Table 2-9: U.S. Air Carrier(a) Safety Data

Excel | CSV

  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 (P) 2013
Total fatalities 499 261 146 124 1 526 39 50 33 1 239 168 380 8 1 12 92 531 0 22 14 22 50 1 3 52 2 0 0 9
Total seriously injured persons N N 107 81 19 30 29 26 22 19 31 25 77 43 30 67 31 19 24 31 20 14 9 16 23 23 16 20 18 7
Total accidents 90 83 55 37 19 21 24 26 18 23 23 36 37 49 50 51 56 46 41 54 30 40 33 28 28 30 29 31 27 23
Fatal accidents 17 9 8 3 1 7 6 4 4 1 4 3 5 4 1 2 3 6 0 2 2 3 2 1 2 2 1 0 0 2
Aircraft-miles (millions) 1,130 1,536 2,685 2,478 2,924 3,631 4,948 4,825 5,039 5,249 5,478 5,654 5,873 6,697 6,737 7,101 7,524 7,294 7,193 7,280 7,930 8,166 8,139 8,316 8,068 7,466 7,598 7,714 (R) 7,660 7,562
Rates per 100 million aircraft-miles                                                            
Fatalities 44.159 16.992 5.438 5.004 0.034 14.486 0.788 1.036 0.655 0.019 4.363 2.971 6.470 0.119 0.015 0.169 1.223 7.280 0.000 0.302 0.177 0.269 0.614 0.012 0.037 0.697 0.026 0.000 0.000 0.119
Seriously injured persons N N 3.985 3.269 0.650 0.826 0.586 0.539 0.437 0.362 0.566 0.442 1.311 0.642 0.445 0.943 0.412 0.260 0.334 0.426 0.252 0.171 0.111 0.192 0.285 0.308 0.211 0.259 (R) 0.235 0.093
Total accidents 7.965 5.404 2.048 1.493 0.650 0.578 0.485 0.539 0.357 0.438 0.420 0.637 0.630 0.732 0.742 0.718 0.744 0.631 0.570 0.742 0.378 0.490 0.405 0.337 0.347 0.402 0.382 0.402 (R) 0.352 0.304
Total accidents, fatal 1.504 0.586 0.298 0.121 0.034 0.193 0.121 0.083 0.079 0.019 0.073 0.053 0.085 0.060 0.015 0.028 0.040 0.082 0.000 0.027 0.025 0.037 0.025 0.012 0.025 0.027 0.013 0.000 0.000 0.026
Aircraft departures (thousands) N N N N 5,479 6,307 8,092 7,815 7,881 8,073 8,238 8,457 8,229 10,318 10,980 11,309 11,468 10,955 10,508 10,433 11,023 11,130 10,821 10,928 10,448 9,705 9,634 9,584 (R) 9,391 9,082
Rates per 100,000 aircraft departures                                                            
Fatalities N N N N 0.018 8.340 0.482 0.640 0.419 0.012 2.901 1.986 4.618 0.078 0.009 0.106 0.802 4.847 0.000 0.211 0.127 0.198 0.462 0.009 0.029 0.536 0.021 0.000 0.000 0.099
Seriously injured persons N N N N 0.347 0.476 0.358 0.333 0.279 0.235 0.376 0.296 0.936 0.417 0.273 0.592 0.270 0.173 0.228 0.297 0.181 0.126 0.083 0.146 0.220 0.237 0.166 0.209 (R) 0.192 0.077
Total accidents N N N N 0.347 0.333 0.297 0.333 0.228 0.285 0.279 0.426 0.450 0.475 0.455 0.451 0.488 0.420 0.390 0.518 0.272 0.359 0.305 0.256 0.268 0.309 0.301 0.323 (R) 0.288 0.253
Total accidents, fatal N N N N 0.018 0.111 0.074 0.051 0.051 0.012 0.049 0.035 0.061 0.039 0.009 0.018 0.026 0.055 0.000 0.019 0.018 0.027 0.025 0.012 0.025 0.027 0.013 0.000 0.000 0.026
Flight hours (thousands) N 4,691 6,470 5,607 7,067 8,710 12,150 11,781 12,360 12,706 13,124 13,505 13,746 15,838 16,817 17,555 18,299 17,814 17,290 17,468 18,883 19,390 19,263 19,637 19,127 17,627 17,751 17,963 (R) 17,722 17,628
Rates per 100,000 flight hours                                                            
Fatalities N 5.564 2.257 2.212 0.014 6.039 0.321 0.424 0.267 0.008 1.821 1.244 2.764 0.051 0.006 0.068 0.503 2.981 0.000 0.126 0.074 0.113 0.260 0.005 0.016 0.295 0.011 0.000 0.000 0.051
Seriously injured persons N N 1.654 1.445 0.269 0.344 0.239 0.221 0.178 0.150 0.236 0.185 0.560 0.271 0.178 0.382 0.169 0.107 0.139 0.177 0.106 0.072 0.047 0.081 0.120 0.130 0.090 0.111 (R) 0.102 0.040
Total accidents N 1.769 0.850 0.660 0.269 0.241 0.198 0.221 0.146 0.181 0.175 0.267 0.269 0.309 0.297 0.291 0.306 0.258 0.237 0.309 0.159 0.206 0.171 0.143 0.146 0.170 0.163 0.173 (R) 0.152 0.130
Total accidents, fatal N 0.192 0.124 0.054 0.014 0.080 0.049 0.034 0.032 0.007 0.030 0.022 0.036 0.025 0.006 0.011 0.016 0.034 0.000 0.011 0.011 0.015 0.010 0.005 0.010 0.011 0.006 0.000 0.000 0.011

KEY: N = data do not exist; P = preliminary; R = revised.

a Air carriers operating under 14 CFR 121, scheduled and nonscheduled service. Includes all scheduled and nonscheduled service accidents involving all-cargo carriers and commercial operators of large aircraft when those accidents occurred during 14 CFR 121 operations. Since Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 121 includes aircraft with 10 or more seats formerly operated under 14 CFR 135. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent data.

NOTES

Aircraft-miles, Aircraft departures, and Flight hours are compiled by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration. Rates are computed by dividing the number of Fatalities, Seriously injured persons, Total accidents, and Fatal accidents by the number of Aircraft-miles, Aircraft departures, or Flight hours. These figures are based on information provided by airlines to the U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information. The illegal acts, such as suicide, sabotage and terrorism, are included in the totals for accidents, fatalities, and rate computation. 1991 data do not include the 12 persons killed aboard a SkyWest commuter aircraft when it and a U.S. Air aircraft collided. For 2001, fatalities resulting from the September 11 terrorist acts are excluded, other than the persons aboard the aircraft who were killed.

SOURCES

Fatalities, accidents, miles, departures, and flight hours:

1960: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1967 (Washington, DC: December 1968).

1965-70: Ibid., Calendar Year 1975, NTSB/ARC-77/1 (Washington, DC: January 1977).

1975 (all categories except miles): Ibid., Calendar Year 1983, NTSB/ARC-87/01 (Washington, DC: February 1987), table 18.

1975 (miles): Ibid., Calendar Year 1975, NTSB/ARC-77/1 (Washington, DC: January 1977 ).

1980: Ibid., Calendar Year 1981, NTSB/ARC-85/01 (Washington, DC: February 1985), tables 2 and 16.

1985-92: Ibid., Aviation Accident Statistics, table 5, available at http://www.ntsb.gov/data/aviation_stats.html as of July 19, 2012.

1993-2013: Ibid., Aviation Accident Statistics, table 5, available at http://www.ntsb.gov/data/aviation_stats.html as of Sept. 26, 2014.

Serious injuries:

1970-85: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations (Washington, DC: Annual Issues).

1990-2013: Ibid., Analysis and Data Division, personal communication, April 2011, July 2012, August 2013, and Sept. 25, 2014.