Table 2-18: Motor Vehicle Fatalities, Vehicle-Miles, and Associated Rates by Highway Functional System

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  1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Fatalities                                        
Rural, total 29,545 24,492 25,786 23,978 24,510 24,889 24,751 25,185 23,640 23,396 25,693 25,203 24,740 23,549 23,099 22,707 20,807 19,190 17,915 17,636
Interstate 2,263 2,141 2,707 2,675 2,905 3,033 3,105 3,244 3,199 3,105 3,297 3,241 3,246 3,216 2,870 2,658 2,416 2,045 2,119 1,968
Other arterialsa 12,268 9,940 9,893 9,947 9,458 9,821 9,594 9,573 8,913 8,692 9,358 9,823 10,061 8,968 8,768 8,758 7,873 7,609 6,971 7,050
Collectorb 10,004 8,209 8,852 7,401 7,481 7,578 7,593 7,595 7,147 7,305 7,974 7,726 7,353 7,154 7,242 7,027 6,491 5,910 5,299 5,169
Local 5,010 4,202 4,334 3,955 4,666 4,457 4,459 4,773 4,381 4,294 5,064 4,413 4,080 4,211 4,219 4,264 4,027 3,626 3,526 3,449
Urban, total 21,546 19,333 18,813 17,839 17,555 17,078 16,143 15,970 15,695 15,219 16,759 16,825 17,161 17,752 18,309 17,467 15,956 14,460 14,530 14,433
Interstate 2,184 2,025 2,252 2,154 2,323 2,281 2,283 2,353 2,388 2,371 2,452 2,374 2,516 2,658 2,619 2,608 2,259 2,049 2,110 2,144
Other arterialsa 12,752 12,521 11,742 10,916 10,756 10,243 9,902 9,628 9,442 8,838 9,702 9,827 10,003 10,413 10,672 9,876 9,056 8,155 8,408 8,233
Collector 2,226 1,696 1,427 1,441 1,290 1,399 1,037 1,031 987 1,007 1,136 1,197 1,339 1,361 1,478 1,437 1,239 1,158 1,061 1,139
Local 4,384 3,091 3,392 3,328 3,186 3,155 2,921 2,958 2,878 3,003 3,469 3,427 3,303 3,320 3,540 3,546 3,402 3,098 2,951 2,917
Vehicle-miles of travel (VMT) (millions)                                        
Rural, total 672,030 730,728 868,878 933,289 960,194 999,277 1,032,528 1,062,623 1,083,152 1,109,363 1,127,394 1,084,443 1,068,426 1,032,426 1,037,146 1,032,790 988,235 982,180 984,148 974,038
Interstate 135,084 154,357 200,173 223,382 232,565 240,255 251,520 260,166 268,180 273,619 280,609 269,650 266,245 256,642 257,915 256,438 243,221 242,178 245,647 243,587
Other arterialsa 262,774 282,803 330,866 368,595 378,847 392,057 403,484 413,320 420,599 427,482 433,930 417,299 409,413 396,455 394,582 393,465 374,235 372,860 376,413 373,099
Collectorb 189,468 206,669 240,460 236,148 241,030 254,100 257,868 264,453 267,231 272,074 274,869 262,799 260,664 250,701 251,367 246,927 236,954 231,337 229,357 227,754
Local 84,704 86,899 97,379 105,164 107,752 112,865 119,656 124,684 127,142 136,188 137,986 134,695 132,104 128,628 133,282 135,960 133,825 135,805 132,731 129,597
Urban, total 855,265 1,044,098 1,275,484 1,489,534 1,523,886 1,552,956 1,595,620 1,627,618 1,663,773 1,686,247 1,728,114 1,805,778 1,896,362 1,957,004 1,977,225 1,998,334 1,988,293 1,974,583 1,982,358 1,972,094
Interstate 161,242 216,188 278,901 341,528 351,579 361,433 374,622 383,259 393,465 399,986 409,208 432,757 455,538 470,925 477,287 483,315 476,114 474,798 477,693 476,704
Other arterialsa 484,189 578,270 699,233 815,170 834,623 846,627 862,996 878,153 900,392 913,936 937,935 974,933 1,021,705 1,051,088 1,060,266 1,067,127 1,061,589 1,053,529 1,052,572 1,044,104
