|TOTAL||N||N||N||N||N||N||(R) 3,269,465||(R) 3,133,698||(R) 3,106,885||(R) 3,183,801||(R) 3,302,439||(R) 3,497,269||(R) 3,513,824||(R) 3,377,676||(R) 3,220,278||(R) 3,263,194||(R) 3,217,115||(R) 3,059,977||(R) 2,946,687||(R) 2,906,807||(R) 2,806,466||(R) 2,716,558||(R) 2,592,868||(R) 2,510,231||(R) 2,366,530||(R) 2,235,294||(R) 2,258,768||(R) 2,234,245|
|U.S. air carrierb||N||N||107||81||19||30||29||26||22||19||31||25||77||43||30||67||29||19||24||31||20||14||9||16||23||23||16||20|
|On-demand air taxid||N||N||N||N||43||44||36||26||19||24||32||14||22||23||10||15||12||24||16||12||17||23||16||20||12||4||3||15|
|Passenger car occupants||N||N||N||N||N||N||2,376,439||2,234,594||2,231,703||2,264,809||2,363,595||2,469,358||2,458,080||2,340,612||2,201,375||2,137,503||2,051,609||1,926,625||1,804,788||1,756,495||1,642,549||1,573,396||1,474,536||1,379,181||1,304,006||1,216,000||1,253,000||1,240,000|
|Truck occupantsf, light||N||N||N||N||N||N||505,144||562,601||544,657||600,874||631,411||722,496||761,478||754,820||762,506||846,865||886,566||860,527||879,338||889,048||900,171||872,137||856,896||841,451||768,410||759,000||733,000||728,000|
|Truck occupantsf, large||N||N||N||N||N||N||41,822||28,031||33,778||32,102||30,208||30,344||32,760||30,913||28,767||32,892||30,832||29,424||26,242||26,893||27,287||27,284||23,815||23,314||22,947||17,000||20,000||23,000|
|Railroad, totalh||N||N||N||(R) 50,704||(R) 58,712||(R) 31,909||(R) 22,957||(R) 21,602||(R) 19,631||(R) 17,444||(R) 15,048||(R) 12,744||(R) 11,130||(R) 10,443||(R) 10,325||(R) 10,493||(R) 10,614||(R) 9,990||(R) 10,296||(R) 8,376||(R) 8,273||(R) 8,677||(R) 7,898||(R) 8,830||(R) 8,227||(R) 7,419||(R) 7,671||(R) 7,550|
|Highway-rail grade crossingi||N||N||N||(R) 264||(R) 356||(R) 292||(R) 221||(R) 228||(R) 223||(R) 160||(R) 197||(R) 198||(R) 182||(R) 216||(R) 169||(R) 189||(R) 190||(R) 162||(R) 192||(R) 147||(R) 173||(R) 180||(R) 171||(R) 220||(R) 152||(R) 141||(R) 169||(R) 216|
|Railroad||N||N||N||(R) 50,440||(R) 58,356||(R) 31,617||(R) 22,736||(R) 21,374||19,408||17,284||14,851||12,546||10,948||10,227||10,156||10,304||10,424||9,828||10,104||8,229||8,100||8,497||7,727||8,610||(R) 8,075||(R) 7,278||(R) 7,502||(R) 7,334|
|Transit, totalj||N||N||N||N||N||N||(R) 11,284||(R) 10,536||(R) 11,721||(R) 11,524||(R) 12,864||(R) 12,565||(R) 12,717||(R) 13,388||(R) 12,147||(R) 10,957||(R) 12,201||(R) 11,878||(R) 5,391||(R) 4,726||(R) 5,386||(R) 4,434||(R) 5,399||(R) 5,638||(R) 8,003||(R) 6,579||(R) 7,844||(R) 5,436|
|Highway-rail grade crossingk||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||195||184||126||58||159||123||74||108||117||153||194||172||224||271||279||321||363|
|Transitl||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||(R) 12,370||(R) 12,533||(R) 13,262||(R) 12,089||(R) 10,798||(R) 12,078||(R) 11,804||(R) 5,283||(R) 4,609||(R) 5,233||(R) 4,240||(R) 5,227||(R) 5,414||(R) 7,732||(R) 6,300||(R) 7,523||(R) 5,073|
|Not related to vessel casualtiesn||N||N||U||U||U||U||U||U||1,503||1,398||1,878||1,870||1,368||1,062||579||525||607||524||602||551||505||504||594||559||464||377||542||654|
|Hazardous liquid pipeline||N||N||21||17||15||18||7||9||38||10||1,858||11||13||5||6||20||4||10||0||5||16||2||2||10||2||4||4||2|
KEY: N = data do not exist; P = preliminary; R = revised; U = data are unavailable.
a Injuries classified as serious. See definitions of injuries in the glossary.
b All scheduled and nonscheduled service operating under 14 CFR 121. Since Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 121 includes only aircraft with 10 or more seats formerly operated under 14 CFR 135. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent years' data.
c All scheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135 (commuter air carriers). Before Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 135 applied to aircraft with 30 or fewer seats. Since March 20, 1997, 14 CFR 135 includes only aircraft with fewer than 10 seats. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent years' data.
d Nonscheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135 (on-demand air taxis).
e All operations other than those operating under 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135.
fLarge trucks are defined as trucks over 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, including single-unit trucks and truck tractors. Light trucks are defined as trucks of 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating or less, including pickups, vans, truck-based station wagons, and utility vehicles.
g Includes occupants of other unknown vehicle types and other nonmotorists.
h Includes Amtrak. Figures include those injuries resulting from train accidents, train incidents, and nontrain incidents. Injury figures also include occupational illness. Railroad injury data for 1970 and before are not comparable with post-1970 data due to a change in the reporting system. Train and commuter rail occupant and nonoccupant injuries, excluding public highway-rail grade crossing fatalities involving motor vehicles.
i Injuries occurring at highway-rail crossings resulting from freight and passenger rail operations including commuter rail. Highway-rail grade crossing injuries, except train occupants, are also counted under highway. Injuries involved with motor vehicles at public highway-rail grade crossings are excluded.
j All reportable injuries for heavy rail, light rail, and automated guideway.
k Includes heavy rail, light rail, and automated guideway. Transit injuries include those resulting from all reportable incidents, not just from accidents. Directly Operated (DO) modes only. The drop in the number of injuries in 2002 is due largely to a change in definitions by the Federal Transit Administration. Only injuries requiring immediate medical treatment away from the scene now qualify as reportable. Previously, any injury was reportable. Injuries occurring at highway-rail crossings resulting from operations of public transit rail modes, excluding commuter rail. Data for injuries at light rail crossings are: 1995 (179); 1996 (171); 1997 (92); 1998 (42); 1999 (148); 2000 (111); 2001 (54); 2002 (76); 2003 (56); 2004 (62); 2005 (138); 2006 (44); 2007 (139); 2008 (169); 2009 (230); 2010 (293); and 2011 (267). Since 2008, the data has included both directly operated (DO) and purchased transportation (PT) modes.
l Transit total subtract highway-rail grade crossing.
m Vessel-related injuries include those involving damage to vessels, such as collisions or groundings. Injuries not related to vessel casualties include those from falls overboard or from accidents involving onboard equipment.
n 1992-97 data come from the Marine Safety Management Information System. Between 1998 and 2001 the U.S. Coast Guard phased in a new computer system to track safety data, the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System. During that period data come from combining entries in the Marine Safety Management Information System with entries in the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System. Data for 2002, 2003, and 2004 come from the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System. Data for prior years come from other sources and may not be directly comparable.
To reduce double counting, the following adjustments are made: For Railroad, injuries involving motor vehicles at public highway-rail grade crossings are excluded because such injuries are assumed to be included in Highway injuries. Railroad includes only injuries involving motor vehicles at private highway-rail grade crossings and those not involving motor vehicles. For Transit, commuter rail, demand response, motorbus, and vanpool injuries are excluded because they are counted as Railroad or Highway injuries.
Highway numbers are not actual counts, but estimates of the actual counts. The estimates are calculated from data obtained from a nationally representative sample of crashes collected through NHTSA's General Estimates System (GES). Estimates are rounded to the nearest 1,000. Estimates less than 500 indicate that the sample size was too small to produce a meaningful estimate and should be rounded to zero.
1970-94: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: General Aviation (Washington, DC: Annual issues).
1995-2011: Ibid., Analysis and Data Division, personal communications, Nov. 9, 2009, Sep. 29, 2011, Jan. 23, 2013, and Sept. 2013.
1990-99: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts 1999, DOT HS 809 100 (Washington, DC: December 2000), table 4.
2000-04: Ibid., General Estimates System Database and personal communication, Dec. 9, 2003, Oct. 12, 2004, Apr. 20, 2006.
2005-11: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 2, as of September 2013.
Highway-rail grade crossings:
1960-70: National Safety Council, Accident Facts, 1974 (Washington, DC: 1974).
1975-2012: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis, table 5.11, Hwy/Rail Incidents Summary Tables, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/ as of September 2013.
1960-70: National Safety Council, Accident Facts, 1974 (Washington, DC: 1974).
1975-2011: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis, table 1.6, Ten Year Accident/Incident Overview by Railroad, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/ as of Jun. 24, 2013.
1990-2011: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Volpe Center, Transit Safety and Security Statistics, available at http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov/data/samis.aspx as of September 2013.
Highway-rail grade crossings:
U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Office of Program Management, personal communications, Apr. 7, 2010 and Jan. 22, 2013.
Vessel- and nonvessel-related:
1970-91: U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Investigations and Analysis, Compliance Analysis Division, (G-MOA-2), personal communication, Apr. 13, 1999.
1992-2008: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Data Administration Division (G-MRI-1), personal communication, Apr. 7, 2010.
2009-11: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Data Administration Division (G-MRI-1), personal communication, Nov. 4, 2011, Nov. 20, 2012.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Boating Safety, Boating Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), available at available at http://www.uscgboating.org as of September 2013.
Hazardous liquid and gas pipeline:
1970-2012: U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Accident and Incident Summary Statistics by Year, available at http://ops.dot.gov as of September 2013.