Table 2-4: Distribution of Transportation Fatalities by Mode

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  1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 (R) 2009 (R) 2010 (R) 2011 (P) 2012
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
TOTAL of all modesa 44,074 100.0 44,376 100.0 44,933 100.0 45,262 100.0 45,110 100.0 45,035 100.0 45,645 100.0 45,018 100.0 43,314 100.0 39,505 100.0 35,920 100.0 34,969 100.0 34,456 100.0 35,371 100.0
Passenger car occupants 20,862 47.3 20,699 46.6 20,320 45.2 20,569 45.4 19,725 43.7 19,192 42.6 18,512 40.6 17,925 39.8 16,614 38.4 14,646 37.1 13,135 36.6 12,491 35.7 12,014 34.9 12,271 34.7
Light-truck occupants 11,265 25.6 11,526 26.0 11,723 26.1 12,274 27.1 12,546 27.8 12,674 28.1 13,037 28.6 12,761 28.3 12,458 28.8 10,816 27.4 10,312 28.7 9,782 28.0 9,302 27.0 9,396 26.6
Motorcyclists 2,483 5.6 2,897 6.5 3,197 7.1 3,270 7.2 3,714 8.2 4,028 8.9 4,576 10.0 4,837 10.7 5,174 11.9 5,312 13.4 4,469 12.4 4,518 12.9 4,630 13.4 4,957 14.0
Pedestrians struck by motor vehicles 4,939 11.2 4,763 10.7 4,901 10.9 4,851 10.7 4,774 10.6 4,675 10.4 4,892 10.7 4,795 10.7 4,699 10.8 4,414 11.2 4,109 11.4 4,302 12.3 4,457 12.9 4,743 13.4
Pedalcyclists struck by motor vehicles 754 1.7 693 1.6 732 1.6 665 1.5 629 1.4 727 1.6 786 1.7 772 1.7 701 1.6 718 1.8 628 1.7 623 1.8 682 2.0 726 2.1
Large-truck occupants 759 1.7 754 1.7 708 1.6 689 1.5 726 1.6 766 1.7 804 1.8 805 1.8 805 1.9 682 1.7 499 1.4 530 1.5 640 1.9 697 2.0
Recreational boating 734 1.7 701 1.6 681 1.5 750 1.7 703 1.6 676 1.5 697 1.5 710 1.6 685 1.6 709 1.8 736 2.0 672 1.9 758 2.2 651 1.8
Other and unknown motor vehicle occupants 447 1.0 450 1.0 458 1.0 528 1.2 589 1.3 602 1.3 659 1.4 601 1.3 614 1.4 580 1.5 554 1.5 524 1.5 499 1.4 509 1.4
General aviation 621 1.4 596 1.3 562 1.3 581 1.3 633 1.4 559 1.2 563 1.2 706 1.6 496 1.1 495 1.3 479 1.3 457 1.3 448 1.3 432 1.2
Railroad trespassersb (excluding grade crossings) 479 1.1 463 1.0 511 1.1 540 1.2 498 1.1 472 1.0 458 1.0 511 1.1 470 1.1 457 1.2 416 1.2 439 1.3 406 1.2 425 1.2
Other nonoccupants struck by motor vehiclesc 149 0.3 141 0.3 123 0.3 114 0.3 140 0.3 130 0.3 186 0.4 185 0.4 158 0.4 188 0.5 151 0.4 185 0.5 200 0.6 223 0.6
Highway-rail grade crossings, not involving motor vehiclesd 57 0.1 64 0.1 76 0.2 47 0.1 53 0.1 82 0.2 75 0.2 64 0.1 74 0.2 69 0.2 66 0.2 93 0.3 81 0.2 69 0.2
Heavy rail transit (subway) 84 0.2 80 0.2 59 0.1 73 0.2 49 0.1 59 0.1 35 0.1 23 0.1 32 0.1 61 0.2 78 0.2 87 0.2 81 0.2 51 0.1
Bus occupants (school, intercity, and transit) 59 0.1 22 0.0 34 0.1 45 0.1 41 0.1 42 0.1 58 0.1 27 0.1 36 0.1 67 0.2 26 0.1 44 0.1 55 0.2 39 0.1
Waterborne transportation (vessel-related) 58 0.1 53 0.1 53 0.1 59 0.1 69 0.2 86 0.2 78 0.2 73 0.2 67 0.2 51 0.1 50 0.1 41 0.1 31 0.1 33 0.1
Waterborne transportation (nonvessel-related) 136 0.3 134 0.3 94 0.2 54 0.1 61 0.1 60 0.1 60 0.1 56 0.1 59 0.1 67 0.2 53 0.1 52 0.1 27 0.1 30 0.1
Private highway-rail grade crossings, with motor vehicles 36 0.1 55 0.1 30 0.1 39 0.1 32 0.1 33 0.1 26 0.1 38 0.1 38 0.1 22 0.1 21 0.1 32 0.1 30 0.1 29 0.1
Light rail transit 17 0.0 30 0.1 21 0.0 13 0.0 17 0.0 22 0.0 19 0.0 17 0.0 32 0.1 14 0.0 25 0.1 21 0.1 25 0.1 29 0.1
Air taxi 38 0.1 71 0.2 60 0.1 35 0.1 42 0.1 64 0.1 18 0.0 16 0.0 43 0.1 69 0.2 17 0.0 17 0.0 41 0.1 15 0.0
Railroad employees, contractors, and volunteers on duty (excluding grade crossings) 31 0.1 22 0.0 23 0.1 22 0.0 20 0.0 25 0.1 25 0.1 16 0.0 16 0.0 26 0.1 17 0.0 21 0.1 16 0.0 15 0.0
Railroad-related, not otherwise specified (excluding grade crossings) 17 0.0 23 0.1 13 0.0 25 0.1 11 0.0 20 0.0 26 0.1 5 0.0 21 0.0 7 0.0 11 0.0 10 0.0 17 0.0 14 0.0
Gas distribution pipelines 16 0.0 22 0.0 5 0.0 10 0.0 11 0.0 18 0.0 12 0.0 18 0.0 9 0.0 6 0.0 9 0.0 11 0.0 13 0.0 9 0.0
Passengers on railroad trains (excluding grade crossings) 3 0.0 4 0.0 3 0.0 7 0.0 2 0.0 3 0.0 16 0.0 2 0.0 5 0.0 24 0.1 3 0.0 3 0.0 2 0.0 5 0.0
Hazardous liquid pipelines 4 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 5 0.0 2 0.0 0 0.0 4 0.0 2 0.0 4 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 3 0.0
Commuter air 12 0.0 5 0.0 13 0.0 0 0.0 2 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
Air carrierse 12 0.0 92 0.2 531 1.2 0 0.0 22 0.0 14 0.0 22 0.0 50 0.1 1 0.0 3 0.0 52 0.1 2 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
Automated guideway 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 3 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
Gas transmission pipelines 2 0.0 15 0.0 2 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 3 0.0 2 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 10 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
Other counts, redundant with abovef                                                        
Large-truck occupants and nonoccupants 5,380 12.2 5,282 11.9 5,111 11.4 4,939 10.9 5,036 11.2 5,235 11.6 5,240 11.5 5,027 11.2 4,822 11.1 4,245 10.7 3,380 9.4 3,686 10.5 3,781 11.0 3,921 11.1
Public grade crossings, with motor vehicles 309 0.7 306 0.7 315 0.7 271 0.6 249 0.6 256 0.6 258 0.6 267 0.6 227 0.5 199 0.5 161 0.4 136 0.4 139 0.4 134 0.4
Commuter rail 95 0.2 87 0.2 87 0.2 116 0.3 77 0.2 86 0.2 105 0.2 85 0.2 124 0.3 93 0.2 66 0.2 97 0.3 97 0.3 80 0.2
Outside planes in crashesg 5 0.0 14 0.0 11 0.0 6 0.0 6 0.0 1 0.0 U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U

KEY: P = preliminary; R = revised; U = data are unavailable.

a Includes fatalities outside the vehicle, unless otherwise specified.

b Includes fatalities outside trains, except at grade crossings.

c Includes all nonoccupant fatalities, except pedalcyclists and pedestrians.

dPublic grade-crossing fatalities involving motor vehicles are excluded in counts for motor vehicles.

e In 2001, other than the persons aboard the aircraft who were killed, fatalities resulting from the September 11 terrorist acts are excluded.

f Fatalities at grade crossings with motor vehicles are included under relevant motor vehicle modes. Commuter rail fatalities are counted under railroad. For Transit bus and Demand responsive transit accidents, occupant fatalities are counted under "bus" and nonoccupant fatalities are counted under "Pedestrians," "Pedalcyclists," or other motor vehicle categories.

g Includes nonoccupant fatalities resulting from aviation accidents.

SOURCES

Air:

National Transportation Safety Board, Aviation Accident Statistics, available at www.ntsb.gov/aviation/Stats.htm as of September 2014.

Highway:

U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS), General Trends, available at http://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov/Main/reportslinks.aspx as of September 2014.

Railroad:

1999-2005: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety and Analysis, Railroad Safety Statistics Annual Report (Annual Issues), available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/officeofsafety/ as of Oct. 28, 2009.

2006-11: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety and Analysis, Railroad Safety Statistics Preliminary Annual Report, tables 1-3 and 7-4, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/officeofsafety/ as of September 2014.

Transit:

U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis (Washington, DC: Annual Issues) and personal communication, Nov. 12, 2010, Apr. 12, 2013.

U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis, available at http://transit-safety.fta.dot.gov/Data/samis/default.aspx?ReportID=2 as of September 2014.

Waterborne transportation:

U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Data Administration Division (G-MRI-1), personal communications, Oct. 27, 2009, Sept. 30, 2010 and Apr. 15, 2013..

Recreational boating:

U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Boating Safety, Boating Statistics, table 30, available at http://www.uscgboating.org as of September 2014.

Pipeline:

U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Pipeline Incidents and Mileage Reports, available at http://ops.dot.gov/stats/stats.htm as of September 2014.