Table 2-4: Distribution of Transportation Fatalities by Mode

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  1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 (P) 2013
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
TOTAL fatalities 44,169 100.0 44,463 100.0 45,020 100.0 45,292 100.0 45,121 100.0 45,028 100.0 45,641 100.0 45,061 100.0 43,347 100.0 39,542 100.0 35,978 100.0 35,034 100.0 34,568 100.0 35,699 100.0 34,509 100.0
Passenger car occupants 20,862 47.2 20,699 46.6 20,320 45.1 20,569 45.4 19,725 43.7 19,192 42.6 18,512 40.6 17,925 39.8 16,614 38.3 14,646 37.0 13,135 36.5 12,491 35.7 12,014 34.8 12,361 34.6 11,977 34.7
Truck occupantse, light 11,265 25.5 11,526 25.9 11,723 26.0 12,274 27.1 12,546 27.8 12,674 28.1 13,037 28.6 12,761 28.3 12,458 28.7 10,816 27.4 10,312 28.7 9,782 27.9 9,302 26.9 9,418 26.4 9,155 26.5
Pedestrians 4,939 11.2 4,763 10.7 4,901 10.9 4,851 10.7 4,774 10.6 4,675 10.4 4,892 10.7 4,795 10.6 4,699 10.8 4,414 11.2 4,109 11.4 4,302 12.3 4,457 12.9 4,818 13.5 4,735 13.7
Motorcyclists 2,483 5.6 2,897 6.5 3,197 7.1 3,270 7.2 3,714 8.2 4,028 8.9 4,576 10.0 4,837 10.7 5,174 11.9 5,312 13.4 4,469 12.4 4,518 12.9 4,630 13.4 4,986 14.0 4,668 13.5
Pedalcyclists 754 1.7 693 1.6 732 1.6 665 1.5 629 1.4 727 1.6 786 1.7 772 1.7 701 1.6 718 1.8 628 1.7 623 1.8 682 2.0 734 2.1 743 2.2
Otherf 596 1.3 591 1.3 581 1.3 642 1.4 729 1.6 732 1.6 845 1.9 786 1.7 772 1.8 768 1.9 705 2.0 709 2.0 699 2.0 729 2.0 702 2.0
Truck occupantse, large 759 1.7 754 1.7 708 1.6 689 1.5 726 1.6 766 1.7 804 1.8 805 1.8 805 1.9 682 1.7 499 1.4 530 1.5 640 1.9 697 2.0 691 2.0
Recreational boatingg 734 1.7 701 1.6 681 1.5 750 1.7 703 1.6 676 1.5 697 1.5 710 1.6 685 1.6 709 1.8 736 2.0 672 1.9 758 2.2 651 1.8 560 1.6
Other incidents 521 1.2 502 1.1 544 1.2 579 1.3 527 1.2 507 1.1 492 1.1 528 1.2 503 1.2 487 1.2 443 1.2 465 1.3 435 1.3 438 1.2 464 1.3
General aviationd 621 1.4 596 1.3 562 1.2 581 1.3 633 1.4 559 1.2 563 1.2 706 1.6 496 1.1 496 1.3 479 1.3 457 1.3 448 1.3 440 1.2 387 1.1
Highway-rail grade crossing 402 0.9 425 1.0 421 0.9 357 0.8 334 0.7 371 0.8 359 0.8 369 0.8 339 0.8 290 0.7 248 0.7 261 0.7 250 0.7 230 0.6 231 0.7
Other N N N N N N 130 0.3 143 0.3 136 0.3 94 0.2 133 0.3 153 0.4 134 0.3 167 0.5 166 0.5 189 0.5 192 0.5 196 0.6
Passenger/Occupant N N N N N N 47 0.1 51 0.1 33 0.1 48 0.1 20 0.0 26 0.1 30 0.1 48 0.1 49 0.1 36 0.1 67 0.2 60 0.2
Passenger N N N N N N 48 0.1 52 0.1 55 0.1 52 0.1 91 0.2 79 0.2 65 0.2 62 0.2 87 0.2 96 0.3 84 0.2 57 0.2
Bus occupants 59 0.1 22 0.0 34 0.1 45 0.1 41 0.1 42 0.1 58 0.1 27 0.1 36 0.1 67 0.2 26 0.1 44 0.1 55 0.2 39 0.1 48 0.1
On-demand air taxic 38 0.1 71 0.2 60 0.1 35 0.1 42 0.1 64 0.1 18 0.0 16 0.0 43 0.1 69 0.2 17 0.0 17 0.0 41 0.1 9 0.0 27 0.1
Industrial/Other N N N N N N 44 0.1 50 0.1 47 0.1 47 0.1 45 0.1 36 0.1 46 0.1 37 0.1 40 0.1 32 0.1 16 0.0 17 0.0
Train accidents 9 0.0 10 0.0 6 0.0 15 0.0 4 0.0 13 0.0 33 0.1 6 0.0 9 0.0 27 0.1 4 0.0 8 0.0 6 0.0 9 0.0 11 0.0
Employee/Worker N N N N N N 5 0.0 8 0.0 8 0.0 7 0.0 9 0.0 9 0.0 8 0.0 11 0.0 6 0.0 3 0.0 5 0.0 10 0.0
U.S. air carriera 12 0.0 92 0.2 531 1.2 0 0.0 22 0.0 14 0.0 22 0.0 50 0.1 1 0.0 3 0.0 52 0.1 2 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 9 0.0
Freight N N N N N N 48 0.1 39 0.1 37 0.1 33 0.1 37 0.1 42 0.1 34 0.1 30 0.1 22 0.1 18 0.1 14 0.0 8 0.0
Gas pipeline 18 0.0 37 0.1 7 0.0 11 0.0 12 0.0 18 0.0 14 0.0 19 0.0 12 0.0 6 0.0 9 0.0 18 0.1 11 0.0 7 0.0 8 0.0
Commuter carrierb 12 0.0 5 0.0 13 0.0 0 0.0 2 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 6 0.0
Hazardous liquid pipeline 4 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 5 0.0 2 0.0 0 0.0 4 0.0 2 0.0 4 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 3 0.0 1 0.0
Other counts, redundant with above                                                            
Freight rail 745 1.7 717 1.6 729 1.6 725 1.6 683 1.5 690 1.5 682 1.5 723 1.6 635 1.5 575 1.5 481 1.3 519 1.5 497 1.4 478 1.3 509 1.5
Railroad, trespasser deaths not at highway-rail crossing 479 1.1 463 1.0 511 1.1 540 1.2 498 1.1 472 1.0 458 1.0 511 1.1 470 1.1 457 1.2 416 1.2 440 1.3 405 1.2 413 1.2 432 1.3
Passenger rail 188 0.4 220 0.5 242 0.5 226 0.5 182 0.4 201 0.4 202 0.4 180 0.4 216 0.5 229 0.6 214 0.6 215 0.6 194 0.6 200 0.6 198 0.6
Transit, rail 196 0.4 197 0.4 167 0.4 89 0.2 66 0.1 81 0.2 54 0.1 41 0.1 65 0.1 84 0.2 134 0.4 120 0.3 132 0.4 150 0.4 144 0.4
Railroad, killed at public crossing with motor vehicle 309 0.7 306 0.7 315 0.7 271 0.6 249 0.6 256 0.6 258 0.6 267 0.6 227 0.5 199 0.5 161 0.4 136 0.4 139 0.4 134 0.4 140 0.4
Transit, non-rail 103 0.2 98 0.2 100 0.2 93 0.2 136 0.3 95 0.2 92 0.2 121 0.3 122 0.3 88 0.2 91 0.3 100 0.3 96 0.3 114 0.3 122 0.4

