Table 2-17: Motor Vehicle Safety Data

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (R) 2010 2011
Fatalities 36,399 47,089 52,627 44,525 51,091 43,825 44,599 41,508 39,250 40,150 40,716 41,817 42,065 42,013 41,501 41,717 41,945 42,196 43,005 42,884 42,836 43,510 42,708 41,259 37,423 33,883 32,999 32,367
Injured persons N N N N N N 3,230,666 3,096,870 3,069,603 3,149,164 3,265,928 3,465,279 3,483,319 3,347,614 3,192,035 3,236,238 3,188,750 3,032,672 2,925,758 2,888,601 2,788,378 2,698,976 2,574,664 2,490,533 2,345,737 2,217,275 2,239,074 2,216,962
Crashes N N N N N N 6,471,202 6,117,359 6,000,310 6,105,915 6,495,988 6,699,415 6,769,583 6,624,149 6,334,573 6,279,036 6,393,624 6,322,963 6,315,708 6,327,955 6,181,027 6,159,350 5,973,213 6,024,008 5,810,846 5,505,180 5,419,445 5,337,719
Vehicle-miles (millions) 718,763 887,811 1,109,724 1,327,664 1,527,295 1,774,826 2,144,362 2,172,050 2,247,151 2,296,378 2,357,588 2,422,823 2,484,080 2,552,233 2,628,148 2,690,241 2,746,925 2,795,610 2,855,508 2,890,221 2,964,788 2,989,430 3,014,371 3,031,124 2,976,528 2,956,764 2,967,266 2,946,131
Rates per 100 million vehicle-miles                                                        
Fatalities 5.06 5.30 4.74 3.35 3.35 2.47 2.08 1.91 1.75 1.75 1.73 1.73 1.69 1.65 1.58 1.55 1.53 1.51 1.51 1.48 1.44 1.46 1.42 1.36 1.26 1.15 1.11 1.10
Injured persons N N N N N N 151 143 137 137 139 143 140 131 121 120 116 108 102 100 94 90 85 82 79 75 75 75
Crashes N N N N N N 302 282 267 266 276 277 273 260 241 233 233 226 221 219 208 206 198 199 195 186 183 181

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised.

NOTE

Fatalities data prior to 1975 have been adjusted to reflect the Fatality Analysis Reporting System's definition of a fatal crash as one that involves a motor vehicle on a trafficway, which results in the death of a vehicle occupant or a nonmotorist within 30 days of the crash.

Crashes are the rounded sum of fatal crashes, an actual count from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System, and injury crashes and property damage only crashes, which are estimates from the National Automotive Sampling System-General Estimates System.

SOURCES

Fatalities:

1960-70: Estimated by U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration from data supplied by U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics, and individual state accident reports (adjusted to 30-day deaths).

1975-2009: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts 2009: Early Edition (Washington, DC), table 2, available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/cats/listpublications.aspx as of Apr. 8, 2011.

2010: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, personal communication, Jun. 12, 2012.

2011: Ibid., 2011 Traffic Safety Facts FARS/GES Annual Report (Final Edition)(Washington, DC), table 2, available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/cats/listpublications.aspx as of May 6, 2013.

Injured persons:

1990-2001: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts 2002, DOT HS 809 620 (Washington, DC: January 2004), table 2.

2002-09: Ibid., Traffic Safety Facts 2009: Early Edition (Washington, DC), table 2, available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/cats/listpublications.aspx as of Apr. 8, 2011.

2010-11: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, personal communications, Jun. 12, 2012, and May 22, 2013.

Crashes:

1990-2009: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts 2009: Early Edition (Washington, DC), table 1, available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/cats/listpublications.aspx as of Apr. 8, 2011.

2010-11: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, personal communications, Jun. 12, 2012, and May 22, 2013.

Vehicle-miles:

1960-65: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A, available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics.cfm as of Apr. 13, 2011.

1970-2011: Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table VM-1, and similar tables in earlier editions, available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics.cfm as of May 22, 2013.

Fatality, injury, and crash rates:

Calculated by U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics.