Table 2-2: Injured Persons by Transportation Mode

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 (P) 2012
TOTAL N N N N N N 3,269,465 3,133,697 3,106,885 3,183,801 (R) 3,300,588 3,497,269 3,513,824 3,377,676 3,220,278 3,263,194 (R) 3,217,117 3,059,977 2,946,687 2,906,807 (R) 2,806,465 (R) 2,716,559 (R) 2,592,864 2,510,231 (R) 2,366,527 (R) 2,235,295 (R) 2,258,756 (R) 2,234,265 U
Air,a total N N 822 850 757 589 485 (R) 514 456 430 484 452 467 417 369 406 (R) 359 368 337 367 (R) 302 (R) 305 (R) 286 291 296 301 277 362 276
U.S. air carrierb N N 107 81 19 30 29 26 22 19 31 25 77 43 30 67 (R) 31 19 24 31 20 14 9 16 23 23 16 20 18
Commuter carrierc N N N N 14 14 11 31 7 2 6 17 2 1 2 2 7 4 0 1 0 0 1 0 2 1 2 0 0
On-demand air taxid N N N N 43 44 36 26 19 24 32 14 22 23 10 15 12 24 16 12 17 (R) 20 (R) 11 20 12 4 3 15 10
General aviatione N N 715 769 681 501 409 (R) 431 408 385 415 396 366 350 327 322 309 321 297 323 (R) 265 (R) 271 (R) 265 255 259 273 256 327 248
Highway, total N N N N N N 3,230,666 3,096,870 3,069,603 3,149,164 3,265,928 3,465,279 3,483,319 3,347,614 3,192,035 3,236,238 3,188,750 3,032,672 2,925,758 2,888,601 2,788,378 2,699,000 2,575,000 2,491,000 2,346,000 2,217,000 2,239,000 2,217,000 2,362,000
Passenger car occupants N N N N N N 2,376,439 2,234,594 2,231,703 2,264,809 2,363,595 2,469,358 2,458,080 2,340,612 2,201,375 2,137,503 2,051,609 1,926,625 1,804,788 1,756,495 1,642,549 1,573,396 1,474,536 1,379,181 1,304,006 1,216,000 1,253,000 1,240,000 1,328,000
Motorcyclists N N N N N N 84,285 80,435 65,099 59,436 57,405 57,480 55,281 52,574 48,974 49,986 57,723 60,236 64,713 67,103 76,379 87,335 88,652 102,994 95,986 90,000 82,000 81,000 93,000
Truck occupantsf, light N N N N N N 505,144 562,601 544,657 600,874 631,411 722,496 761,478 754,820 762,506 846,865 886,566 860,527 879,338 889,048 900,171 872,137 856,896 841,451 768,410 759,000 733,000 728,000 762,000
Truck occupantsf, large N N N N N N 41,822 28,031 33,778 32,102 30,208 30,344 32,760 30,913 28,767 32,892 30,832 29,424 26,242 26,893 27,287 27,284 23,815 23,314 22,947 17,000 20,000 23,000 25,000
Bus occupants N N N N N N 32,691 20,959 20,144 17,056 15,767 19,214 20,291 16,887 15,559 21,958 17,769 15,427 18,819 18,174 16,410 11,133 9,839 12,141 15,149 12,000 17,000 13,000 12,000
Pedestrians N N N N N N 104,805 88,446 89,184 94,001 91,987 85,837 81,797 77,011 68,955 85,235 77,625 77,619 70,664 69,949 67,985 64,446 60,924 70,286 68,832 59,000 70,000 69,000 76,000
Pedalcyclists N N N N N N 74,903 67,088 62,691 67,916 62,489 66,572 58,158 57,802 53,379 51,290 51,160 45,277 48,011 46,378 41,086 45,439 44,012 43,481 52,395 51,000 52,000 48,000 49,000
Otherg N N N N N N 10,578 14,716 22,348 12,969 13,065 13,977 15,473 16,995 12,519 10,509 15,466 17,536 13,182 14,561 16,511 17,806 17,989 17,685 18,011 14,000 13,000 15,000 16,000
Railroad, totalh N N N 50,704 58,712 31,909 22,957 21,602 19,631 17,444 15,048 12,744 11,130 10,443 10,325 10,493 10,614 9,990 10,296 8,376 8,273 8,677 7,898 8,830 (R) 8,224 (R) 7,420 (R) 7,659 (R) 7,580 7,570
Highway-rail grade crossingi N N N 264 356 292 221 228 223 160 197 198 182 216 169 189 190 162 192 147 173 180 171 220 152 141 (R) 170 216 182
Railroad N N N 50,440 58,356 31,617 22,736 21,374 19,408 17,284 14,851 12,546 10,948 10,227 10,156 10,304 10,424 9,828 10,104 8,229 8,100 8,497 7,727 8,610 (R) 8,072 (R) 7,279 (R) 7,489 (R) 7,364 7,388
Transit, totalj N N N N N N 11,284 10,536 11,721 11,524 12,864 12,565 12,717 13,388 12,147 10,957 12,201 11,878 5,391 4,726 5,386 4,434 5,399 5,638 8,003 6,579 7,844 5,436 U
Highway-rail grade crossingk N N N N N N N N N N N 195 184 126 58 159 123 74 108 117 153 194 172 224 271 279 321 363 U
Transitl N N N N N N N N N N N 12,370 12,533 13,262 12,089 10,798 12,078 11,804 5,283 4,609 5,233 4,240 5,227 5,414 7,732 6,300 7,523 5,073 U
Waterborne, total N N U U U U 3,997 4,077 5,356 5,128 6,144 6,165 6,064 5,737 5,321 4,992 5,112 5,008 4,856 4,666 4,066 4,095 4,245 4,422 3,947 3,931 3,867 (R) 3,831 3,688
Vessel-relatedm N N 105 97 180 172 175 110 170 171 182 154 254 120 130 152 150 210 192 227 198 140 177 190 152 196 172 (R) 131 141
Not related to vessel casualtiesn N N U U U U U U 1,503 1,398 1,878 1,870 1,368 1,062 579 525 607 524 602 551 505 504 594 559 464 377 542 (R) 619 547
Recreational boating 929 927 780 2,136 2,650 2,757 3,822 3,967 3,683 3,559 4,084 4,141 4,442 4,555 4,612 4,315 4,355 4,274 4,062 3,888 3,363 3,451 3,474 3,673 3,331 3,358 3,153 3,081 3,000
Pipeline, total N N 254 231 192 126 76 98 118 111 (R) 120 64 127 77 81 108 81 61 49 71 60 48 36 50 57 64 109 (R) 56 58
Hazardous liquid pipeline N N 21 17 15 18 7 9 38 10 (R) 7 11 13 5 6 20 4 10 0 5 16 2 2 10 2 4 4 2 4
Gas pipeline N N 233 214 177 108 69 89 80 101 113 53 114 72 75 88 77 51 49 66 44 46 34 40 55 60 105 (R) 54 54

