscgboating.org as of July 2015.

Vessel- and nonvessel-related:

1970-91: U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Investigations and Analysis, Compliance Analysis Division, (G-MOA-2), personal communication, Apr. 13, 1999.

1992-2001: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Data Administration Division (G-MRI-1), personal communication, Apr. 7, 2010.

Pipeline:

Hazardous liquid and gas pipeline:

1970-85: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Accident and Incident Summary Statistics by Year, available at http://ops.dot.gov as of Nov. 18, 2003.

1990-2013: U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Accident and Incident Summary Statistics by Year, available at http://phmsa.dot.gov/pipeline as of March 2015.