Collector 83,043 89,578 106,297 126,929 129,310 130,146 131,905 131,603 135,372 137,921 141,964 154,453 162,218 170,265 173,216 175,966 177,140 179,993 180,565 178,778
Local 126,791 160,062 191,053 205,907 208,374 214,750 226,097 234,603 234,544 234,404 239,007 243,635 256,901 264,726 266,456 271,926 273,450 266,264 271,528 272,507
Fatality rates per 100 million vehicle miles                                        
Rural, total 4.40 3.35 2.97 2.57 2.55 2.49 2.40 2.37 2.18 2.11 2.28 2.32 2.32 2.28 2.23 2.20 2.11 1.95 1.82 1.81
Interstate 1.68 1.39 1.35 1.20 1.25 1.26 1.23 1.25 1.19 1.13 1.17 1.20 1.22 1.25 1.11 1.04 0.99 0.84 0.86 0.81
Other arterialsa 4.67 3.51 2.99 2.70 2.50 2.50 2.38 2.32 2.12 2.03 2.16 2.35 2.46 2.26 2.22 2.23 2.10 2.04 1.85 1.89
Collectorb 5.28 3.97 3.68 3.13 3.10 2.98 2.94 2.87 2.67 2.68 2.90 2.94 2.82 2.85 2.88 2.85 2.74 2.55 2.31 2.27
Local 5.91 4.84 4.45 3.76 4.33 3.95 3.73 3.83 3.45 3.15 3.67 3.28 3.09 3.27 3.17 3.14 3.01 2.67 2.66 2.66
Urban, total 2.52 1.85 1.47 1.20 1.15 1.10 1.01 0.98 0.94 0.90 0.97 0.93 0.90 0.91 0.93 0.87 0.80 0.73 0.73 0.73
Interstate 1.35 0.94 0.81 0.63 0.66 0.63 0.61 0.61 0.61 0.59 0.60 0.55 0.55 0.56 0.55 0.54 0.47 0.43 0.44 0.45
Other arterialsa 2.63 2.17 1.68 1.34 1.29 1.21 1.15 1.10 1.05 0.97 1.03 1.01 0.98 0.99 1.01 0.93 0.85 0.77 0.80 0.79
Collectorb 2.68 1.89 1.34 1.14 1.00 1.07 0.79 0.78 0.73 0.73 0.80 0.77 0.83 0.80 0.85 0.82 0.70 0.64 0.59 0.64
Local 3.46 1.93 1.78 1.62 1.53 1.47 1.29 1.26 1.23 1.28 1.45 1.41 1.29 1.25 1.33 1.30 1.24 1.16 1.09 1.07

aUrban Other arterials for all years and Rural Other arterials for 2009 and 2010 are the sum of other freeways and expressways, other principal arterials, and minor arterials. Rural Other arterials for all other years are the sum of other principal arterials and minor arterials.

b Collector is the sum of major and minor collectors.

NOTES

Includes the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Fatalities data reflect original numbers received by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Thus, the Fatalities data in this table could be slightly different from the revised NHTSA numbers that appear in other tables in this volume.

SOURCES

Fatalities:

1980-95: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table FI-220, available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics.cfm as of Apr. 20, 2011.

1996-97: Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table FI-1, available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics.cfm as of Apr. 20, 2011.

1998-2011: Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table FI-20, available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics.cfm as of May 1, 2013.

Vehicle miles:

U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table VM-202, available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics.cfm as of May 1, 2013.

Fatality rates:

Calculated by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics.