Table 2-2: Injured Persons by Transportation Mode

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 (P) 2013
TOTAL N N N N N N 3,271,903 3,136,005 3,109,431 3,185,361 3,302,962 3,499,643 3,515,777 3,380,064 3,221,955 3,264,955 3,218,900 3,061,790 2,946,446 2,906,666 2,806,814 2,716,588 2,592,861 2,510,315 2,366,746 2,237,368 2,259,341 2,237,011 2,381,599 2,332,808
Air,a total N N 822 850 757 589 485 514 456 430 484 452 467 417 369 406 359 368 337 367 302 305 286 291 299 301 278 363 274 250
U.S. air carrierb N N 107 81 19 30 29 26 22 19 31 25 77 43 30 67 31 19 24 31 20 14 9 16 26 23 17 20 18 9
Commuter carrierc N N N N 14 14 11 31 7 2 6 17 2 1 2 2 7 4 0 1 0 0 1 0 2 1 2 0 0 9
On-demand air taxid N N N N 43 44 36 26 19 24 32 14 22 23 10 15 12 24 16 12 17 20 11 20 12 4 3 15 9 16
General aviatione N N 715 769 681 501 409 431 408 385 415 396 366 350 327 322 309 321 297 323 265 271 265 255 259 273 256 328 247 216
Highway, total N N N N N N 3,230,666 3,096,870 3,069,603 3,149,164 3,265,928 3,465,279 3,483,319 3,347,614 3,192,035 3,236,238 3,188,750 3,032,672 2,925,758 2,888,601 2,788,378 2,699,000 2,575,000 2,491,000 2,346,000 2,217,000 2,239,000 2,217,000 2,362,000 2,313,000
Passenger car occupants N N N N N N 2,376,439 2,234,594 2,231,703 2,264,809 2,363,595 2,469,358 2,458,080 2,340,612 2,201,375 2,137,503 2,051,609 1,926,625 1,804,788 1,756,495 1,642,549 1,573,396 1,474,536 1,379,181 1,304,006 1,216,000 1,253,000 1,240,000 1,328,000 1,296,000
Motorcyclists N N N N N N 84,285 80,435 65,099 59,436 57,405 57,480 55,281 52,574 48,974 49,986 57,723 60,236 64,713 67,103 76,379 87,335 88,652 102,994 95,986 90,000 82,000 81,000 93,000 88,000
Truck occupantsf, light N N N N N N 505,144 562,601 544,657 600,874 631,411 722,496 761,478 754,820 762,506 846,865 886,566 860,527 879,338 889,048 900,171 872,137 856,896 841,451 768,410 759,000 733,000 728,000 762,000 750,000
Truck occupantsf, large N N N N N N 41,822 28,031 33,778 32,102 30,208 30,344 32,760 30,913 28,767 32,892 30,832 29,424 26,242 26,893 27,287 27,284 23,815 23,314 22,947 17,000 20,000 23,000 25,000 24,000
Bus occupants N N N N N N 32,691 20,959 20,144 17,056 15,767 19,214 20,291 16,887 15,559 21,958 17,769 15,427 18,819 18,174 16,410 11,133 9,839 12,141 15,149 12,000 17,000 13,000 12,000 23,000
Pedestrians N N N N N N 104,805 88,446 89,184 94,001 91,987 85,837 81,797 77,011 68,955 85,235 77,625 77,619 70,664 69,949 67,985 64,446 60,924 70,286 68,832 59,000 70,000 69,000 76,000 66,000
Pedalcyclists N N N N N N 74,903 67,088 62,691 67,916 62,489 66,572 58,158 57,802 53,379 51,290 51,160 45,277 48,011 46,378 41,086 45,439 44,012 43,481 52,395 51,000 52,000 48,000 49,000 48,000
Otherg N N N N N N 10,578 14,716 22,348 12,969 13,065 13,977 15,473 16,995 12,519 10,509 15,466 17,536 13,182 14,561 16,511 17,806 17,989 17,685 18,011 14,000 13,000 15,000 16,000 16,000
Railroad, totalh N N N N 62,246 34,304 25,143 23,468 21,383 19,121 16,812 14,440 12,558 11,767 11,459 11,700 11,643 10,985 11,103 9,264 9,194 9,550 8,797 9,669 9,062 8,022 8,377 8,423 8,425 8,704
Train accidents N N N N 665 476 451 326 171 308 262 294 281 183 129 130 275 310 1,884 232 346 787 220 309 321 127 110 217 461 325
Highway-rail grade crossing N N N N 3,890 2,687 2,407 2,094 1,975 1,837 1,961 1,894 1,610 1,540 1,303 1,396 1,219 1,157 999 1,035 1,094 1,053 1,070 1,059 990 743 888 1,045 972 972
Other incidents N N N N 57,691 31,141 22,285 21,048 19,237 16,976 14,589 12,252 10,667 10,044 10,027 10,174 10,149 9,518 8,220 7,997 7,754 7,710 7,507 8,301 7,751 7,152 7,379 7,161 6,992 7,407
Transit, totali N N N N N N 54,556 52,125 55,089 52,668 58,193 57,196 55,288 56,132 55,990 55,325 56,697 53,945 20,233 19,627 20,455 19,028 20,051 22,016 24,617 26,260 25,222 22,919 23,325 24,622
Passenger/Occupant N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N 16,233 14,863 15,610 14,900 15,702 16,530 16,884 18,210 19,076 15,921 16,160 16,624
Employee/Worker N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N 1,172 1,194 1,104 985 1,213 1,921 1,535 1,454 1,369 1,377 1,439 1,554
Other N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N 2,828 3,570 3,741 3,143 3,136 3,565 6,198 6,596 4,777 5,621 5,726 6,444
Water, total j N N 885 2,233 2,830 2,929 3,997 4,077 5,356 5,128 6,144 6,165 6,064 5,737 5,321 4,992 5,112 5,008 4,596 4,533 3,974 4,125 4,223 4,301 3,887 3,943 3,770 3,823 3,327 2,768
Passenger k N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N 154 180 222 201 240 241 201 199 210 352 177 48
Freight l N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N 220 298 232 297 276 222 220 217 254 232 58 20
Industrial/Other m N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N 160 167 157 176 233 165 135 169 153 158 92 80
Recreational boatingn 929 927 780 2,136 2,650 2,757 3,822 3,967 3,683 3,559 4,084 4,141 4,442 4,555 4,612 4,315 4,355 4,274 4,062 3,888 3,363 3,451 3,474 3,673 3,331 3,358 3,153 3,081 3,000 2,620
Vessel-relatedo N N 105 97 180 172 175 110 170 171 182 154 254 120 130 152 150 210 N N N N N N N N N N N N
Not related to vessel casualtiesp N N U U U U U U 1,503 1,398 1,878 1,870 1,368 1,062 579 525 607 524 N N N N N N N N N N N N
Pipeline, total N N 254 231 192 126 76 98 118 111 120 64 127 77 81 108 81 61 49 71 60 48 36 50 57 64 109 56 58 44
Hazardous liquid pipeline N N 21 17 15 18 7 9 38 10 7 11 13 5 6 20 4 10 0 5 16 2 2 10 2 4 4 2 4 5
Gas pipeline N N 233 214 177 108 69 89 80 101 113 53 114 72 75 88 77 51 49 66 44 46 34 40 55 60 105 54 54 39
Other counts, redundant with above                                                            
Railroad, trespasser injuries not at highway-rail crossing N N N N 474 492 560 534 540 509 452 461 474 516 513 444 414 404 395 398 406 420 481 407 432 344 390 367 411 431
Railroad, injured at public crossing with motor vehicle N N N 3,596 3,534 2,395 2,186 1,866 1,752 1,677 1,764 1,696 1,428 1,324 1,134 1,207 1,029 995 807 888 921 875 901 843 841 603 718 827 763 775
Passenger rail N N N 2,790 4,786 5,392 4,872 4,755 4,481 4,725 4,760 4,300 4,002 3,877 3,470 3,532 3,812 3,847 3,628 3,430 3,374 3,512 3,430 4,107 4,028 3,866 4,280 4,467 4,408 4,735
Freight rail N N N (R) 51,510 (R) 57,460 (R) 28,912 (R) 20,271 (R) 18,713 (R) 16,902 (R) 14,396 (R) 12,052 (R) 10,140 (R) 8,556 (R) 7,891 (R) 7,997 (R) 8,176 (R) 7,834 (R) 7,138 220 298 232 297 276 222 220 217 254 232 58 20
Transit, non-rail N N N N N N 40,834 39,281 40,822 39,584 42,955 42,257 40,618 40,356 42,166 42,607 42,713 40,254 14,823 14,909 14,628 14,593 14,631 16,169 16,335 17,619 16,697 14,746 15,047 15,805
Transit, rail N N N N N N 13,722 12,844 14,267 13,084 15,238 14,939 14,670 15,776 13,824 12,718 13,984 13,691 5,382 4,689 5,803 4,428 5,401 5,836 8,260 8,604 8,436 8,057 8,278 8,817

KEY: N = data do not exist; P = preliminary; R = revised; U = data are unavailable.

a Serious injuries only. See Glossary for definitions

b All service operating under 14 CFR 121 (Scheduled air carriers). Since Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 121 includes only aircraft with 10 or more seats formerly operated under 14 CFR 135. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent years' data.

c All scheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135 (Commuter air carriers). Before Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 135 applied to aircraft with 30 or fewer seats. Since March 20, 1997, 14 CFR 135 includes only aircraft with fewer than 10 seats. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent years' data.

d Nonscheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135 (On-demand air taxis).

e All operations other than those operating under 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135.

fLarge trucks are defined as trucks over 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, including single-unit trucks and truck tractors. Light trucks are defined as trucks of 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating or less, including pickups, vans, truck-based station wagons, and utility vehicles.

g Includes occupants of other unknown vehicle types and other nonmotorists.

h Includes Amtrak. Injuries include those resulting from train accidents, highway-rail crossing incidents, and other incidents. Railroad injury data for 1975 and before is not comparable with later years due to a change in the reporting system.

i Includes transit employee, contract worker, passenger, revenue facility occupant, and other injuries for all modes reported in the National Transit Database.

j Passenger, freight, and industrial/other include only closed cases where vessels were involved in a marine casualty as of April 6, 2015. Open cases by fiscal year not included above: CY 2002 = 0, CY 2003 = 5, CY 2004 = 5, CY 2005 = 8, CY 2006 = 4, CY 2007 = 7, CY 2008 = 19, CY 2009 = 38, CY 2010 = 36, CY 2011 = 120, CY 2012 = 644, CY 2013 = 727, and CY 2014 = 742.

k Passenger vessel includes passenger ship, research vessel, and schoolship and only closed cases where vessels were involved in a marine casualty as of April 6, 2015. Open cases by fiscal year not included above: CY 2002 = 0, CY 2003 = 5, CY 2004 = 5, CY 2005 = 8, CY 2006 = 4, CY 2007 = 7, CY 2008 = 19, CY 2009 = 38, CY 2010 = 36, CY 2011 = 120, CY 2012 = 644, CY 2013 = 727, and CY 2014 = 742.

l Freight vessel includes barge, bulk carrier, fishing vessel, general dry cargo ship, misc. vessel, offshore, refrigerated, Ro-Ro, tanker, and towing vessel and only closed cases where vessels were involved in a marine casualty as of April 6, 2015. Open cases by fiscal year not included above: CY 2002 = 0, CY 2003 = 5, CY 2004 = 5, CY 2005 = 8, CY 2006 = 4, CY 2007 = 7, CY 2008 = 19, CY 2009 = 38, CY 2010 = 36, CY 2011 = 120, CY 2012 = 644, CY 2013 = 727, and CY 2014 = 742.

m Industrial/other includes fishing vessels, miscellaneous vessels, and offshore and and only closed cases where vessels were involved in a marine casualty as of April 6, 2015. Open cases by fiscal year not included above: CY 2002 = 0, CY 2003 = 5, CY 2004 = 5, CY 2005 = 8, CY 2006 = 4, CY 2007 = 7, CY 2008 = 19, CY 2009 = 38, CY 2010 = 36, CY 2011 = 120, CY 2012 = 644, CY 2013 = 727, and CY 2014 = 742.

n Recreational includes airboats, canoes, kayaks, motorboats, pontoon, rowboats, and sailboats. Data are based on information provided by the States, the District of Columbia and the five U.S. Territories to the Coast Guard Boating Accident Report Database (BARD) system, which is subject to some under- or delayed reporting.

o Vessel-related injuries include those involving damage to vessels, such as collisions or groundings. Injuries not related to vessel casualties include those from falls overboard or from accidents involving onboard equipment.

p 1992-97 data come from the Marine Safety Management Information System. Between 1998 and 2001 the U.S. Coast Guard phased in a new computer system to track safety data, the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System. During that period data come from combining entries in the Marine Safety Management Information System with entries in the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System.

NOTES

To reduce double counting, the following adjustments are made to Total Injuries: For Railroad, injuries involving motor vehicles at public highway-rail grade crossings are excluded because such fatalities are assumed to be included in Highway fatalities. For Transit, non-rail modes, including aerial tramway, motor bus, bus rapid transit, commuter bus, demand response, demand taxi, ferryboat, jitney, publico, trolleybus, and vanpool injuries are excluded because they are counted as Transit, Water, and Highway fatalities.

Highway numbers including totals are estimates rather than actual counts. The estimates are calculated from data obtained from a nationally representative sample of crashes collected through NHTSA's General Estimates System (GES). Estimates are rounded to the nearest 1,000. Estimates less than 500 indicate that the sample size was too small to produce a meaningful estimate and should be rounded to zero.

Water injury data for 2001 and before is not comparable with later year due to a change in the reporting system.

Current version of this table is not comparable with the versions before 2014 because of the categories changing for some modes.

 

Air:

1970-94: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: General Aviation (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

1995-2013: Ibid., Analysis and Data Division, personal communications, Nov. 9, 2009, Sep. 29, 2011, Jan. 23, 2013, Aug. 2013, and Apr. 2015.

Highway:

1990-99: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts 1999, DOT HS 809 100 (Washington, DC: December 2000), table 4.

2000-04: Ibid., General Estimates System Database and personal communication, Dec. 9, 2003, Oct. 12, 2004, Apr. 20, 2006.

2005-13: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 2, as of March 2015.

Rail:

Highway-rail grade crossings:

1960-70: National Safety Council, Accident Facts, 1974 (Washington, DC: 1974).

1975-2013: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis, table 5.11, Hwy/Rail Incidents Summary Tables, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/ as of March 2015.

Railroad:

1960-70: National Safety Council, Accident Facts, 1974 (Washington, DC: 1974).

1975-2013: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis, tables 1.12, 1.13, 2.07, and 5.14, Ten Year Accident/Incident Overview by Railroad, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/ as of April 2015.

Transit:

1990-2001: U.S. Department of Transportation, Volpe Center, Transit Safety and Security Statistics, Safety & Security Time Series Data, available at http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov/data/samis.aspx as of March 2015.

2002-2013: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, National Transit Database, available at http://www.ntdprogram.gov/ntdprogram/ as of March 2015.

Water:

Passenger, Freight, Industrial/Other:

2002-2013: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Data Administration Division, Marine Casualty and Pollution Data for Researchers (April 6, 2015), available at homeport.uscg.gov as of July 2015.

Recreational boating:

1960-2002: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Boating Safety, Boating Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 31, available at http://www.uscgboating.org as of June 2014.

2003-13: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Recreational Boating Statistics (annual issues), available at www.uscgboating.org as of July 2015.

Vessel- and nonvessel-related:

1970-91: U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Investigations and Analysis, Compliance Analysis Division, (G-MOA-2), personal communication, Apr. 13, 1999.

1992-2001: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Data Administration Division (G-MRI-1), personal communication, Apr. 7, 2010.

Pipeline:

Hazardous liquid and gas pipeline:

1970-2013: U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Accident and Incident Summary Statistics by Year, available at http://ops.dot.gov as of March 2015.