KEY: N = data do not exist; P = preliminary.

a Serious injuries only. See Glossary for definitions

b All service operating under 14 CFR 121 (Scheduled air carriers). Since Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 121 includes only aircraft with 10 or more seats formerly operated under 14 CFR 135. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent years' data.

c All scheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135 (Commuter air carriers). Before Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 135 applied to aircraft with 30 or fewer seats. Since March 20, 1997, 14 CFR 135 includes only aircraft with fewer than 10 seats. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent years' data.

d Nonscheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135 (On-demand air taxis).

e All operations other than those operating under 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135.

fLarge trucks are defined as trucks over 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, including single-unit trucks and truck tractors. Light trucks are defined as trucks of 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating or less, including pickups, vans, truck-based station wagons, and utility vehicles.

g Recreational includes airboats, canoes, kayaks, motorboats, pontoon, rowboats, and sailboats. Data are based on information provided by the States, the District of Columbia and the five U.S. Territories to the Coast Guard Boating Accident Report Database (BARD) system, which is subject to some under- or delayed reporting.

SOURCES

Air:

U.S. Air Carrier:

1960: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1967 (Washington, DC: December 1968).

1965-70: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1975, NTSB/ARC-77/1 (Washington, DC: January 1977).

1975: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1983, NTSB/ARC-87/01 (Washington, DC: February 1987), table 18.

1980: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1981, NTSB/ARC-85/01 (Washington, DC: February 1985), tables 2 and 16.

1985-2013: Ibid., Aviation Accident Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 5, available at http://www.ntsb.gov/data/aviation_stats.html as of March 2015.

Commuter:

1975-80: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1980, NTSB/ARC-83/01 (Washington, DC: January 1983), tables 26 and 40.

1985-2013: Ibid., Aviation Accident Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 8, available at http://www.ntsb.gov/data/aviation_stats.html as of March 2015.

On-demand air taxi:

1975-80: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1981, NTSB/ARC-85/01 (Washington, DC: February 1985), table 61.

1985-2013: Ibid., Aviation Accident Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 9, available at http://www.ntsb.gov/data/aviation_stats.html as of March 2015.

General aviation:

1960-70: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. General Aviation, Calendar Year 1970, NTSB/ARG-74/1 (Washington, DC: April 1974), table 117.

1975-80: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: General Aviation, Calendar Year 1985, NTSB/ARG-87/03 (Washington, DC: October 1987), table 21.

1985-2013: Ibid., Aviation Accident Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 10, available at http://www.ntsb.gov/data/aviation_stats.html as of March 2015.

Highway:

1960-65: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration from data supplied by U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics, and individual state accident reports (adjusted to 30-day deaths).

1970-2013: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Safety Facts (Annual Editions), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/cats/index.aspx as of July 2015.

Rail:

Highway-rail grade crossing:

1975-2013: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis, table 5.11, Hwy/Rail Incidents Summary Tables, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/ as of July 2015.

Railroad:

1960-65: National Safety Council, Accident Facts, 1974 (Washington, DC: 1974).

1970: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Highway-Rail Crossing Accident/Incident and Inventory Bulletin (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 7.

1975-2013: Ibid., U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis, table 1.12, 1.13, 2.07, and 5.14 , available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/ as of April 2015.

Transit:

1990-2001: U.S. Department of Transportation, Volpe Center, Transit Safety and Security Statistics, available at http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov/data/samis.aspx as of March 2015.

2002-13: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, National Transit Database, Safety & Security Time Series Data, available at http://www.ntdprogram.gov/ntdprogram/ as March 2015.

Water:

Passenger, Freight, Industrial/Other:

2002-13: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Data Administration Division, Marine Casualty and Pollution Data for Researchers (April 6, 2015), available at homeport.uscg.gov as of July 2015.

Recreational:

1960-2002: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Boating Safety, Boating Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 31, available at http://www.uscgboating.org as of June 2014.

2003-13: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Recreational Boating Statistics (annual issues), available at www.uscgboating.org as of July 2015.

Vessel- and nonvessel-related:

1970-91: U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Investigations and Analysis, Compliance Analysis Division, (G-MOA-2), personal communication, Apr. 13, 1999.

1992-2001: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Data Administration Division (G-MRI-1), personal communication, Apr. 7, 2010.

Pipeline:

Hazardous liquid and gas pipeline:

1970-85: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Accident and Incident Summary Statistics by Year, available at http://ops.dot.gov as of Nov. 18, 2003.

1990-2013: U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Accident and Incident Summary Statistics by Year, available at http://phmsa.dot.gov/pipeline as of March 2015.