KEY: N = data do not exist; P = preliminary; R = revised; U = data are unavailable.

a Injuries classified as serious. See definitions of injuries in the glossary.

b All scheduled and nonscheduled service operating under 14 CFR 121. Since Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 121 includes only aircraft with 10 or more seats formerly operated under 14 CFR 135. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent years' data.

c All scheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135 (commuter air carriers). Before Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 135 applied to aircraft with 30 or fewer seats. Since March 20, 1997, 14 CFR 135 includes only aircraft with fewer than 10 seats. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent years' data.

d Nonscheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135 (on-demand air taxis).

e All operations other than those operating under 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135.

fLarge trucks are defined as trucks over 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, including single-unit trucks and truck tractors. Light trucks are defined as trucks of 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating or less, including pickups, vans, truck-based station wagons, and utility vehicles.

g Includes occupants of other unknown vehicle types and other nonmotorists.

h Includes Amtrak. Figures include those injuries resulting from train accidents, train incidents, and nontrain incidents. Injury figures also include occupational illness. Railroad injury data for 1970 and before are not comparable with post-1970 data due to a change in the reporting system. Train and commuter rail occupant and nonoccupant injuries, excluding public highway-rail grade crossing fatalities involving motor vehicles.

i Injuries occurring at highway-rail crossings resulting from freight and passenger rail operations including commuter rail. Highway-rail grade crossing injuries, except train occupants, are also counted under highway. Injuries involved with motor vehicles at public highway-rail grade crossings are excluded.

j All reportable injuries for heavy rail, light rail, and automated guideway.

k Includes heavy rail, light rail, and automated guideway. Transit injuries include those resulting from all reportable incidents, not just from accidents. Directly Operated (DO) modes only. The drop in the number of injuries in 2002 is due largely to a change in definitions by the Federal Transit Administration. Only injuries requiring immediate medical treatment away from the scene now qualify as reportable. Previously, any injury was reportable. Injuries occurring at highway-rail crossings resulting from operations of public transit rail modes, excluding commuter rail. Data for injuries at light rail crossings are: 1995 (179); 1996 (171); 1997 (92); 1998 (42); 1999 (148); 2000 (111); 2001 (54); 2002 (76); 2003 (56); 2004 (62); 2005 (138); 2006 (44); 2007 (139); 2008 (169); 2009 (230); 2010 (293); and 2011 (267). Since 2008, the data has included both directly operated (DO) and purchased transportation (PT) modes.

l Transit total subtract highway-rail grade crossing.

m Vessel-related injuries include those involving damage to vessels, such as collisions or groundings. Injuries not related to vessel casualties include those from falls overboard or from accidents involving onboard equipment.

n 1992-97 data come from the Marine Safety Management Information System. Between 1998 and 2001 the U.S. Coast Guard phased in a new computer system to track safety data, the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System. During that period data come from combining entries in the Marine Safety Management Information System with entries in the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System. Data for 2002, 2003, and 2004 come from the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System. Data for prior years come from other sources and may not be directly comparable.

NOTES

To reduce double counting, the following adjustments are made: For Railroad, injuries involving motor vehicles at public highway-rail grade crossings are excluded because such injuries are assumed to be included in Highway injuries. Railroad includes only injuries involving motor vehicles at private highway-rail grade crossings and those not involving motor vehicles. For Transit, commuter rail, demand response, motorbus, and vanpool injuries are excluded because they are counted as Railroad or Highway injuries.

Highway numbers are not actual counts, but estimates of the actual counts. The estimates are calculated from data obtained from a nationally representative sample of crashes collected through NHTSA's General Estimates System (GES). Estimates are rounded to the nearest 1,000. Estimates less than 500 indicate that the sample size was too small to produce a meaningful estimate and should be rounded to zero.

SOURCES

Air:

1970-94: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: General Aviation (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

1995-2012: Ibid., Analysis and Data Division, personal communications, Nov. 9, 2009, Sep. 29, 2011, Jan. 23, 2013, and Aug. 2013.

Highway:

1990-99: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts 1999, DOT HS 809 100 (Washington, DC: December 2000), table 4.

2000-04: Ibid., General Estimates System Database and personal communication, Dec. 9, 2003, Oct. 12, 2004, Apr. 20, 2006.

2005-12: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 2, as of June 2014.

Rail:

Highway-rail grade crossings:

1960-70: National Safety Council, Accident Facts, 1974 (Washington, DC: 1974).

1975-2012: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis, table 5.11, Hwy/Rail Incidents Summary Tables, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/ as of September 2013.

Railroad:

1960-70: National Safety Council, Accident Facts, 1974 (Washington, DC: 1974).

1975-2012: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis, table 1.12 and table 5.14, Ten Year Accident/Incident Overview by Railroad, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/ as of June 2014.

Transit:

Transit Total:

1990-2011: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Volpe Center, Transit Safety and Security Statistics, available at http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov/data/samis.aspx as of September 2013.

Highway-rail grade crossings:

U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Office of Program Management, personal communications, Apr. 7, 2010 and Jan. 22, 2013.

Water:

Vessel- and nonvessel-related:

1970-91: U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Investigations and Analysis, Compliance Analysis Division, (G-MOA-2), personal communication, Apr. 13, 1999.

1992-2008: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Data Administration Division (G-MRI-1), personal communication, Apr. 7, 2010.

2009-12: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Data Administration Division (G-MRI-1), personal communication, Nov. 4, 2011, Nov. 20, 2012, Nov, 12, 2013.

Recreational boating:

U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Boating Safety, Boating Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), available at available at http://www.uscgboating.org as of June 2014.

Hazardous liquid and gas pipeline:

1970-2012: U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Accident and Incident Summary Statistics by Year, available at http://ops.dot.gov as of June 2014.